Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Isaiah 65

Verse 1

I am found, &c. Quoted in Romans 10:20, Romans 10:21.

Behold Me. Figure of speech Epizeuxis. See note on Isaiah 24:16.

a nation that was not called by My name. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 32:21), and to the Dispensation of the Acts.

Verse 2

good = right. Compare Psalms 36:4.

Verse 3

provoketh Me to anger. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 32:21, the same word, though not the same form). App-92.

that sacrificeth in gardens. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 17:5).

upon altars of brick = upon the bricks: i.e. not on the golden altar of incense.

Verse 4

graves = tombs. Hebrew. keber. App-35.

monuments = secret places. Probably in heathen temples.

eat swine"s flesh. Reference to Pentateuch, where this was forbidden (Leviticus 11:7. Deuteronomy 14:8). App-92. Bones of swine were found at Gezer. See note on 1 Kings 9:15.

broth. The reference is to a sacrificial feast of unclean food.

abominable things. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 7:18; Leviticus 19:7). The Hebrew word (piggul) is found only in Ezekiel 4:14, beside these passages. App-92.

Verse 6

it is written. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 32:35. Lev 26. Deut 32).

will recompense, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 32:35, the same word, and is unique in its occurrence). App-92.

Verse 7

iniquities. Hebrew. "avah. App-44.

Verse 8

Thus saith the LORD. Note the frequent occurrence of this expression in predicting these new things.

As = According as.

new wine. Hebrew. tirosh. App-27. Here is further reference to the new Israel. See notes on Isaiah 65:1.

My servants" sake. Some codices, with one early printed edition, and Septuagint, read "servant"s (singular): i.e. Messiah (see note on Isaiah 37:35): = "for the sake of My servant".

Verse 9

a seed. A further reference to the new Israel of Isaiah 26:2; Isaiah 66:7, Isaiah 66:8. Matthew 21:43.

Verse 10

Sharon. See note on Isaiah 33:9. valley of Achor. As in Hosea 2:15. The only two references to the history of Joshua 7.

Verse 11

that troop. Hebrew Gad, the well-known Syrian god of "Fate".

furnish the drink offering = fill up the

mixed wine. Hebrew. mimsak. App-27. Compare Jeremiah 7:18.

that number. Hebrew. m"ni. Same as the god Manu (= Destiny) of the Assyrian inscriptions.

Verse 12

number = destroy. Hebrew. manithi. Figure of speech Paronomasia, with the name of the god, Meni.

Verse 13

Behold, &c. Figure of speech Asterismos (App-6), for emphasis. Figure of speech Symploke. Luke 6:25 refers to the period prophesied here.

My servants. Refers to the new Israel of Isaiah 26:2; Isaiah 66:7, Isaiah 66:8. Matthew 21:43.

Verse 14

vexation = breaking.

spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9.

Verse 15

by another name: i.e. Hephzi-bah. See Isaiah 62:4.

Verse 16

That = So that.

he who blesseth, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Genesis 22:18; Genesis 26:4).

truth = faithfulness. Compare 2 Corinthians 1:20.

shall swear, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 6:13).

Verse 17

new heavens, &c. : i.e. new, in respect to the old. Not the "new" of 2 Peter 3:13, or Revelation 21:1. Note the contrast of this with the only two references to the history of Rev 21:

Isa. 65.

Name, Jerusalem (Hephzi"bah, Isaiah 65:18)

Position, on mountain (Isaiah 65:25).

Privileges, Isaiah 65:18-20.

Character, sinners there (Isaiah 65:20).

Character, prayer (Isaiah 65:24).

Employment, labour, planting, building (Isaiah 65:21).

Rev. 21.

New Jerusalem (Revelation 21:2) ;

"great", "holy" (Revelation 21:10).

out of heaven (Revelation 21:2).

Revelation 21:4

no sinners (Revelation 21:27).

no temple (Revelation 21:22).

already built by God (Revelation 21:12-25; Revelation 22:3-5).

Verse 18

for ever. Chaldee Targum renders it "in the world of worlds": i.e. the most glorious world.

Verse 19

no more heard. Therefore not the restoration of Ezra-Nehemiah, or the Church of God now.

Verse 20

There. Some codices read "And there".

of days: i.e. of a few days.

child shall die = youth may die: i.e. neither early death, nor premature decay.

accursed = cut off. Compare Psalms 101:8.

Verse 21

they shall build, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 26:16. Deuteronomy 28:41).

Verse 22

elect = chosen.

Verse 23

They shall not labour in vain. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 28:41, reversed). Compare Leviticus 26:16. App-92.

Verse 24

before they call, &c. A reference to Isaiah 30:19. The blessing of Messiah (Psalms 21:3) now extended to the new Israel.

Verse 25

wolf, &c. As in Isaiah 11:6, Isaiah 11:7, Isaiah 11:9, which is Millennial, not eternal.

together = as one. Hebrew "echad. Same word as "one" in Deuteronomy 6:4, i.e. one of others. Occurs in former part of Isaiah (Isaiah 4:1; Isaiah 5:10; Isaiah 6:2, Isaiah 6:6; Isaiah 9:14; Isaiah 10:17; Isaiah 19:18, &c.); and, in the latter part (Isaiah 47:9; Isaiah 51:2, &c.) See App-79.

dust. Never was the serpent"s food. It is used as a powerful Figure of Speech, or Idiom, as in Psalms 72:9 Compare Proverbs 20:17.

the serpent"s, &c. = as for the serpent, dust shall be his food: i.e. the Old Serpent (Revelation 20:2), who brought in all the sin and misery to the world and to Israel, will then be bound (Revelation 20:1-3), and he will lick the dust, the symbol of his humiliation, disappointment, and defeat. Referring to the Figures of speech used in Genesis 3:14. See App-19.

in all My holy mountain. See note on Isaiah 11:9.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Isaiah 65". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.