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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

John 10:29

"My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all; and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father's hand.

Adam Clarke Commentary

My Father - is greater than all - More powerful than all the united energies of men and demons. He who loves God must be happy; and he who fears him need fear nothing on this side eternity.


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Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on John 10:29". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/john-10.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Which gave them me - See John 6:37.

Is greater - Is more powerful.

Than all - Than all others - men, angels, devils. The word includes everything - everything that could attempt to pluck them away from God; in other words, it means that God is supreme. It implies, further, that God will keep them, and will so control all other beings and things that they shall be safe.

None is able - None has power to do it. In these two verses we are taught the following important truths:

1.that Christians are given by God the Father to Christ.

2.that Jesus gives to them eternal life, or procures by his death and intercession, and imparts to them by his Spirit, that religion which shall result in eternal life.

3.that both the Father and the Son are pledged to keep them so that they shall never fall away and perish. It would be impossible for any language to teach more explicitly that the saints will persevere.

4.that there is no power in man or devils to defeat the purpose of the Redeemer to save his people. We also see our safety, if we truly, humbly, cordially, and daily commit ourselves to God the Saviour. In no other way can we have evidence that we are his people than by such a persevering resignation of ourselves to him, to obey his law, and to follow him through evil report or good report. If we do that we are safe. If we do not that we have no evidence of piety, and are not, cannot be safe.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on John 10:29". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/john-10.html. 1870.

Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible

My Father who hath given them to me, is greater than all; and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father's hand. I and the Father are one.

Here is the reasoning that underlies the promise of John 10:28 that the sheep of Christ shall have eternal life. There is no way to understand Jesus' words here except as an affirmation of his supernatural nature, claiming equality with God himself, or, as the Pharisees expressed it in John 10:33, making himself God! As Robertson said:

This crisp statement, "I and the Father are one," is the climax of Christ's claims concerning the relationship between the Father and himself (the Son). This stirred the Pharisees to uncontrollable anger.[24]

Augustine saw in this single text the complete refutation of two major heresies, saying:

It silences the Sabellians, who say there is only one Person in the Godhead, by speaking of two distinct Persons. It silences the Arians who say the Son is inferior to the Father, by saying that the Father and the Son are one.[25]

Ryle paraphrased the thought thus:

I and my eternal Father, though two distinct Persons, are yet one in essence, nature, dignity, power, will, and operation. Hence, in the matter of securing the safety of my sheep, what I do, my Father does likewise. I do not act independently of him.[26]

There is no pretense here of any truly adequate explanation of such things as these, for the truth of this verse lies wholly beyond the perimeter of man's finite understanding.

[24] A. T. Robertson, op. cit., p. 187.

[25] J. C. Ryle, op. cit., II, p. 30.

[26] Ibid.


Copyright Statement
James Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.

Bibliography
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on John 10:29". "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/john-10.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

My Father which gave them me,.... So the sheep came to be Christ's, and to be in his hand; the Father gave them to him, put them into his hands, and made them his care and charge:

is greater than all; than all gods, than all beings, than all creatures, angels and men, and than all the enemies of his people; this must be allowed: the Vulgate Latin version, and so some of the ancients read, "what my Father gave to me, is greater than all"; meaning, that the church given to him, and built on him, is stronger than all its enemies:

and none is able to pluck them out of my Father's hand; so that these sheep have a double security; they are in the hands of Christ, and they are in the hands of the Father of Christ; wherefore could it be thought, which ought not to be, that they could be plucked out of Christ's hands, yet it can never be imagined, that any can pluck them out of the hands of God the Father; and there is no more reason to think that they can be plucked out of the hands of the one, than there is that they can be plucked out of the hands of the other, as is clear from what follows in John 10:30; see the Apocrypha:

"But the souls of the righteous are in the hand of God, and there shall no torment touch them.' (Wisdom 3:1).


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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on John 10:29". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/john-10.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

My Father, which gave them me — (See on John 6:37-39).

is greater than all — with whom no adverse power can contend. It is a general expression of an admitted truth, and what follows shows for what purpose it was uttered, “and none is able to pluck them out of My Father‘s hand.” The impossibility of true believers being lost, in the midst of all the temptations which they may encounter, does not consist in their fidelity and decision, but is founded upon the power of God. Here the doctrine of predestination is presented in its sublime and sacred aspect; there is a predestination of the holy, which is taught from one end of the Scriptures to the other; not, indeed, of such a nature that an “irresistible grace” compels the opposing will of man (of course not), but so that that will of man which receives and loves the commands of God is produced only by God‘s grace (Olshausen - a testimony all the more valuable, being given in spite of Lutheran prejudice).


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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on John 10:29". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/john-10.html. 1871-8.

People's New Testament

No man is able to pluck them out of my Father's hand. The sheep who hear his voice and follow him (John 10:27). This is the condition of their safety. If they comply with it God's grace will save them from the adversary.


