Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

John 17:18

As You sent Me into the world, I also have sent them into the world.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Jesus Continued;   Minister, Christian;   Prayer;   Thompson Chain Reference - Ask;   Believers;   Christ;   Christ's;   Church;   Family;   Importunity;   Prayer;   Secret Prayer;   United Prayer;   Unwise Prayers;   Wicked, the;   The Topic Concordance - Belief;   Declaration;   Giving and Gifts;   Glory;   Jesus Christ;   Knowledge;   Love;   Manifestation;   Sanctification;   Sending and Those Sent;   Unity;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Prayer, Intercessory;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Ethics;   Priest;   World;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Mediator, Mediation;   Obedience;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Commentary;   Covenant;   Intercession of Christ;   Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ;   Predestination;   CARM Theological Dictionary - Hypostatic union;   Holman Bible Dictionary - John, the Gospel of;   Truth;   Unity;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Apostles;   Children (Sons) of God;   Ephesians, Epistle to;   Prayer;   Sanctification, Sanctify;   Trinity;   Truth;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Apostles;   Church (2);   Communion (2);   Elect, Election ;   Example;   Force;   Holiness Purity;   Mental Characteristics;   Missions;   Pilgrim (2);   Prayer (2);   Priest;   Sanctify, Sanctification;   Son of God;   Truth (2);   Worldliness (2);   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Apostle;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Body;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Jesus of Nazareth;   Twelve Apostles, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Prayers of Jesus;   Trinity;  
Devotionals:
Every Day Light - Devotion for October 10;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

As thou hast sent me - so have I also sent them - The apostles had the same commission which Christ had, considered as man - they were endued with the same Spirit, so that they could not err, and their word was accompanied with the same success.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on John 17:18". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/john-17.html. 1832.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

As thou didst send me into the world, even so sent I them into the world.

Just as Christ delivered God's word, the apostles were instructed to deliver, not their word, but Christ's. This respect to the pattern of teaching illuminates the promise of Jesus that whatever the apostles bound on earth would be bound in heaven, etc. (Matthew 18:18). Not even the apostles had authority to set up an organization and teach whatever they might have conceived to be expedient or appropriate. They were to use the same fidelity in teaching what Christ commanded that Christ had used in declaring what God had said.

Even so sent I them ... This is prophetic tense, viewing the future sending of the apostles as already accomplished.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on John 17:18". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/john-17.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

As thou hast sent me into the world,.... Which does not suppose inequality of nature, nor change of place, nor any force upon him, nor disrespect unto him, or a state of separation from his Father; but that he was before he was sent; that he was a person, a divine distinct person from his Father; and designs the manifestation of him in human nature; and shows, that as Mediator, he had a divine warrant and authority, and was no impostor: what he was sent into the world to do, was in general the will of God; particularly to preach the Gospel, and chiefly and more especially to work out the salvation of his people:

even so have I also sent them into the world; to preach the Gospel likewise: he had already sent them forth on this errand, and in a little time they were to receive a new and enlarged commission for this service; which mission of them to such work, implies great honour put upon them, authority in them, and qualifications with them; and hence success attended them: the place into which they were sent is, "the world"; first the Jewish and then the Gentile world, and every part of it; out of which he would not have them taken; and where they were sure to meet with reproach and persecution; and where God's elect lay, who were to be converted through their ministry; for the work they were sent thither for, was to open blind eyes, turn men from darkness to light, from the power of Satan unto God, that they might receive forgiveness of sin, and an inheritance among them that are sanctified: now though there is not an equality between the mission of Christ by his Father, and of the apostles by him, yet there is a likeness; there is an agreement in their original, both are divine and of authority; in the place they were sent, the world; and in their work to declare the mind and will of God: all which carries in it a strong argument with his Father to regard these persons; for inasmuch as they were in a world that hated them, they needed divine power and protection; and being in a wicked world they needed sanctification and preservation; and having such work to do, they therefore needed divine assistance, and fresh supplies of grace.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on John 17:18". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/john-17.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

5 As thou hast sent me into the world, even so have I also sent them into the world.

(5) Moreover, he adds that the apostles have a calling common with him, and therefore that they must be held up by the very same virtue to give themselves up wholly to God, by which Christ, who was first, did consecrate himself to the Father.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on John 17:18". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/john-17.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

