Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Luke 13:12

When Jesus saw her, He called her over and said to her, "Woman, you are freed from your sickness."
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Jesus, the Christ;   Miracles;   Sabbath;   Synagogue;   Scofield Reference Index - Parables;   Thompson Chain Reference - Defender of the Weak;   Weak;   The Topic Concordance - Glory;   Sabbath;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Miracles of Christ, the;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Miracle;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Luke, gospel of;   Pharisees;   Sabbath;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Demon;   Miracle;   Sabbath;   Sexuality, Human;   Synagogue;   Woman;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Sabbath;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Laying on of Hands;   Luke, Gospel of;   Sabbath;   Synagogue;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Matthew, Gospel According to;   Miracles;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Commandments;   Common Life;   Cures;   Discourse;   Disease;   Dropsy;   Impotence;   Israel, Israelite;   Physician (2);   Sabbath ;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Miracles;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Chief parables and miracles in the bible;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Sabbath;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Loose;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Crook-Backed;   Jesus Christ (Part 2 of 2);   Sabbath;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Jesus of Nazareth;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Thou art loosed from thine infirmity - This was a remarkable declaration. It does not appear that the woman “applied” to him for a cure; yet Jesus addressed her, and the disease departed. How clear would be the proofs from such a case that he was the Messiah! And how mighty the power of him that by a word could restore her to health!

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Luke 13:12". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/luke-13.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

And when Jesus saw her, he called her, and said to her, Woman, thou art loosed from thine infirmity.

Although the woman's presence in that assemblage could have been a silent plea for the help of God, it was Jesus who saw her, signaled her to come near, and announced her healing, the initiative clearly being with Jesus throughout.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Luke 13:12". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/luke-13.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And when Jesus saw her,.... In the synagogue among the people, either whilst, or after he had done teaching:

he called her to him, to come nearer him, and said unto her; of his own accord, without being asked by the woman, or any other for her, out of great compassion to her, seeing her in this miserable condition, and knowing full well the nature, cause, and long continuance of her disorder:

woman, thou art loosed from thine infirmity; which had not only bowed her, but it had bound her, as if she had been bound with cords; but Christ by saying these words, with his hands laid upon her, burst her bonds asunder, dispossessed the evil spirit, and delivered her from her long affliction.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Luke 13:12". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/luke-13.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And when Jesus saw her, he called [her to him], and said unto her, Woman, thou art e loosed from thine infirmity.

(e) For Satan had the woman bound, as if she had been in chains, to the extent that for eighteen years time she could not hold up her head.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Luke 13:12". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/luke-13.html. 1599-1645.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

He called her (προσεπωνησενprosephōnēsen). To come to him (προςpros).

Thou art loosed (απολελυσαιapolelusai). Perfect passive indicative of απολυωapoluō common verb, loosed to stay free. Only N.T. example of use about disease.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Luke 13:12". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/luke-13.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Thou art loosed ( ἀπολέλυσαο )

The only passage in The New Testament where the word is used of disease. Medical writers use it of releasing from disease, relaxing tendons, and taking off bandages. (Luke 13:25). In Matthew 7:13, where the image is of a gate opening into a way, πύλη ,gate, is used.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Luke 13:12". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/luke-13.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

12 And when Jesus saw her, he called her to him, and said unto her, Woman, thou art loosed from thine infirmity.

Ver. 12. Thou art loosed] For she had been bound by Satan, Luke 13:16. All wicked worldlings are worse bound, and go grovelling, but feel it not, look not out for help, look not up to heaven, till laid upon their backs by death, as swine ready to be stuck.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Luke 13:12". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/luke-13.html. 1865-1868.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

12.] There is no reason to suppose any eminence of faith in her—though we may fairly conclude that she was there with some expectation of a cure: see Luke 13:14.

ἀπολέλ. expresses the setting free of her muscles from the power which bound them down,—and then, Luke 13:13, the laying on of the divine hands confers upon her strength to rise and stand upright. It would be, in such a case, one thing to be loosed from the stiffening of years,—and another to have strength at once conferred to stand upright.

