Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

John 17:6

"I have manifested Your name to the men whom You gave Me out of the world; they were Yours and You gave them to Me, and they have kept Your word.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Election;   Jesus Continued;   Obedience;   Prayer;   Predestination;   Wisdom;   Thompson Chain Reference - Ask;   Christ;   Christ's;   Church;   Family;   Importunity;   Prayer;   Secret Prayer;   United Prayer;   Unwise Prayers;   Wicked, the;   Words;   Words of Christ;   The Topic Concordance - Belief;   Belonging;   Declaration;   Disciples/apostles;   Giving and Gifts;   Glory;   Hate;   Jesus Christ;   Judas Iscariot;   Knowledge;   Losing and Things Lost;   Love;   Manifestation;   Sanctification;   Sending and Those Sent;   Truth;   Unity;   Word of God;   World;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Christ, the Prophet;   Election;   Scriptures, the;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Election;   Jesus christ;   Name;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Appear, Appearance;   Mediator, Mediation;   Obedience;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Commentary;   Covenant;   Intercession of Christ;   Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ;   Predestination;   CARM Theological Dictionary - Hypostatic union;   Trinity;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Covenant;   Perseverance of the Saints;   Predestination;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Name;   Holman Bible Dictionary - John, the Gospel of;   Mission(s);   Names of God;   Unity;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Children (Sons) of God;   Ephesians, Epistle to;   Prayer;   Sanctification, Sanctify;   World;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Bosom ;   Communion (2);   Death of Christ;   Elect, Election ;   Humanity of Christ;   Keeping;   Logos;   Love;   Merit;   Odes of Solomon;   Prayer (2);   Sight;   Son of God;   Teaching of Jesus;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - 14 Word Words;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Body;   Intercession;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Jesus of Nazareth;   Twelve Apostles, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Intercession;   James;   Manifest;   Prayers of Jesus;  
Devotionals:
Daily Light on the Daily Path - Devotion for September 5;   Every Day Light - Devotion for October 10;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

II. Our Lord's Prayer for His Disciples, John 17:6-19;

I have manifested thy name - Εφανερωσα, I have brought it into light, and caused it to shine in itself, and to illuminate others. A little of the Divine nature was known by the works of creation; a little more was known by the Mosaic revelation: but the full manifestation of God, his nature, and his attributes, came only through the revelation of Christ.

The men which thou gavest me - That is, the apostles, who, having received this knowledge from Christ, were, by their preaching and writings, to spread it through the whole world.

Out of the world - From among the Jewish people; for in this sense is the word κοσμος to be understood in various parts of our Lord's last discourses.

Thine they were - Objects of thy choice; and thou gavest them to me from among this very unbelieving people, that they might be my disciples and the heralds of my salvation.

And they have kept thy word - Though their countrymen have rejected it; and they have received me as thy well beloved Son in whom thou delightest.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on John 17:6". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/john-17.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Have manifested thy name - The word “name” here includes the attributes or character of God. Jesus had made known his character, his law, his will, his plan of mercy - or, in other words, he had revealed God to them. The word “name” is often used to designate the person, John 15:21; Matthew 10:22; Romans 2:24; 1 Timothy 6:1.

Which thou gavest me - God gave them to him in his purpose. He gave them by his providence. He so ordered affairs that they heard him preach and saw his miracles; and he gave them by disposing them to follow him when he called them.

Thine they were - All men are God‘s by creation and by preservation, and he has a right to do with them as seemeth good in his sight. These men he chose to designate to be the apostles of the Saviour; and he committed them to him to be taught, and then commissioned them to carry his gospel, though amid persecutions, to the ends of the world. God has a right to the services of all; and he has a right to appoint us to any labor, however humble, or hazardous, or wearisome, where we may promote his glory and honor his name.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on John 17:6". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/john-17.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

I manifested thy name unto the men whom thou gavest me out of the world; thine they were, and thou gavest them to me; and they have kept thy word.

I manifested thy name ... Jesus did this by referring all honor and glory to God throughout his entire ministry. He was ever careful to explain that the words he spoke, the miracles he wrought, and the teachings he gave were the Father's.

And they kept thy word ... Keeping the word of God, in the sense of believing it and obeying it, was the means by which Jesus' disciples had become his and were continued in that blessed relationship; and it is impossible that any other means exists which could enable men to be Christ's disciples (see under John 17:14).