As thou hast sent — sentest.

me into the world, even so have I also sent them — sent I also them.

into the world — As their mission was to carry into effect the purposes of their Master‘s mission, so our Lord speaks of the authority in both cases as co-ordinate.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on John 17:18". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/john-17.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Sent I them (απεστειλα αυτουςapesteila autous). The very verb (αποστελλωapostellō) used of the original commission of these men (Mark 3:14) and the special commission (Luke 9:2) and the renewal of the commission after the resurrection (John 20:21., both αποστελλωapostellō and πεμπωpempō here).

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on John 17:18". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/john-17.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Sent ( ἀπέστειλας - ἀπέστειλα )

On a mission. See on Matthew 10:16.

Sanctify

See on John 17:17.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on John 17:18". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/john-17.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

The Fourfold Gospel

Sanctify them in the truth: thy word is truth1.

  1. Sanctify them in the truth: thy word is truth. To sanctify means to set apart to a holy use. As Jesus himself had been set apart as God's messenger to the world, so he had set apart the apostles as his messengers to it. This setting apart was not a formal, empty act, but was accomplished by God's imparting or developing a fitness in the one sanctified to perform the duties for which he was set apart. Fitness in this case would be imparted by imbuing the apostles with the Spirit of truth.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
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J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on John 17:18". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/john-17.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

Как Ты послал Меня в мир. Христос подтверждает Свои слова и другим доводом. Ведь у Него с апостолами было одно и то же общее призвание. Я, – говорит Христос, – передаю им то служение, которое раньше исполнял по Твоему повелению. Итак, дабы они вынесли таковую ношу, их необходимо наставить силою Твоего Духа.

 

 

 

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on John 17:18". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-17.html. 1840-57.

Scofield's Reference Notes

world

kosmos = mankind. (See Scofield "Matthew 4:8").

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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.
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Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on John 17:18". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/john-17.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

18 As thou hast sent me into the world, even so have I also sent them into the world.

Ver. 18. Even so have I sent them, &c.] Therefore they have need that there be put upon them of my Spirit, that they may be fit for the work. This boon none are to expect, but they that are sent of Christ, and such are sure to be gifted.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on John 17:18". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/john-17.html. 1865-1868.

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Observe here, 1. Christ's mission; the Father sent him into the world.

Christ's sending implies the designation of his person, his qualification for the work, his authority and commission.

Learn hence, that Christ did not of himself undertake the office of a Mediator, but was sent; that is, authorized and commissioned of God so to do; Thou hast sent me into the world.

Observe, 2. As Christ's mission, so the apostles' mission: As thou hast sent me, so have I sent them.

Learn thence, that none may, or ought, to undertake the office of the ministry, without an authoritative sending from Christ himself; not immediately and extraordinarily by voice or vision, but immediately by the officers of the church. And such as are so sent, are sent by Christ himself; and if so, it is the people's duty to reverence their persons, to respect their office, to receive their message: As thou hast sent me, so have I sent them.

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Burkitt, William. "Commentary on John 17:18". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/john-17.html. 1700-1703.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

John 17:18. ἀπέστειλας, Thou hast sent) The foundation of the sending is the ‘sanctification:’ ch. John 10:36, “Him whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world.”— ἀπέστειλα, I have sent) I have commenced to send, I have bestowed the apostleship [ch. John 20:21, “As the Father hath sent Me, even so send I you;” Matthew 28:19, “Go ye, and teach all nations,” etc.; Mark 16:15].

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on John 17:18". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/john-17.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

That is: My Father, they have not thrust themselves into their employment, they have not run without sending; for as I am thine apostle, as I was sent by thee, so I have sent them. The apostles indeed were not sent for the same end in all things that Christ was sent; who was sent to purchase salvation for men, as well as to preach the gospel: but they were sent in part for the same work for which Christ was sent, and they were sent by him who had authority to send them; and as it is but reasonable for princes to protect those whom themselves send upon their embassies, so it was but reasonable that God should defend and protect those whom his Son had sent out as his ambassadors.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on John 17:18". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/john-17.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

18.Sent me’ I also sent them—So that both, primarily and secondarily, are from God; and as they were directed to ordain others to the same work, so it is evident that a body of ministry issuing from God himself, distinct from the laity, is a divine institution in the Christian Church.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on John 17:18". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/john-17.html. 1874-1909.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

“As you sent me into the world, even so I sent them into the world. And for their sakes I sanctify myself that they themselves also may be sanctified in truth.”

