Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Luke 15:5

When he has found it, he lays it on his shoulders, rejoicing.
New American Standard

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - God Continued...;   Jesus, the Christ;   Jesus Continued;   Lost Sheep;   Penitent;   Pharisees;   Repentance;   Salvation;   Sheep;   Thompson Chain Reference - Joy;   Joy-Sorrow;   The Topic Concordance - Losing and Things Lost;   Repentance;   Salvation;   Seeking;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Parables;   Sheep;   Shepherds;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Parable;   Shepherd;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Christ, Christology;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Sheep;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Authority;   Gospel;   Imagery;   Jesus, Life and Ministry of;   Luke, Gospel of;   Mammon;   Names of God;   Parables;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ethics;   Love, Lover, Lovely, Beloved;   Parable;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Children of God;   Circumstantiality in the Parables;   Complacency;   Doctrines;   Eternal Punishment;   Gospel (2);   Happiness;   Ideas (Leading);   Man (2);   Redemption (2);   Religious Experience;   Rufus;   Sanctify, Sanctification;   Sorrow, Man of Sorrows;   Wilderness (2);   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Sheep;   Shoulder;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Chief parables and miracles in the bible;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Shoulder;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Joy;   Shoulder;  
Devotionals:
Every Day Light - Devotion for November 14;  

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And when he hath found it,.... In a sad plight and condition: so Christ finds his sheep in a most desolate one, in a pit, in the mire and clay of nature; in the paw of the roaring lion, Satan; helpless, hopeless, wretched, miserable, and naked; and not only starving, famishing, and dying, but even dead in trespasses and sins: and finding them with respect to redemption, designs his procuring eternal salvation for them; and with regard to calling, his laying hold upon them by his Spirit and grace, and bringing them to a sense of themselves, and to the knowledge of himself. There are several things which Christ does to his sheep when he has found them, which are not here expressed, but understood: finding them dead in sin he speaks life into them; he calls them by name, and asserts his property in them; he takes them out of the pit of nature; he rescues them out of the hands of Satan; he washes them from their filthiness, and heals all their diseases; he feeds and refreshes them; he covers them with his robe of righteousness; he beautifies and adorns them, and brings them home in the manner after described:

he layeth it on his shoulders; he does not put them on their own legs to go alone; nor does he lead them, and much less drive them before him; but he takes them up in his arms, and lays them on his shoulders: which shows the passiveness of men in conversion, and their weakness and impotency to any thing that is spiritually good of themselves; they cannot think a good thought, nor do a good action, and still less begin and carry on the work of grace in their hearts; as also the strength of Christ in bearing and carrying them, as he does, through all afflictions, temptations, and difficulties, safe to glory; and likewise his great love and affection for them; he loved them before the world began, and he showed it in dying for them, and manifests it to them, when he calls them by grace; and this also expresses the safety of his sheep; for being on him, they are in no danger from the law and justice of God; nor from Satan, or any other enemy; nor of a final and total falling away: and moreover this signifies the spiritual ease and rest which such have in Christ: the manner in which Christ the shepherd carries them, having found them, and laid them on his shoulders, is

rejoicing: not upbraiding them with going astray; nor complaining of, or groaning under the burden; but rejoicing in a kind of triumph, and carrying them as a trophy of victory, and a spoil obtained.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Luke 15:5". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/luke-15.html. 1999.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

On his shoulders (επι τους ωμους αυτουepi tous ōmous autou). He does it himself in exuberant affection and of necessity as the poor lost sheep is helpless. Note the plural shoulders showing that the sheep was just back of the shepherd‘s neck and drawn around by both hands. The word for shoulder (ωμοςōmos) is old and common, but in the N.T. only here and Matthew 23:4.

Rejoicing (χαιρωνchairōn). “There is no upbraiding of the wandering sheep, nor murmuring at the trouble” (Plummer).

Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Luke 15:5". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/luke-15.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

When he hath found it

Matthew, If so be that he find it.

On his shoulders

Lit., his own shoulders. “He might have employed a servant's aid, but love and joy make the labor sweet to himself” (Bengel). The “Good Shepherd” is a favorite subject in early Christian art. “We cannot go through any part of the catacombs, or turn over the pages of any collection of ancient Christian monuments, without coming across it again and again. We know from Tertullian that it was often designed upon chalices. We find it ourselves painted in fresco upon the roofs and walls of the sepulchral chambers; rudely scratched upon gravestones, or more carefully sculptured on sarcophagi; traced in gold upon glass, moulded on lamps, engraved on rings; and, in a word, represented on every species of Christian monument that has come down to us … .It was selected because it expressed the whole sum and substance of the Christian dispensation … .He is sometimes represented alone with his flock; at other times accompanied by his apostles, each attended by one or more sheep. Sometimes he stands amidst many sheep; sometimes he caresses one only; but most commonly - so commonly as almost to form a rule to which other scenes might be considered the exceptions - he bears a lost sheep, or even a goat, upon his shoulders” (Northcote and Brownlow, “Roma Sotterranea”). A beautiful specimen is found in the mausoleum of Galls Placidia, at Ravenna, erected about 450 a.d. It is a mosaic in green and gold. The figure is a beautiful one, youthful in face and form, as is usual in the early mosaics, and surrounded by his sheep. Facing this appears, over the altar, the form of Christ seated beside a kind of furnace, on the other side of which stands a little open bookcase. He is engaged in casting heretical books into the fire. Are they, indeed, the same - the Shepherd Christ of the Gospels, and the polemic Christ of the ecclesiastics

Copyright Statement
The text of this work is public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Luke 15:5". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/luke-15.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

The Fourfold Gospel

And when he hath found it, he layeth it on his shoulders, rejoicing1.

