Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

John 14:4

And you know the way where I am going."
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Jesus, the Christ;   Thompson Chain Reference - Future, the;   Heaven;   Heavenly;   Home;   The Topic Concordance - Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ;   Fear;   Jesus Christ;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Thomas;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Ascension of Jesus Christ;   Citizenship;   Jesus Christ;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Holy Ghost;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Thomas;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Heaven;   Thomas;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Hope;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Children (Sons) of God;   English Versions;   God;   Holy Spirit;   John, Theology of;   Way;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Consciousness;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Fruit;   Pentecost;   Samuel;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Jesus of Nazareth;   Twelve Apostles, the;  
Devotionals:
Every Day Light - Devotion for November 1;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

And whither I go ye know - I have told you this so often and so plainly that ye must certainly have comprehended what I have said.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on John 14:4". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/john-14.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Whither I go ye know - He had so often told them that he was to die, and rise, and ascend to heaven, that they could not but understand it, Matthew 16:21; Luke 9:22; Luke 18:31-32.

The way ye know - That is, the way that leads to the dwelling-place to which he was going. The way which they were to tread was to obey his precepts, imitate his example, and follow him, John 14:6.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on John 14:4". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/john-14.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

And whither I go, ye know the way. Thomas saith unto him, Lord, we know not whither thou goest; how know we the way?

Ye know the way ... means that the disciples in knowing Jesus did indeed know the way to eternal life; but the full realization of what they did, in fact, already know would not come until after the resurrection of Christ. Thomas was speaking for them all in this disclaimer.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on John 14:4". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/john-14.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And whither I go ye know,.... They might have known, at least, whither he was going, since he had spoke of his Father's house, and of his going to prepare a place for them there, and doubtless had some knowledge thereof, though very confused and imperfect:

and the way ye know: this also they might have known from some expressions of his, that the way to his Father's house lay through sufferings and death, in which way they also were to follow him to his kingdom and glory. Though these words may be with an interrogation, "and whither I go do ye know? and the way do ye know?" which best agrees with Thomas's answer, and removes all appearance of contradiction between Christ's words and his.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
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Gill, John. "Commentary on John 14:4". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/john-14.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

3 And whither I go ye know, and the way ye know.

(3) Christ alone is the way to true and everlasting life, for it is he in whom the Father has revealed himself.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on John 14:4". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/john-14.html. 1599-1645.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Ye know the way (οιδατε την οδονoidate tēn hodon). Definite allusion to the puzzle of Peter in John 13:36. The path to the Father‘s house is now plain.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on John 14:4". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/john-14.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

I go ( ὑπάγω )

Withdraw from you. See on John 8:21.

Ye know, and the way ye know ( οἴδατε, καὶ τὴν ὁδὸν οἴδατε )

The best texts omit the second ye know, and the and before the way; reading, whither I go ye know the way.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on John 14:4". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/john-14.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And whither I go ye know, and the way ye know.

The way — Of faith, holiness, sufferings.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Wesley, John. "Commentary on John 14:4". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/john-14.html. 1765.

The Fourfold Gospel

And whither I go, ye know the way1.

  1. And whither I go, ye know the way. My manner of life leads to the Father's house, and as ye know that manner of life, ye know the way.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
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J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on John 14:4". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/john-14.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

А куда Я иду, вы знаете. Поскольку речь идет не об обычном терпении, но о том, чтобы мы спокойно выносили столь длительное отсутствие Христово, добавляется еще одно подтверждение. Ученики знают: Его смерть не конец, а переход к Отцу. Кроме того, они сами идут тем путем, который приведет их к участию в той же славе. И то, и другое следует осмыслить, дабы нам очами веры лицезреть Христа в Его небесной славе и блаженном бессмертии. Кроме того, мы должны знать, что Он – начаток нашей жизни, и явил нам путь, который ранее был для нас закрыт.

 

 

 

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on John 14:4". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-14.html. 1840-57.

Frédéric Louis Godet - Commentary on Selected Books

Ver. 4. "And whither I go you know, and the way you know."

We translate according to the received reading, which has in its favor 14 Mjj., the Peschito and most of the manuscripts of the Itala. According to it, Jesus attributes to the disciples the knowledge both of the end and of the way. According to the Alexandrian reading: "And whither I go, you know the way," He attributes to them only the knowledge of the way. The difference is not great. For if, according to the second reading, the knowledge of the end is not declared, it is certainly implied, and this by reason of John 14:2, where the end (the Father"s house) had been clearly pointed out. But did the apostles know the way to reach it? Yes and no; yes, since this way was Jesus and Jesus was what they knew better than anything else. No, in the sense that they did not know Him as the way. This is the reason why, if Jesus can say to them with truth: You know the way, Thomas can answer him with no less truth: We know it not. Preoccupied until then with another end, the earthly kingdom of the Messiah, their imagination had not transferred their hopes from the world to God, from the earth to heaven; they were thinking, in fact, like the Jews (John 12:34): "We have heard that the Christ abides forever (on the earth, which is glorified by Him); how then dost thou say, The Son of man must be lifted up?" Comp. Acts 1:6. And this false end to a certain extent veiled the truth from them. It is Thomas, the disciple who was particularly positive in his spirit, who becomes here, as at other times, the organ of doubting thoughts and discouraged feelings which exist more or less in them all; comp. John 11:16, John 20:25.

