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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Jeremiah 23:14

"Also among the prophets of Jerusalem I have seen a horrible thing: The committing of adultery and walking in falsehood; And they strengthen the hands of evildoers, So that no one has turned back from his wickedness. All of them have become to Me like Sodom, And her inhabitants like Gomorrah.


Adam Clarke Commentary

I have seen also in the prophets of Jerusalem - That is, the prophets of Jerusalem, while professing a pure faith, have followed the ways, and become as corrupt as the prophets of Samaria.

They are all of them unto me as Sodom - Incorrigible, brutish sinners, who will as surely be destroyed as Sodom and Gomorrah were.


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Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Jeremiah 23:14". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/jeremiah-23.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Rather, “But in the prophets of Jerusalem” etc. Their conduct is more strongly condemned than that of the Baal-priests.

They strengthen … - First by neglecting to warn and rebuke sinners: secondly by the direct influence of their bad example.

They are all of them - They have become, “all of them,” i. e., the people of Jerusalem, and not the prophets only.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Jeremiah 23:14". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/jeremiah-23.html. 1870.

The Biblical Illustrator

Jeremiah 23:14

They strengthen also the hands of evil-doers.

Strengthening the hands of the wicked

1. All sin is horrible in its nature, as being contrary to the character and will of God.

2. To strengthen the hands and hinder the repentance of sinners is to oppose the great plan of the Divine government.

3. It tends to the misery of mankind, and is the reverse of that benevolence which ought to govern us in all our conduct.

4. It is to operate with that evil spirit who works in the children of disobedience.

5. It is a horrible thing, because we thus become partakers of their sins.

6. It is directly contrary to God’s commands, and marked with His peculiar abhorrence. (J. Lathrop, D. D.)


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Bibliography
Exell, Joseph S. "Commentary on "Jeremiah 23:14". The Biblical Illustrator. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/jeremiah-23.html. 1905-1909. New York.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

I have seen also in the prophets of Jerusalem an horrible thing,.... Or "but", or "so have I seen", &c. as before observed; even in the prophets of Jerusalem, where the temple was, and where the pure worship of God was professed to be observed, and that now, at the present time; as he had formerly seen and observed what was foolish, ridiculous, and impious, in the prophets of the ten tribes, and had punished them for it; so now at this instant he sees that in the prophets of Judea which was enough to make a man's hair stand an end, as the wordF21שערורה a שער, "pilus". signifies; or, as it may be derived from another root, what was "filthy"F23"Turpitudinem", Munster, Montanus. and obscene; as follows:

they commit adultery; or, "in committing adultery"F24נאוף "adulterando", Junius & Tremellius, Schmidt. ; with their neighbours' wives; for this rather than idolatry or spiritual adultery seems to be meant:

and walk in lies; or, "walking in lies"F25והלך בשקר "et eundo in mendacio", Schmidt; "et ambulando in falsitate", Junius & Tremellius. ; constantly speaking lies in their common talk and conversation; so that they were not to be believed in anything they said; which was monstrous; and delivering out false doctrines in the name of the Lord, pretending they received them from him; which was worse than prophesying in the name of Baal:

they strengthen also the hands of evil doers, that none doth return from his wickedness; they hardened them in sin; partly by their false doctrines, extenuating their sins, putting a false gloss upon them, and promising them peace, though they lived in sin; and partly by their own wicked examples; the people concluding that what the prophets did they might do also; so that they never thought of repentance for their sins, or amendment of their lives; but went on in sin without remorse or reformation; not thinking anything about it, and not seeing any need of it; see Ezekiel 13:22;

they are all of them unto me as Sodom, and the inhabitants thereof as Gomorrah; the prophets were all of them in God's account as the men of Sodom; who were exceeding great sinners before the Lord, daring and impudent in sinning; and the people, the inhabitants of Jerusalem, that were led by them into the same wicked sentiments and practices, were like unto Gomorrah; and as they were like to them in sinning, So they would be in punishment; or a like punishment would be inflicted upon the prophets and people of Jerusalem as were upon Sodom and Gomorrah; see Isaiah 1:9.


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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 23:14". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/jeremiah-23.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

I have seen also in the prophets of Jerusalem k an horrible thing: they commit adultery, and walk in lies: they strengthen also the hands of evildoers, that none doth return from his wickedness: they are all of them l to me as Sodom, and the inhabitants of it as Gomorrah.

