Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Luke 21:10

Then He continued by saying to them, "Nation will rise against nation and kingdom against kingdom,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Jesus, the Christ;   Jesus Continued;   Watchfulness;   Thompson Chain Reference - Civil Strife;   Nation, the;   Strife;   The Topic Concordance - Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ;   Earthquakes;   End of the World;   Hate;   Kingdom of God;   Perishing;   Persecution;   Pestilence;   Redemption;   World;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Jerusalem;  
Dictionaries:
Holman Bible Dictionary - Luke, Gospel of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Kingdom of God;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Discourse;   Luke, Gospel According to;   1910 New Catholic Dictionary - parousia;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Chief parables and miracles in the bible;   Jerusalem;  

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

Then said he unto them, Nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom; and there shall be great earthquakes, and in divers places famines and pestilences; and there shall be terrors and great signs from heaven.

The famines, pestilences, earthquakes, etc. were to be expected as invariable phenomena characteristic of all generations. Again, these are not the true sign of the end. They are in a sense NORMAL. It is futile to cite historical examples, which are plentiful.

Terrors and great signs from heaven ... Impressive as these most assuredly will be, nevertheless, these also are not THE SIGN. As to what Jesus foretold here, one may only conjecture. Certainly Josephus has the most amazing catalog of wonders that preceded the fall of Jerusalem, such as a cow giving birth to a lamb, the appearance in the skies of legions of marching soldiers, etc. Whatever was the cause of these things, and whatever was their nature, real or imaginary, they were certainly "terrors" to those who experienced them, thus vindicating Jesus' prophecy.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Luke 21:10". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/luke-21.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Then said he unto them, nation shall rise,.... See Gill on Matthew 24:7.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Luke 21:10". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/luke-21.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Nation, etc. — Matthew and Mark (Matthew 24:8; Mark 13:8) add, “All these are the beginning of sorrows,” or travail pangs, to which heavy calamities are compared (Jeremiah 4:31, etc.).

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Luke 21:10". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/luke-21.html. 1871-8.

The Fourfold Gospel

And when ye shall hear of wars and tumults, be not terrified: for these things must needs come to pass first; but the end is not immediately.

  1. And when ye shall hear of wars and tumults . . . the end is not immediately. See .

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on Luke 21:10". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/luke-21.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

10.] τότε ἔλ. αὐτ. perhaps implies a break in the discourse which the other reports do not notice.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Alford, Henry. "Commentary on Luke 21:10". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/luke-21.html. 1863-1878.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 21:10. τότε ἔλεγεν αὐτοῖς, then said He to them) It is indicated by the introduction of this formula, that a short pause intervened before He spake. So in Luke 21:29.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Luke 21:10". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/luke-21.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

See Poole on "Luke 21:9"

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Luke 21:10". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/luke-21.html. 1685.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

‘Then he said to them, “Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom,”

‘Then he said to them.’ This may indicate that there had been a lull in the conversation (it does not appear in Mark, but Luke’s careful enquiry may have elicited the need for it from his witness). Or it may be with the intention of heightening the effect of what follows, as Jesus moves from relatively local situations to worldwide ones.

He now pointed out that wars between nations must be expected in the normal course of events (compare 2 Chronicles 15:5-6). They have always taken place, and they always will. This is something that the first century onwards, through to the twenty first century, have constantly made clear. The first century was a century of war and disasters, and it is doubtful if there has been any time in all the ensuing centuries when there have not been wars somewhere in the world, wars which were devastating and appeared like the end of the world, and was for many of those involved.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Luke 21:10". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/luke-21.html. 2013.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Luke 21:10. points to a new beginning in discourse, which has the effect of dissociating the repeated mention of political disturbances from what goes before, and connecting it with apostolic tribulations referred to in the sequel. In Mt. and Mk. the verse corresponding is simply an expansion of the previous thought.

 

 

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Luke 21:10". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/luke-21.html. 1897-1910.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Then said He, &c. Matthew 24:7, Matthew 24:8. Mark 13:8. Nation, &c. Quoted from Isaiah 19:2.

against. Greek. epi. App-104.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 21:10". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/luke-21.html. 1909-1922.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Then said he unto them, Nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom:
Nation shall
This portended the dissensions, insurrections, and mutual slaughter of the Jews, the open wars of different tetrarchies, and the civil wars in Italy between Otho and Vitellius.
2 Chronicles 15:5,6; Haggai 2:21,22; Zechariah 14:2,3,13; Mark 13:8; Acts 2:19,20; 11:28; Hebrews 12:27; Revelation 6:2-12
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 25:32 - evil;  Haggai 2:7 - I will shake

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 21:10". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/luke-21.html.