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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Proverbs 11:13

He who goes about as a talebearer reveals secrets, But he who is trustworthy conceals a matter.

Adam Clarke Commentary

A talebearer - רכיל הולך holech rachil, the walking busybody, the trader in scandal.

Revealeth secrets - Whatever was confided to him he is sure to publish abroad. The word means a hawker, or travelling chapman. Such are always great newsmongers; and will tell even their own secrets, rather than have nothing to say.


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Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Proverbs 11:13". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/proverbs-11.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The man who comes to us with tales about others will reveal our secrets also. Faithfulness is shown, not only in doing what a man has been commissioned to do, but in doing it quietly and without garrulity.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Proverbs 11:13". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/proverbs-11.html. 1870.

Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible

"He that goeth about as a talebearer revealeth secrets; But he that is of a faithful spirit concealeth a matter."

Of all the damaging habits of evil people, that of the gossip and the talebearer must rank very high indeed. "The one who comes to us with tales of others will also reveal our secrets."[13] "Any person who tells secrets about other people can't be trusted. But a person that can be trusted does not spread gossip."[14] As DeHoff said it, "There is no bigger fool than the one who tells everything he knows."[15]


Copyright Statement
James Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.

Bibliography
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Proverbs 11:13". "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/proverbs-11.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

A talebearer revealeth secrets,.... The Arabic version adds, in the congregation, openly and publicly; that goes about with tales from place to place, who is like a walking merchant or peddler, as the wordF12הולך רכיל "obambulat ut mercator", Tigurine version; "qui incedit nundinator", Schultens. signifies; who takes up his wares at one place, and exposes them to sale, and vends them at another; so a talebearer, he goes from house to house, and picks up tales at one place and carries them to another and tells them; and as by his going about he gets into the secrets of persons and families, or is intrusted with them, his character not being known, he reveals them to others, and so breaks the trust committed to him see 1 Timothy 5:13. The Targum and Syriac version render it "an accuser"; and the same name is given to the devil in the New Testament, and indeed such a man is no better;

but he that is of a faithful spirit concealeth the matter; that is "faithful" to his friend, that trusts him with his secrets, of which there are but few; he "conceals the matter" he is entrusted with: "the things", as the Septuagint version; the secrets which are imparted to him; or "the word"F13דבר "verbum", Pagninus, Montanus, Mercerus, Baynus. that he has heard, and has been spoken to him in privacy, and in strict friendship: or he "covers the matter"F14מכסה דבר "tegit rem", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "velat negotium", Schultens. or thing; he hides the infirmities of his friend and neighbour, and does not expose them as the talebearer does; see 1 Peter 4:8.


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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 11:13". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/proverbs-11.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

tale-bearer — (Compare Margin), one trading as a peddler in scandal, whose propensity to talk leads him to betray confidence.


Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Proverbs 11:13". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/proverbs-11.html. 1871-8.

Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament

13 He who goeth about tattling revealeth secrets;

But he who is of a faithful spirit concealeth a matter.

The tattler is called רכיל (intensive form of רכל ), from his going hither and thither. אנשׁי רכיל , Ezekiel 22:9, are men given to tattling, backbiters; הולך רכיל (cf. Leviticus 19:16), one of the tattlers or backbiters goes, a divulger of the matter, a tell-tale. It is of such an one that the proverb speaks, that he reveals the secret ( סוד , properly the being close together for the purpose of private intercourse, then that intercourse itself, vid ., at Psalms 25:14); one has thus to be on his guard against confiding in him. On the contrary, a נאמן־רוּח , firmus ( fidus ) spiritu , properly one who is established, or reflexively one who proves himself firm and true ( vid ., at Genesis 15:6), conceals a matter, keeps it back from the knowledge and power of another. Zöckler rightly concludes, in opposition to Hitzig, from the parallelism that the הולך רכיל is subject; the arrangement going before also shows that this is the “ground-word” (Ewald); in Proverbs 20:19 the relation is reversed: the revealer of secrets is rightly named (cf. Sir. 27:16, ὁ ἀποκαλύπτων μυστήρια, κ.τ.λ. ).


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The Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament is a derivative of a public domain electronic edition.

Bibliography
Keil, Carl Friedrich & Delitzsch, Franz. "Commentary on Proverbs 11:13". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/kdo/proverbs-11.html. 1854-1889.

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible

A faithful man will not disclose what he is trusted with, unless the honour of God and the real good of society require it.


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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography
Henry, Matthew. "Concise Commentary on Proverbs 11:13". "Matthew Henry Concise Commentary

on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mhn/proverbs-11.html. 1706.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

A talebearer revealeth secrets: but he that is of a faithful spirit concealeth the matter.