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Bibliographical Information
Alford, Henry. "Commentary on Luke 13:12". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/luke-13.html. 1863-1878.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 13:12. ἰδὼν, having seen) The woman seems to have had longing desire after Him, and confidence in Him.— ἀπολέλυσαι, thou art loosed) even now already: the preterite. The same expression occurs Luke 13:15-16.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Luke 13:12". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/luke-13.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

See Poole on "Luke 13:11"

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Luke 13:12". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/luke-13.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

подозвал Исцеление не было выпрошено; Он взял инициативу на Себя (ср. 7:12-14). Более того, с ее стороны или с чьей-либо еще не было необходимости в засвидетельствовании какой-то особой веры. Иногда Иисус требовал свидетельство о вере, но не всегда (ср. 8:48; Мк. 5:34).

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Luke 13:12". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/luke-13.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

12.Saw her’ called—While Jesus is teaching, the debilitated cripple is descried by him in the women’s part of the synagogue, and she comes forth at his command, apparently so bowed down that she could scarce have seen the face of her benefactor if he stood in the pulpit.

Loosed—For Satan’s grasp had fastened and tied her down with her own stiffened sinews and muscles. Jesus lays his hand upon her, through which a heavenly power is poured, and the Satanic spell disappears.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Luke 13:12". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/luke-13.html. 1874-1909.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

‘And when Jesus saw her, he called her, and said to her, “Woman, you are loosed from your infirmity.” ’

When Jesus saw her He called out to her, “Woman, you are loosed from your infirmity.” This was probably the equivalent of a command to the evil spirit to leave her, for with Jesus deliverance from evil spirit was always by His word.

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Luke 13:12". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/luke-13.html. 2013.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 13:12. Saw her. There is no evidence, that she asked for a cure. The action of our Lord and the language of the ruler of the synagogue, indicate that she hoped for one.

Thou art loosed from thine infirmity. Her muscles were released from the influence which bound them. This suggests (as also Luke 13:16) Satanic power, which our Lord always drove away with a word.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Luke 13:12". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/luke-13.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Luke 13:12. : Jesus, ever prompt to sympathise, called her to Him when His eye lit upon the bent figure.— : perfect for future, the thing as good as done; spoken to cheer the downcast woman while she approaches. The cure was consummated by touch when she came up to Jesus (Luke 13:13), whereupon the eighteen years’ sufferer burst into praise: . A lifelike moving scene.

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Luke 13:12". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/luke-13.html. 1897-1910.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

saw. App-133.

loosed. Used of disease only here in N.T., because she had been bound with a demoniac band. See note on Mark 7:35.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 13:12". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/luke-13.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And when Jesus saw her, he called her to him, and said unto her, Woman, thou art loosed from thine infirmity.

And when Jesus saw her, he called her to him, and said unto her, Woman, thou art loosed from thine infirmity.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Luke 13:12". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/luke-13.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(12) Woman, thou art loosed from thine infirmity.—Better, thou hast been loosed . . . The words were obviously a test of the woman’s faith. Would she, on hearing the words, make the effort to do what she had not done for eighteen years? The verb, it may be noted, is in the perfect. The work of healing was already completed.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Luke 13:12". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/luke-13.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And when Jesus saw her, he called her to him, and said unto her, Woman, thou art loosed from thine infirmity.
Woman
6:8-10; Psalms 107:20; Isaiah 65:1; Matthew 8:16
loosed
16; Joel 3:10
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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 13:12". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/luke-13.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

12.Woman, thou art delivered In this miracle, as well as in others, Christ exhibited a proof both of his power and of his grace; for in this manner he testified that he had come for the purpose of granting relief to the wretched. His power is expressed in these words, Woman, thou art delivered; for he authoritatively declares that deliverance was at his own disposal, and employs, at the same time, the outward sign, the use of which we have explained on a former occasion.

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on Luke 13:12". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/luke-13.html. 1840-57.