Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Luke 10:32

Likewise a Levite also, when he came to the place and saw him, passed by on the other side.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Afflicted;   Commandments;   Duty;   Hypocrisy;   Jesus, the Christ;   Jesus Continued;   Lawyer;   Love;   Neighbor;   Readings, Select;   Self-Righteousness;   Scofield Reference Index - Day (of Judgment);   Parables;   Thompson Chain Reference - Bible Stories for Children;   Children;   Curiosity;   Heartlessness;   Home;   Levites;   Pitiless;   Pitilessness;   Pleasant Sunday Afternoons;   Religion;   Selfishness;   Selfishness-Unselfishness;   Stories for Children;   Sympathy-Pitilessness;   Unkindness;   The Topic Concordance - Deeds;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Highways;   Parables;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Adummim;   Jericho;   Levites;   Parable;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Justice;   Levite;   Luke, gospel of;   Mercy;   Neighbour;   Samaria, samaritans;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Christ, Christology;   Clean, Unclean;   Ethics;   Friend, Friendship;   Golden Rule;   Hospitality;   Law of Christ;   Levite;   Love;   Mercy;   Neighbor;   Priest, Christ as;   Wealth;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Mercy;   CARM Theological Dictionary - Parable;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Adummim;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Hospitality;   Levites;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Adummim;   Brotherly Love;   Jesus, Life and Ministry of;   Life;   Luke, Gospel of;   Neighbor;   Parables;   Samaria, Samaritans;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Canon of the New Testament;   Ethics;   Law;   Martha;   Mary;   Parable;   Pity;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Character;   Commandments;   Discourse;   Heart;   Justice (2);   Law of God;   Levites;   Love (2);   Luke, Gospel According to;   Man (2);   Money (2);   Neighbour (2);   New Commandment;   Parable;   Property (2);   Reality;   Religious Experience;   Samaria ;   Samaria, Samaritans;   Samaritan, the Good ;   Sanctify, Sanctification;   Saying and Doing;   Spiritualizing of the Parables;   Temple (2);   Toleration, Tolerance;   Trade and Commerce;   Trinity (2);   Wealth (2);   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Levites ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Adummim;   Bethsaida;   Chief parables and miracles in the bible;   Levites;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Adum'mim;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Levite;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Pharisees;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Compassion;   Jesus Christ (Part 2 of 2);   Law in the New Testament;   Neighbor;   Righteousness;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Brotherly Love;   Jesus of Nazareth;   Levites (Temple Servants);  
Devotionals:
Every Day Light - Devotion for May 19;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

A Levite - The Levites, as well as the priests, were of the tribe of Levi, and were set apart to the duties of religion. The special duty of the priest was “to offer sacrifice” at the temple; to present incense; to conduct the morning and evening services of the temple, etc. The office or duty of the “Levites” was to render assistance to the priests in their services. In the journey of the Israelites through the wilderness, it was their duty to transport the various parts of the tabernacle and the sacred utensils. It was their duty to see that the tabernacle and the temple were kept clean; to prepare supplies for the sanctuary, such as oil, incense, wine, etc. They had also the care of the sacred revenues, and after the time of David they conducted the sacred “music” of the temple service, 1 Chronicles 23:3-5, 1 Chronicles 23:24-32; 1 Chronicles 24:27-31.

Came and looked on him - It is remarked by critics, here, that the expression used does not denote, as in the case of the priest, that he accidentally saw him and took no farther notice of him, but that he came and looked on him more attentively, but still did nothing to relieve him.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Luke 10:32". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/luke-10.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And likewise a Levite, when he was at the place,.... Where the poor man lay in this deplorable condition:

came and looked on him; and that was all; but neither spoke a comfortable word, nor administered any relief to him, or in the least assisted him:

and passed by on the other side; as the priest had done before him: by the "priest" may be meant, the moral law, and by the Levite the ceremonial law; and so by both, the whole law of Moses; and intimates, that no mercy is to be expected from thence: the law makes no abatement in its demands, nor any allowance for the fall and weakness of man: nor is it become milder under the Gospel dispensation; nor will it accept of an imperfect, though sincere obedience, in the room of a perfect one; and is deaf to all repentings, cries, and tears: no relief is to be had from thence, for a naked, wounded, and dead man; no robe of righteousness to cover a naked soul; for by the law is the knowledge of sin, but not a justifying righteousness by the deeds of it: for the deeds of the law, performed by sinful men, are impure and imperfect; and were they pure and perfect, they would be unprofitable, and could not justify in the sight of God from former sins; for could they, they would establish boasting, and disannul the death of Christ, and frustrate the grace of God; and therefore righteousness cannot be by the law, that leaves a man as naked as it finds him: nor is there any healing by it to a wounded conscience; there is no pity from it, no justification by it, no pardon through it, no expiation or atonement of sin, by obedience to it; no word of comfort is spoken by it; so far from it, that when it comes with power, it opens the wounds of sin, fills the conscience with wrath and terror, destroys all the man's former hopes of happiness, and leaves him where it found him; without healing him itself, or pointing out a physician to him: much less can it give life to a dead sinner: spiritual life is not communicated by it, nor can eternal life, or any true hope of it, be attained through it; it is so far from it, that it is the killing letter, and the ministration of condemnation and death.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Luke 10:32". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/luke-10.html. 1999.

Vincent's Word Studies

Came and looked

Rev., saw. Seeming to imply that the Levite went farther than the priest in coming near to the wounded man, and, having observed his condition, passed on.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Luke 10:32". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/luke-10.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

The Fourfold Gospel

And in like manner a Levite also1, when he came to the place, and saw him, passed by on the other side2.

