Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

John 17

Verse 1

words = things; i.e. from John 13:31 to John 16:33.

Jesus. App-98.

to = unto. Greek. eis. App-104.

heaven = the heaven (singular) See on Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.

Father. App-98. See on John 1:14.

hour. Compare John 12:23, John 12:27; John 13:1.

glorify. See on John 12:16 and p. 1511.

Son. App-98and App-108.

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

also. All texts omit.

Verse 2

As = Even as.

power = authority. App-172.

over all flesh. Literally of: i.e. in relation to (App-17.) all flesh. Compare Isaiah 40:5. Luke 3:6. Acts 2:17.

eternal. App-151.

life. App-170.

to as many, &c. Literally everything that Thou hast given Him, to them. Seven times in this prayer His people are said to have been given Him by the Father, verses: John 17:2, John 17:6, John 17:6, John 2:9, John 2:11, John 2:12, John 2:24; but see notes on verses: John 17:11, John 17:12.

Verse 3

this, &c. Not a definition of eternal life, but the purpose (Greek. hina, as in John 17:1) for which it is given.

know. App-132.

true. App-175., and p. 1511.

God. App-98.

Jesus Christ. App-98.

sent. App-174. Christ said to be the sent One six times in this prayer, forty-three times in John; apostello, 17 times; pempo, 33 times.

Verse 4

on. Greek. epi. App-104.

earth. App-129.

I have finished. The texts read "having finished". Compare John 4:34; John 5:36; John 19:30.

gavest = hast given.

to do = in order that (Greek. hina, as in John 17:1) I should do it.

Verse 5

now. Greek. nun, as in John 13:31.

with = beside. Greek. para. App-104.

glory. Greek. doxa. See p. 1511.

before. Greek. pro. App-104.

world. App-129.

Verse 6

have manifested = manifested.

name. Compare verses: it, 12, 26. Exodus 34:5. Psalms 9:10; Psalms 20:1 (see note there).

unto = to.

men. App-123.

gavest. Compare John 17:2; John 6:37; John 12:32.

out of. Greek. ek. App-104. kept. Greek. tereo. This word is used in these chapters twelve times: John 14:15, John 14:21, John 14:23, John 14:24; John 15:10, John 15:10, John 15:20, John 15:20; John 17:6, John 17:11, John 17:12, John 17:15; nine times in reference to the Word, thrice in reference to the disciples. word. Greek. logos. See Mark 9:32. Three statements are made by the Lord of His disciples, each three times: their relationship to the Word, verses: John 17:6, John 17:7, John 17:8; relationship to the Sent One, verses: John 17:8, John 17:18, John 17:25; relationship to the world, verses: John 17:14, John 17:14, John 17:16.

Verse 7

of = from. Greek. para. App-104.

Verse 8

words. Greek. rhema. See Mark 9:32.

have received = received.

have known = knew,

surely = truly. Greek. alethos. Compare App-175.

from. Greek. para, as in John 17:7.

have believed = believed. App-150.

Verse 9

pray = ask. Greek. erotao. App-134. The Lord uses this word eight times in these chapters: John 14:16; John 16:5, John 16:23, John 16:26; John 17:9, John 17:9, John 17:15, John 17:20. The word aiteo, used of an inferior addressing a superior, Occurs John 14:13, John 14:14; John 15:7, John 15:16; John 16:23, John 16:24, John 16:24, John 16:26. Compare Mark 15:43 (crave), Luke 23:52 (beg).

for = concerning. Greek. peri. App-104. not. Greek. ou. App-105.

Verse 10

all Mine are Thine, &c. = all things that are Mine are Thine, &c. This is a claim of perfect equality. Everything belonging to the Father, from essential being to works, the Son claims as His own. Luther says, "Any man can say " All mine is Thine", but only the Son can say "All that is Thine is Mine. " Compare 1 Corinthians 3:21-23.

am glorified = have been glorified. See verses: John 17:6-8.

in. Greek. en. App-104.

Verse 11

now . . . no more = no longer. Greek. ouketi.

to = unto. Greek. pros. App-104.

Holy Father. When speaking of Himself, the Lord says, "Father", verses: John 1:5, John 1:21, John 1:24; when speaking of His disciples, "Holy Father"; when speaking of the world, "Righteous Father", John 17:25. The holiness of God has separated the disciples from the world. Compare 1 John 2:15, 1 John 2:16.

through = in. Greek. en, as in John 17:12.

whom. All the texts read "which", referring to "name": i.e. "Keep them through Thy name which Thou hast given Me. "Compare Exodus 23:21. Isaiah 9:6. Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:9, Philippians 1:10. Revelation 19:12.

one. Greek. en. Neut. as in John 10:30. This request is made five times (App-6) in this chapter: here, verses: John 21:21, John 21:22, John 21:23.

