Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

John 13:29

For some were supposing, because Judas had the money box, that Jesus was saying to him, "Buy the things we have need of for the feast"; or else, that he should give something to the poor.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Jesus, the Christ;   Judas (Jude);   Traitor;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Passover;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Judas;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Bread, Bread of Presence;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Alms;   Bag;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Alms;   Bags;   Passover;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Bag;   Community of Goods;   John, the Gospel of;   Sop;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Bag, Purse, Wallet;   Box;   Food;   Foot;   Judas Iscariot;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Apostles;   Authority in Religion;   Bag ;   Last Supper;   Lord's Supper. (I.);   Poverty (2);   Property (2);   Self-Denial;   Social Life;   Upper Room (2);   Wealth (2);   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Judas Iscariot ;   Sop;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Judas;   Passover;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Judas;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Bag;   Ju'das Iscar'iot;   Purse,;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Apocalyptic Literature;   Bag;   Chronology of the New Testament;   Food;   Lord's Supper (Eucharist);   Poor;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Alms;  
Devotionals:
Every Day Light - Devotion for November 17;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Buy those things that we have need of against the feast - Calmet's observation here has weight so it. "The disciples who thought that our Lord had said this to Judas, knew well that on the day of the passover there was neither buying nor selling in Jerusalem. This, therefore, did not happen on the paschal evening; for the feast, according to the common opinion, must have begun the preceding evening, and Jesus have eaten the passover with his disciples the night before his death; but it appears to me, by the whole text of St. John, that the passover did not begin till the time in which our Lord expired upon the cross. It was then that they were sacrificing the paschal lambs in the temple. It is therefore probable that the apostles believed that Judas went to purchase a lamb, and the other necessary things for the evening, and for the day of the Passover." On this subject the reader is requested to consult the observations at the end of Matthew 26, where the subject is considered at large.

Give something to the poor - It is well known that our Lord and his disciples lived on public charity; and yet they gave alms out of what they had thus received. From this we learn that even those who live on charity themselves are expected to divide a little with those who are in deeper distress and want.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on John 13:29". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/john-13.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

For some of them thought,.... This was the thought of some of the disciples, it may be of all of them but John;

because Judas had the bag: which was for the common supply of Christ and his disciples, and for the relief of the poor; See Gill on John 12:6.

That Jesus had said unto him, buy those things that we have need of against the feast; the feast of the passover, which was to be two days after; and shows, that this was not the passover which Christ now ate with his disciples:

or that he should give something to the poor; for whom Christ cared, and had a hearty concern, and for whom Judas had very little, notwithstanding his high pretensions.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on John 13:29". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/john-13.html. 1999.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Some thought (τινες εδοκουνtines edokoun). Imperfect active of δοκεωdokeō Mere inference in their ignorance.

The bag (το γλωσσοκομονto glōssokomon). See note on John 12:6 for this word.

What things we have need of
(ων χρειαν εχομενhōn chreian echomen). Antecedent (ταυταtauta) of the relative (ονhon) not expressed.

For the feast
(εις την εορτηνeis tēn heortēn). The feast of unleavened bread beginning after the passover meal and lasting eight days. If this was twenty-four hours ahead of the passover meal, there was no hurry for next day would be in ample time.

Or that he should give something to the poor
(η τοις πτωχοις ινα τι δωιē tois ptōchois hina ti dōi). Another alternative in their speculation on the point. Note prolepsis of τοις πτωχοιςtois ptōchois (dative case) before ινα δωιhina dōi (final clause with ιναhina and second aorist active subjunctive of διδωμιdidōmi).

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on John 13:29". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/john-13.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

The bag

See on John 12:6.

Buy ( ἀγόρασον )

An incidental argument in favor of this gathering of the disciples having taken place on the evening of the Paschal feast. Had it been on the previous evening, no one would have thought of Judas going out at night to buy provisions for the feast, when there was the whole of the next day for it, nor would they have thought of his going out to seek the poor at that hour. The 15th Nisan, the time of the Passover celebration, was indeed invested with the sanctity of a Sabbath; but provision and preparation of the needful food was expressly allowed on that day. The Rabbinical rules even provided for the procuring of the Paschal lamb on the Passover eve when that happened to fall on the Sabbath.

