Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Joshua 3:2

At the end of three days the officers went through the midst of the camp;
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Scofield Reference Index - Miracles;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Jordan, the River;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Ark of the Covenant;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Joshua, the Book of;   Presence of God;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Jericho;   Joshua;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Ark;   Journeyings of israel from egypt to canaan;   Lachish;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Writing;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Adar, the Seventh of;   Police Laws;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

After three days - These three days are probably to be thus understood: As soon as Joshua took the command of the army, he sent the spies to ascertain the state of Jericho; as we have seen Joshua 1:12. They returned at the end of three days, or rather on the third day, and made their report. It was at this time, immediately on the return of the spies, that he made the proclamation mentioned here; in consequence of which the people immediately struck their tents, and marched forward to Jordan.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Joshua 3:2". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/joshua-3.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

These days (Joshua 1:11 note) were no doubt occupied in preparations of various kinds. The host consisted not of armed men only, but of women and children also; and many arrangements would be necessary before they actually advanced into a hostile country.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Joshua 3:2". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/joshua-3.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And it came to pass after three days,.... At the end of the three days they were bid to prepare food for their expedition, and to go over Jordan, Joshua 1:11,

that the officers went through the host; the camp of Israel; very probably the same as in Joshua 1:10; this was, no doubt, by the order of Joshua, and who was directed to it by the Lord.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Joshua 3:2". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/joshua-3.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And it came to pass after b three days, that the officers went through the host;

(b) Which was given to prepare food (Joshua 1:11).
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Joshua 3:2". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/joshua-3.html. 1599-1645.

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary

Joshua had told the people, (Joshua 1:11.) that they were to pass over Jordan. But it doth not appear that they were informed how. Reader! it is good to have faith exercised. Abraham was not told that a ram would be provided when the Lord led him to the mount of sacrifice. Moses had no consciousness that the Lord would dry the Red sea until the hour of need. The sinner little thinks, when first the Lord begins a work of grace in his heart, that deliverance shall come, and in a way so astonishing as the blood and righteousness of Jesus? Doth not our God say to us upon numberless occasions, as to the poor man in the gospel, Believest thou that I am able to do this? Matthew 9:28.

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Hawker, Robert, D.D. "Commentary on Joshua 3:2". "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/joshua-3.html. 1828.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And it came to pass after three days, that the officers went through the host;

After three days — Either at the end of them, or upon the last of them.

Through the host — The second time to give them more particular directions, as they had given them a general notice, Joshua 1:10,11.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Joshua 3:2". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/joshua-3.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Joshua 3:2 And it came to pass after three days, that the officers went through the host;

Ver. 2. After three days,] i.e., Three days after that they were commanded to provide victuals. (a) [Joshua 1:11]

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Joshua 3:2". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/joshua-3.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Ver. 2. And—after three days—the officers went through the host Not that they passed through it after the people had continued three days on the banks of the Jordan, but at the end of the three days mentioned chap. Joshua 1:10-11 in which we follow Usher's calculation. Immediately on Joshua's taking upon him the conduct of Israel, he sent spies to make a discovery of Jericho and its environs: after which, he proclaimed in the camp, that they were to prepare themselves for marching at the first notice; and three days after this proclamation, he issued a second, which is that now in question.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Joshua 3:2". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/joshua-3.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

After three days; either,

1. At the end of the three days mentioned Joshua 1:11, or upon the last of them, as this phrase is used. See Poole "Deuteronomy 16:1". Or,

2. After those days were expired. See Poole "Joshua 1:11". The officers went through the host the second time to give them more particular directions, as they had given them a general notice, Joshua 1:10,11.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Joshua 3:2". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/joshua-3.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

2.[

After three days — Obviously three days after they came to the Jordan, near whose banks they lodged for this length of time, probably to make preparations for crossing. Their camp consisted not merely of armed men, but of the entire population, including women and children, with all their possessions, and a delay of three days before crossing into the enemy’s country might have been useful for many reasons now unknown to us. To identify these three days with those mentioned Joshua 1:11, is altogether unnecessary, and never would have been attempted but for the supposition, wholly untenable, that Joshua completed the passage of the Jordan within three days from his giving the order to prepare to cross. See notes on Joshua 1:11; Joshua 2:22. Strangely have some rationalistic critics argued that because the historian records in one place an order for the people to prepare to cross the Jordan in three days, and afterwards states that they stopped at the river three days, therefore his narrative was compiled from two different and contradictory documents, and these two periods of three days each were confounded by him!]

Officers — See note Joshua 1:10.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Joshua 3:2". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/joshua-3.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Heralds. Shoterim, chap. i. 10. Protestants, "the officers went through the host." (Haydock)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Joshua 3:2". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/joshua-3.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

after = at the end of.

host = camp.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Joshua 3:2". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/joshua-3.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And it came to pass after three days, that the officers went through the host;

The officers went through the host;

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Joshua 3:2". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/joshua-3.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(2) After three days.—See Joshua 1:2.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Joshua 3:2". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/joshua-3.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And it came to pass after three days, that the officers went through the host;
three days
1:10,11
Reciprocal: Numbers 10:33 - went before

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Joshua 3:2". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/joshua-3.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

2.And it came to pass after three days, etc That is, three days after their departure had been intimated. For they did not halt at the bank longer than one night. But as the period of three days had previously been fixed for crossing, and they had no hope of being able to accomplish it, Joshua now exhorts them to pay no more regard to obstacles and difficulties, and to attend to the power of God. For although the form of the miracle is not yet explained, yet when the ark of the covenant is brought forward like a banner to guide the way, it was natural to infer that the Lord was preparing something unusual. And while they are kept in suspense, their faith is again proved by a serious trial; for it was an example of rare virtue to give implicit obedience to the command, and thus follow the ark, while they were obviously uninformed as to the result. This, indeed, is the special characteristic of faith, not to inquire curiously what the Lord is to do, nor to dispute subtlety as to how that which he declares can possibly be done, but to cast all our anxious cares upon his providence, and knowing that his power, on which we may rest, is boundless, to raise our thoughts above the world, and embrace by faith that which we cannot comprehend by reason.

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on Joshua 3:2". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/joshua-3.html. 1840-57.