Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

John 14:17

that is the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it does not see Him or know Him, but you know Him because He abides with you and will be in you.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Blindness;   Communion;   Depravity of Man;   God;   Holy Spirit;   Righteous;   Spirituality;   Trinity;   Truth;   Unbelief;   Scofield Reference Index - Holy Spirit;   World-System;   Thompson Chain Reference - Future, the;   Heaven;   Heavenly;   Holy Spirit;   Home;   Spirit;   Truth;   The Topic Concordance - Comfort;   Giving and Gifts;   Holy Spirit;   Jesus Christ;   Life;   Truth;   Understanding;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Affliction, Consolation under;   Communion with God;   Holy Spirit, the Comforter, the;   Holy Spirit, the, Is God;   Holy Spirit, the Personality of;   Titles and Names of the Holy Spirit;   Truth;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Comforter;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Advocate;   Church;   Ethics;   Holy spirit;   Lie;   Resurrection;   Trinity;   Truth;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Baptism of the Holy Spirit;   Comfort;   Consolation;   Counselor;   Faith;   Feasts and Festivals of Israel;   Follow, Follower;   John, Theology of;   Knowledge of God;   Sanctification;   World;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Holy Ghost;   CARM Theological Dictionary - Holy spirit, the;   Trinity;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Apostle;   Holy Ghost;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Baptism;   Holy Spirit, the;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Baptism;   Helper;   Security of the Believer;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Advocate;   Children (Sons) of God;   God;   Holy Spirit;   John, Theology of;   Trinity;   Truth;   World;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Assurance (2);   Brotherhood (2);   Character;   Coming Again;   Communion (2);   Death of Christ;   Faith ;   Force;   John, Gospel of (Ii. Contents);   Manuscripts;   Omnipresence;   Paraclete;   Presence (2);   Providence;   Sanctify, Sanctification;   Spirit ;   Trinity (2);   Truth (2);   Union with God;   Unity (2);   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Fruit;   Holy ghost;   Pentecost;   Samuel;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Comforter;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Inspiration;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Jesus of Nazareth;   Twelve Apostles, the;   Kingdom or Church of Christ, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Blasphemy;   Dwell;   Johannine Theology, the;   Lord's Supper (Eucharist);   Paraclete;   Regeneration;   Spirit;   Trinity;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Apostle;  
Devotionals:
Daily Light on the Daily Path - Devotion for November 13;   Every Day Light - Devotion for March 9;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

The Spirit of truth - The Spirit, or Holy Ghost, whose essential office is to manifest, vindicate, and apply the truth. The Gospel of Christ may be thus called, because it exposes falsity, removes error, and teaches the knowledge of the true God - shows the way to him, saves from vanity and illusive hopes, and establishes solid happiness in the souls of those who believe.

The world cannot receive - By the world, St. John means those who are influenced only by the desire of the flesh, the desire of the eye, and the pride of life, 1 John 2:16. Now these cannot receive the Spirit of the truth, because they see him not, have no spiritual discernment, attend to nothing but the dictates of their corrupt passions and affections, and will admit of no influence but what can be an object of their senses. Hence all the deign and irreligion in the world. God, in the operation of his hands, and in the influences of his Spirit, is found every where except in the perverted passions of men. In these alone do men of corrupt minds seek him; here only he is not to be found, and therefore they become infidels and atheists.

But ye know him - Ye have already received a measure of the truth, and ye believe in this Spirit. Probably our Lord refers to the knowledge which they should afterwards attain: in this sense the passage has been understood by the Vulgate, Nonnus, and two copies of the Itala, which read, Ye Shall know him.

For he dwelleth with you - Or, as the Ethiopic, Vulgate, Nonnus, and six copies of the Itala read, he shall dwell with you, (see above); and this, it is very evident, is the meaning of the evangelist, who not unfrequently uses the present for the future tense. It is certain the Holy Spirit was not yet given to the disciples so as to dwell in them; this St. John himself assures us, John 7:39. And it is evidently of that Spirit and its influences, which was not given till the day of pentecost, that our Lord here speaks.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on John 14:17". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/john-14.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The Spirit of truth - He is thus called here because he would teach them the truth, or would guide them into all truth, John 16:13. He would keep them from all error, and teach them the truth, which, either by writing or preaching, they were to communicate to others.

The world - The term world is often used to denote all who are entirely under the influence of the things of this world - pride, ambition, and pleasure; all who are not Christians, and especially all who are addicted to gross vices and pursuits, 1 Corinthians 1:21; 1 Corinthians 11:32; John 12:31; 2 Corinthians 4:4.

