Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

John 13:28

Now no one of those reclining at the table knew for what purpose He had said this to him.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Jesus, the Christ;   Traitor;  
Dictionaries:
Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Bread, Bread of Presence;   Holman Bible Dictionary - John, the Gospel of;   Sop;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Foot;   Judas Iscariot;   Wealth;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Apostles;   Lord's Supper. (I.);   Upper Room (2);   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Sop;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Judas;   Passover;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Judas;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Table;  
Devotionals:
Every Day Light - Devotion for November 17;  

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

Now no man at the table knew for what intent he spake this unto him. For some thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus said unto him, Buy what things we have need of for the feast, or, that he should give something to the poor.

Here is final and certain proof that the meal eaten was not the passover; otherwise, it would have been impossible for some of the disciples to have thought that Judas was being dispatched on an errand to buy things needed for its observance.

Or give something to the poor ... This affords an indirect glimpse of the habit of charity practiced by the apostles under Jesus' direction. The significance of this lies in the poverty of the group themselves. They, like Jesus, had nowhere to lay their heads, and sometimes they improvised lunch by plucking a few heads of wheat to eat as they crossed a field (Matthew 12:1); but, despite their own poverty, it was no unusual thing for them to give of their little store to those of even greater need.

Copyright Statement
Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on John 13:28". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/john-13.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Now no man at the table,.... Not one of those who lay upon the couches at the table, excepting John, to whom the signal was given:

knew for what intent he spake this unto him; and perhaps he might not know the meaning of his last words, that he spoke concerning the act of betraying him; nor did not imagine that the thing was so near and so speedily to be done, as it was.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on John 13:28". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/john-13.html. 1999.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

No one knew (ουδεις εγνωoudeis egnō). Second aorist active indicative of γινωσκωginōskō The disciples had not yet perceived the treacherous heart of Judas.

Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on John 13:28". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/john-13.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Now no man at the table knew for what intent he spake this unto him.

None knew why he said this — Save John and Judas.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on John 13:28". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/john-13.html. 1765.

The Fourfold Gospel

Now no man at the table knew for what intent he spake this unto him.

  1. Now no man at the table knew for what intent he spoke this unto him. Jesus had not fully and openly revealed Judas as the traitor. To have done so in the presence of the fiery Galileans might have resulted in violence to the person of the betrayer.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on John 13:28". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/john-13.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

Никто из возлежавших. Или Иоанн еще не рассказал другим, что слышал от Христа, или они были поражены настолько, что временно лишились разумения. Более того, похоже, что и сам Иоанн был тогда в оцепенении. Кроме того, что тогда произошло с учениками, часто и теперь случается в Церкви. Немногие из верных различают лицемерие тех, кого Господь ясно и недвусмысленно осуждает.

 

 

 

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These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Calvin, John. "Commentary on John 13:28". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-13.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

28 Now no man at the table knew for what intent he spake this unto him.

Ver. 28. Now no man at the table knew, &c.] For John had not told Peter the secret committed to him by Christ, though he were very desirous to have known it;

" Si sapis, arcano vina reconde cado."

A friend that can both keep counsel and give counsel, is worth his weight in gold. When one desired to see Alexander’s treasure, he bade one of his servants show him, not his talents of silver, but his trusty friends, ουκ αργυριου ταλαντα, αλλα τους φιλους.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on John 13:28". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/john-13.html. 1865-1868.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

28.] Not even John: who knew he was the traitor, but had no idea the deed was so soon to be done (Lücke, De Wette). Stier supposes John to exclude himself in saying οὐδεὶς τ. ἀνακ., and that he knew.

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Alford, Henry. "Commentary on John 13:28". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/john-13.html. 1863-1878.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

John 13:28. οὐδείς, no man) except Jesus and John, and also Judas himself.

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Bibliographical Information
Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on John 13:28". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/john-13.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Ver. 28,29. How innocent are honest hearts! Charity thinketh no evil, saith the apostle. Although our Saviour had plainly enough deciphered him as the traitor, by telling John that he to whom he should give the sop was he, and then by giving it to Judas; yet whether they all did not hear what our Saviour said to John, or did not think of so sudden a tragedy, they do not suspect that the hour was at hand when Judas should perfect his intended villany: though they heard our Saviour bid him get him out, and do quickly what he had to do; yet Judas being he who carried that little stock of money which Christ had, John 12:6, they thought that that which our Saviour bid him do, as a work he had undertaken to do, was laying out some money, either to buy some things which were necessary for them, for the seven days of the feast of unleavened bread; either for food for them to eat, or for sacrifices for them to offer; or that it was our Saviour’s mind, that he should out of this little stock distribute something to the poor: they little thought that our Saviour’s words argued a giving him over to perfect the treacherous designs which he had conceived in his heart.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on John 13:28". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/john-13.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

28.No man at the table knew—Not even John knew until the traitor, as mentioned in the following verse, and as is mentioned by anticipation in John 13:27, received the sop.

 

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on John 13:28". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/john-13.html. 1874-1909.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

No one present knew what Jesus meant when He told Judas to do what he had to do quickly. John must have known that Judas was the betrayer, but even he did not know that Jesus was referring here to Judas" arrangements to betray Him.

"There is nothing in the narrative to show that Jesus meant that betrayal was imminent. From all that has been said so far it may well have been far in the future." [Note: Morris, p558.]

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on John 13:28". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/john-13.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

John 13:28. No one of those reclining at meat perceived for what intent he said it unto him. From these words the inference is generally drawn that the conversation between Jesus and John must have been in an undertone; otherwise the disciples would have known the meaning of what had been said. The inference is hardly warranted. Even although they now knew that he was to betray his Master, they might be so ignorant of all the steps he was to take for that end, that they could not attach a correct idea to the words addressed to him. And they did not.

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Bibliographical Information
Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on John 13:28". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/john-13.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

John 13:28. . All heard the command given to Judas, but none of them knew its object, not even John; for although he was now aware that Judas was the traitor he did not connect the command “Do it quickly” with the actual work of betrayal.

 

 

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on John 13:28". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/john-13.html. 1897-1910.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

no man at the table = no one (Greek. oudeis) of those reclining (Greek. anakeimai). See John 13:23.

for what intent = with a view to (Greek. pros. App-104.) what.

spake this unto him = spake to him.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on John 13:28". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/john-13.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Now no man at the table knew for what intent he spake this unto him.

No JFB commentary on this verse.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on John 13:28". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/john-13.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(28) Now no man at the table knew.—This is a comment of the Apostle’s, as he writes in remembrance of the impression made at the time upon all who were present. They heard our Lord say to Judas, “What thou doest, do quickly; “but none of them knew until afterwards that these words referred to the betrayal.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on John 13:28". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/john-13.html. 1905.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

28.Not one of those who were at table. Either John had not yet related to others what Christ had told him, or they were so much struck by it, that they lost their presence of mind; and, indeed, ill is probable, that John himself was almost out of his senses. But what then happened to the disciples, we frequently see: taking place in the Church, that few of the believers discern the hypocrites whom the Lord loudly condemns.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Calvin, John. "Commentary on John 13:28". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-13.html. 1840-57.