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on John 17:6". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/john-17.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

I have manifested thy name,.... Not the "Nomen Tetragrammaton", the name of four letters, the name "Jehovah", and which the Jews call "Shemhamphorash", and say is ineffable, and to be pronounced by Adonai; who also speak of other names, and sayF9Shaare ora, fol. 1. 3. ,

"truly the former wise men had holy names, which they received from the prophets, as the name of "seventy two" letters, and the name of "forty two" letters, and the name of "twelve" letters, and many other holy names; and by which they could do new signs and wonders in the world; but they did not make use of them, only in case of necessity, as in a time of persecution and distress.'

The name of twelve letters, GalatinusF11De Arcan. Cathol. ver. l. 2. c. 11,12. pretends, is Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, the words for which in the Hebrew language consist of twelve letters; and that of forty two letters he makes to be this, the Father God, the Son God, the Holy Ghost God, yet there are not three Gods, but one God; or thus, the Father God, the Son God, the Holy Ghost God, three in one, one in three; the Hebrew words for which contain forty two letters; but the authorities by which he would support all this are insufficient. However, it is none of these names, nor any other scriptural ones, that are here meant; but either God himself, or the perfections of his nature, or his will of command, or rather his Gospel; unless Christ himself, or his name Jesus, God by the angel gave him, and in whose name there is salvation, and no other can be thought to be meant; and which, as it was manifested to his disciples, so it is to all whom God has chosen and given to Christ:

unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world; which is to be understood, not merely of their being given to him as apostles, nor of their being given and brought to him in the effectual calling only, but of an eternal act of God's in election, and in the covenant of grace; when these persons were given to Christ as his spouse, his spiritual seed and offspring, the sheep of his pasture, and his portion and inheritance, to be saved and preserved by him; which as it is an instance of love and care on God's part to give, and of grace and condescension on Christ's to receive, so of distinguishing goodness, to the persons given; since not all the world, but some of it, share in this favour:

thine they were, and thou gavest them me; the persons given were not the Father's merely by creation; for so others are his also; nor would they be peculiarly his, for they are the son's likewise in this sense; but they are his by electing grace, which is the peculiar act of the Father in Christ, and is unto salvation by him, through the sanctification of the Spirit; these are chosen to be his peculiar people, and given to Christ as such:

and they have kept thy word; the Gospel, not only in their memories, but in their hearts; and having publicly professed it, they defended it valiantly against the enemies of it, and kept it pure and incorrupt; this shows that the Gospel is meant by the name of God manifested to these persons.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on John 17:6". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/john-17.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

3 I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world: c thine they were, and thou d gavest them me; and they have kept thy word.

(3) First of all he prays for his disciples by whom he would have the rest of his disciples gathered together, and commends them unto the Father (having already rejected the whole company of the reprobate) because he received them from his Father into his custody, and because by embracing his doctrine, they will have so many and so mighty enemies, that there is no way for them to be in safety, except by his help.

(c) He shows by this the everlasting election and choice, which was hidden in the good will and pleasure of God, which is the groundwork of our salvation.

(d) He shows that the everlasting and hidden purpose of God is declared in Christ, by whom we are justified and sanctified, if we lay hold of him by faith, so that we may eventually come to the glory of the election.

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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on John 17:6". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/john-17.html. 1599-1645.

People's New Testament

I have manifested thy name to the men which thou gavest me, etc. In the first five verses he had prayed for himself. Now he prays for his disciples. The apostles are especially meant.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Original work done by Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
Johnson, Barton W. "Commentary on John 17:6". "People's New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pnt/john-17.html. 1891.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

I manifested (επανερωσαephanerōsa). First aorist active indicative of πανεροωphaneroō (from πανεροςphaneros manifest). Another word for claiming successful accomplishment of his task as in John 17:4 with εδοχασαedoxasa and in John 17:26 with εγνωρισαegnōrisa

Whom (ουςhous). Accusative case after εδωκαςedōkas not attracted to case of antecedent (αντρωποιςanthrōpois). Jesus regards the apostles as the Father‘s gift to him. Recall the night of prayer before he chose them.

They have kept
(τετηρηκανtetērēkan). Perfect active indicative, late Koiné form for the third plural instead of the usual τετηρηκασινtetērēkasin Jesus claims loyalty and fidelity in these men with the one exception of Judas (John 17:12). He does not claim perfection for them, but they have at least held on to the message of the Father in spite of doubt and wavering (John 6:67-71; Matthew 16:15-20).

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on John 17:6". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/john-17.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word.