Cannot receive - Cannot admit as a Teacher or Comforter, or cannot receive in his offices of enlightening and purifying. The reason why they could not do this is immediately added.

Because it seeth him not - The men of the world are under the influence of the senses. They walk by sight, and not by faith. Hence, what they cannot perceive by their senses, what does not gratify their sight, or taste, or feeling, makes no impression on them. As they cannot see the operations of the Spirit John 3:8, they judge that all that is said of his influence is delusive, and hence, they cannot receive him. They have an erroneous mode of judging of what is for the welfare of man.

Neither knoweth him - To know, in the Scriptures, often means more than the act of the mind in simply understanding a thing. It denotes every act or emotion of the mind that is requisite in receiving the proper impression of a truth. Hence, it often includes the idea of “approbation,” of “love,” of “cordial feeling,” Psalm 1:6; Psalm 37:18; Psalm 138:6; Nahum 1:7; 2 Timothy 2:19. In this place it means the approbation of the heart; and as the people of the world do not approve of or desire the aid of the Spirit, so it is said they cannot receive him. They have no love for him, and they reject him. Men often consider his work in the conversion of sinners and in revivals as delusion. They love the world so much that they cannot understand his work or embrace him.

He dwelleth in you - The Spirit dwells in Christians by his sacred influences. There is no personal union, no physical indwelling, for God is essentially present in one place as much as in another; but he works in us repentance, peace, joy, meekness, etc. He teaches us, guides us, and comforts us. See the notes at Galatians 5:22-24. Thus, he is said to dwell in us when we are made pure, peaceable, holy, humble; when we become like him, and cherish his sacred influences. The word “dwelleth” means to remain with them. Jesus was to be taken away, but the Spirit would remain. It is also implied that they would know his presence, and have assurance that they were under his guidance. This was true of the apostles as inspired men, and it is true of all Christians that by ascertaining that they have the “graces of the Spirit” - joy, peace, long-suffering, etc. they know that they are the children of God, 1 John 3:24; 1 John 5:10.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on John 14:17". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/john-14.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive,.... These words explain who is meant by the Comforter, "even the Spirit of truth"; the true Spirit of God, the dictator of the Scriptures of truth, who leads men into the truths of the Gospel, confirms them in them, and gives boldness and freedom to own, and confess them before men:

whom the world cannot receive; the men of the world, who are as they came into the world, carnal and natural men, can neither receive the Spirit nor the things of the Spirit, the truths and doctrines of the Gospel; they can neither receive them into their understandings, nor into their affections; and indeed, because they cannot understand them, therefore they do not love them, but despise and hate them:

because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him; the world, and the men of it, can neither see him with their bodily eyes, because he is a "spirit"; nor know him with their understandings, because he is the "Spirit of truth", which they are ignorant of, for want of a spiritual discerning.

But ye know him; as a spirit of illumination, regeneration, and conversion:

for he dwelleth with you; he is an inhabitant in your hearts, he has taken up his residence in you as his temples:

and shall be in you; as a Comforter, when I am gone from you; and as a spirit of truth to guide you into all truth, to stand by you, and assist you in preaching it, and to enable you to bear a faithful and glorious testimony for it.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on John 14:17". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/john-14.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

[Even] the g Spirit of truth; whom the h world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.

(g) The Holy Spirit is called the Spirit of truth by reason of that which he does, because he inspires the truth into us, because he has the truth in himself.

(h) Worldly men.

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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on John 14:17". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/john-14.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

whom the world cannot receive, etc. — (See 1 Corinthians 2:14).

he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you — Though the proper fullness of both these was yet future, our Lord, by using both the present and the future, seems plainly to say that they already had the germ of this great blessing.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on John 14:17". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/john-14.html. 1871-8.

John Lightfoot's Commentary on the Gospels

17. Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.

[The Spirit of truth.] Let us but observe how the whole world at this time lay in falsehood and error: the Gentiles under a spirit of delusion; the Jews under the cheat and imposture of traditions: and then the reason of this title of the Spirit of truth will appear; as also how seasonable and necessary a thing it was that such a Spirit should be sent into the world.

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Lightfoot, John. "Commentary on John 14:17". "John Lightfoot Commentary on the Gospels". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jlc/john-14.html. 1675.

People's New Testament

The Spirit of truth. So called, because he leads into all truth, and speaks the truth. See John 17:19; 1 Corinthians 2:4; 1 Thessalonians 1:5. He also bears witness of the truth. See Acts 2:4; Acts 5:32; Hebrews 2:4.