(k) They who should have profited by my rods against Samaria, are become worse than they.

(l) Though to the world they seem holy fathers, yet I detest them as I did these abominable cities.


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Bibliography
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Jeremiah 23:14". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/jeremiah-23.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

“Jerusalem” and Judah were even worse than “Samaria” and the ten tribes; the greater were the privileges of the former, the greater was their guilt. They had the temple in their midst, which the ten tribes had not; yet in the temple itself they practiced idolatry.

strengthen … hands of evildoers — (Ezekiel 13:22).

as Sodom — (Deuteronomy 32:32; Isaiah 1:10).


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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Jeremiah 23:14". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/jeremiah-23.html. 1871-8.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

It follows,They commit adultery, and walk in deception Expositors think that there is a change of number; but what if these words be applied to the people? as though Jeremiah had said, “When any one is an adulterer, when any one walks in deception, that is, when any one is fraudulent, they strengthen, the hands of the wicked.” And, doubtless, this sense seems here to be the most correct. Then Jeremiah shews how they surpassed other prophets in impiety, even because they dissimulated when they saw on one hand adulteries prevailing, and on the other frauds, plunders, and perjuries; and not only so, but they undertook the patronizing of the wicked, and strengthened the hands of the ungodly, and added audacity to their madness. For as fear weakens the hands, so does shame; as, then, these prophets removed shame as well as fear from the wicked and ungodly, so they strengthened their hands; that is, they gave them more confidence, so that they rushed headlong into every evil more freely and with greater liberty.

That they might not return, he says, every one from his wickedness This is added for the sake of explanation; for, as I have said, either the fear of God or shame from men might have checked their audacity; but when they were confirmed and countenanced, they broke out into all excesses, and hardened themselves in their obstinacy: That they might not return, every one from his wickedness.

In the last place he adds, They shall be to me all of them as Sodom, and its inhabitants as Gomorrah We see that the last clause is confined to the citizens of Jerusalem. Then God says, that these prophets would be like the Sodomites, and the citizens of Jerusalem like the citizens of Gomorrah. This is not to be understood only as to crimes, but also as to punishment; as though he had said, that there was no more hope of pardon for them than for the Sodomites, for they had provoked to the utmost the wrath of God, so that he could not now spare them. It then follows, —


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Bibliography
Calvin, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 23:14". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/jeremiah-23.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Jeremiah 23:14 I have seen also in the prophets of Jerusalem an horrible thing: they commit adultery, and walk in lies: they strengthen also the hands of evildoers, that none doth return from his wickedness: they are all of them unto me as Sodom, and the inhabitants thereof as Gomorrah.

Ver. 14. I have seen also in the prophets of Jerusalem an horrible thing.] (a) Heb., Fedity, or fetidity; filthiness or stench, such as the devil himself, they say, leaveth behind him going out of a room. It must needs be a horrible thing when doctors turn devils, teaching such impieties, acsi ipse teterrimus Satan eas ore suo docuisset, as if the devil himself, with his own mouth, had taught the same. I would shun a heretic, saith one, as I would do a devil, for he is sent on his errand. Seducers certainly act the part of that horrid fiend, and, together with him, shall be "cast alive into the burning lake." [Revelation 19:20]

They commit adultery.] As did Eli’s sons, and those two stinking goats, Jeremiah 29:23.

And walk in lies.] Make a trade of it. It was not for nothing that Chrysostom (b) said of those of his time, Non arbitror inter sacerdotes, multos esse qui salvi fient.

They strengthen also the hands of evildoers.] Roborant manus malignatium; while knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, they not only do the same, but, both by their false doctrine and loose living, they countenance those that do them. [Romans 1:32]

They are all become to me as Sodom,] i.e., Paucissimis exceptis, omnes conscelerati et inemendabiles; they are all stark naught.


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Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 23:14". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/jeremiah-23.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

An horrible thing; the word signifies

filthiness, stench, or an abominable thing, things every whit as bad, in some kind worse, than what I saw in the prophets of the ten tribes.

They commit adultery; they commit not spiritual adultery only, but carnal adultery, they are whoremongers.

And walk in lies; and they make it their business to instil falsehoods into people, and entitle me to them; and this is their trade, not a single act, but their ordinary practice.

