Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Luke 21:21

Then those who are in Judea must flee to the mountains, and those who are in the midst of the city must leave, and those who are in the country must not enter the city;
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Jerusalem;   Jesus, the Christ;   Jesus Continued;   War;   Watchfulness;   Scofield Reference Index - Times of the Gentiles;   The Topic Concordance - Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ;   End of the World;   Israel/jews;   Jerusalem;   Kingdom of God;   Redemption;  
Dictionaries:
Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - War, Holy War;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Captivity;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Luke, Gospel of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Kingdom of God;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Attributes of Christ;   Coming Again;   Cowardice;   Discourse;   Lord's Supper. (I.);   Luke, Gospel According to;   Quotations (2);   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Judah, the Kingdom of;   1910 New Catholic Dictionary - parousia;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Abominable;   Abomination;   Chief parables and miracles in the bible;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Chronology of the New Testament;   Eschatology of the New Testament;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Eschatology;  

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

Then let them that are in Judea flee unto the mountains; and let them that are in the midst of her depart out; and let not them that are in the country enter therein. For these are days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled.

Flee unto the mountains ... History records that no Christian lost his life in the incredible devastation that overtook Jerusalem, the certainty that they did escape being the only authentication of Jesus' prophecy that is necessary. Eusebius tells how:

The Christians fled to Pella, a town in Trans-Jordan to the south of the Sea of Galilee. Pella was one of the Greek towns of the Decapolis, and there the Christians remained free from the Roman warfare and Jewish persecution.[22]

All things that are written may be fulfilled ... The great chapter of Deuteronomy 28:15-68 is surely included in this. Almost no form of calamity which was visited upon the Jews during the Roman war was left unmentioned in this chapter; but many of the prophets were just as specific (see Leviticus 26:31-33; Deuteronomy 32:35; 1 Kings 9:6-9; Daniel 9:26; Micah 3:12; and Zechariah 11:6).

These are the days of vengeance ... At last, as Jesus said, "All of the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of Abel" to the very time Jesus spoke, was coming upon the doomed city. Their greatest sin of all was in rejecting God's Son; and the penalty of that last act of rebellion was summarily executed upon Israel in the total destruction of their city.

ENDNOTE:

[22] Eusebius, the ancient church historian, was thus quoted by Norval Geldenhuys, op. cit., p. 535.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Luke 21:21". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/luke-21.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Then let them which are in Judaea flee to the mountains,.... See Gill on Matthew 24:16.

And let them which are in the midst of it; either of Judea, as the preceding clause seems to direct the sense; or in Jerusalem, and which indeed was in the midst of Judea; and this sense is favoured by the Persic version, which renders it, "within the city"; let them go out of it, as the Christians did to Pella, Mount Libanus, and other places:

and let not them that are in the countries; either foreign countries, or in towns and villages;

enter thereinto: either into Judea, or into Jerusalem; contrary to this advice, they came from all countries to the feast of the passover at Jerusalem, and were there shut up by the siege and destroyedF3Joseph. de Bello Jud. l. 7. c. 17. .

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Luke 21:21". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/luke-21.html. 1999.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Then let them which are in Judaea flee to the mountains; and let them which are in the midst of it depart out; and let not them that are in the countries enter thereinto.

Let them that are in the midst of it — Where Jerusalem stands (that is, they that are in Jerusalem) depart out of it, before their retreat is cut off by the uniting of the forces near the city, and let not them that are in the adjacent countries by any means enter into it.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Luke 21:21". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/luke-21.html. 1765.

The Fourfold Gospel

Then let them that are in Judaea flee unto the mountains; and let them that are in the midst of her depart out1; and let not them that are in the country enter therein.

  1. And let them that are in the midst of her depart out. Jerusalem.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on Luke 21:21". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/luke-21.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

21 Then let them which are in Judaea flee to the mountains; and let them which are in the midst of it depart out; and let not them that are in the countries enter thereinto.

Ver. 21. See Matthew 24:16; Mark 13:14.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Luke 21:21". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/luke-21.html. 1865-1868.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

21.] αὐτῆς belongs to the αὐτῆς of Luke 21:20, and signifies not Judæa, but Jerusalem.

ταῖς χώρ., the fields—not ‘the provinces:’ see reff.

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Bibliographical Information
Alford, Henry. "Commentary on Luke 21:21". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/luke-21.html. 1863-1878.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 21:21. [ τότε, then) Where all human prudence fails, there Christians who bear the name with truth are helped by the word and guidance of their Master and their Lord.—V. g.]— αὐτῆς, of it) viz. the city: in which in the meantime they are directed to ‘tarry:’ ch. Luke 24:47; Luke 24:49.— οἱ ἐν ταῖς χώραις, who are in the country-regions) who live in the towns and villages: see on Matthew 24:16 [“Let them flee into the mountains”].