Whom the world cannot receive. Because he only dwells in a heart prepared for him by faith and obedience. "God gives the Holy Spirit to them who obey him" (Acts 5:32). See also John 7:38.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Original work done by Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
Johnson, Barton W. "Commentary on John 14:17". "People's New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pnt/john-14.html. 1891.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

The Spirit of truth (το πνευμα της αλητειαςto pneuma tēs alētheias). Same phrase in John 15:27; John 16:13; 1 John 4:6, “a most exquisite title” (Bengel). The Holy Spirit is marked by it (genitive case), gives it, defends it (cf. John 1:17), in contrast to the spirit of error (1 John 4:6).

Whom (οho). Grammatical neuter gender (οho) agreeing with πνευμαpneuma (grammatical), but rightly rendered in English by “whom” and note masculine εκεινοςekeinos (John 14:26). He is a person, not a mere influence.

Cannot receive
(ου δυναται λαβεινou dunatai labein). Left to itself the sinful world is helpless (1 Corinthians 2:14; Romans 8:7.), almost Paul‘s very language on this point. The world lacks spiritual insight (ου τεωρειou theōrei) and spiritual knowledge (ουδε γινωσκειoude ginōskei). It failed to recognize Jesus (John 1:10) and likewise the Holy Spirit.

Ye know him
(υμεις γινωσκετε αυτοhumeis ginōskete auto). Emphatic position of υμειςhumeis (ye) in contrast with the world (John 15:19), because they have seen Jesus the Revealer of the Father (John 14:9).

Abides
(μενειmenei). Timeless present tense.

With you
(παρ υμινpar' humin). “By your side,” “at home with you,” not merely “with you” (μετ υμωνmeth' humōn) “in the midst of you.”

In you
(εν υμινen humin). In your hearts. So note μεταmeta (John 14:16), παρα ενpara class="translit"> en f0).

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on John 14:17". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/john-14.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

The Spirit of Truth

“A most exquisite title,” says Bengel. The Spirit, who has the truth, reveals it, by knowledge in the understanding; confers it by practical proof and taste in the will; testifies of it to others also through those to whom He has revealed it; and defends that truth, of which John 1:17speaks, grace and truth … . The truth makes all our virtues true. Otherwise there is a kind of false knowledge, false faith, false hope, false love; but there is no such thing as false truth.”

The world

See on John 1:9.

Shall be in you

Some editors read, ἐστίν , is in you.

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Bibliographical Information
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on John 14:17". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/john-14.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.

The Spirit of truth — Who has, reveals, testifies, and defends the truth as it is in Jesus.

Whom the world — All who do not love or fear God, cannot receive, because it seeth him not - Having no spiritual senses, no internal eye to discern him; nor consequently knoweth him.

He shall be in you — As a constant guest. Your bodies and souls shall be temples of the Holy Ghost dwelling in you.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on John 14:17". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/john-14.html. 1765.

The Fourfold Gospel

[even] the Spirit of truth1: whom the world cannot receive; for it beholdeth him not, neither knoweth him: ye know him2; for he abideth with you3, and shall be in you4.

  1. [Even] the Spirit of truth. He is called the Spirit of truth because of his many relationships to the truth (John 17:19; Acts 2:4; Acts 5:32 1 Corinthians 2:4; 1 Thessalonians 1:5; Hebrews 2:4.

  2. Whom the world cannot receive; for it beholdeth him not, neither knoweth him: ye know him. That the gift of the Holy Spirit is conditioned upon belief and obedience is also taught elsewhere (John 7:38; Acts 2:38; Acts 5:32).

  3. For he abideth with you. The Spirit, being present in the person of Christ, had been abiding with the apostles who followed him.

  4. And shall be in you. Hereafter the intimacy of the relation would be increased, and the Spirit should abide within them.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on John 14:17". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/john-14.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

Духа истины. Христос украшает Своего Духа и другим титулом: Учитель истины. Отсюда следует, что доколе Он не станет внутренне нас учить, наш разум помышляет лишь ложь и обман.