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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Original work done by Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.

Bibliography
Johnson, Barton W. "Commentary on John 10:29". "People's New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pnt/john-10.html. 1891.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Which (οςhos). Who. If οho (which) is correct, we have to take ο πατηρho patēr as nominative absolute or independent, “As for my Father.”

Is greater than all (παντων μειζων εστινpantōn meizōn estin). If we read οςhos But Aleph B L W read οho and A B Theta have μειζονmeizon The neuter seems to be correct (Westcott and Hort). But is it? If so, the meaning is: “As for my Father, that which he hath given me is greater than all.” But the context calls for ος μειζωνhosο πατηρ meizōn with εστινho patēr as the subject of estin The greatness of the Father, not of the flock, is the ground of the safety of the flock. Hence the conclusion that “no one is able to snatch them out of the Father‘s hand.”


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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)

Bibliography
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on John 10:29". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/john-10.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all ( ὁ πατήρ μου ὃς δέδωκέ μοι, μείζων πάντων ἐστιν )

There is considerable confusion here about the reading. Westcott and Hort and Tischendorf read ὁ πατήρ μου (Tischendorf rejects μου ) ὃ δέδωκέν μοι πάντων μεῖζόν ἐστιν . That which the Father (or my Father ) hath given me is greater than all. Rev. gives this in the margin. For gave, render hath given.


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Bibliography
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on John 10:29". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/john-10.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

The Fourfold Gospel

and I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish1, and no one shall snatch them out of my hand2.
    John 10:28,29

  1. And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish. This passage is taken by Calvinists as asserting the doctrine of the impossibility of apostasy. It is certainly a strong assurance that the Christian may expect to succeed in fighting the good fight. It may be taken in connection with Romans 8:38,39, but both passages must be interpreted in the light of ( 6:4-8).

  2. And no one shall snatch them out of my hand. We cannot be taken from God against our will; but our will being free, we may choose to leave him. We cannot be protected against ourselves in spite of ourselves. If that were so, no one could be lost.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.

Bibliography
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on John 10:29". "The Fourfold Gospel". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/john-10.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

29 My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father’s hand.

Ver. 29. No man is able to pluck them] Impostors seek to thrust us from God, Deuteronomy 13:5, and to drag disciples after them, with such violence, as if they would pluck them limb meal (as the word αποσπαν signifies, Acts 20:30), so to deceive, if it were possible, the very elect, Matthew 24:24. A thing is said to be possible, vel respectu Dei, vel respectu rei, either to honour God or to honour a thing. True grace, in itself considered, is easily separable from him that hath it, who, left to himself also, would soon lose it. But with respect to God, by whose power the saints are kept (as in a strong guard or garrison, φρουρουμενοι, 1 Peter 1:5), through faith unto salvation, it is impossible that any of his should finally miscarry.


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Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on John 10:29". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/john-10.html. 1865-1868.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

John 10:29. δέδωκε, gave) Understand, these sheep.— μείζων πάντων, greater than all) Greater than all their enemies; greater than the sheep: and (in another sense) greater than even Me; ch. John 14:28, “My Father is greater than I.”— ἁρπάζειν, to snatch) them, the sheep.


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Bibliography
Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on John 10:29". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/john-10.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

All that are my sheep became so by my Father’s donation and gift, so as my Father is equally with myself concerned in the preservation of them to that happy end, to which he hath ordained and designed them. Those that would pluck them out of my hand, and deprive them of that eternal life which I will give them, must be too strong, not for me alone, but for my Father also; which none is, for who can be too strong for omnipotence?


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Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on John 10:29". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/john-10.html. 1685.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Is greater than all; see note to chap John 14:28.


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Bibliography
Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on John 10:29". "Family Bible New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/john-10.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges

29. δέδωκεν. see on John 3:35 and comp. John 17:6; John 17:24. That which the Father hath given Me is greater than all. The unity of the Church is invincible. But the reading is doubtful: ὃ δ. μ. μεῖζον has the most ancient authority (B1, old Latin, Memphitic) and agrees with John 6:39, John 17:2 : the common reading, ὃς δ. μ. μείζων, and ὁ δεδωκώς μ. μείζων (D), are obvious corrections: that of א L, ὃ δ. μ. μείζων, is impossible: that of AB2X, ὃς δ. μ. μεῖζον, is easy and may be right; My Father who gave them to Me is a greater power than all (comp. Matthew 12:6).

ἐκ τ. χ. τ. πατρός] Emphatic repetition of πατήρ: ἐκ τ. χ. αὐτοῦ would have sufficed. ‘The souls of the righteous are in the hand of God, and there shall no torment touch them’ (Wisdom of Solomon 3:1): comp. Deuteronomy 33:3; Isaiah 49:2; Isaiah 51:16.