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Godet, Frédéric Louis. "Commentary on John 14:4". "Frédéric Louis Godet - Commentary on Selected Books". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsc/john-14.html.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

4 And whither I go ye know, and the way ye know.

Ver. 4. And whither I go ye know] Some little knowledge they had, such as Thomas in the next verse denies to be any at all; yet Christ acknowledgeth it. The tenor of the new covenant requires no set measures of grace. The first springings in the womb of grace are precious before God, Ephesians 2:1; he blesseth our buds, Isaiah 61:11, and in our dunghill of ignorance can find out his own part of knowledge, as here.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on John 14:4". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/john-14.html. 1865-1868.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

4.] And where (whither) I go ye know the way. They might have known, and doubtless did know in some sense; but, as Lampe remarks, “interdum quis laudatur ut officii sui moneatur.” We use thus ‘you know,’—leaving to be supplied, ‘if you would give the matter thought.’

ὅπου, to the Father; τὴν ὁδόν (in our Lord’s own case, of which this verse treats), His death.

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Alford, Henry. "Commentary on John 14:4". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/john-14.html. 1863-1878.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

John 14:4. ὁποῦ ἐγὼ ὑπάγω, whither I am going) This is the summary of what precedes.(344)τὴν ὁδόν, the way) This forms the statement of subject introductory to those things which follow.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on John 14:4". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/john-14.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Christ, John 13:33 of the former chapter, had dignified his disciples with the familiar, loving title of little children. It is pleasant to consider how he continueth his discourse to them in such a dialect as a mother would speak to a little child crying after her, seeing her preparing herself to go abroad. The child cries: the mother bids it be still, she is but going to such a friend’s house. It still cries: she tells it, she is but going to prepare a place for it there where it shall bo much happier than it is at home. It is not yet satisfied: she tells it again, that though she goes, she will come again, and then it shall go along with her, and she will part no more from it. The child is yet impatient: she again endeavours to still it, telling it that it knoweth whither she goeth, and it knows the way, by which, if need be, it may come to her.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on John 14:4". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/john-14.html. 1685.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Wither I go; to the Father.

The way ye know; to the Saviour the way was by death upon the cross, as he had often foretold his disciples. Compare note to verse John 14:3. To the disciples, the way was by faith in him, yet so that they too must follow him through death to the glory of heaven. Compare chap. John 13:36.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on John 14:4". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/john-14.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

4.Whither’ the way ye know—It was a way which they knew; for it was the way which both Enoch and Elijah went before him, as they had learned from their Old Testament instructions. But though it was a way which they knew, they did not know that that was the way which Jesus was to take. Hence they both knew the way and yet knew not the way, as Thomas immediately declares. Jesus spoke truth; and Thomas, though apparently contradicting Jesus, also spoke truth.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on John 14:4". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/john-14.html. 1874-1909.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

“And where I am going, you know the way there.”

He first stresses that they know the way to where He is going, an that where He is going is to His Father’s dwelling place. He has previously taught them, and revealed to them, the way into the Father’s favour and presence through ‘eating and drinking’ Him by response to His words (John 4:13-14; John 6:35; John 7:38). Now He stresses in an even deeper sense that He is ‘the way’. It is by personal response to Him as the Way that they will know truth and life. So when He has gone they need not fear, for the way will still be the same. He has shown them the way there, the way to eternal life, through believing fully in Him (John 3:15-16; John 7:38), and that is the way that they must take.

(The above rendering is probably the correct one, but many very good authorities have ‘you know where I am going and you know the way there’, which ties in more specifically with the words of Thomas. It is this very fact however which makes it the easier reading, thus making it more suspect as such an alteration is more likely. In view of the manuscript evidence the change must have occurred very early on. Papyrus 66, a very early testimony to the text, has our reading in the text and the alteration in the margin).

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on John 14:4". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/john-14.html. 2013.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Jesus could say that the Eleven knew the way to the place where He was going because He had revealed that faith in Him led to eternal life ( John 3:14-15). This had been a major theme of His teaching throughout His ministry. However, they did not understand Him as they should have ( John 14:5).

These four verses answered Peter"s initial question about where Jesus was going ( John 13:36). They also brought the conversation back to the subject of the glorification of the Father and the Son ( John 13:31-32).

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on John 14:4". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/john-14.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

John 14:4. And whither I go away ye know the way. These words convey to the disciples the assurance that they already had the pledge and earnest of all that Jesus had spoken of; for their interpretation depends on the same principle as that formerly applied at chap. John 4:32. To ‘know’ is not merely to know of; it is to have inward experience of. As, therefore,’ whither I go ‘is the Father’s presence; as Jesus is the way to the Father; and as they have experimental knowledge of Him, they ‘know the way.’ They might have feared that it was not so, that they had still much to be taught before they could anticipate with confidence the possession of their hope; and who was to teach them now? But Jesus says, ‘Ye know me; and, in knowing me, ye know the way; it is already yours.’ Difficulties arise in their minds, the first of which is started by Thomas, and has reference to the way to the goal.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on John 14:4". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/john-14.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

John 14:4. . The is emphatic: the disciples knew the direction in which He was going.