  1. And when he hath found it, he layeth it on his shoulders, rejoicing. A touch suggesting the weakness of the sheep and the willing affection of the shepherd.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on Luke 15:5". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/luke-15.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

5 And when he hath found it, he layeth it on his shoulders, rejoicing.

Ver. 5. See Matthew 18:13.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Luke 15:5". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/luke-15.html. 1865-1868.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

5.] Not mere self-interest, but love comes forward here: see Isaiah 40:11. No blows are given for the straying—no hard words; mercy to the lost one,—and joy within himself,—are the Shepherd’s feeling; the sheep is weary with long wanderings,—He gives it rest, Matthew 9:36; Matthew 11:28.

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Bibliographical Information
Alford, Henry. "Commentary on Luke 15:5". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/luke-15.html. 1863-1878.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 15:5. ἑαυτοῦ, His own shoulders) He might have employed the agency of His servant; but love and joy render the exertion to Himself sweet and delightful.

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Bibliographical Information
Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Luke 15:5". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/luke-15.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

See Poole on "Luke 15:4"

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Luke 15:5". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/luke-15.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

возьмет ее на плечи свои Пример любящего пастыря. Ср. Ин. 10:11; Пс. 23:1.

с радостью Самой характерной особенностью всех трех притчей является радость о возвращении потерянного (ст. 7, 10, 32).

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Bibliographical Information
MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Luke 15:5". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/luke-15.html.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

“And when he has found it, he lays it on his shoulders, rejoicing.”

Note that in this narrating of the parable success is assumed. It is not ‘if’ He finds it, but ‘when’ He finds it (contrast Matthew 18:13, which demonstrates that the parable there was given on a different occasion. The emphasis of the parable would vary depending on the emphasis Jesus wished to lay). This carrying of the sheep on his shoulders would be normal practise for a shepherd. The sheep would be exhausted, and the shepherd triumphant and rejoicing (compare Isaiah 40:11).

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Bibliographical Information
Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Luke 15:5". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/luke-15.html. 2013.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

5.He layeth it on his shoulders—The shepherd of the East at the present day is often seen bearing upon his shoulder the forlorn sheep that is too weak to be driven. It furnishes a beautiful image of the tenderness of the Redeemer to the soul of the penitent, which he is saving from its lost condition.

 

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Luke 15:5". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/luke-15.html. 1874-1909.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 15:5. Each one of his lord’s debtors. The debtors were scarcely tenants or contractors, but more probably men who had bought and not yet paid for certain stores belonging to the rich man.

Said to the first. We have two examples of what happened in each case.

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Bibliographical Information
Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Luke 15:5". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/luke-15.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Luke 15:5. , etc., he places the found one on his shoulders; not in affection merely or in the exuberance of his joy, but from necessity. He must carry the sheep. It cannot walk, can only “stand where it stands and lie where it lies” (Koetsveld). This feature, probable in natural life, is true to the spiritual. Such was the condition of the mass of Jews in Christ’s time (Matthew 9:36, cf. “when we were without strength,” Romans 5:6).— : the carrying necessary, but not done with a grudge, rather gladly; not merely for love of the beast, but in joy that a thing lost has been found, making the burden, in spite of the long way, light. He is a very poor shepherd that does not bear the sheep that stands still, unable to walk (videZechariah 11:16, margin).

 

 

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Bibliographical Information
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Luke 15:5". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/luke-15.html. 1897-1910.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

when he hath found it = having found it. In Matt., "If so be that he find it. "For the reason, see note on Luke 15:3.

on. Greek. epi. App-104.

his shoulders = his own shoulders; not those of another.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 15:5". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/luke-15.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And when he hath found it, he layeth it on his shoulders, rejoicing.

No JFB commentary on this verse.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Luke 15:5". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/luke-15.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(5) And when he hath found it, he layeth it on his shoulders.—Here again we have a three-fold series of parallel applications: the love of Jesus for each wandering sheep, bearing and sustaining it in its weakness; the love which led Him to take upon Him our nature, and to bear its infirmities; the love which leads those in whom the mind of Christ is formed to follow in His footsteps, and to act as He acted.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Luke 15:5". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/luke-15.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And when he hath found it, he layeth it on his shoulders, rejoicing.
when
19:9; 23:43; Isaiah 62:12; John 4:34,35; Acts 9:1-16; Romans 10:20,21; Ephesians 2:3-6; Titus 3:3-7
he layeth
Isaiah 40:10,11; 46:3,4; 63:9; Micah 5:4; Ephesians 1:19,20; 2:10; 3:7; 1 Thessalonians 1:5; 2 Timothy 2:26; 1 Peter 1:5
rejoicing
23,24,32; Isaiah 53:10,11; 62:5; Jeremiah 32:41,42; Ezekiel 18:23; 33:11; Micah 7:18; Zephaniah 3:17; John 15:11; Hebrews 12:2
Reciprocal: Psalm 104:31 - rejoice;  Isaiah 65:19 - I will;  Zechariah 4:10 - for they;  Matthew 18:13 - he rejoiceth;  Matthew 26:29 - until;  Luke 10:21 - Jesus;  Acts 15:3 - they caused;  Romans 12:15 - Rejoice;  Ephesians 2:17 - and preached

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 15:5". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/luke-15.html.