Against the feast ( εἰς τὴν ἑορτήν )

Rev., better, for the feast. The Passover feast. The meal of which they had been partaking was the preliminary meal, at the close of which the Passover was celebrated; just as, subsequently, the Eucharist was celebrated at the close of the Agape or love-feast. Notice the different word, ἑορτή , feast, instead of δεῖπνον , supper, and the article with feast.

To the poor

Perhaps to help them procure their Paschal lamb.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on John 13:29". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/john-13.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

The Fourfold Gospel

For some thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus said unto him, Buy what things we have need of for the feast1; or, that he should give something to the poor2.

  1. Buy what things we have need of for the feast. The feast on the evening of the first day of the festival of unleavened bread appears to have been both joyful and very bountiful.

  2. Or, that he should give something to the poor. Probably to aid them in preparing for this feast.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
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J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on John 13:29". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/john-13.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

Чтобы дал что-нибудь нищим. Из других мест Писания вполне ясно, сколь беден был Христос. Однако даже из этой нищеты Он кое-что уделял бедным, дабы предписать нам общее правило. Ибо апостолы не подумали бы, что Он говорит о нищих, если бы Христос не имел привычки помогать этим нищим.

 

 

 

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on John 13:29". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-13.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

29 For some of them thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy those things that we have need of against the feast; or, that he should give something to the poor.

Ver. 29. For some of them thought] An example of Christian simplicity. As bad men muse as they use, so good men measure others by themselves and so are often deceived, as here. "Charity thinketh no evil," 1 Corinthians 13:5.

Or that he should give something to the poor] Christ had not much, yet had somewhat for the poor; so must the poor day labourer, Ephesians 4:28, the necessitous widow, Mark 12:42.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on John 13:29". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/john-13.html. 1865-1868.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

29.] The first supposition agrees with John 13:1,—that it was πρὸ τῆς ἑορτῆς τοῦ πάσχα. Had it been the night of the passover, the next day being hallowed as a sabbath, nothing could have been bought. On the whole question see notes on Matthew 26:17, and ch. John 18:28. On the second supposition, see ch. John 12:5. The gift to the poor might be, to help them to procure their paschal lamb.

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Alford, Henry. "Commentary on John 13:29". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/john-13.html. 1863-1878.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

John 13:29. εἰς τὴν ἑορτήν, against the feast) These things occurred a little before the feast, on the day before the Passover; nor however had they any thought, that the passion of the Lord was so near at hand. These incidents do not accord with the idea of their being on the very evening of the paschal supper.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on John 13:29". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/john-13.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on John 13:29". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/john-13.html. 1685.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

The fact that Judas was the treasurer of the Twelve shows that the other disciples trusted him implicitly. He was a consummate hypocrite. Jesus" trust of him shows the Savior"s grace.

The feast in view ( John 13:29) must have been the feast of Unleavened Bread that followed Passover immediately since Jesus and the Twelve were then celebrating the Passover. Giving alms to the poor was a common practice in Jerusalem on Passover evening. [Note: J. Jeremias, The Eucharistic Words of Jesus, p54.]

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on John 13:29". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/john-13.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