Just as Jesus was sent by the Father to ‘the world’ as a light, to open its eyes, shake its complacency and make it aware of its evil (John 1:9 with John 3:16-18), so have the disciples been sent by the Son. But they will need the protection of ‘the truth’ which can only come from God. Constancy in truth is the only way of combating the world and its ways.

‘For their sakes I sanctify myself.’ On John 10:36 we are told that He was sanctified by the Father and sent into the world. In other words the Father set Him apart as His chosen means of delivering the world. How then will He now sanctify Himself ‘on their behalf ’? The answer is that He is renewing His commitment to their salvation. They have been given to Him and as He begins a new phase of His ministry He is now unreservedly committing Himself wholly to the cause of their forgiveness, deliverance and safety, and this includes for Him the path of the cross.

There by His own will He will be ‘set apart to God’ as a sacrifice, as a sin offering and as a whole offering pleasing to God on behalf of the disciples and on behalf of all who are given to Him (see Deuteronomy 15:19 for ‘sanctifying’ referring to a sacrificial offering). But it includes far more, for having died for them He will be raised again to His throne and will ever live to make intercession for them (Hebrews 7:25; Romans 8:34) and be with them always to the end of the age (Matthew 28:20). He was setting Himself apart to God for the whole of His saving purpose.

‘That they also may be sanctified in truth.’ Jesus has previously asked the Father to sanctify them (John 17:17). Now we learn that this can only be because of what He will do when He goes to the cross and as He makes intercession for them. Through His sacrificial death and continual intercession their sanctification in truth (being wholly set apart to God by their experience and knowledge of the truth) is made possible. Man can know the truth because He Who is the truth sanctified Himself on their behalf as an offering for sin. In His ‘setting apart’, His own also are set apart.

So they will be ‘set apart to God’ (sanctified) in and through God’s truth, the truth of His word which Jesus has revealed to them (v. 17 with v. 8). What above all will make them objects of the world’s hatred is that they have received and seek to pass on the truth of God. This benefit is something that they will enjoy because Jesus is deliberately “setting himself apart” (sanctifying himself) to suffering and glory. They too will be set apart to suffering and to glory, because they possess the truth. We note all through the prayer that Jesus is aware that as long as the truth abides in them everything else will fall into place. It is when we diverge from the truth or cease to pay it due heed that our problems begin.

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on John 17:18". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/john-17.html. 2013.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Jesus next explained the purpose of the sanctification that He requested for His disciples. He had sent them into the world with a mission (cf. John 13:20; John 15:26-27; John 20:21). Similarly the Father had sent the Son into the world with a mission ( John 10:36). In both cases sanctification was essential for the success of the mission.

Comparison with John 17:20 shows that in John 17:6-19 Jesus was praying specifically for the Eleven. However, we should not regard what He requested for the Eleven as restricted to them exclusively. The change that takes place in John 17:20 is not from one group of believers to another as though they were in separate containers. It is rather a broadening of the field from the Eleven to those that would follow them. Thus it is understandable that when Jesus prayed for the Eleven He would pray for some things that not only they but their successors would need. Clearly all subsequent believers would need sanctifying by God"s Word so they could achieve their mission, as the Eleven did.

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on John 17:18". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/john-17.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

John 17:18. Even as thou didst send me into the world, I also sent them into the world. Jesus has prayed for the consecration of His disciples in the truth, and He now speaks of the necessity that existed for it. They have been sent into the world (the sending is viewed as already accomplished) ‘even as’ He had been sent into the world. Not merely is the fact of sending similar, but they are sent by the Son with the same commission as that with which the Son Himself had been sent by the Father. They are to ‘declare’ the Father as He had done, and to make the same revelation of eternal truth, of eternal love, to a sinful world. How much, then, did they need a consecration like His! But not only so. There is a further ground upon which His prayer ‘or their consecration rests.’

