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(1) We must not rejoice at the just punishment of others, but rather we should be instructed by it to repent.
(a) Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea almost ten years, and about the fourth year of his government, which might be about the fifteenth year of Tiberius' reign, Christ finished the work of our redemption by his death.
(b) That is, in the place, or river: for Siloam was a small river from which the conduits of the city came; see (John 9:7) ; (Isaiah 8:6); and therefore it was a tower or a castle, built upon the conduit side, which fell down suddenly and killed some.
(2) Great and long suffering is the patience of God, but yet he eventually executes judgment.
(c) Make the ground barren in that part which is otherwise good for vines.
(3) Christ came to deliver us from the hand of Satan.
(d) Troubled with a disease which Satan caused.
(e) For Satan had the woman bound, as if she had been in chains, to the extent that for eighteen years time she could not hold up her head.
(4) A graphic image of hypocrisy, and the reward of it.
(f) One of the rulers of the synagogue, for it appears that there were many rulers of the synagogue, see (Mark 5:22) (Acts 13:15).
(5) God begins his kingdom with small beginnings so that its growth, which is not looked for, may better set forth his power.
(6) Against those who had rather err with many than go right with a few, and because of this through their own indifference they are shut out of the kingdom of God.
(7) It is vain to be in the Church if one is not of the Church; and whether or not one is in the Church is shown by the purity of life.
(8) The casting off of the Jews and the calling of the Gentiles is foretold.
(g) From all the corners of the world, and the places mentioned here are four of the main ones.
(9) We must go forward in regards to our calling, through the midst of terrors, whether they be real or imagined.
(h) That deceitful and treacherous man.
(i) That is, a small time, and Theophylact says it is a proverb: or else by "to day" we may understand the present time, and by tomorrow the time to come, meaning by this the entire time of his ministry and office.
(k) That is, when the sacrifice for sin is finished.
(10) Nowhere else are there more cruel enemies of the godly than within the sanctuary and Church itself: but God sees it and will in his time have an account for it from them.
(l) Literally, "the nest": now the brood of chickens is the nest.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Luke 13". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/
Eve of Ascension