John 13:29. For some thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus said unto him, Buy those things that we have need of for the feast; or, that he should give something to the poor. On the ‘bag’ here spoken of, see on John 12:6. The first supposition made, that Judas might have gone out to purchase things needed ‘for the feast,’ is a proof that the feast itself had not begun, or was only beginning. It is important to observe the word ‘feast.’ It is that of John 13:1, and it shows that the disciples expected to partake of the Paschal Supper with Jesus. This expectation the Evangelist would in all probability not have communicated to us as he has done had he not known it to be correct. He knows that Jesus partook of the feast; that what He did not partake of was the ‘Passover of the Jews’ (comp. on John 13:1). The words, too, are much more reconcilable with the idea that the feast was just about to be partaken of, than that it was to be eaten twenty-four hours afterwards. On the latter supposition, the ‘more quickly’ loses all its meaning. On the former it retains its force. The expression here employed supplies therefore a powerful argument for the supposition that the evening on which Jesus and His disciples were thus gathered together was that of the Paschal Supper. It has indeed been urged that, if the Supper took place on the evening of the 14th,—according to sacred calculation, the beginning of the 15th,—such purchases would have been illegal and impossible, the 15th possessing all the sanctity of a Sabbath. This, however, is hardly a fair representation of the case. There are clear indications both in Scripture (Exodus 12:16; Leviticus 23:7; Luke 23:56) and in the Mishna, that a difference was made between these two days in respect of sanctity, the preparation of food, for example, being expressly allowed on the latter of the two. A rabbinical provision, also, for the procuring of the Paschal lamb when the eve of the Passover fell on the Sabbath, is a proof that no difficulty was experienced on the point when the two days did not coincide (Mishna, treatise Sabbath).

The second supposition of the disciples points to the same conclusion. They thought that Judas was to give something to the poor; and that it was to be given ‘more quickly.’ This could hardly be mere general charity to the poor. The time was not very suitable for the exercise of such charity, and there could be no call for its being given at once. We are compelled therefore to think not of charity in general, but of that particular aid which, in conformity with the law (Deuteronomy 16:14), was to be given at the Passover to ‘the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow,’ to enable them also to rejoice. Such an interpretation of the words of Jesus on the part of the disciples corresponds much better with the supposition that the feast was about at this moment to be celebrated than that it was to be so the following night.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on John 13:29". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/john-13.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

John 13:29. . Some supposed that Judas being treasurer of the company had been sent to buy what they needed for the feast, or to give something to the poor. That it was possible at so late an hour to make purchases appears from Matthew 25:9-11 (Holtzmann).

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on John 13:29". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/john-13.html. 1897-1910.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

thought = were thinking.

bag. See note on John 12:6.

had said = saith.

against = for. Greek. eis. App-104.

the feast: i.e. the feast beginning at the close of Passover, when the high day, 15th of Nisan, began (App-156).

poor. Greek. ptochos. See 12. s and App-127.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on John 13:29". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/john-13.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

For some of them thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy those things that we have need of against the feast; or, that he should give something to the poor.

For some of them thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy those things that we have need of against the feast: or, that he should give something to the poor. A very important statement, showing how carefully Jesus had kept the secret, and Judas his hypocrisy, to the last.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on John 13:29". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/john-13.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(29) Because Judas had the bag.—Comp. Notes on John 12:6.

Buy those things that we have need of against the feast.—Here, again, it will be better to postpone the consideration of details in the order of the events of this week, and to deal with the question as a whole. (Comp. Excursus F: The Day of the Crucifixion of our Lord.)

That he should give something to the poor.—Such gifts seem to have been made at all festivals. Their thought was probably of gifts to enable the poor to obtain the lamb and other requisites for keeping the Passover.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on John 13:29". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/john-13.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

For some of them thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy those things that we have need of against the feast; or, that he should give something to the poor.
that
12:5; Acts 20:34,35; Galatians 2:10; Ephesians 4:28
Reciprocal: Job 31:17 - have;  Psalm 112:9 - dispersed;  Matthew 6:2 - when;  Matthew 14:16 - they;  Matthew 25:35 - I was an;  Mark 14:5 - have been given;  Luke 3:11 - He that hath two;  John 12:6 - the bag

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on John 13:29". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/john-13.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

29.Or that he should give something to the poor. It is plain enough from other passages how great was Christ’s poverty, and yet, out of the little that he had, he gave something to the poor, in order to lay down a rule for us; for the Apostles would not have conjectured that he had spoken about the poor, if it had not been their usual custom to relieve the poor

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on John 13:29". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-13.html. 1840-57.