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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

John 10:27

"My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me;

Adam Clarke Commentary

My sheep hear my voice - But ye will not hear: - my sheep follow me; but ye will neither follow nor acknowledge me. Any person who reads without prejudice may easily see, that our Lord does not at all insinuate that these persons could not believe, because God had made it impossible to them; but simply because they did not hear and follow Christ, which the whole of our blessed Lord's discourse proves that they might have done. The sheep of Christ are not those who are included in any eternal decree, to the exclusion of others from the yearnings of the bowels of eternal mercy; but they are those who hear, believe in, follow, and obey the Savior of the world.


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Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on John 10:27". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/john-10.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

My sheep - My church, my people, those who have the true spirit of my followers. The name is given to his people because it was an illustration which would be well understood in a country abounding in flocks. There is also a striking resemblance, which he proceeds to state, between them.

Hear my voice - See John 10:3-4. Applied to Christians, it means that they hear and obey his commandments.

I know them - See John 10:14.

d They follow me - A flock follows its shepherd to pastures and streams, John 10:3. Christians not only obey Christ, but they imitate him; they go where his Spirit and providence lead them; they yield themselves to his guidance, and seek to be led by him. When Jesus was upon earth many of his disciples followed or attended him from place to place. Hence, Christians are called his followers, and in Revelation 14:4 they are described as “they that follow the Lamb.”


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These files are public domain.

Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on John 10:27". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/john-10.html. 1870.

Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible

My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me.

Men who close their eyes, stop their ears, and harden their hearts cannot hear the Shepherd's voice, through no fault of the Shepherd, but because of their own willful sin. Those of honest and good heart, on the other hand, will hear the Shepherd's voice and follow him. Predestination enters into this only in the fact that the rules were laid down before all eternity to the effect that self-willed sinners are destined to be hardened and rejected, whereas penitent worshipers of the Lord will be received and saved; but every man ever born on earth has the option of being either one or the other as he himself shall choose.


Copyright Statement
James Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.

Bibliography
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on John 10:27". "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/john-10.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

My sheep hear my voice,.... The voice of Christ in his Gospel, both externally and internally; See Gill on John 10:4, See Gill on John 10:16; and since therefore these Jews did not, it was a plain case they were not of his sheep:

and I know them; See Gill on John 10:14; but Christ knew not these as the elect of God, or as the Father's gift to him, and therefore they could not be his sheep:

and they follow me; both in the exercise of grace, and in the discharge of duty, and whithersoever he the good shepherd leads them; See Gill on John 10:3, See Gill on John 10:4. But now, whereas these Jews did not follow Christ, but turned their backs on him, and rejected him, it was notorious that they were none of his sheep; but both happy and safe are those persons, that are the sheep of Christ, as appears from what is next said of them.


Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on John 10:27". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/john-10.html. 1999.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

My sheep (τα προβατα τα εμαta probata ta ema). In contrast with you they are not in doubt and suspense. They know my voice and follow me. Repetition of the idea in John 10:4, John 10:14.


Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)

Bibliography
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on John 10:27". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/john-10.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

My sheep ( τὰ πρόβατα τὰ ἐμὰ )

Literally, the sheep, those that are mine. A characteristic form of expression with John. Compare John 3:29; John 5:30; John 14:15, etc.


Copyright Statement
The text of this work is public domain.

Bibliography
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on John 10:27". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/john-10.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

The Fourfold Gospel

My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me1:

  1. My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me. The thought here is similar to to that set forth at John 10:14.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.

Bibliography
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on John 10:27". "The Fourfold Gospel". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/john-10.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

27.My sheep hear my voice. He proves by an argument drawn from contraries, that they are not sheep, because they do not obey the Gospel. For God effectually calls all whom he has elected, so that the sheep of Christ are proved by their faith. And, indeed, the reason why the name of sheep is applied to believers is, that they surrender themselves to God, to be governed by the hand of the Chief Shepherd, and, laying aside the fierceness of their nature, become mild and teachable. It is no small consolation to faithful teachers, that, though the greater part of the world do not listen to Christ, yet he has his sheep whom he knows, and by whom he is also known Let them do their utmost to bring the whole world into the fold of Christ; but when they do not succeed according to their wish, let them be satisfied with this single consideration, that they who are sheep will be gathered by their agency. The rest has been already explained.


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These files are public domain.