Verse 12

While = When. with. Greek. meta. App-104.

in the world. All the texts omit.

those that. As in John 17:11, all the texts put the relative in the singular, and read "in Thy name that Thou gayest Me, and I kept them".

have kept = kept (Greek. phulasso), i.e. guarded. Compare Luke 2:8 (keep watch). 1 John 5:21. Not the same word as in former clause and John 17:6.

of = out of. Greek. ek. App-104.

lost. Greek apollumi. Occurs twelve times in John: John 6:12, John 6:39; John 12:25; John 17:12; John 18:9 (lose); John 3:15, John 3:16; John 6:27; John 10:28; John 11:50 (perish); John 10:10 (destroy); John 18:14 (die). Used of the doom of the sinner. One of the strongest words in the Greek language to express final and irretrievable destruction.

but = except. Greek. ei me.

the son, &c. This expression occurs here and 2 Thessalonians 2:3 (the Antichrist). Used in the Septuagint in Isaiah 57:4, "children of transgression". Compare Matthew 9:16; Matthew 13:38; Matthew 23:15. Luke 16:8. Acts 13:10. Ephesians 2:2, in all which passages "child "should be "son".

perdition. Greek. apoleia, a kindred word to apollumi. Occurs twenty times. Only here in John. First occurance. Matthew 7:13.

the scripture, &c. This expression occurs five times in John, here, John 13:18; John 19:24, John 19:28, John 19:36.

might be = may be, expressing certainty.

fulfilled. See on John 15:11.

Verse 14

Thy word. In John 17:6 the word is "kept", here it is "given"; in John 17:17 its character is stated, "truth".

hath hated = hated.

Verse 15

from = out of. Greek. ek, as in the former clause. the evil = the evil one. See on Matthew 6:13. Compare 1 John 5:19. Three things the Lord requested for His disciples: to be kept from the evil one, to be sanctified through the truth (John 17:17), and to behold His glory (John 17:24).

Verse 17

Sanctify = Hallow. Greek. hagiam. Separation is the idea of the word "holy". See note on Exodus 3:5.

Thy. All the texts read "the".

truth. The truth is the great separating force. Compare Matthew 10:35.

Thy word, &c. = The word that is Thine is the truth. The Incarnate and revealed Words alike. Compare John 6:33; John 14:6; John 16:13. Matthew 22:16. 2 Corinthians 6:7; 2 Corinthians 13:8. Galatians 1:2, Galatians 1:5, Galatians 1:14. Ephesians 1:13.

Verse 18

As = Even as.

hast sent = didst send.

into. Greek. eis. App-104.

have . . . sent = sent.

Verse 19

for their sakes = on behalf of (Greek. huper. App-104.) them.

I sanctify Myself = I dedicate or consecrate Myself. This shows the meaning of sanctify; not making holy as to moral character, but setting apart for God. The Lord was the antitype of all the offerings, which were holy unto Jehovah.

might be = may be.

the truth. There is no article.

Verse 20

Neither = Not, (Greek. ou. App-105).

shall believe. All the texts read "believe".

believe on. App-150.

through. Greek. dia. App-104.

Verse 21

hast sent = didst send (Aor.)

Verse 22

gayest. Here the reading should be "hast given".

Verse 23

made perfect = perfected. Greek. teleioo. Same word as "finish" in John 17:4.

in = into. Greek. eis. App-104.

and. All omit.

hast sent = didst send.

hast loved = lovedst.

loved. Greek. agapao. See p. 1511.

as = even as.

Verse 24

will. Greek. thelo. App-102. Compare John 12:21; John 15:7; John 16:19.

behold. Greek. theoreo. App-133. Compare John 2:23,

the foundation, &c. See App-146.

Verse 25

righteous Father. See on John 17:11.

hath not known Thee = knew Thee not. See John 8:55. Romans 1:18-32. 1 Corinthians 1:21; 1 Corinthians 2:8.

have known = knew.

hast sent = didst send.

Verse 26

have declared = declared: i.e. made known. Greek. gnorizo. See John 15:15, the only other occurance in John. Kindred word to ginosko (App-132. ) and gnosis, knowledge.

love. Greek. agape. App-136.

hast loved = lovedst. This whole chapter beautifully illustrates Psalm 119 and Psalms 138:2.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on John 17". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.