Которого мир не может принять. Это противопоставление подчеркивает превосходство благодати, коей Бог одаривает только Своих избранных. Это значит: дар, которого лишен остальной мир, – дар весьма редкий и мало распространенный. В этом же смысле говорит и Исаия (60:2): вот тьма покроет землю и мгла народы. Над тобой же взойдет Господь. Тем большей похвалы заслуживает милость Божия к Церкви, если милость эта – особая привилегия, возвышающая Церковь над всем миром. Одновременно Христос увещевает учеников не надмеваться плотским разумом, как обычно делает мир, и не отвергать благодать Духа. Земным людям кажется баснею все, что Писание говорит о Святом Духе. Ведь Они, полагаясь на свой разум, презирают небесное просвещение. Хотя гордыня эта, сама по себе угашающая свет Духа, повсеместно усиливается, мы, осознавая собственную нищету, понимаем: все, относящееся к здравому разумению, исходит только из этого источника. Кроме того, слова Христа показывают: человеческий разум не может что-либо понять о Святом Духе. Его может познать лишь опыт веры. Мир, – говорит Христос, – не воспринимает Духа, ибо не знает Его. Вы же знаете Его, потому что Он в вас. Итак, лишь Сам Дух, обитая в нас, может дать познание о Себе. В других случаях Он совершенно непознаваем.

 

 

 

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on John 14:17". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-14.html. 1840-57.

Scofield's Reference Notes

world

kosmos = world-system. John 15:18; John 15:19; John 7:7. (See Scofield "Revelation 13:8").

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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.
Bibliographical Information
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on John 14:17". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/john-14.html. 1917.

James Nisbet's Church Pulpit Commentary

THE INDWELLING CHRIST

‘The Spirit of … truth shall be in you.’

John 14:17

How is it that so many well-meaning people are content to live according to a low standard of religion—to live on year after year as though, like the disciples at Ephesus, they had ‘never so much as heard whether there be any Holy Ghost’?

I. It is often from want of thought, that fruitful source of so much evil in this life. From the mere force of habit regular attendants at church come to repeat their belief in the Holy Ghost without seriously thinking what they mean, and without allowing their professed belief to have the slightest influence on their daily lives.

II. The world’s religion is regarded by many as more comfortable and as giving less trouble, whereas the indwelling of the Spirit of Truth always interferes with the indulgences of sin, entails self-sacrifice, and brings those who follow His guidance along a toilsome road. Thus the Holy Spirit is not followed by those who think the world’s standard of religion sufficient for their spiritual needs.

III. Some of you may wish for this indwelling of the Holy Spirit when you are in God’s House, and find when you return to your homes that the devout feeling has passed away. But remember this: He Who is the Light of the World will not always knock at the door of your hearts. As the inspired writings of the old prophet Micah teach us, the work of the Holy Spirit is to make us obedient to the will of God, however much it may be opposed to our worldly desires. The indwelling of Christ leads the Christian to say from the heart—

‘Thy way, not mine, O Lord,

However dark it be.’

But if you harden your hearts and turn a deaf ear to the voice of your Saviour, you run the terrible risk of being cut off in the midst of your sins, unrepentant and unforgiven. ‘Seek ye the Lord while He may be found, call ye upon Him while He is near.’

—Rev. W. S. Randall.

Illustration

‘Many years ago it was the custom in this country for people to rise early on the morning of Whitsun-day that they might go out and pray at the moment the sun appeared above the horizon. There was a superstition that God would grant any prayer offered at sunrise on this particular day—the birthday of the Church. It is to be feared, however, that there was more of superstition than devotion in this old custom, for we know that the rest of the day was observed in anything but a fitting manner by those who professed to keep it as a festival of the Church. The Whitsun ales and merry-makings were formerly kept on this day, and in the midst of feastings and amusements there was great danger of the origin of the festival being entirely forgotten.’

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Nisbet, James. "Commentary on John 14:17". Church Pulpit Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cpc/john-14.html. 1876.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

17 Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.

Ver. 17. For he dwelleth with you] Next to the love of Christ in dwelling in our nature, we may wonder at the love of the Holy Ghost, that will dwell in the dark dog-hole of our defiled souls; and be there as those two golden pipes, Zechariah 4:12, through which the two olive branches empty out of themselves the golden oils of all precious graces; which are, therehence, called "the fruits of the Spirit," Galatians 5:22; "yea, the Spirit," John 14:17. God also in giving us his Spirit, is said to give us all good things, Matthew 7:11; cf. Luke 11:13.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on John 14:17". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/john-14.html. 1865-1868.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

17.] τὸ πν. τ. ἀλ., not ‘the true Spirit,’—but ‘THE SPIRIT OF TRUTH’—the Spirit Who is truth, 1 John 5:6,—of Whom all truth comes, and who alone leads into the whole truth, the truth of God, ch. John 16:13.