I have manifested thy name — All thy attributes; and in particular thy paternal relation to believers; to the men whom thou hast given me - The apostles, and so John 17:12.

They were thine — By creation, and by descent from Abraham.

And thou hast given them me — By giving them faith in what I have spoken. So John 17:9.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on John 17:6". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/john-17.html. 1765.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

Я открыл имя Твое. Здесь Христос начинает молить Отца о Своих учениках; и с тем же чувством, с которым вскоре пойдет за них на смерть, ныне ратует за их спасение. Первое основание Его прошения состоит в том, что они приняли Его учение, делающее людей истинными детьми Божиими. У Христа не было недостатка в добросовестности и старании, с которым Он всех призывал к Богу. Но труд Его оказался действенным лишь для избранных. Его проповедь, открывающую Бога, слышали все. Даже ожесточенным Христос не переставал провозглашать божественную славу. Итак, почему же Он говорит, что явил Себя лишь немногим, если не потому, что только избранные, внутренне наученные Духом, преуспели в Его учении? Посему сделай вывод: не все те, кому предлагается учение, научаются истинно и действенно, но лишь те, разум которых просвещается свыше. Причину же Христос приписывает избранию Божию. Ведь единственное различие, приведшее к тому, что, пройдя мимо прочих, Он лишь некоторым открыл Отчее имя, Христос видит в том, что эти люди были Ему даны. Откуда следует: вера проистекает из внешнего божественного предопределения, и потому дается не всем без различия, что не все принадлежат Иисусу Христу. Добавляя же «они были Твои, и Ты дал их Мне», Христос, во-первых, указывает на вечность избрания, а во-вторых, говорит нам, как мы должны думать о нем. Христос объявляет, что эти люди всегда были избранными Божиими. Итак, Бог отличает их от отверженных не на основании веры или какой-либо заслуги, а лишь по благодати. Ведь, хотя сами по себе они Ему чужды, Он считает их Своими в Своем тайном совете. Несомненность же их спасения основана на следующем: тех, кого избрал, Бог передал на сохранение Сыну, дабы они не погибли. И на это следует особо обратить внимание, дабы мы могли узнать, что принадлежим к семейству детей Божиих. Ведь сокрытое в себе предопределение Божие открывается нам только в Иисусе Христе.

Сохранили слово Твое. Здесь указывается третье основание. Первое – незаслуженное избрание. А второе – сама передача, посредством которой мы переходим под опеку Христа. Принятые же Христом через веру, мы собираемся в Его овчарню. Так что, от отверженных Слово Божие ускользает, в избранных же укореняется. Посему сказано, что они его сохраняют.

 

 

 

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on John 17:6". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-17.html. 1840-57.

Scofield's Reference Notes

world

kosmos = mankind. (See Scofield "Matthew 4:8").

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Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on John 17:6". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/john-17.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

6 I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word.

Ver. 6. I have manifested thy name] The Jews seek to detract from the glory of our Saviour’s miracles, by giving out, that he did them by I know not what superstitious or magical use of the name of Jehovah. (Bernard.) But that name of God that he is here said to manifest, is that nomen maiestativum, that holy and reverend name of God, set down Exodus 34:6-7, a name that would fill our hearts with heaven, and answer all our doubts, had we but skill to spell out all the letters in it.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on John 17:6". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/john-17.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

John 17:6. I have manifested thy name In the Hebrew language the name of any thing signifies the thing itself, Acts 3:16. Our Lord's meaning is, "I have explained thy nature and perfections; I have declared thy merciful designs towards the world; and I have fully taught thy will and worship unto the men whom thou gavest me out of the world, the persons who were chosen by thee out of all mankind to be my apostles. See ch. John 6:44. Thine they were, &c. My apostles belonged to thee, and thou gavest them to me; and they, under my powerful influence upon their hearts, have embraced, and have adhered to the testimony which thou hast given to me, and to the doctrine which I have delivered from thee." By the apostles belonging to God, our Lord means, "they were originally God's, the creatures of his hand, the happy objects of his choice; his by creation, as well as by being sincere disciples of the former dispensation which God had given by Moses."

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on John 17:6". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/john-17.html. 1801-1803.

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

By the name of God, we are here to understand his nature, his property, and attributes, his designs and counsels for the salvation of mankind. Christ, as the prophet of his church, made all these known unto his people.

Learn hence, that Jesus Christ has made a full and complete discovery of his Father's mind and will unto his people: I have manifested thy name unto them which thou gavest me; thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word.