Secrets — Such things as were committed to his trust with a charge of secrecy.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 11:13". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/proverbs-11.html. 1765.

James Nisbet's Church Pulpit Commentary

TALEBEARING

‘A talebearer revealeth secrets: but he that is of a faithful spirit concealeth the matter.’

Proverbs 11:13

I. A talebearer.—One celebrated nation of antiquity used to express this man’s character by a very significant figure. They called a talebearer a ‘seedpicker.’ There are men in the world who live by going about here and there, from house to house, through a town large or small, and gathering together all the little stories which can be told about the neighbours who are dwelling securely by them, and ignorant of the calumnies by which they are assailed.

II. A talebearer revealeth secrets.—Many motives go to make up a talebearer. (1) Perhaps he is a witty man. (2) Or he may be a man in whose own conscience there is a sore place. And it is a relief to him to hope that others are not so much better than himself. (3) There are others who cannot bear superiors. Their only comfort is in a general disbelief of virtue.

III. ‘He that is of a faithful spirit concealeth the matter.’—He does not say what matter. But we may understand it to include two things: that which has been entrusted to him in the secrecy of confidence, and that which has become known to him to another’s disparagement.

—Dean Vaughan.

Illustration

‘It is hardly possible for a talebearer not to get into the habit of talking more about the faults of others than about their excellences. Most novelists feel that if there is no wickedness in their book it is almost sure to be dull; and most talebearers find that there is something much more effective in a story about the weaknesses, mistakes, or follies of others than in a story about their wisdom and virtue. You may speak of the good deeds of your friends incessantly, and never earn the name. The very word “talebearer” has come to mean one who tells tales to other people’s discredit; and we have not a word in the language which denotes one who habitually speaks of other men’s excellences.’


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Bibliography
Nisbet, James. "Commentary on Proverbs 11:13". Church Pulpit Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cpc/proverbs-11.html. 1876.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Proverbs 11:13 A talebearer revealeth secrets: but he that is of a faithful spirit concealeth the matter.

Ver. 13. A talebearer revealeth secrets.] Heb., A pedlar. {See Trapp on "Leviticus 19:16"} {See Trapp on "1 Timothy 5:13"} Si sapis arcano vina reconde cado. God forbids us to chaffer with these petty chapmen. [Proverbs 20:19]

Concealeth the matter.] Tacitus to him is the best historian - primus in historia. He is a rare friend that can both give counsel and keep counsel. One being hit in the teeth with his stinking breath, wittily excused it, that it was by reason of the many secrets committed to him, and concealed by him so long, till they were even rotten in his bosom.


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 11:13". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/proverbs-11.html. 1865-1868.

The Popular Commentary by Paul E. Kretzmann

v. 13. A talebearer revealeth secrets, his conduct in going about tattling and slandering results in the betrayal of many a thing which had better remained bidden; but he that is of a faithful spirit, one who proves himself trustworthy, one upon whom people can depend, concealeth the matter, secrets which were committed to him, things whose publication will result only in heartaches and not in edification. A different matter is that broached Matthew 18, 15-20.


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Bibliography
Kretzmann, Paul E. Ph. D., D. D. "Commentary on Proverbs 11:13". "Kretzmann's Popular Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/kpc/proverbs-11.html. 1921-23.

Sermon Bible Commentary

Proverbs 11:13

I. A talebearer. One celebrated nation of antiquity used to express this man's character by a very significant figure. They called a talebearer a "seedpicker." There are men in the world who live by their seed-collecting: by going about here and there, from house to house, from street to street, through a town large or small, and gathering together all the little stories which can be told or made about the neighbours who are dwelling securely by them, and ignorant of the calumnies by which they are assailed.

II. A talebearer revealeth secrets. Many motives go to make up a talebearer. (1) Perhaps he is a witty man. He can intimate, rather than express, a scandal. His representations of character are pungent. His imitations, his caricatures of manner and of speech, are irresistibly comic. In society he is the life of his company. It is not till he is silent and departed—perhaps not even then—that you begin to feel that there has been virtually a talebearer among you, and that he has been revealing unkind secrets. (2) Or he may be a man in whose own conscience there is a sore place. He knows something against himself. He is conscious of some lurking, some secret, some bosom sin. And it is a relief to him to hope that others are not so much better than himself. He finds a solace in his wretchedness in making company for his sin. (3) There are others who cannot bear superiors. They do not like superiors in station, but superiors in character they cannot brook. Their only comfort is in a general disbelief of virtue. A ridiculous story to tell of the eminently good is to them as a draught of water to the thirsty.