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Bibliography
"Commentary on John 10:29". "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/john-10.html. 1896.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

“My Father who has given them to me is greater than all, and no one can snatch them from my Father’s hand’.

This security is made all the more certain because the One Who is Almighty, His Father, Who is ‘greater than all’, has given them to Him and watches over them. No onecansnatch them fromHishand. Those who are truly His and have been destined to receive life as a result of the Father’s choice and gift, are eternally secure. But their certainty lies in the fact that they are hearing His voice and following Him. On the one hand He keeps them safely, but on the other their lives reveal that they are being kept. If the latter is not so, the former must be questioned.

Once again we see here that the Father and the Son act in parallel. He is holding His sheep safely in His hand, and His Father is holding His sheep safely in His hand. The two act as One.

‘Greater than all.’ Whether Satan, the Roman authorities, the Jewish authorities, or whoever might attack His people. God is greater than all put together. (There are a number of minor variations in the ancient authorities on this verse but the general sense is clear).


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Bibliography
Pett, Peter. "Commentary on John 10:29". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/john-10.html. 2013.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

29. My Father… greater than all—All this surety is based in a pledged Omnipotence. God, who gave his Son, and gave all true believers to him, is the infinite surety that no believer shall miss eternal life.


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Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on John 10:29". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/john-10.html. 1874-1909.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Jesus heightened this promise of security. He reminded His hearers that because what He did was simply execute the Father"s will it was the Father as well as Himself that would keep His sheep secure (cf. John 17:12). No one can steal from God. No one has superior strength or wisdom to overpower or outwit Him (cf. Colossians 3:3). No one will snatch them from God ( John 10:28), and no one can do so either.


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Bibliography
Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on John 10:29". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/john-10.html. 2012.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

John 10:29. These strong assertions He bases, as always, on the Father’s will and power. πατήρ μουἐσμεν. “My Father who has given me these sheep is greater than all: and therefore no one can snatch them out of my Father’s hand. But this is equivalent to my saying no one can snatch them out of my hand, for I and the Father are one.”— ἐγὼ καὶ πατὴρ ἕν ἐσμεν. Cf. John 17:21-23, ἵνα πάντες ἓν ὦσι. Bengel says: “Unum, non solum voluntatis consensu, sed unitate potentiae, adeoque naturae. Nam omnipotentia est attributum naturale; et serino est de unitate Patris et Filii. In his verbis Jesu plus viderunt caeci Judaei, quam hodie vident Antitrinitarii.” But Calvin is right when he denies that the words carry this sense: “Abusi sunt hoc loco veteres ut probarent Christum esse Patri ὁμοούσιον. Neque enim Christus de unitate substantiae disputat, sed de consensu quem cum Patre habet: quicquid scilicet geritur a Christo Patris virtute confirmatum iri.” An ambassador whose demands were contested might quite naturally say: “I and my sovereign are one”; not meaning thereby to claim royal dignity, but only to assert that what he did his sovereign did, that his signature carried his sovereign’s guarantee, and that his pledges would be fulfilled by all the resources of his sovereign. So here, as God’s representative, Jesus introduces the Father’s power as the final guarantee, and claims that in this respect He and the Father are one. Whether this does not involve metaphysical unity is another question. Cf. Tertullian, adv. Praxeam, 22; Hippolytus, c. Noetum, 7, δύο πρόσωπα ἔδειξεν, δύναμιν δὲ μίαν.


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Bibliography
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on John 10:29". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/john-10.html. 1897-1910.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

===============================

[BIBLIOGRAPHY]

Pater meus quod dedit mihi, majus est omnibus. See Tertullian, lib. contr. Praxeam. chap xxii, p. 513. C. Ed. R.; St. Hilary, lib. vii. ed Trin. p. 930. Ed. Ben.; St. Ambrose, lib. iii. de Sp. S. chap. 18. Ed. Par. 1586.; St. Augustine, trac. 49. in Joan. p. 616, Quid dedit filio Pater majus omnibus? ut ipse illi esset Unigenitus Filius. St. John Chrysostom takes notice, that by the hand of the Father, is here understood his power. And that it follows from hence, that the power or hand of the Father and the Son is equal, is one and the same: and if their power, says he, is the same so is their substance, Greek: ei de e dunamis e aute, endelon oti kai e ousia. om. xa. (in Joan. 363. tom. viii. nov. Ed. Ben.)


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Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on John 10:29". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/john-10.html. 1859.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father's hand.

My Father, which gave [rather, 'hath given' dedooken (G1325)] them me (see the notes at John 6:37-39) is greater than all - with whom no adverse power can contend (Isaiah 27:4).