ὁ κόσμος = οἱ ψυχικοί, 1 Corinthians 2:14, those who live according to the desires of the flesh and the mind, and have no receptivity of the things of God.

θεωρεῖ sometimes = γινώσκει, but not here, as being separated from it by οὐδέ: ‘recognizes not in His operations (obj.) nor knows (subj.);’—has neither sight nor knowledge of.

γινώσκετε—present, but spoken of their state as disciples opposed to the world,—and proleptically, as before. They were even now not of the world (ch. John 15:19), and are therefore viewed in the completion of their state as opposed to it.

μένει (not μενεῖ as Vulg. and some other vss.) is rightly explained by De Wette to be future in signification, as any present predication of permanence must necessarily be; abideth, as μένει, ch. John 8:35. Euthym(195) understands παρʼ ὑμ. μένει of the Spirit abiding in Jesus, Who was among them: but wrongly.

ἐστίν] This was perhaps corrected to the future, because, though their knowledge of the Spirit proper to their complete state, and His dwelling, remaining, among them, had in some inferior sense begun,—His dwelling in them had not. See Hare, Mission of the Comforter, ii. note I. With the reading ἐστίν, the prolepsis is still stronger.

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Bibliographical Information
Alford, Henry. "Commentary on John 14:17". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/john-14.html. 1863-1878.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

John 14:17. τὸ πνεῦμα τῆς ἀληθείας, the Spirit of truth) A most admirably-chosen appellation: ch. John 16:13, “When He, the Spirit of truth, is come, He will guide you into all truth: for He shall not speak of Himself; but whatsoever He shall hear, that shall He speak: and He will show you things to come.” The Spirit, who has the truth, reveals it, namely, by giving knowledge in the understanding; confers it by experimental proof and taste in the case of the will; testifies of it to others also through those to whom He has revealed it; and defends that truth, of which ch. John 1:17 speaks, “Grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.” For which reason He is also called “the Spirit of grace” in Hebrews 10:29, where there goes before “the blood of the Testament,” viz. the New Testament [which is attested by the Holy Spirit; the grace and the testimony of the Spirit being thus joined together]. It is the truth that makes all virtues in us true and real. Otherwise (without it) there is a kind of knowledge that is false, faith that is false, love that is false, hope that is false: but there is no such thing as truth that is false.— κὁσαος, which the world) Along with the first mention of the Holy Spirit begins the distinction between believers and the world, a distinction which repeatedly recurs. The Son is said to have been sent into the world: but not so the Holy Spirit. The world sees not the Holy Spirit, according to this passage, and shall not see Jesus hereafter, according to John 14:19, “Yet a little while, and the world seeth Me no more.”— οὐ δύναται λαβεῖν, cannot receive) Although God is willing to give to all.— ὅτι, because) There is a kind of Epanodos.(350) “The world doth not receive, BECAUSE it doth not know; ye know, BECAUSE ye have Him.” Therefore to know and to have are so conjoined, that not to know is the cause of not having, and to have is the cause of knowing. Comp. ch. John 4:10, “If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is, etc., thou wouldest have asked of Him, and He would have given thee living water.” The world doth not know; therefore it doth not ask; therefore it cannot receive: whereas to others God does give.— οὐ θεωρεῖ, seeth Him not) Do believers, then, see Him? They see Him in His operations. Unbelievers also see Him in His operations; but they do not perceive that it is He, and that He is the Spirit of truth; wherefore they cannot receive Him: whereas believers not only see Him, but also perceive that He is the same Spirit.— ὑμεῖς, ye) This is the emphatic word in the sentence.— γινώσκετε, ye know) This denotes an event immediately about to take place.— ὅτι, because) From the indwelling of the Spirit comes the intimate acquaintance: John 14:21-22, “He that loveth Me shall be loved of My Father, and I will love him and will manifest Myself to him. Judas saith—How is it that Thou wilt manifest Thyself unto us, and not unto the world? Jesus said, If a man love Me, etc., we will come unto him, and make our abode with him.”— παρʼ ὑμῖνἐν ὑμῖν, with you—in you) These particles differ: In is something more than with.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on John 14:17". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/john-14.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

