Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Proverbs 30:5

Every word of God is tested; He is a shield to those who take refuge in Him.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Faith;   Shield;   Word of God;   Thompson Chain Reference - Battle of Life;   Bible, the;   God's Word;   Protector, Divine;   Purity;   Shield, God a;   Word;   Word of God;   Word, God's;   The Topic Concordance - Commandment;   Creation;   Defense;   God;   Lying/lies;   Purity;   Trust;   Word of God;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Scriptures, the;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Proverb, the Book of;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Word;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Pardon;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Armour;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Arms and Armor;   Proverbs, Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Agur;   Jakeh;   Lie, Lying;   Massa;   Proverbs, Book of;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Pure (and forms);  
Encyclopedias:
Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Arms - armor;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Eliezer B. Nathan of Mayence;   Poetry;   She'elot U-Teshubot;  
Devotionals:
Daily Light on the Daily Path - Devotion for October 9;   Every Day Light - Devotion for October 29;   Today's Word from Skip Moen - Devotion for March 1;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Every word of God is pure - צרופה אלוה אמרת כל col imrath eloah tseruphah, "Every oracle of God is purified." A metaphor taken from the purifying of metals. Every thing that God has pronounced, every inspiration which the prophets have received, is pure, without mixture of error, without dross. Whatever trials it may be exposed to, it is always like gold: it bears the fire, and comes out with the same lustre, the same purity, and the same weight.

He is a shield unto them - And this oracle among the rest. "He is the defense of all them that put their trust in him." לכל lechol, to all, is added here by nineteen of Kennicott's and De Rossi's MSS.; for instead of לחסים lachosim, to the trusters, they read החוסים לכל lechol hachosim, "to Every One of them that trust." Where the preposition and adjective are not only added, but the noun is written more full, and more emphatic: but a translation cannot well express it without paraphrase.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Proverbs 30:5". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/proverbs-30.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Out of this consciousness of the impotence of all man‘s efforts after the knowledge of God rises the sense of the preciousness of every living word that God has Himself revealed, whether through “the Law and the prophets” or through “wise men and scribes.”

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Proverbs 30:5". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/proverbs-30.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

AN EXHORTATION TO TRUST GOD

"Every Word of God is tried:

He is a shield to them that take refuge in him.

Add thou not unto his words,

Lest he reprove thee, and thou be found a liar."

"All of the revelation of God is free from error. As originally given, the Bible was free of any error. The alleged mistakes, errors, etc. in ancient manuscripts are insignificant. They do not affect even one percent of the text";[11] and they are of no more consequence than a flyspeck on the Washington Monument!

"Add thou not unto his words" (Proverbs 30:6). This commandment is expanded and made a part of the New Testament. "If any man shall add unto the words of the prophecy of this book, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in the book; and if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take his part from the tree of life, and out of the holy city, which are written in this book" (Revelation 22:18-19). (See our comment on this passage in Vol. 12 (Revelation), of the New Testament commentaries.)

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Proverbs 30:5". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/proverbs-30.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Every word of God is pure,.... The whole word of God. "All Scripture", given by inspiration of God, to which Agur directs, as giving the best account of God, of his name, nature, and perfections; of his Son, person, offices, and grace; being pure, very pure, "purified"F26צרופה "purgatus", Pagninus, Montanus, Tigurine version, Gejerus; "purgatissimus", Junius & Tremellius; Heb. "conflatus", Piscator, Mercerus, Cocceius, Schultens. like silver, purified in a furnace of earth. The whole of Scripture is pure, free from all falsehood and error; coming from the God of truth, who cannot lie, and therefore called "the Scriptures of truth": every promise is pure as well as precious, made without dissimulation, faithfully performed, and all yea and amen in Christ; every doctrine is pure, free from the mixtures and inventions of men; the sincere milk of the word; consistent and all of a piece, not yea and nay; and tending to promote purity of heart and life; wholesome words, and doctrines according to godliness; see Psalm 12:6;

he is a shield unto them that put their trust in him; not the word, but God, whose the word is; and which represents him as a proper object of trust, both with respect to things temporal and spiritual, at all times; and as a shield to protect such, by his power and grace, from all their enemies, sin, Satan, and the world, and also from all errors and false doctrines; see Psalm 3:3.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 30:5". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/proverbs-30.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

(Compare Psalm 12:6; Psalm 119:140).

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Proverbs 30:5". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/proverbs-30.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Every word of God is pure: he is a shield unto them that put their trust in him.

Pure — You must not expect the full knowledge of Divine mysteries from me, nor from any man, but from the word of God.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 30:5". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/proverbs-30.html. 1765.

Scofield's Reference Notes

trust

(See Scofield "Psalms 2:12").

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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.
Bibliographical Information
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Proverbs 30:5". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/proverbs-30.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Proverbs 30:5 Every word of God [is] pure: he [is] a shield unto them that put their trust in him.