Learn, 1. That all believers are given unto Christ, as his purchase, and as his charge: they are given him as his subjects, as his children; as the wife of his bosom, as the members of his body.

Learn, 2. That none are given to Christ but those that were first the Father's: Thine they were, and thou gavest them me.

Learn, 3. That all those that are given unto Christ, do keep his word; they keep it in their understandings, they hide it in their hearts, they feel the force of it in their souls, they express the power of it in their lives: They have kept thy word.

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Burkitt, William. "Commentary on John 17:6". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/john-17.html. 1700-1703.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

6.] This verse particularizes John 17:4, and forms the transition to the intercessory prayer.

σου τὸ ὄνομα] Thy Name of FATHER, which was so constantly on the lips of our Lord;—and which derived its living meaning and power from His teaching: see Exodus 23:21. No especial emphasis on σου: it carries on the strain of address, and points to the emphatic σοί which follows, and the equally emphatic παρὰ σοῦ in John 17:7.

οὓς δέδ.] The Father gave them to Christ, by leading them to Christ, see ch. John 6:37; John 6:44-45.

σοὶ ἦσαν] Thine ( σοί, from σός) they wereIsraelitesThy people, before:—not only outwardly, but Israelites indeed, see ch. John 1:48, and thus prepared to receive Christ (so Stier, v. 411 ff., edn. 2). And thus the ἐκ τοῦ κόσμου answers to λαβεῖν ἑαυτῷ ἔθνος ἐκ μέσου ἔθνους, Deuteronomy 4:34. But see the fuller sense below, on John 17:9.

τὸν λ. σου τετήρηκαν] They have observed Thy word—walked in the path of Thy commandments;—for so λόγον τηρεῖν means: see ch. John 14:23—and reff.

Stier understands their walking in the O.T. ordinances blameless, as Luke 1:6,—and thus (compare ch. John 1:42; John 1:46) recognizing Christ as the Messiah when He came. But this is perhaps hardly likely to have been set at the end of the sentence, after ἐμοὶ αὐτοὺς δέδωκας. It is more likely that τὸν λόγον σου = τὰ ῥήματα ἃ δέδωκάς μοι, John 17:8, and is proleptically spoken.

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Alford, Henry. "Commentary on John 17:6". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/john-17.html. 1863-1878.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

John 17:6. ἐφανέρωσα, I have manifested) in a new and unprecedented manner; ch. John 1:18, “No man hath seen God at any time, the only-begotten Son who is in the bosom of the Father, He hath declared Him.”— ὄνομα.) Thy name, viz., that of Father: John 17:11, “Holy Father, keep through Thine own name those,” etc.— οὕς, whom) The apostles are meant, as in John 17:12 [Before choosing whom, Jesus had made preparation with especial prayer, Luke 6:12, “He went out into a mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God.” After those prayers of His were finished, the Father gave them to Him. And these wry persons constitute as it were the basis of the whole multitude of believers, even to the end of the world.—V. g.]— σοὶ) Thine, as in John 17:9-10, “all Mine are Thine.” They were Thine by the faith of the Old Testament.— ἐμοὶ) Thou hast given them to Me, that they may be New Testament believers.— τετηρήκασι, they have kept) This is an honourable testimony to them [To this word refer τήρησον, τηρήσῃς, keep, that Thou shouldest keep, John 17:11; John 17:15.—V. g.]

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on John 17:6". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/john-17.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Here he openeth this former phrase, I have glorified thee on the earth: it was done by manifesting the Lord’s name, proclaiming his goodness and mercy, publishing his will, making famous all whereby God can be made known: this Christ did both by his words and by his works. This he had done (as he saith) to all those whom the Father had given him; whom the Father had given him by an act of his eternal counsel, and by inclining their hearts to own and receive him when he came into the world. He tells his Father, that his they were, his chosen ones; and he had given them unto Christ, that he should redeem them with his blood, and take the care of their salvation: and he saith, When I came and revealed thy will unto them, they have not stubbornly and obstinately, as the generality of the Jews, shut their eyes against the light, and rebelled against thy will revealed; but they have heard, received, embraced, and obeyed thy word.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on John 17:6". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/john-17.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

(17:6-10) они были Твои Эта фраза подводит итог всему служению Иисуса, включая крест, имевший место всего несколько часов спустя. И снова Сын подчеркнул, что уверовавших в Него дал Отец (см. пояснение к ст. 2). Слова «они были Твои» (ср. ст. 9) являются убедительным утверждением, что до обращения они принадлежали Богу (ср. 6:37). И в виду Божьего избрания это – правда. Они были избраны прежде создания мира (Еф. 1:4), когда их имена были вписаны в книгу жизни Агнца (Отк. 17:8). Ср. Деян. 18:10, где Бог говорит, что у Него в Коринфе много людей, принадлежащих Ему, но которые еще не спасены. См. пояснения к 10:1-5, 16.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on John 17:6". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/john-17.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

I have manifested thy name; thy whole character and attributes; for these are all comprehended in God’s name.