III. "He that is of a faithful spirit concealeth the matter." He does not say what matter. But we may understand it to include two things: that which has been entrusted to him in the secrecy of confidence, and that which has become known to him to another's disparagement.

If we could part for ever with the disposition of the talebearer, we should have parted with that which, more than anything else, confuses and perplexes and embitters human life. It is the want of self-knowledge which makes us so keen-sighted. It is the want of acquaintance with Christ, as our Propitiation first, and then as our Example, which makes it possible for us to sit in the tribunal of judgment.

C. J. Vaughan, Lessons of Life and Godliness, p. 1.


References: Proverbs 11:13.—W. Arnot, Laws from Heaven, 1st series, p. 292. Proverbs 11:15.—Ibid., p. 294. Proverbs 11:16.—Preacher's Monthly, vol. vi., p. 128. Proverbs 11:17.—W. Arnot, Laws from Heaven, 1st series, p. 303. Proverbs 11:18.—Ibid., p. 305. Proverbs 11:18-23.—R. Wardlaw, Lectures on Proverbs, vol. i., p. 287. Proverbs 11:19, Proverbs 11:21.—H. Armstrong Hall, Clergyman's Magazine, vol. xiii., p. 271. Proverbs 11:20.—W. Arnot, Laws from Heaven, 1st series, p. 307; J. H. Evans, Thursday Penny Pulpit, vol. xi., p. 281.


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Bibliography
Nicoll, William R. "Commentary on Proverbs 11:13". "Sermon Bible Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sbc/proverbs-11.html.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

A tale-bearer, or, he that goeth about (from one place or person to another, as the manner of such is) telling tales, making it his business to scatter reports, revealeth secrets; this tattling humour is so prevalent with him, that he cannot forbear to publish, either his neighbour’s secret faults, or such things as were committed to his trust with a charge of secrecy.

He that is of a faithful spirit, that hath a sincere, and constant, and faithful mind, which both can and will govern his tongue,

concealeth the matter, so far as he can lawfully do.


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Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Proverbs 11:13". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/proverbs-11.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

13. A talebearer הולךְ רכיל, holekh rakhil. The root of the first word means to walk, of the second, to go about as a trader, a pedler. Such persons gather up the news and carry the gossip from house to house and from place to place; hence, perhaps, the word came to signify a talebearer, a pedler of news, a newsmonger.

He that is of a faithful spirit — A right thinking and right feeling man will cover up whatever word or thing comes to his knowledge that would be injurious to honest people. Compare Proverbs 20:19; Proverbs 25:9; Jeremiah 16:28; Leviticus 19:16; 1 Peter 2:1, James 3; also James 4:11.


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Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Proverbs 11:13". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/proverbs-11.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Walketh. Septuagint, "the double-tongued," dissembler, or great talker. (Calmet)


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Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Proverbs 11:13". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/proverbs-11.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

A talebearer = He that goes about talebearing: or, a peddler in scandal. Compare Leviticus 19:16. James 1:26. Illustrations: Doeg (1 Samuel 21:7; 1 Samuel 22:9, 1 Samuel 22:10. Psalms 52:2, Compare Proverbs 24:28); the nobles of Judah (Nehemiah 6:17-19).

secrets = a secret.

spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9.


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Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Proverbs 11:13". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/proverbs-11.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

A talebearer revealeth secrets: but he that is of a faithful spirit concealeth the matter.

A talebearer [Hebrew, one walking as a detractor, raakiyl (H7400)] revealeth secrets. The association of the verb walking with detractor, literally, a merchant, is due to the fact that the detractor goes about like a trafficker, carrying the wares of scandal, gathered from various quarters, and circulating them far and wide (Jeremiah 6:28, "Walking with slanders;" Leviticus 19:16. "Thou shalt not go up and down as a talebearer among thy people;" 1 Peter 2:1; James 4:11). In this case it aggravates the offence that what the talebearer circulates was a 'secret' committed to him in confidence.

But he that is of a faithful spirit concealeth the matter - answering to "a man of understanding holdeth his peace" (Proverbs 11:12). "He that is of a faithful spirit" - opposed to "a talebearer;" one "faithful" to his premise of secrecy given to his friend.


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Proverbs 11:13". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/proverbs-11.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A talebearer revealeth secrets: but he that is of a faithful spirit concealeth the matter.
A tale bearer
Heb. He that walketh being a talebearer.
20:19; Leviticus 19:16
revealeth
25:9; 26:20-22; Nehemiah 6:17-19
he
14:5; Joshua 2:14,20; Jeremiah 38:27

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Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 11:13". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-11.html.

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Monday, October 14th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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