They strengthen also the hands of evil-doers, that none doth return from his wickedness: this is the great aggravation of the sin of those that occupy the place of spiritual guides, that they encourage profane men, either by their false doctrine, extenuating sin, and putting a fair gloss upon them; or at least by their mealy mouths fearing or forbearing to tell sinners of their wicked courses; or by their wicked examples, the most of people thinking they may do what their teachers do, by which means sinners, instead of being brought to a sense of their sins, and a repentance for them, are hardened in their wicked courses. By this means all of them, either of their prophets and priests, or all of the people, (the first seemeth chiefly here intended,) are become to me as contemptible and abominable as the people of Sodom and Gomorrah: though they were the sons of Aaron, and of the priestly order, yet living lewd lives, and acting quite contrary to the end of their holy calling, God declares himself to value them no more than as the vilest of men, such were the Sodomites. Or by those words God threatens that he would destroy them with as notorious a destruction as he destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah. Thus the comparison is used Isaiah 1:9, and consonant to this are the words in the next verse.


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Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Jeremiah 23:14". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/jeremiah-23.html. 1685.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

But the prophets of Jerusalem, the capital of the Southern Kingdom, had been even more unfaithful since they prophesied falsely in Yahweh"s name. They also committed spiritual (and physical) adultery, lived lies, and encouraged evildoers. Consequently, the Judahites had not repented of their wickedness but had become as wicked as the sinners of Sodom and Gomorrah-who espoused departure from God"s will openly ( Genesis 18:22 to Genesis 19:29; Ezekiel 16). Jerusalem could expect severe judgment since the Lord had judged these pagan cities severely.

"Along with easy views of sin go rosy views of judgment ..." [Note: Kidner, p91.]


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Bibliography
Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Jeremiah 23:14". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/jeremiah-23.html. 2012.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Jerusalem. These were far worse, as they pretended to be inspired by God, whereas those of Samaria publicly adhered to Baal; so that the people must have been foolish to have been deceived by them. (Calmet)


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Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Jeremiah 23:14". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/jeremiah-23.html. 1859.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

I have seen also in the prophets of Jerusalem an horrible thing: they commit adultery, and walk in lies: they strengthen also the hands of evildoers, that none doth return from his wickedness: they are all of them unto me as Sodom, and the inhabitants thereof as Gomorrah.

I have seen also in the prophets of Jerusalem. "Jerusalem" and Judah were even worse than "Samaria" and the ten tribes: the greater were the privileges of the former the greater was their guilt. They had the temple in their midst, which the ten tribes had not; yet in the temple itself they practiced idolatry.

They strengthen also the hands of evil-doers - (Ezekiel 13:22).

As Sodom - (Deuteronomy 32:32; Isaiah 1:10).


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Jeremiah 23:14". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/jeremiah-23.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(14) They commit adultery, and walk in lies . . .—The union of the claim to prophesy in the name of Jehovah with these flagrant breaches of His law was more hateful in the prophet’s eyes even than the open recognition of Baal. In the terrible language of Isaiah (Isaiah 1:10), prophets and people had become like the dwellers in the cities of the plain. Here, also, the language of Deuteronomy (Deuteronomy 29:23; Deuteronomy 32:32) probably influenced that of the prophet.


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 23:14". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/jeremiah-23.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

I have seen also in the prophets of Jerusalem an horrible thing: they commit adultery, and walk in lies: they strengthen also the hands of evildoers, that none doth return from his wickedness: they are all of them unto me as Sodom, and the inhabitants thereof as Gomorrah.
in the
5:30,31; 14:14; 23:32; Ezekiel 13:2-4,16; 22:25; Isaiah 41:6,7; Micah 3:11; Zephaniah 3:4; 2 Peter 2:1,2
an horrible thing
or, filthiness.
18:13
they commit
29:23; 2 Peter 2:14-19
walk
17,25,26,32; 14:14; Ezekiel 22:25; 2 Thessalonians 2:9-11; 1 Timothy 4:2; Revelation 19:20; Revelation 21:8; 22:15
strengthen
Ezekiel 13:22,23
Sodom
Genesis 13:13; 18:20; Deuteronomy 32:32; Isaiah 1:9,10; Ezekiel 16:46-52; Malachi 1:1; Matthew 11:24; 2 Peter 2:6; Jude 1:7; Revelation 11:8

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 23:14". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/jeremiah-23.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, October 27th, 2020
the Week of Proper 25 / Ordinary 30
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