The men; his disciples, especially the apostles.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on John 17:6". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/john-17.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

6.The men—Part of the human race, selected for the good of the race.

Thou gavest me—Words which represent the divine side of the apostolic selection. For, being so chosen, they were in capacity, purpose, and susceptibility the proper men. Wisely were they chosen of Christ; graciously were they given by God. God always selects the most suitable instruments at hand for his purposes.

They have kept—The human side of the apostolic action. God had been gracious to keep: men had been faithful and kept.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on John 17:6". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/john-17.html. 1874-1909.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

“I openly revealed your name to the men whom you gave me out of the world. They were yours, and you gave them to me, and they have kept your word.”

He points out that He has revealed to the Apostles what the Father essentially is. He has revealed ‘His Name’ to them, that is, His very nature (compare John 14:7-9). And these are the men whom the Father has ‘given Him out of the world’. They are the elect from among the world of men.

He describes them as men who ‘belonged to the Father’ and had been ‘given to Himself’. That ‘They were yours’ refers to their condition before they were given by the Father. The natural reading of this is that they responded to Christ because God had already in some way made them His own by sovereign choice prior to making a gift of them to His Son.

They were men who had ‘kept the Father’s word’, which included the words that Jesus had given them (v. 8). The idea is that they have believed them, treasured them and held them fast. They had also fully recognised Jesus’ uniqueness as God’s Son. In this we see clearly that their response is due to their ‘election’ by God Who has set them aside as His own before time began (Ephesians 1:4), something which is finally revealed by this response to His word.

They had been given to Jesus ‘out of the world’. From among mankind in its rebellion and subjection to the Evil One the Father had taken them and given them to His Son.

To them He has ‘openly revealed the Father’s name’. In Jewish thought the ‘name’ was seen as signifying the whole of what a person was. Thus when there was a great change in a person’s life they could be renamed. Consider for example Simon who became Cephas/Peter, and Saul who became Paul. Here then Jesus says He has made known to His disciples as far as was humanly possible the whole nature and being of God as expressed in His name.

This includes His name as the ‘I am’. This Greek phrase is used without a predicate in John 8:24; John 8:28; John 8:58; John 13:19. It depicts the One Who acts in history and the eternally existing One. See for this name Exodus 3:14. It is the name on which the name YHWH (‘the One Who is’) was based.

It is surely significant here that He speaks of the disciples, not as they are, but as He knows they are in embryo and surely will be. There is no thought here of their lack of understanding or soon to come failure, for He knows that their hearts are steadfast notwithstanding, and that soon they will know all (John 14:26; John 16:13).

We must not see in Jesus’ use of the term ‘the world’ any suggestion of antagonism towards the world. Indeed God loves ‘the world’ (John 3:16). Rather it is that the world that has taken up a position of enmity against God. What He is against is the attitude of the world, the very attitude with which He has come to deal.

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on John 17:6". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/john-17.html. 2013.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Jesus viewed these disciples as those whom God had given to Him out of the world (cf. John 6:37; John 15:19), not as those who had chosen to follow Him. This viewpoint accounts for Jesus" confidence as He anticipated their future. They belonged to God, and God would therefore protect them. Jesus had revealed God to them. The name of God summarizes everything about Him (cf. Exodus 3:13-15; Isaiah 52:6). Manifesting the name of God to people means revealing His essential nature to them. The Eleven had kept God"s word by believing on and following Jesus even though they were not consistently obedient.