He here explains himself, and tells them, that by that other Comforter, mentioned John 14:16, he meant the Spirit; whom he here calls the Spirit of truth, either because he is a Spirit that declareth and revealeth the truth, as in 1 John 5:6, or because he teacheth us truth, 1 John 2:27, he guides us into all truth, John 16:13; or in opposition to the lying spirit of the devil, 1 Kings 22:22. Most probably the Holy Spirit is here called

the Spirit of truth, because of the efficiency be hath as to it. It is he who hath revealed all the truth contained in the Scriptures to the world. Holy men wrote as they were inspired by him, Acts 1:16 2 Peter 1:21. It is he that more particularly and specially revealeth truth to the particular soul, 1 Corinthians 2:12; hence persons enlightened, are said to be made partakers of the Holy Ghost, Hebrews 6:4. He leadeth his people into truth, John 16:13; he sealeth and confirmeth truth to the soul: hence we read of the demonstration of the Spirit, 1 Corinthians 2:4. This Spirit of truth, the world, that is, men of carnal hearts, that are of the world, and in whom worldly lusts predominate, 1 John 2:16 John 17:9; this world, through natural impotency, 1 Corinthians 2:14, through wisdom, 1 Corinthians 1:21, through lusts and passions, cannot receive, that is, be made partakers of; because it neither seeth him, who is not to be seen with mortal eyes, nor knoweth him affectionately and experimentally; he being not to be known by men whose hearts are carnal and full of lusts:

but ye know him believingly, experimentally, affectionately, savingly; for he dwelleth in you by a mystical union, Romans 8:11 1 Corinthians 6:17; and he shall abide with you, by his dwelling in you, and influences upon you.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on John 14:17". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/john-14.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

Духа истины Он является Духом истины в том, что Он – источник истины, и Он передает истину Своим (ст. 26; 16:12-15). Без Него люди не могут знать Божью истину (1Кор. 2:12-16; 1Ин. 2:20, 27).

с вами пребывает и в вас будет Эти слова указывают на некоторое различие между служением Духа Святого для верующих до и после Пятидесятницы. Хотя в течение истории искупления Дух Святой как источник истины, веры и жизни определенно был со всеми, кто когда-либо веровал, здесь Иисус говорит, что в служении Духа происходит что-то новое. В Ин. 7:37-39 указано, что это уникальное служение будет подобно «рекам воды живой». В Деян. 19:1-7 представлены некоторые верующие Ветхого Завета, которые не получили Святого Духа в этой уникальной полноте и близости. Ср. Деян. 1:8; 2:1-4; 1Кор. 12:11-13.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on John 14:17". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/john-14.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

The Spirit of truth; the Holy Spirit, who reveals the truth, and works in men to will and to do in obeying it.

The world; men who seek earthly things as their chief good.

Seeth him not; they have no spiritual view of him, do not feel their need of him, or seek his aid.

In you; to enlighten their minds, purify their hearts, show them what they should do, and enable them to do it.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on John 14:17". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/john-14.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Jesus now identified the Helper as the Spirit of truth (cf. John 15:26; John 16:13), that Isaiah, the truthful Spirit who would bear witness to and communicate the truth (cf. John 14:6; John 1:32-33; John 3:5-8; John 4:23-24; John 6:63; John 7:37-39).

"To be filled with the Spirit is the same as to be controlled by the Word. The Spirit of Truth uses the Word of truth to guide us into the will and the work of God." [Note: Wiersbe, 1:352.]

The unbelieving world cannot receive Him because it cannot see Him and knows nothing of Him. The disciples, on the other hand, knew Him because He empowered Jesus. He had been with them in this way as well as strengthening them occasionally as they needed help when they preached and performed miracles. However in the future, after Jesus returned to the Father, the Spirit would not just be with them but in them. This is another distinctive ministry of the Spirit in the present age. He indwells believers ( Romans 8:9; 1 Corinthians 12:13). That ministry began on Pentecost when the church began ( Acts 2:4; cf. Acts 1:5; Acts 11:15). [Note: See Johnstone G. Patrick, "The Promise of the Paraclete," Bibliotheca Sacra127:508 (October-December1970):333-45.] The Spirit does have a ministry to the world, but Jesus explained that later ( John 16:7-11).

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on John 14:17". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/john-14.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

John 14:17. Even the Spirit of the truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it beholdeth him not, neither learneth to know him: ye learn to know him, because he abideth with you, and is in you. What this Advocate is, is now explained more fully. He is the Spirit of ‘the truth,’ the Spirit whose essence is ‘the truth,’ and who is the medium by which ‘the truth’ comes to men. This Spirit the world cannot receive, because it has no perception of the things with which He deals, no sympathy with them, no adaptation to them. As it cannot ‘hear God’s words, because it is not of God’ (chap. John 8:47), so it cannot receive the Spirit of the truth, because it has no eye for the spiritual and invisible, and no growing apprehension of them. The Spirit comes to the world, and would stay with it; but it will not have Him for a guest, and it never attains to that experimental knowledge of Him which is alone worthy of the name. But the disciples are ‘of the truth;’ they welcome the heavenly Guest; He ‘abides’ with them; He ‘is’ in them; they advance to ever deeper knowledge of what He is and does. How much by these words ‘abideth’ and ‘is’ is the analogy between the presence of Jesus and of the Spirit with us brought out. No two words of the Gospel are more characteristic of the former.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on John 14:17". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/john-14.html. 1879-90.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

the Spirit of truth = the Spirit (App-101.) of the truth. The definite article in both cases.