Bibliography
Calvin, John. "Commentary on John 10:27". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-10.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me:

Ver. 27. My sheep hear my voice] Buxtorf in his "Tiberius" noteth, that the Jeremiah 21:7; consisteth of 42 words and of a 160 letters. I am not at leisure to count the words and letters of this and the following verses; but it is easy to observe in them those five links of that golden chain of God’s grace in our salvation: "my sheep," there is election; "hear my voice," there is vocation; "and I know them," there is justification; "and they follow me," there is sanctification; "and I give unto them eternal life," there is glorification.


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on John 10:27". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/john-10.html. 1865-1868.

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Here observe, 1. That all sincere and faithful Christians are Christ's sheep, and he is their great and good shepherd. This relation implies tender affection, powerful protection, and plentiful provision. The tenderness of Christ's affection, towards his sheep, appears by pitying their infirmities, by having a fellow felling with them in their suffering, by suiting their temptations to the degrees of their graces. His care in providing for them appears in affording to them the holy scriptures, the ministry of the word the administration of the sacraments, and the operation of his Holy Spirit, to make all efficacious and effectual to them. His protection of them discovers itself, by preparing them for trials by supporting them under them, and by delivering them out of them, and by sanctifying all to them, causing them to work together in subserviency to his own glory, and his people's good.

Observe, 2. That Christ's sheep hear Christ's voice, and answer the call of their great Shepherd. They hear the voice of Christ speaking to them in the scriptures, in the ministry of the word, in their own conscience, in providences; and they hear Christ's voice speaking to them, in and by his Holy Spirit; and as they hear Christ's voice, so do they answer his call; now the right answer to the call of Christ in the gospel, is a present answer, a willing answer and an abiding answer.

Observe, 3. That all Christ's sheep do follow him their shepherd. They follow him,

1. In his doctrine; and

2. In his example, in his contempt of the heavenly-mindedness of his conversation, in his meekness and patience, in charity and universal goodness, and as he was a mighty pattern of prayer.

Observe, 4. That Christ, the great and good Shepherd, knows all his sheep. My sheep hear my voice and I know them. He knows them so as to distinguish them, so as to observe and take notice of them, so as to own and approve them, so as to take care of them, and provide for them.

And as the Lord knoweth who are his, so he knoweth who are not his too; as he knows his sheep, so he knows the goats also, and their place will be at his left hand. My sheep hear my voice and I know them.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Burkitt, William. "Commentary on John 10:27". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/john-10.html. 1700-1703.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

This is the same which he said: See Poole on "John 10:4".


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on John 10:27". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/john-10.html. 1685.

Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges

27. ‘I know Mine, and Mine know Me’ (John 10:14). Winer, p. 646.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
"Commentary on John 10:27". "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/john-10.html. 1896.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

27. My sheep hear my voice—As the blind-born did. Those who are bent on holiness and salvation show it by listening to Christ and his Gospel. It is very illogical to infer from all this the doctrine that no man will lose or abandon the character of a sheep of Christ, that is, of a true believer. Qualities or conduct ascribed to persons as possessed of a certain character, do not imply that the character itself may not change. A hireling fleeth because he is a hireling; but that does not prove but that the man may cease to be a hireling. A thief and a robber will kill and destroy; but that does not prove that a thief or robber may not, like Saul of Tarsus, cease to be a thief and robber. So a sheep will follow Christ; but that does not imply but that the man may cease to be a sheep and even become a goat. For a man may as truly from a sheep become a goat, as from a goat become a sheep.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on John 10:27". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/john-10.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

here says that his sheep hear his voice, and follow him: but let us ask ourselves, Do we cling close to this heavenly shepherd? Do we follow him, both by our faith and by our lives? Do we know him, and hear his voice? Do we fly from strangers, the world, the flesh, and the devil? If so, we are his sheep indeed; and if we persevere, he will bring us, in spite of the world, the flesh, and the devil, to the pastures of eternal life. But if we run away from our shepherd, to follow these strangers, we must expect to fall a prey to wolves. (Med. vol. ii. p. 417)


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on John 10:27". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/john-10.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

and. Fig, Polysyndeton. App-6.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on John 10:27". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/john-10.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me:

My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me. See the note at John 10:8 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me. See the note at John 10:8.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on John 10:27". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/john-10.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me:
sheep
4,8,16; 5:25; 8:43; Matthew 17:5; Acts 3:23; Hebrews 3:7; Revelation 3:20
and I
3,14; Matthew 7:23; 25:12; Luke 13:27; 1 Corinthians 8:3; Galatians 4:9; 2 Timothy 2:19
and they
4; 8:12; 12:26; 21:22; 1 Kings 18:21; Matthew 16:24; Mark 8:34; 10:21; Luke 9:23; Revelation 14:4

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on John 10:27". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/john-10.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, October 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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