Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Numbers 25:12

Therefore say, ‘Behold, I give him My covenant of peace;
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Covenant;   Decision;   Fear of God;   Israel;   Phinehas;   Zeal, Religious;   Thompson Chain Reference - Covenant;   Covenants and Vows;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Atonement, under the Law;   High Priest, the;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Idol, Idolatry;   Midianites;   Moabites;   Phinehas;   Simeon;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Balaam;   Jealousy;   Midian;   Phinehas;   Priest;   Zadok;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Covenant;   Peace;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Covenant;   Zeal;   Zimri;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Census;   Pentateuch;   Zimri;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Covenant;   High Priest;   Midian, Midianites;   Numbers, Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Covenant;   Malachi;   Moses;   Numbers, Book of;   Peace;   Phinehas;   Zimri;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Midian, Midianites ;   Phinehas ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Balaam;   Phinehas;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Baal;   Phinehas;   Shittim;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ba'al,;   Phin'ehas;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Peculiarities of the Law of Moses;   On to Canaan;   Moses, the Man of God;   Conquest of Canaan;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Covenant, in the Old Testament;   Cozbi;   Midianitish Woman;   Moses;   Phinehas;   Priest, High;   Text of the Old Testament;   Zimri (1);   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Alexander Jannæ;   Balaam;   Corinaldi, David ḥ;   Covenant;   Elijah;   ;   Phinehas;   Priest;   Small and Large Letters;   Zealots;   Zimri;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

My covenant of peace - Equivalent to “the covenant of My peace.” God established with Phinehas in particular that covenant which He had made generally with all his people; and among its blessings peace is especially mentioned, because of the peace between God and the congregation which Phinehas had brought about. As an additional gift there is assigned to him and his seed forever the office of peace-making, the legitimate function of the priesthood (compare Ephesians 2:14); and the covenant was thus to him a covenant not only of peace but of life (compare the marginal reference). Phinehas became highpriest after the death of his father Eleazar, and the office, with a short interruption from the days of Eli to those of David, when for unknown reasons it was filled by the descendants of his uncle Ithamar, was perpetuated in his line; nor indeed is it known to have departed from that line again until the typical priesthood of the sons of Aaron was merged in the actual priesthood of the Saviour of mankind.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Numbers 25:12". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/numbers-25.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Wherefore say,.... Moses is bid to tell what follows to Phinehas himself, for his comfort and encouragement, and to the people of Israel, that they might take notice of it, and give him honour and respect, as one highly esteemed by the Lord:

behold, I give unto him my covenant of peace; not only hereby assuring him that he had nothing to fear from the brethren and relations of the person he had slain, as Aben Ezra; but that he should enjoy all peace and happiness, external, internal, and eternal: Baal Hatfurira on the place says, that "Shalom", peace, is by geometry, or numerically, the Messiah; who is the peace, the peace maker, and peace giver, and in whom all the blessings of grace and peace are: and if this covenant is the same with the covenant of the priesthood in the next verse, it may be so called, because the priests had a peculiar nearness to God, and enjoyed his friendship, favour, and peace with him, and because the right administration of their office was the means of peace between God and his people; in this also Phinehas was a type of Christ; the covenant of grace made with him is called the covenant of peace, Isaiah 54:10 for in this covenant the scheme of peace and reconciliation was formed, agreed to, and settled; Christ was appointed the peace maker, which he agreed to be; and in consequence of it was sent and obtained peace by the blood of his cross, which is published in the everlasting Gospel, called therefore the Gospel of peace.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Numbers 25:12". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/numbers-25.html. 1999.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Wherefore say, Behold, I give unto him my covenant of peace:

My covenant of peace — That is, the covenant of an everlasting priesthood, as it is expounded, Numbers 25:13, which is called a covenant of peace, partly with respect to the happy effect of this heroical action of his, whereby he made peace between God and his people; and partly with regard to the principal end of the priestly office, which was constantly to do that which Phinehas now did, even to meditate between God and men, to obtain and preserve his own and Israel's peace and reconciliation with God, by offering up sacrifices and incense, and prayers, to God on their behalf, as also by turning them away from iniquity, which is the only peace-breaker, and by teaching and pressing the observation of that law, which is the only bond of their peace.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Numbers 25:12". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/numbers-25.html. 1765.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

i.e. The covenant of an everlasting priesthood, as it is expounded, Numbers 25:13, which is called a covenant of peace, partly with respect to the happy effect of this heroical action of his, whereby he made peace between God and his people; and partly with regard to the principal end and use of the priestly office, which was constantly to do that which Phinehas now did, even to mediate between God and men, to obtain and preserve his own and Israel’s peace and reconciliation with God, by offering up sacrifices, and incense, and prayers to God on their behalf, Numbers 16:47,48, as also by turning them away from iniquity, which is the only peace-breaker, and by teaching and pressing the observation of that law, which is the only bond of their peace, Malachi 2:5-7.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Numbers 25:12". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/numbers-25.html. 1685.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Numbers 25:12. My covenant of peace — That is, the covenant of an everlasting priesthood, as it is expounded Numbers 25:13, which is called a covenant of peace, partly with respect to the happy effect of this heroical action of his, whereby he made peace between God and his people, and partly with regard to the principal end of the priestly office, which was constantly to do that which Phinehas now did, even to mediate between God and men, in order to their peace and reconciliation with him, by offering up sacrifices and prayers to God on their behalf; as also by turning them away from iniquity, which is the only peace-breaker; and by teaching and pressing upon them the observation of that law, which is the only bond of their peace.

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Numbers 25:12". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/numbers-25.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

. He has the honour of restoring the people to peace and to my favour, so that my covenant shall still subsist with them. He shall surely be his father's successor in the high priesthood, and shall not be prevented by death.

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Numbers 25:12". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/numbers-25.html. 1859.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(12) My covenant of peace.—Phinehas, as one who was zealous for the honour of God and of the house of the Lord, was a fitting type of Christ, in whom the prediction of the Psalmist received its accomplishment, “The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up” (Psalms 69:9; John 2:17). The covenant of grace is described in Isaiah 54:10 and in Malachi 2:5 as the covenant of peace.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Numbers 25:12". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/numbers-25.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Wherefore say, Behold, I give unto him my covenant of peace:
13:29; Malachi 2:4,5; 3:1
Reciprocal: Nehemiah 13:29 - the covenant

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Numbers 25:12". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/numbers-25.html.

The People's Bible by Joseph Parker

"Handfuls of Purpose"

For All Gleaners

"My covenant of peace"Numbers 25:12

Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron, the priest, was a type of Christ.—The covenant of grace is described in Isaiah 54:10, and in Malachi 2:5, as the covenant of peace.—Peace must be the result of harmony with God.—God is the God of peace.—He blesses his people with peace.—Speaking to his servant, he said, "My covenant was with him of life and peace."—The converse of this is true; "There is no peace, saith my God, to the wicked."—Peace does not represent a grace so much as a virtue.—Great misunderstanding prevails as to the true meaning of peace.—True peace represents the highest energy, controlled and sanctified.—Never represent spiritual peace by death or the grave, or by anything that is inert, or passionless.—He only is at peace who in full possession of every faculty feels that there is no power in his soul that does not aspire towards God in loving obedience.—Peace of this kind does not exempt from daily trial and daily sorrow.—The presence of peace in the soul takes the right view of such discipline, and is sure to find stars in the darkness.—The peace that is spoken of is not a temporary arrangement; it is a matter of covenant signed and sealed.—The blessing of God is a covenant ordered in all things and sure.—Judge spiritual progress by the depth of spiritual peace.—"Perfect love casteth out fear."—The great gift of Christ to the Church is a gift of peace.—The apostle describes the peace of God as passing understanding,—an enjoyment beyond analysis, and beyond criticism: passing understanding as flying passes walking, as the light of the sun passes all the sparks man can kindle upon earth, as the ocean passes the little rills that trickle over the surface of the earth.

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Parker, Joseph. "Commentary on Numbers 25:12". The People's Bible by Joseph Parker. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jpb/numbers-25.html. 1885-95.