world. Greek. kosmos. App-129.

cannot = is not (App-105) able to.

seeth. Greek. theoreo. App-133.

with = beside. Greek. para. App-104.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on John 14:17". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/john-14.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.

Even the Spirit of truth - so called for the reason mentioned in John 16:13.

Whom the world cannot receive (see the note at 1 Corinthians 2:14); because it seeth [or 'beholdeth' him not theoorei (G2334)], neither knoweth him - having no spiritual perception and apprehension: but ye know him.

For he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you. [The reading - estin (Greek #1510) - 'is with you,' though adopted by Lachmann and Tregelles, and approved by Tholuck, Stier, and Luthardt, is insufficiently supported. Tischendorf abides by the Received Text, which is approved by DeWette, Meyer, and Alford. Lucke is doubtful.] Though the proper fullness of both these was yet future, our Lord, by speaking both of present and future time, seems plainly say that they already had the substance, though that only, of this great blessing.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on John 14:17". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/john-14.html. 1871-8.

The Bible Study New Testament

17. The world cannot receive him. He is the Spirit of truth. The Spirit comes to men in the Word of God, and whoever receives and believes the Good News, receives the Holy Spirit. Compare John 3:3-6; 1 Corinthians 2:13-14: Acts 2:38 and notes there.

 

 

 

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Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on John 14:17". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/john-14.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(17) Even the Spirit of truth.—Comp. John 15:26; John 16:13, and 1 John 5:6. He is called the Spirit of Truth, because part of His special office is to bring truth home to the hearts of men, to carry it from the material to the moral sphere, to make it something more than a collection of signs seen or heard—a living power in living men.

Whom the world cannot receive.—The Holy Spirit can be received only by those who have the spiritual faculty. It cannot be otherwise. The unbelieving world, caring only for things of the senses, has lost its spiritual perception. It has no eye to see and no heart to know spiritual things, for they are spiritually discerned. (Comp. Note on 1 Corinthians 2:14.)

But ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.—The better text is,. . . . and is in you. The verbs are in the present tense, describing the receptivity of the disciples as opposed to the moral blindness of the world. They had, during our Lord’s work and teaching in their midst, exercised and strengthened their spiritual faculties. They had in part received the Spirit, and by that reception were prepared for the fuller gift. They knew Him. He was in their midst. He was then, and therefore should be in the future, a living power, dwelling in their inmost life.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on John 14:17". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/john-14.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.
the Spirit
15:26; 16:13; 1 John 2:27; 4:6
whom
Proverbs 14:10; 1 Corinthians 2:14; Revelation 2:17
but
16,23; Isaiah 57:15; 59:21; Ezekiel 36:27; Romans 8:9,11,13,14; 1 Corinthians 3:16; 6:19; 2 Corinthians 6:16; Ephesians 2:22; 3:17; 2 Timothy 1:14; 1 John 2:27; 3:24; 4:12,13
shall
Matthew 10:20; Romans 8:10; 1 Corinthians 14:15; 2 Corinthians 13:5; Galatians 4:6; Colossians 1:27; 1 John 4:4
Reciprocal: Exodus 29:45 - GeneralPsalm 25:14 - secret;  Psalm 68:18 - received;  Isaiah 11:2 - the spirit of wisdom;  Daniel 2:11 - whose;  Haggai 2:5 - so;  Luke 24:49 - I send;  John 7:39 - this spake;  John 16:7 - the Comforter;  Acts 10:41 - Not;  Ephesians 1:13 - holy;  Ephesians 1:17 - the spirit;  Ephesians 4:21 - as;  Titus 3:6 - through;  1 John 5:6 - the Spirit that

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on John 14:17". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/john-14.html.

Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms

Ver. 17. "Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth Him not, neither knoweth Him: but ye know Him; for He dwelleth with you, and shall be in you."

