Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Luke 13:19

It is like a mustard seed, which a man took and threw into his own garden; and it grew and became a tree, and the birds of the air nested in its branches ."
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Gospel;   Jesus, the Christ;   Jesus Continued;   Kingdom of Heaven;   Scofield Reference Index - Parables;   Thompson Chain Reference - Mustard Seed;   The Topic Concordance - Kingdom of God;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Parables;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Parable;   Wax;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Spices;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Mustard;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Elijah;   Mustard;   Parable;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Garden;   Luke, Gospel of;   Parables;   Woman;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Bird;   Matthew, Gospel According to;   Mustard;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Animals;   Discourse;   Fowl;   Husbandman ;   Impotence;   Mustard;   Organization (2);   Proverbs ;   Seed (2);   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Mustard Seed;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Chief parables and miracles in the bible;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Mustard;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Arden;   Mustard (tree);   Tree;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Mustard;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Birds;   Branch and Bough;   Fowl;   Garden;   Jesus Christ (Part 2 of 2);   Lodge;   Mustard;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Jesus of Nazareth;  

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

It is like a grain of mustard seed,.... Both for its smallness at first, and its after increase; wherefore both the Evangelists Matthew and Mark observe, that it "is the least of all seed": which is true of the ministry of the Gospel, of the Gospel church state, and of the grace of God in the hearts of his people:

which a man took and cast into his garden; the Ethiopic version renders it, "and sowed in his field", as in Matthew 13:31 though mustard used to be sowed in gardens as well as in fields.F24T. Hieros. Peah, fol 20. 2. Says R. Simeon ben Chelphetha, I have one stalk of mustard seed, בתוד שלי, "in my garden": soF25Lex. Talmud. col. 823. Buxtorf translates it. And by the place in the text, where this seed is cast, may be meant, either the "field" of the world, where the Gospel is preached, and churches are raised; or the "garden" of the church, where the word and ordinances are administered, and in the hearts of the members of it, the grace of God is implanted and increased; see Song of Solomon 4:12

and it grew and waxed a great tree, which may design the spread of the Gospel in the world, the flourishing state of the church of Christ, and the growth of grace in the hearts of believers.

And the fowls of the air lodged in the branches of it; the Syriac version reads in the singular number, "the fowl of the air"; not Satan, and his principalities and powers, which devour the seed sown by the wayside; nor the angels of heaven; but rather gracious men on earth, who sit under the shadow of a Gospel ministry with great delight; and "make their nests", as the Persic version here renders the words, and take up their residence in Gospel churches; See Gill on Matthew 13:31, Matthew 13:32, Mark 4:31, Mark 4:32.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Luke 13:19". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/luke-13.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

5 It is like a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and cast into his garden; and it grew, and waxed a great tree; and the fowls of the air lodged in the branches of it.

(5) God begins his kingdom with small beginnings so that its growth, which is not looked for, may better set forth his power.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Luke 13:19". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/luke-13.html. 1599-1645.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

A grain of mustard seed (κοκκωι σιναπεωςkokkōi sinapeōs). Either the sinapis nigra or the salvadora persica, both of which have small seeds and grow to twelve feet at times. The Jews had a proverb: “Small as a mustard seed.” Given by Mark 4:30-32; Matthew 13:31. in the first great group of parables, but just the sort to be repeated.

Cast into his own garden (εβαλεν εις κηπον εαυτουebalen eis kēpon heautou). Different from “earth” (Mark) or “field” (Matthew.)” ΚηποςKēpos old word for garden, only here in the N.T. and John 19:1, John 19:26; John 19:41.

Became a tree (εγενετο εις δενδρονegeneto eis dendron). Common Hebraism, very frequent in lxx, only in Luke in the N.T., but does appear in Koiné though rare in papyri; this use of ειςeis after words like κατεσκηνωσενginomai It is a translation Hebraism in Luke.

Lodged (κατασκηνοινkateskēnōsen). Mark and Matthew have kataskēnoin infinitive of the same verb, to make tent (or nest).

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Luke 13:19". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/luke-13.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

His garden

Properly, as Rev., his own ( ἑαυτοῦ ) where he could personally observe and tend it.

Great tree

The best texts omit great.

Birds

See on Luke 9:58.

Branches ( κλάδοις )

See on Mark 11:8.

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The text of this work is public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Luke 13:19". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/luke-13.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

The Fourfold Gospel

It is like unto a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and cast into his own garden1; and it grew, and became a tree2; and the birds of the heaven lodged in the branches thereof.

  1. It is like unto a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and cast into his own garden. See

  2. And it grew, and became a tree. See .

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on Luke 13:19". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/luke-13.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

19 It is like a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and cast into his garden; and it grew, and waxed a great tree; and the fowls of the air lodged in the branches of it.