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on John 17:6". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/john-17.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

John 17:6. I manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world. Jesus now passes to the thought of those disciples who had been led to rest on Him in faith. His work was over: theirs was to begin; and it involved a struggle and needed strength, similar to His own. In tenderest pity and love, therefore, He now prays for them, that they may be preserved as He has been. Yet not their preservation (for its own sake), but the glory of the Father, is still the leading thought. Jesus is glorified in them (John 17:10), and we have already seen that when He is glorified the glorification of the Father is secured. First of all their position is described; they have so entered into and embraced the ‘word’ of Jesus that the great purpose of His coming has been answered in them, and they are fitted to take His place in the world. That ‘word’ had been especially the ‘name’ of God, His name as ‘Father,’ including His character, His attributes, His saving will as revealed in Jesus. The whole purpose of God’s Fatherly love had been embraced by them as tidings of great joy both for themselves and for the world. They had been given to the Son by the Father ‘out of the world;’ that is, they were no longer in the world as the element of their existence. The position is exactly His own (John 17:14), so that even already we see how closely they are identified with Him, and are fitted, as taking His place, to lift men up into their own higher sphere. It is not enough, however, to say this, for the completeness with which the end has been attained has to be further brought out from two sides, the Divine and the human.

Thine they were, and to me thou gavest them. That is the Divine side. The change of order from the same words as used in the earlier part of the verse ought to be noticed. The emphasis is now directed to ‘Me,’ and the meaning is that they were now by Divine appointment the Son’s, that they might take up His work.

And they have kept thy word. This is the human side. They, on their part, had answered the purpose of the Father: they had kept the ‘word’ of God; not the general revelation of His will, but, if we may so speak, the revelation of the Logos, of the ‘Word,’ in the soul. In the Word of God they have God’s word in them. How completely are they put into the position of Him who is now ‘going away’!

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on John 17:6". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/john-17.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

John 17:6. . John 17:4 is resumed and explained. “I have glorified Thee and finished my work by manifesting,” etc. To manifest the name here means to make God known as the holy and loving Father. This had been accomplished by Christ not in the case of all, but of those whom the Father had given Him; cf.John 6:37-44. Out of the world some were separated by the Father and allotted to Christ as His disciples. , “Thine they were,” before they attached themselves to Jesus they already belonged to God in a special sense; as, e.g., Nath. i. 48.—Holtzmann. , “and they have kept Thy word,” the revelation of God which has come to them through various channels; in contrast to those mentioned in John 5:38.

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on John 17:6". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/john-17.html. 1897-1910.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

To the men whom thou gavest me out of the world. By whom we may understand his apostles and disciples. They were thine, and also mine, as I am God. See ver. 10. --- and to me thou gavest them, inasmuch as I am become man, their Saviour, their Redeemer, &c. (Witham) --- Had then the Father any thing which the Son had not? By no means. But Christ, as Son of God, had from eternity what he had not as Son of man; because he had not yet taken flesh of his virgin mother. All that he had as God, he attributes to his Father. (St. Augustine, tract. 106. in Joan.)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on John 17:6". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/john-17.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

have manifested = manifested.

name. Compare verses: it, 12, 26. Exodus 34:5. Psalms 9:10; Psalms 20:1 (see note there).

unto = to.

men. App-123.

gavest. Compare John 17:2; John 6:37; John 12:32.

out of. Greek. ek. App-104. kept. Greek. tereo. This word is used in these chapters twelve times: John 14:15, John 14:21, John 14:23, John 14:24; John 15:10, John 15:10, John 15:20, John 15:20; John 17:6, John 17:11, John 17:12, John 17:15; nine times in reference to the Word, thrice in reference to the disciples. word. Greek. logos. See Mark 9:32. Three statements are made by the Lord of His disciples, each three times: their relationship to the Word, verses: John 17:6, John 17:7, John 17:8; relationship to the Sent One, verses: John 17:8, John 17:18, John 17:25; relationship to the world, verses: John 17:14, John 17:14, John 17:16.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on John 17:6". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/john-17.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word.

I have manifested, [ Efaneroosa (G5319), 'I manifested'] thy name - `Thy whole revealed character toward mankind,'

Unto the men which thou gavest, [ dedookas (G1325), 'hast given'] me out of the world. He had said to them in the foregoing discourse, "I have chosen you out of the world." (John 15:19). Here He says the Father had first given them to Him out of the world; and it was in pursuance of that gift from everlasting that He in time made that choice of them.

Thine they were - as the sovereign Lord and Proprietor of all flesh (John 17:2),

And thou gavest them me - as the Incarnate Son and Saviour, to be themselves separated from the world and saved, in the first instance (according to the principles of John 6:37-40), and then to be separated to the high office of gathering in others.

And they have kept thy word - retained it (Luke 8:15); not taking it up superficially, as multitudes did, only to abandon it when they saw where it would lead them, but forsaking all for it.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on John 17:6". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/john-17.html. 1871-8.