The Spirit of truth is the Spirit to whom the truth belongs, who possesses it as His own, ch. John 15:26, and who imparts it to those to whom He is given, ch. John 16:13; 1 John 4:6. The Spirit approves Himself as the Paraclete, by imparting the truth to those whose cause He defends in their severe process with the world. Of all weapons, this is the noblest. This will bring the Church finally and triumphantly through all beleaguerments. Truth is mightier and nobler than all science, than all hair-splitting reasonings, than all specious eloquence, than all cunningly conceived speculations. On their possession of this truth rested the confident fidelity to their confession displayed by the confessors of the faith, independent of all external relations, and unshaken even in the presence of death. It was the basis of that joyful acceptance of martyrdom, by which the Church made such an impression on the world. He who has a firm hold on the truth, knows that his interests and his person are hidden above, and that all his discomfitures are but the passage to victory. Luther: "Hence let it be to thee no small consolation; for there is nothing upon earth that can so comfort in the time of need, as for the heart to be confident in its cause." But the truth not only evidences its influence upon the spirit of its confessors; it also impresses the world. From the Fall downwards the world has been overrun with lies; yet it can never evade the influence of the truth. The uncreated Divine image retains still some measure of its prerogatives. Truth makes its sure appeal to the conscience.

The world cannot, so long as it maintains itself to be the world, become partaker of the Spirit; for that Spirit it has no receptivity: its eyes, defiled by sin, cannot perceive Him; and therefore it is excluded from the independent possession of the high and noble blessedness of truth, access to which can be obtained only through the Spirit. For the truth belongs to God alone, and can become the heritage of the creature only through the Spirit, who is the bond between the Creator and the created. The truth impresses the world; but proper access to that truth is sealed against the world, because it cannot receive the Spirit. Believers, however, perceive and know the Holy Ghost by intimate communion, and not afar off. The example of the world shows that no discernment of the Spirit can be attained at a distance; and it is because the Spirit is immanent within them, that believers are established in the possession of the truth.

The world has also its own πνεῦμα, the spirit of lying who proceedeth from Satan, Matthew 13:38-39; Acts 16:13. That spirit the world knoweth and seeth, although it is no less immaterial than the Spirit of truth. Hence we must not seek the reason for His not being seen, and not being known, in the fact of the immateriality of the Spirit of truth (Grotius: Mundus non curat nisi ea quae oculis corporeis conspiciuntur; quale non est ille spiritus); but only in this, that the eyes of the world were beclouded and holden by sin. Berl. Bible: For no man can know God, unless he is converted from his sins.

In the double present, γινώσκετε, and μένει, our Lord, abstracting from all relations of time, places the character of His disciples and the character of the world in contrast. But in order to obviate misapprehension, the timeless present is accompanied at the close by the future ἔσται, to show that the whole matter belongs to the domain of futurity. Many copyists could not appreciate this delicate turn: hence they displaced ἔσται by ἐστίν.

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Hengstenberg, Ernst. "Commentary on John 14:17". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/john-14.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

17.The Spirit of truth. Christ bestows on the Spirit another title, namely, that he is the Master or Teacher of truth. (68) Hence it follows, that until we have been inwardly instructed by him, the understandings of all of us are seized with vanity and falsehood.

Whom the world cannot receive. This contrast shows the peculiar excellence of that grace which God bestows on none but his elect; for he means that it is no ordinary gift of which the world is deprived. In this sense, too, Isaiah says, “For, the darkness shall cover the earth, and thick darkness the people, but the Lord shall arise on thee, O Jerusalem!” (69) For the mercy of God towards the Church deserves so much the higher praise, when he exalts the Church, by a distinguished privilege, above the whole world. And yet Christ exhorts the disciples, that they must not be puffed up, as the world is wont to be, by carnal views, and thus drive away from themselves the grace of the Spirit. All that Scripture tells us about the Holy Spirit is regarded by earthly men as a dream; because, trusting to their own reason, they despise heavenly illumination. Now, though this pride abounds everywhere, which extinguishes, so far as lies in our power, the light of the Holy Spirit; yet, conscious of our own poverty, we ought to know, that whatever belongs to sound understanding proceeds from no other source. Yet Christ’s words show that nothing which relates to the Holy Spirit can be learned by human reason, but that He is known only by the experience of faith.

The world, he says, cannot receive the Spirit, because it knoweth him not; but you know him, because he dwelleth with you. It is the Spirit alone therefore, who, by dwelling in us, makes himself to be known by us, for otherwise, he is unknown and incomprehensible.

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on John 14:17". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-14.html. 1840-57.