Ver. 19. See Matthew 13:31.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Luke 13:19". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/luke-13.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Luke 13:19. A great tree; A great plant, or shrub; another of the evangelists calls it λαχανος, the greatest among herbs. See Matthew 13:32.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Luke 13:19". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/luke-13.html. 1801-1803.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 13:19. κῆπον, garden) which is enclosed. Comp. in connection with the same thought, hid ( ἐνέκρυψεν), Luke 13:21.—[ καὶ ηὔξησε, and it grew) You have instances in point in Luke 13:13; Luke 13:17.—V. g.]

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Luke 13:19". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/luke-13.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

See Poole on "Luke 13:18"

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Luke 13:19". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/luke-13.html. 1685.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Divine grace in the heart may at first be small and feeble; men may hardly be able to perceive it; but by a proper use of the means, under the influences of the Holy Spirit, it will increase till its manifestations shall become visible to all.

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Bibliographical Information
Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Luke 13:19". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/luke-13.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

“It is like to a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and cast into his own garden, and it grew, and became a tree, and the birds of the heaven lodged in its branches.”

Jesus then pointed out that it was like a grain of mustard seed, the smallest seed known to the farmers of Palestine. Yet when a man sowed this tiny seed it grew until it became a large bush, sometimes even up to twelve feet (four metres) high, so large that the birds, who loved the small black mustard seeds, could come and lodge in its branches (compare especially Ezekiel 17:22-24, where a sprig planted in Israel will grow until it is a blessing to all the world so that the birds nest in its branches; and Daniel 4:21 where the birds represented captive nations). Of all the herbs it was a phenomenon. No other herb grew like it. Thus the Kingly Rule of God would grow from small beginnings (Luke 12:32) by the spreading of the word, becoming larger and larger, and would reach out even to other than Jews as ‘the birds of the air’ gathered on its branches to partake of its blessings.

‘Garden.’ In Matthew 13:31, in a different context, the mustard seed was sown in ‘the field’, i.e. the countryside. That the latter did happen is supported in Rabbinic sources. This would suggest that in Palestine there were different agricultural approaches towards the growing of mustard ‘trees’ from seeds, which is quite likely, for they were herbs. They could thus be grown in the countryside, or in gardens. There is thus no need to require a Gentile environment because of the use of ‘garden’, although it is always possible that Luke is translating in accordance with the general custom of his readers in growing mustard bushes.

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Bibliographical Information
Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Luke 13:19". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/luke-13.html. 2013.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Luke 13:19. , garden, more exact indication of place than in Mt. and Mk.— , a tree; an exaggeration, it remains an herb, though of unusually large size.

 

 

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Bibliographical Information
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Luke 13:19". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/luke-13.html. 1897-1910.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Lord was this mustard-seed, when he was buried in the earth; and He became a tree, when he ascended into heaven; but a tree that overshadowed the whole creation, in the branches of which the birds of heaven rested; that is, the powers of heaven, and all such as by good works have raised themselves from the earth. The apostles are the branches, to repose in whose bosoms we take our flight, borne on the wings of Christian virtue. Let us sow this seed (Christ) in the garden of our hearts, that the grace of good works may flourish, and you may send forth the various perfumes of every virtue. (St. Ambrose)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Luke 13:19". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/luke-13.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

into. Greek. eis. App-104.

waxed = became into (Greek. eis).

great. Omit [L] T [Tr. A] WH R.

fowls = birds.

the air = the heaven. Singular. See notes on Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.

lodged = nested. Greek. kataskenoo. Occurs four times: here; Matthew 13:32. Mark 4:32, Acts 2:26.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 13:19". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/luke-13.html. 1909-1922.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

It is like a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and cast into his garden; and it grew, and waxed a great tree; and the fowls of the air lodged in the branches of it.
like
Matthew 13:31,32; 17:20; Mark 4:31,32
cast
Song of Solomon 4:12,16; 5:1; 6:2; 8:13; Isaiah 58:11; 61:11; Jeremiah 31:12
and it
Psalms 72:16,17; Isaiah 2:2,3; 9:7; 49:20-25; 51:2,3; 53:1,10-12; 54:1-3; Isaiah 60:15-22; Ezekiel 17:22-24; 47:1-12; Daniel 2:34,35,44,45; Micah 4:1,2; Zechariah 2:11; 8:20-23; 14:7-9; Acts 2:41; 4:4; 15:14-18; 21:20; *Gr:; Romans 15:19; Revelation 11:15
and the
Ezekiel 31:6; Daniel 4:12,21
Reciprocal: Luke 17:6 - as

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 13:19". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/luke-13.html.