And none is able to pluck them out of my Father's hand. The bearing of this statement on what is called by divines the perseverance of the saints has not escaped the notice of candid and reverential expositors, even of those churches which repudiate that doctrine. In this view the following remarks of Olshausen on these words of our Lord have special value: 'The impossibility of true believers being lost, in the midst of all the temptations which they may encounter, does not consist in their fidelity and decision, but is founded upon the power of God. Here the doctrine of predestination is presented in its sublime and sacred aspect; there is a predestination of the holy, which is taught from one end of the Scriptures to the other; not, indeed, of such a nature that an "irresistible grace" compels the opposing will of man'-of course not-`but so that that will of man which receives and loves the commands of God is produced only by God's grace.' But the statement of John 10:29 is designed only to introduce that of John 10:30.

I and my Father, [ Egoo (G1473) kai (G2532) ho (G3588) Pateer (G3962)]. (It should be 'I and the Father') are one , [ hen (Greek #1520) esmen (Greek #2070)]. Our language admits not of the precision of the original in this great saying, 'We (two Persons) are One (Thing).' Perhaps 'one interest' expresses nearly, though not quite, the purport of the saying. There seemed to be some contradiction between His saying they had been given by His Father into His own hands, out of which they could not be plucked, and then saying that none could pluck them out of His Father's hands, as if they had not been given out of them. 'Neither they have,' says He: 'Though He has given them to Me, they are as much in His own almighty hands as ever-they cannot be, and when given to Me they are not, given away from Himself; for HE AND I HAVE ALL IN COMMON.' Thus it will be seen, that, though oneness of essence is not the precise thing here affirmed, that truth is the basis of what is affirmed, without which it would not be true. And Augustine was right in saying the "We are" condemns the Sabellians, who denied the distinction of Persons in the Godhead, while the "one" condemns the Arians, who denied the unity of their essence. (Bengel, in his terse and pithy way, thus expresses it: Per sumus refutatur Sabellius; per unum, Arius.)


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Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on John 10:29". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/john-10.html. 1871-8.

The Bible Study New Testament

And no one can snatch them away. That Isaiah, those sheep who hear his voice and follow him. So long as they remain under his grace, they are safe, (see Romans 8:33-39; Hebrews 6:4-6; 2 Peter 1:10).


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Bibliography
Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on John 10:29". "The Bible Study New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/john-10.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(29) My Father, which gave them me (better, hath given them Me), is greater than all.—For the thought that they are given by the Father, comp. Note on John 6:37. Here our version has rightly made no limiting addition to “all” (comp. last verse). In the width of the word, which extends to every creature and to every power, and even to the Son in His subordination to the Father, the Father is thought of as greater than all. Again the thought mounts with each succeeding sentence: (1) “None shall pluck them out of My hand;” (2) “They are My Father’s gifts, and He is greater than all;” (3) “None shall pluck them out of My Father’s hand.”


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Bibliography
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on John 10:29". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/john-10.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father's hand.
which
6:37; 17:2,6,9,11
is greater
14:28; Exodus 18:11; Psalms 145:3; Daniel 4:3; Malachi 1:14

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Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on John 10:29". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/john-10.html.

Commentary by J.C.Philpot on select texts of the Bible

John 10:29

"My Father, who gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father"s hand." John 10:29

In that most sublime and touching prayer which the Lord Jesus Christ, as the great High Priest over the house of God, offered up to his heavenly Father before he shed his precious blood on the cross, there is one petition, or rather an expression of his holy will, which is full of unspeakable blessedness. "Father, I will that they also, whom you have given me, be with me where I am; that they may behold my glory, which you have given me; for you loved me before the foundation of the world." The change from "petitioning as a Priest" to "willing as a King" is very remarkable, and casts a gracious light on the nature of Christ"s mediatorial intercession at the right hand of God. On the footing of his covenant engagements, atoning sacrifice, and finished work, as well as from the perfect equality of his divine nature with that of the Father and of the Holy Spirit, he utters the expression of that sovereign will which was and is identically the same with the eternal will and fixed decrees of his heavenly Father.

And oh, how full and comprehensive, how gracious and condescending is the will of Christ as thus expressed! How it embraces in its firm and sovereign grasp all the members of his mystical body, all the sheep of his pasture and the flock of his hand, all that the Father gave him to be eternally his own! Yes; all the countless millions who before the foundation of the world were given to him—as his joy and crown, as his eternal inheritance, as the delight of his heart, and the promised reward of his incarnation, sufferings, and death, were included in this expression of his holy and unchanging will. Whatever be their state and condition here below, whatever sins and sorrows they may have to sigh and groan under, whatever opposition they may encounter from earth or hell, this will of Christ holds them up so that they cannot fall out of his hand, or be deprived of their glorious inheritance.


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Bibliography
Philpot, Joseph Charles. "Commentary on John 10:29". Commentary by J.C.Philpot on select texts of the Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jcp/john-10.html.

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