The Bible Study New Testament

6. I have made you known. Now he prays for his disciples. The apostles are the ones he especially singles out.

 

 

 

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Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on John 17:6". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/john-17.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(6) I have manifested (better, I manifested) thy name unto the men which thou gavest me (better, Thou hast given Me) out of the world.—This manifestation of the name of God is the making Him known as the only true God, and the glorifying Him on earth of John 17:3-4. For the special form in which the thought is expressed (“Thy name”), comp. Note on Matthew 6:9.

He thinks of the disciples as a body separated from the world (comp. Note on John 15:19), and as given to Him by the Father. (Comp. Note on John 6:37.)

Thine they were, and thou gavest (better, hast given) them me.—The meaning of these words is that they were morally prepared by the earlier manifestation of God for the fuller manifestation in Christ. They were God’s in more than name, and therefore when Christ was revealed to them, they recognised Him of whom Moses and the prophets did speak. (Comp. John 1:37 et seq., and especially Notes on John 5:46; John 6:37; John 8:47.)

And they have kept thy word.—Comp. Notes on John 8:51; John 14:23. He says here, “Thy word,” not “My word,” because the thought of these verses (John 17:6-8) is that they were originally and were still the Father’s. They had been given to the Son, but this was only the completion of the revelation of the Father to them. Christ’s word was that of the Father who sent Him. (Comp. Notes on John 7:16; John 12:48-49.)

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on John 17:6". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/john-17.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word.
have manifested
26; 1:18; 12:28; Exodus 3:13-15; 9:16; 34:5-7; Psalms 22:22; 71:17-19; Matthew 11:25-27; Luke 10:21,22; 2 Corinthians 4:6; Hebrews 2:12; 1 John 5:20
the men
2,9,11,14,16,24; 6:37; 10:27-29; 15:19; 18:9; Acts 13:48
thine
9,10; Romans 8:28-30; 11:2; Ephesians 1:4-11; 2 Thessalonians 2:13,14; 1 Peter 1:1
they
8:31,32; 14:21-24; 15:3,7; Psalms 119:11; Proverbs 2:1-5,10; 3:1-4; 23:23; Colossians 3:16; 2 Timothy 1:13; Hebrews 3:6; Revelation 2:13; 3:8
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 32:3 - Because;  Psalm 25:14 - secret;  Psalm 89:24 - in my;  Jeremiah 22:16 - was not;  Jeremiah 31:34 - for they;  Matthew 11:27 - neither;  Matthew 16:17 - but;  John 8:47 - GeneralJohn 10:29 - which;  John 14:7 - from;  John 14:25 - have;  John 15:15 - all;  John 17:8 - and have;  John 17:20 - pray;  1 Corinthians 2:16 - But;  1 Corinthians 5:10 - of this;  2 Timothy 4:7 - I have kept;  Hebrews 2:13 - which

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on John 17:6". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/john-17.html.

Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms

Ver. 6. "I have manifested Thy name unto the men which Thou gavest Me out of the world: Thine they were, and Thou gavest them Me; and they have kept Thy word."—"I have declared Thy name" immediately suggests Psalms 22:23, "I will declare Thy name unto my brethren." The name of God is usually His historically manifested glory. Here, where the name is present before the manifestation, the nature of God Himself is described as His name, inasmuch as it contains in itself the germ of the actual manifestation: comp. on ver. 11. "God is known in Judah, His name is great in Israel," we read in Psalms 76:2. God had ever, in the Old Testament, made Himself, through His acts, a glorious name, Isaiah 63:14. But these revelations of the name were, in comparison of that effected through Christ, of so little account, that the name of God had hitherto, as it were, not been made known. The men form the antithesis to the Father and the Son in the previous verse. "Whom Thou hast given Me" refers not to eternal predestination, but to election in time. They were given at the moment when they attained to faith.

The design of the words, "Thine they were," etc., was formally to pave the way for the petition in ver. 12, and in effect to turn the disciples' hearts to God. God could not forsake them, even because of the love which He bears to all His creatures; how much more, then, would He defend them as believers, as those who had maintained their state of faith! "Thine they were, and Thou gavest them to Me." Both these were true, even of Judas: comp. ver. 12, where he also is numbered among those whom the Father had given to the Son. But because the third thing was in him wanting—the keeping God's word—the first and the second lost their force, yea, were changed in his case into a condemnation and a curse.