  1. And in like manner a Levite also. A temple minister. The tribe of Levi had been set apart by God for his service.

  2. When he came to the place, and saw him, passed by on the other side. In the priest and Levite the lawyer saw the picture of his own life, for he saw in them those who knew the law, but did not practice it. There may have been many excuses for this neglect of the wounded man: danger, hate, dread of defilement, expense, but Jesus does not consider any of them worth mentioning.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on Luke 10:32". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/luke-10.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

32 And likewise a Levite, when he was at the place, came and looked on him, and passed by on the other side.

Ver. 32. Passed by on the other side] αντιπαρηλθεν. For fear of legal pollution. But two duties never meet so as to cross one another; the one of them yields, and the execution of the yielding duty for the present hath reason of an offence. This Levite’s legal strictness was here a vice; he should rather have showed mercy to his brother in misery. So that the rule, negatives always bind, intends not that they are of an indispensable nature; but that every particular instant of time is to be observed for their obedience, while and where they stand of force. (Huet. of Cons.)

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Luke 10:32". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/luke-10.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Luke 10:32. Came, and looked on him, Came nearer and took a leisurely and attentive survey of the case; which seems to be the import of the words Ελθων και ιδων .

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Luke 10:32". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/luke-10.html. 1801-1803.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

32.] The Levite, the inferior minister of the Law, did even worse; when he was at the place, he came and saw him;—came near, and then passed, as the other.

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Alford, Henry. "Commentary on Luke 10:32". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/luke-10.html. 1863-1878.

Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 10:32. Observe the climax in the description—having reached the place (in question), he went, when he had come (approached) and seen (the state of the case), by on the other side. On γενόμ. κατά, comp. Herod. iii. 86: ὡς κατὰ τοῦτο τὸ χωρίον ἐγένοντο; Xen. Cyrop. vii. 1. 14, and elsewhere. Comp. Luke 10:33.

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Meyer, Heinrich. "Commentary on Luke 10:32". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/luke-10.html. 1832.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

See Poole on "Luke 10:30"

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Luke 10:32". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/luke-10.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

левит Они были из колена Левия, но не являлись потомками Аарона. Они помогали священникам при служении в храме.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Luke 10:32". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/luke-10.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

A Levite; the Levites assisted the priests in the services of the temple.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Luke 10:32". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/luke-10.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

32.A Levite—A Levite was one of the tribe of Levi; a priest was of the family of Aaron in that tribe. The Levites performed the humble services of the temple, as cleaning, carrying fuel, and acting as choristers. Levites were also writers, teachers, preachers, and literati. The scribes and lawyers were frequently of this tribe, which, in fact, was set apart by Moses as the intellectual body in the nation.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Luke 10:32". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/luke-10.html. 1874-1909.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

“And in the same way a Levite also, when he came to the place, and saw him, passed by on the other side.”

The lesson is doubly rammed home by then speaking of a Levite who did the same thing, for the same reason. Levites were cultic officials and served in the Temple as ‘servants’ to the priests. They too would not want to become ‘unclean’. This is therefore a doubly-emphasised witness to the failure of the servants of the Temple. And the fact that Jesus included only Temple servants as illustrations suggests that He wanted to emphasise the lesson of the corruption of the Temple and those who served in it, and prevents us from seeing this as just a story with one simple point, although it is true that a large number of the officials working in the Temple did in fact live in Jericho. We should remember that in the not too distant future He will call that Temple also ‘a den of robbers’ (Luke 19:46).

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Luke 10:32". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/luke-10.html. 2013.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

The Levite repeated the priest"s act. He was a less likely person to offer help since his duty, assuming he fulfilled it, involved just assisting the priests in the mundane affairs involved in worship. By omitting his motives Jesus again focused attention on the man"s unloving act.

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Luke 10:32". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/luke-10.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 10:32. In like manner a Levite also. An inferior minister of the law, engaged in the service of the temple.

Came to the place, etc. The nearest English equivalent for both the Levite’s office and conduct would probably be found in the word ‘beadle.’

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Luke 10:32". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/luke-10.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Luke 10:32. ., likewise a Levite ’ passed by, the repetition of has a rhetorical monotony suggestive of the idea: such the way of the world—to pass by, “in nine cases out of ten that is what you may expect” (The Parabolic Teaching of Christ, p. 348).

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Luke 10:32". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/luke-10.html. 1897-1910.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

when he was = being. at. Greek. kata. App-104.

place = spot.

looked on him, and = seeing (as in Luke 10:31) him.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 10:32". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/luke-10.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And likewise a Levite, when he was at the place, came and looked on him, and passed by on the other side.

And likewise a Levite, when he was at the place, came and looked on him - a further aggravation.

And passed by on the other side. If we suppose this priest and Levite to have been returning from their temple duties at Jerusalem, as Trench say, it would show that whatever else they had learnt there, they had not learnt what that meaneth, "I will have mercy, and not sacrifice."

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Luke 10:32". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/luke-10.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(32) Likewise a Levite.—The passage is memorable as the only mention of Levites in the Gospels. He is represented as at once better and worse than the priest—better in that he does not altogether turn aside, but “comes” and looks; worse in that his second thoughts are at variance with his first, and prevail against them. If he has more light, he also sins more against it. He, too, may have been coming, like the priest, from his week of service in the Temple.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Luke 10:32". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/luke-10.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And likewise a Levite, when he was at the place, came and looked on him, and passed by on the other side.
Psalms 109:25; Proverbs 27:10; Acts 18:17; 2 Timothy 3:2
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 22:1 - hide thyself;  Psalm 38:11 - stand;  Proverbs 24:11 - GeneralLuke 17:16 - and he;  Acts 16:28 - cried

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 10:32". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/luke-10.html.