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on John 14:4". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/john-14.html. 1897-1910.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

And whither I go, you know, and the way you know. Thomas replied, we know neither. Jesus saith to him, I am the way. They knew it, says St. Augustine, (tract. 69.) but they did not know, that they knew it: they knew their Master, Jesus Christ, and he was the way: they also knew, that is, believed, the kingdom of heaven, but they knew not, that he was returning thither: for as yet their imaginations were upon a temporal kingdom. --- I am the way, by my doctrine and example: I am the Truth, by my promises; and I am Life, by the graces I offer and give. (Witham)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on John 14:4". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/john-14.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

know. Greek. oida. App-132. Most of the texts omit the second "ye know", and read, "whither, &c., ye know the way. "

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on John 14:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/john-14.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And whither I go ye know, and the way ye know.

And where I go ye know, and the way ye know.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on John 14:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/john-14.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(4) And whither I go ye know, and the way ye know.—The better reading is, And whither I go, ye know the way, i.e., “Ye know that I am the way to the Father, whither I am going.” (Comp. John 14:6, and John 13:33.) They did not, indeed, fully know this, but the means of knowing it was within their reach, and His own words had declared it. (Comp., e.g., John 10:1; John 11:25.) They ought to have known it, and His words now are meant to contrast what they ought to have known with what they really did know, in order that He may more fully instruct them. To know our ignorance, is the first step to its removal.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on John 14:4". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/john-14.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And whither I go ye know, and the way ye know.
whither
2,28; 13:3; 16:28; Luke 24:26
and the
3:16,17,36; 6:40,68,69; 10:9; 12:26
Reciprocal: Luke 5:35 - when;  John 13:33 - Ye;  John 13:36 - whither;  John 16:5 - Whither

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on John 14:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/john-14.html.

Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms

Ver. 4. "And whither I go ye know, and the way ye know."

Jesus here passes over to the exhibition of the second ground of encouragement. The emphasis must be laid on the way. This is evident from what follows, where the way is spoken of simply and alone, not the place to which Jesus was going. Hence it does not refer to the way Christ Himself was taking, but to that way which His disciples must enter in order to reach His presence. We are led to the same conclusion by the relation in which the way stands to the last words of ver. 3, "that where I am, there ye may be also;" as also by the whole tenor of the thought in vers. 2 and 3, which is this, that heaven is not for Christ alone, but also for His disciples.

The abbreviated reading, ὅπου ὑπάγω οἴδατε, τὴν ὅδον, which gives a very uncouth construction, is not essentially different from the common one, since even in it the emphasis lies upon the way. Perhaps it was a right apprehension of this that led to the abbreviation.

The way is not generally the way to God, but the way to the Father's house; the way, therefore, to eternal life, the method and manner of attaining it. That Christ Himself, or faith in Him, was that way, the disciples had had abundant occasion to learn. The Lord had at an earlier time emphatically and repeatedly so declared: for example, He had, in ch. John 5:24, said, "He that heareth My word, and believeth on Him that sent Me, hath everlasting life;" in ch. John 6:40; John 6:47, "He that believeth on Me hath everlasting life;" in ch. John 11:25, "I am the resurrection and the life: he that believeth on Me shall never die." He had in the words immediately preceding declared it to be Himself who would prepare for His people mansions in eternal life, and then receive them there. In such a connection, no other way to heaven could occur to the disciples' thoughts than Himself.

The definite words in which a knowledge of the way to heaven was here attributed to the disciples, were intended to expose to them the uncertainty in which they still remained, to give occasion for further instruction upon it, and to ensure for that other instruction a ready access. The taking their knowledge for granted served here the same purpose as, in Revelation 7:13, the question by which the knowledge of ignorance was communicated, and occasion taken to impart instruction in the most effectual way. "Ye know," however, maintains its truth; and there is no reason for assuming, with Lampe, that Jesus attributed to them a knowledge of that which they might and ought to have known. The disciples knew more than they supposed. (Augustin: Sciebant discipuli, sed se scire nesciebant.) As certainly as they believed in Jesus, so certainly had they recognised in Jesus the true way to heaven. But their sorrow had thrown for a moment a cloud over their knowledge, and this cloud the Lord now sought to disperse.

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Hengstenberg, Ernst. "Commentary on John 14:4". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/john-14.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

4.And whither I go you know. As we need no ordinary fortitude, that we may patiently endure to be so long separated from Christ, he adds another confirmation, that the disciples know that his death is not a destruction, but a passage to the Father; and next, that they know the way which they must follow, that they may arrive at the participation of the same glory. Both clauses ought to be carefully observed. First, we must see Christ, by the eyes of faith, in the heavenly glory and a blessed immortality; and, secondly, we ought to know that he is the first-fruits of our life, and that the way which was closed against us has been opened by him.

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on John 14:4". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-14.html. 1840-57.