"Thine they were:" that is, as men, as belonging to the κόσμος, as Thy creatures. If we do not interpret this by referring to τοῖς ἀνθρώποις and to ἐκ τοῦ κόσμου, we are left to mere conjecture. We may compare Genesis 1 and Genesis 2:7, and "In Him we live, and move, and have our being," Acts 17:28, and "We are His offspring," ver. 29. The universal providence of God rests upon the creative relation; and that universal providence is the foundation of the special care which He has of believers. The Psalmists constantly refer to their relation to the Creator for the strengthening of their faith in the saving and helping mercy of God. In Psalms 22:10-11, the singer dwells upon the fact, that God had been the sufferer's God, even from his earliest infancy, and exults that He will not leave him or forsake him. "Thou preservest man and beast," it is said in Psalms 36:6 : how much more His saints! In Psalms 104 the greatness of God, in His care for all creatures living on earth, is exhibited, in order to invigorate the Church's confidence in the final victory of God's people over the world. In Psalms 145:9 we read, "The Lord is good to all, and His tender mercies are over all His works:" over all, therefore how much more over His people! Our Lord Himself took pleasure in reminding' His disciples of God's goodness in caring for all His creatures: comp. Matthew 6:26; Matthew 10:29-31. In these passages we have His own comment upon "Thine they were." But it cannot mean that they were once the Father's, but not the Son's. That would be at variance with ver. 10, according to which the Father can have nothing that the Son has not; and with vers. 5 and 24, according to which the Son, before the foundation of the world, shared the glory of God; and with ch. John 1:3, which shows that all things were made by the Word. Augustin rightly remarks: "Were they ever the Father's, and not the only-begotten Son's; and had the Father ever anything which the Son had not? Far be it. Assuredly God the Son had once that which He had not as man the Son." But it was not here the question to exalt the prerogative of the Son. Jesus would lay all His own in the arms of the Father.

"And Thou gavest them Me:" hence they have become Thine in an altogether different sense from that in which they were Thine as men. They were Thine as men: how much more are they Thine as Christians! In the third clause we find the word of the Father mentioned, and not the word of Christ; and this points to the fact, that the relation to Christ is here referred as involving in itself the deepened inwardness of the relation to the Father. Luther: "In their being My disciples, and hearing My word, they hear and keep not My word, but Thine." To the keeping of God's word, in this passage, corresponds, in ch. 15, the abiding in Christ. Where this third is wanting, the first two foundations for trust in the grace of God are robbed of all their strength.

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Hengstenberg, Ernst. "Commentary on John 17:6". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/john-17.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

6.I have manifested thy name. Here Christ begins to pray to the Father for his disciples, and, with the same warmth of love with which he was immediately to suffer death for them, he now pleads for their salvation. The first argument which he employs on their behalf is, that they have embraced the doctrine which makes men actually children of God. There was no want of faith or diligence on the part of Christ, to call all men to God, but among the elect only was his labor profitable and efficacious. His preaching, which manifested the name of God, was common to all, and he never ceased to maintain the glory of it even among the obstinate. Why then does he say that it was only to a small number of persons that he manifested the name of his Father, but because the elect alone profit by the grace of the Spirit, who teaches inwardly? (113) Let us therefore infer that not all to whom the doctrine is exhibited are truly and efficaciously taught, but only those whose minds are enlightened. Christ ascribes the cause to the election of God; for he assigns no other difference as the reason why he manifested the name of the Father to some, passing by others, but because they were given to him. Hence it follows their faith flows from the outward predestination of God, and that therefore it is not given indiscriminately to all, because all do not belong to Christ. (114)

Thine they were, and thou hast given them to me. By adding these words, he points out, first, the eternity of election; and, secondly, the manner in which we ought to consider it. Christ declares that the elect always belonged to God. God therefore distinguishes them from the reprobate, not by faith, or by any merit, but by pure grace; for, while they are alienated from him to the utmost, still he reckons them as his own in his secret purpose. The certainty of that election by free grace (115) lies in this, that he commits to the guardianship of his son all whom he has elected, that they may not perish; and this is the point to which we should turn our eyes, that we may be fully certain that we belong to the rank of the children of God; for the predestination of God is in itself hidden, but it is manifested to us in Christ alone.

And they have kept thy word. This is the third step; for the first is, the election by free grace, and the second is, that gift by which we enter into the guardianship of Christ. Having been received by Christ, we are gathered by faith into the fold. The word of God flows out to the reprobate, but it takes root in the elect, and hence they are said to keep it.

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on John 17:6". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-17.html. 1840-57.