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on John 17:18". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/john-17.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

John 17:18. ’ “As Thou didst send me into the world, I also sent them into the world.” seems to imply “in prosecution of the same purpose and therefore with similar equipment”. is not otiose, but suggests that as Christ’s presence in the world was necessary for the fulfilment of God’s purpose, so the sphere of the disciples’ work is also “the world,” cf.John 5:15. , aorist, because already they had served as apostles, see John 5:38 and Mark 3:14.

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on John 17:18". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/john-17.html. 1897-1910.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

As thou hast sent me into the world, I also have sent them into the world. He speaks of that mission, which agreed with him, as man, and become man for the salvation of mankind, to which also the apostles, and their successors were to co-operate, as the ministers and instruments of Christ, by virtue of their mission for him. (Witham) --- For the same intent as Christ himself was sent, were the apostles sent also: whence St. Paul says, God was in Christ reconciling the world to himself, and he has placed in us the word of reconciliation. (2 Corinthians v. 19.) (Glossarium.)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on John 17:18". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/john-17.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

As = Even as.

hast sent = didst send.

into. Greek. eis. App-104.

have . . . sent = sent.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on John 17:18". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/john-17.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

As thou hast sent me into the world, even so have I also sent them into the world.

As thou hast sent ('sentest') me into the world, even so have I also sent ('sent I also') them into the world. As their mission was designed for no other end than to carry into effect the purpose of His own mission into the world, so He speaks of the authority by which He was sending them into the world as but an extension of the same authority by which Himself was sent of the Father. As He was the Father's Ambassador and Agent, so were they to be His. Nay, He represents them as already sent, just as He represents His own personal work on earth as already at an end; and what His soul is now filled with and looking forward to is the coming fruit of that work, the travail of His soul, and His satisfaction therein.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on John 17:18". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/john-17.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(18) As thou hast sent me into the world.—Better, As Thou didst send Me. The tense points out the definite moment of His mission. (Comp. John 10:36.)

So have I also sent them into the world.—Better, I also sent. Comp. Notes on Matthew 10:5; Luke 6:13. In the very word “Apostles” their mission was contained; but the thought here comprehends the immediate future of their wider mission. (Comp. Note on John 20:21.)

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on John 17:18". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/john-17.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

As thou hast sent me into the world, even so have I also sent them into the world.
20:21; Isaiah 61:1-3; Matthew 23:34; 2 Corinthians 5:20; Ephesians 3:7
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 18:18 - will put;  Zechariah 2:8 - sent;  John 7:29 - for;  John 10:36 - sent;  1 Corinthians 3:23 - and Christ;  Philippians 2:25 - but

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on John 17:18". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/john-17.html.

Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms

Ver. 18. "As Thou hast sent Me into the world, even so have I also sent them into the world."

We have here a new motive to the fulfilment of this petition. The disciples were, in ver. 6, viewed as Christians; now they are viewed as Apostles. They were all the more in need of true sanctification, since they were destined for a mission to the world. If they themselves should be infected with the spirit of the world, they would not be able successfully to accomplish their mission. The καθὼςκόσμον is not a superfluous parallel. He who sent His Son into the world must take care that, by the true sanctification of His messengers, the end of His Son's mission into the world should be attained. So also, in ver. 16, "Even as I am not of the world" is more than a mere parallel. Christ's effectual separation from the world was the ground of the sanctification of His disciples.

The Apostles had already received their mission: the Lord had Himself called them Apostles, Luke 6:13, and given them the full authority pertaining to their office, Matthew 10:1.

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Hengstenberg, Ernst. "Commentary on John 17:18". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/john-17.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

18.As thou hast sent me into the world. He confirms his prayer by another argument; namely, because the calling of Christ and of the apostles is the same calling, and is common to both. “I now,” he says, “appoint them to an office, which I have hitherto held by thy command; and, therefore, it is necessary that they should be furnished with the power of thy Spirit, that they may be able to sustain so weighty a charge.”

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on John 17:18". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-17.html. 1840-57.