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Luke 21:21". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/luke-21.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

See Poole on "Luke 21:20"

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Luke 21:21". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/luke-21.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

в горы См. пояснения к Мф. 24:16; Мк. 13:14.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Luke 21:21". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/luke-21.html.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

“Then let those who are in Judaea flee to the mountains, and let those who are in the midst of her depart out, and let not those who are in the countryside enter into it.”

The warning here is vivid and pointed. At the first indication of approaching troops they are to find refuge not in the city (the natural place of refuge in time of war), for that is doomed, but in the caves on the wild, deserted mountains. That what is being described here is local can be seen from the fact that it can be avoided by fleeing to the mountains in the vicinity of Judea, a flight also to be engaged in by those in Jerusalem with all speed. Nor are those in the countryside to see Jerusalem as a refuge. The emphasis is on the fact that the judgment is centred on Jerusalem, and is certain, although necessarily it will involve all concerned with the welfare of Jerusalem. In the event the whole of Galilee and Judea would be affected, which was ever the case when Jerusalem was to be invested as past investments had made clear (when Sennacherib invested Jerusalem he had besieged and taken forty six large cities. Nebuchadnezzar had engaged in wholesale destruction). But Jerusalem would experience the total devastation, for after huge slaughter of both young and old, male and female, the remainder were carried off into captivity. No mercy was shown by the Roman invaders.

For this idea of fleeing to the mountains see Ezekiel 7:16; Genesis 19:26; Isaiah 15:5; and compare also Jeremiah 49:8; Zechariah 14:5; Amos 5:18-20. As Jerusalem is itself in the mountains the idea is of the remote mountains of the Judean wilderness in the Dead Sea area, to which David fled to escape from the vengeance of Saul (1 Samuel 26:1-3), as well as the mountains across the Jordan in Transjordan.

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Bibliographical Information
Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Luke 21:21". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/luke-21.html. 2013.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 21:21. In the midst of her, i.e., Jerusalem, not Judea, as appears from the last clause of the verse. See the emended text. This Gospel does not contain so full directions in regard to the flight, as that written more especially for Jewish Christians (Matthew).

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Luke 21:21". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/luke-21.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Luke 21:21. , then, momentous hour, time for prompt action.— , flee! The counsel is for three classes: (1) those in Judaea at some distance from Jerusalem, (2) those who happen to be in Jerusalem ( ) when the armies appear, (3) those in the fields or farms round about Jerusalem ( ) who might be tempted to take refuge within the city from the invaders, thinking themselves safe within its walls, and who are therefore counselled not to enter. The corresponding counsel in the parallels, Luke 21:17-18 in Matthew, 15, 16 in Mk., vividly sets forth the necessity of immediate flight.

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Luke 21:21". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/luke-21.html. 1897-1910.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

it = her.

countries = fields.

thereinto = into (Greek. eis. App-104.) her.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 21:21". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/luke-21.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(21) Let not them that are in the countries . . .—The noun is sometimes rendered “coasts,” sometimes “region,” sometimes “fields.” The latter meaning would seem to be that here intended. Comp. John 4:35, James 5:4, where the word is so rendered.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Luke 21:21". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/luke-21.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Then let them which are in Judaea flee to the mountains; and let them which are in the midst of it depart out; and let not them that are in the countries enter thereinto.
flee
Accordingly, when Cestius Gallus came against Jerusalem, and unexpectedly raised the siege, Josephus states, that many of the noble Jews departed out of the city, as out of a sinking ship; and when Vespasian afterwards drew towards it, a great multitude fled to the mountains. And we learn from Eusebius, and Epiphanius, that at this juncture, all who believed in Christ left Jerusalem, and removed to Pella, and other places beyond Jordan; and so escaped the general shipwreck of their country, that we do not read of one who perished in Jerusalem.
17:31-33; Genesis 19:17,26; Exodus 9:20,21; Proverbs 22:3; Matthew 24:16; Mark 13:15
and let them
Numbers 16:26; Jeremiah 6:1; 35:11; 37:12; Revelation 18:4
Reciprocal: Psalm 59:11 - scatter;  Isaiah 43:28 - and have;  Isaiah 64:10 - GeneralJeremiah 44:29 - a sign;  Matthew 22:7 - he was;  Mark 13:14 - then;  Luke 21:7 - what;  Acts 22:18 - Make

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 21:21". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/luke-21.html.