Isaiah 65:1-16 — The Judgment of Israel and the Acceptance of the Gentiles - Isaiah 65:1-16 tells us of how God will one day graft in the Gentiles into the vine and cut wickedness off the seed of Israel so that only a remnant will remain. Paul explains this event in Romans 9-11.
Isaiah 65:1 I am sought of them that asked not for me; I am found of them that sought me not: I said, Behold me, behold me, unto a nation that was not called by my name.
Isaiah 65:1 — Comments- Isaiah 65:1 is a prophecy of God grafting in the Gentiles into the vine of the people of Israel. Paul calls it the mystery hidden from the ages. This verse is quoted in Romans 10:20.
Romans 10:20, "But Esaias is very bold, and saith, I was found of them that sought me not; I was made manifest unto them that asked not after me."
Isaiah 65:2 I have spread out my hands all the day unto a rebellious people, which walketh in a way that was not good, after their own thoughts;
Isaiah 65:2 — Old Testament Quotes in the New Testament - Isaiah 65:2 is quoted in Romans 10:21.
Romans 10:21, "But to Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people."
Isaiah 65:20 There shall be no more thence an infant of days, nor an old man that hath not filled his days: for the child shall die an hundred years old; but the sinner being an hundred years old shall be accursed.
Isaiah 65:20 — Comments- We find a similar description in The Book of Jubilees of people living a long life. It appears that during the Millennial Reign of Christ on earth that people will return to righteousness and will be able to extend their life to a thousand years as it was in the beginning.
"And in those days the children shall begin to study the laws, and to seek the commandments, and to return to the path of righteousness. And the days shall begin to grow many and increase amongst those children of men till their days draw nigh to one thousand years. And to a greater number of years than (before) was the number of the days. And there shall be no old man nor one who issatisfied with his days, for all shall be (as) children and youths. And all their days they shall complete and live in peace and in joy, and there shall be no Satan nor any evil destroyer; For all their days shall be days of blessing and healing." (The Book of Jubilees 2326-29) 91]
91] The Book of Jubilees, trans. R. H. Charles, in The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament in English With Introductions and Critical and Explanatory Notes to the Several Books, vol 2, ed. R. H. Charles, 1-82 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1913), 49.
Isaiah 65:25 The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, and the lion shall eat straw like the bullock: and dust shall be the serpent"s meat. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain, saith the LORD.
Isaiah 65:25 — Comments- We find a beautiful description in Isaiah 65:25 and a similar one in Isaiah 11:6-9 of God's creatures living in harmony.
Isaiah 11:6-9, "The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them. And the cow and the bear shall feed; their young ones shall lie down together: and the lion shall eat straw like the ox. And the sucking child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the cockatrice" den. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea."
The original order of the animal kingdom was for them to eat plants. It was not God's plan for animals to be carnivorous. Rather, in the Story of Creation God gave the green herbs for meat to all the beasts of the field.
Genesis 1:30, "And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so."
We see in the book of Isaiah how the lion will one day in the new heavens and new earth return to this order and eat straw like the ox.
Today, scientists tell us of the "food chain" in nature where small animals are eaten by larger animals. In the land of Palestine, it was probably the wolf, the lion and the leopard mentioned in these two verses that were at the top of this food chain. We find a comment on the original harmony of God's creation in one of the inter-biblical writings of the Jews called The Book of Jubilees. It tells us how the order of animals was originally not to devour one another, but to live together peacefully. It says that this corruption of order in nature took place in Genesis 6 when men became so corrupt that God had to destroy the earth with the flood.
"And it came to pass when the children of men began to multiply on the face of the earth and daughters were born unto them, that the angels of God saw them on a certain year of this jubilee, that they were beautiful to look upon; and they took themselves wives of all whom they chose, and they bare unto them sons and they were giants. And lawlessness increased on the earth and all flesh corrupted its way, alike men and cattle and beasts and birds and everything that walks on the earth- all of them corrupted their ways and their orders, and they began to devour each other, and lawlessness increased on the earth and every imagination of the thoughts of all men (was) thus evil continually. And God looked upon the earth, and behold it was corrupt, and all flesh had corrupted its orders, and all that were upon the earth had wrought all manner of evil before His eyes. And He said that He would destroy man and all flesh upon the face of the earth which He had created. But Noah found grace before the eyes of the Lord. And against the angels whom He had sent upon the earth, He was exceedingly wroth, and He gave commandment to root them out of all their dominion, and He bade us to bind them in the depths of the earth, and behold they are bound in the midst of them, and are (kept) separate." (The Book of Jubilees 51-7) 92]
92] The Book of Jubilees, trans. R. H. Charles, in The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament in English With Introductions and Critical and Explanatory Notes to the Several Books, vol 2, ed. R. H. Charles, 1-82 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1913), 20.
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Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Isaiah 65". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. https://www.studylight.org/
the Second Week after Epiphany