Ver. 5. Every word of God is pure: he is a shield.] Albeit all the sacred sentences contained in this blessed book are pure, precious, and profitable; yet as one star in heaven outshineth another, so doth one proverb another, and this is among the rest, velut inter stellas luna minores, an eminent sentence often recorded in Scripture, and far better worthy than ever Pindar’s seventh ode was to be written in letters of gold. (a) Every word of God is pure, purer than "gold tried in the fire," [Revelation 3:18] purer than "silver tried in a furnace, and seven times purified." [Psalms 12:6] Julian, therefore, that odious apostate, is not to be hearkened to, who said there was as good stuff in Phocylides as in Solomon, in Pindar’s odes as in David’s psalms. Nor is that brawling dog Porphyry to be regarded, who blasphemously accuseth Daniel the prophet, and Matthew the evangelist, as writers of lies, Os durum! harsh speech. The Jesuits, some of them, say little less of St Paul’s epistles, which they could wish by some means censured and reformed, as dangerous to be read, and savouring of heresy in some places. (b) Traditions they commonly account the touchstone of doctrine and foundation of faith; the Scriptures to be rather a Commonitorium, as Bellarmine calls it, a kind of storehouse for advice, than cor et animam Dei, the heart and soul of God, as Gregory (c) calls them, - a fortress against errors, as Augustine. (d) The apostle calleth concupiscence sin - at non licet nobis ita loqui; but we may not call it so, saith Possevine, the Jesuit (e) The author to the Hebrews saith, "Marriage is honourable among all men"; but the Rhemists, on 1 Corinthians 7:9, say that the marriage of priests is the worst sort of incontinence. Christ saith the sin against the Holy Ghost hath no remission. Bellarmine (f) saith that it may be forgiven. The Council of Constance comes in with a non obstante against Christ’s institution, withholding the cup from the people at the sacrament. And a Parisian doctor (g) tells us, that although the apostle would have sermons and service celebrated in a known tongue, yet the Church, for very good cause, hath otherwise ordered it. Bishop Bonner’s chaplain called the Bible, in scorn, ‘his little pretty God’s book,’ and judged it worthy to be burnt, tanquam doctrina peregrina, as strange doctrine. Gilford and Raynolds said it contained some things profane and apocryphal. Others have styled it the ‘mother of heresy,’ and therefore not fit to be read by the common people, lest they suck poison out of it. Prodigious blasphemy! Of the purity and perennity of the holy Scriptures, see more in my True Treasure, pp. 85, 139.

He is a shield to them that put their trust in him.] See Genesis 15:1 {See Trapp on "Genesis 15:1"} Proverbs 29:25.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 30:5". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/proverbs-30.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Every word of God is pure; and therefore you, Ithiel and Ucal, must not expect the full knowledge of Divine mysteries from me, nor from any man, but from the word of God, which is a certain rule, both of your belief and practice, because every part and parcel of it is holy, and true, and good, and there is not the least mixture of falsehood and folly in it, as there is in all the words and writings of men.

That put their trust in him; which supposeth their knowledge of him by his word, Psalms 9:10; and contains their reliance upon his promises, joined with obedience to his commands.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Proverbs 30:5". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/proverbs-30.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

5.Every word of God is pure , (eloah,) God. In the unquestioned Solomonic portions of this book, the word JEHOVAH, (Authorized Version, LORD,) is used almost invariably; , elohim, the plural form, only a few times; eloah, a form of the singular, never. Agur uses all three as the name of the divine Being.

Is pure — Like refined gold; so in Psalms 119:140, “Thy word is very pure;” and in Psalms 12:6, “the words of the Lord are pure words: as silver tried in a furnace of earth, seven times.” From the consciousness of man’s ignorance (Proverbs 30:4) comes a sense of the preciousness of the revealed word.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Proverbs 30:5". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/proverbs-30.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Proverbs 30:5. Every word of God is pure — You must not expect the full knowledge of divine mysteries from me, nor from any man, but from the word of God, which is a certain rule, both for your faith and practice, because every part of it is holy, and true, and good, and there is not the least mixture of falsehood or folly in it, as there is in all the words and writings of men. He is a shield unto them that trust in him — Which supposes their knowledge of him by his word, Psalms 9:10, and implies their reliance on his promises, joined with obedience to his commands.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Proverbs 30:5". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/proverbs-30.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Is fire-tried; that is, most pure, like gold purified by fire. (Challoner) (Psalm xvii. 31., and Jeremias xxiii. 29.) --- It cannot deceive.

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Proverbs 30:5". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/proverbs-30.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

word = saying or utterance. Hebrew. imrah. App-73. The only occurrence of this word in Proverbs.

GOD. Hebrew Eloah. App-4. The only occurrence of this title in Proverbs. Occurs forty-one times in Job, four times in Psalms, twelve times in the other books.

pure = tried [in a furnace]. Compare Psalms 12:6.

unto them. Some codices read "unto all them".

put their trust = flee for refuge. Hebrew. hasah. App-69.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Proverbs 30:5". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/proverbs-30.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Every word of God is pure: he is a shield unto them that put their trust in him.

Hence, (Proverbs 30:4) we must rest in the divinely revealed doctrine, which is pure and saving to all who trust in its Almighty Giver and Object.

Every word of God (is) pure - literally, melted in the fire like silver, so as to be purified of all dross of human error, impurity, deceit, or superfluity. The Word of God supplies the defect of human understanding which Agur complained of (Proverbs 30:2-4).

He is a shield - by His Word and His Spirit foiling the thrusts of Satan (Matthew 4:4; Matthew 4:7; Matthew 4:10).

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Proverbs 30:5". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/proverbs-30.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(5) Every word of God is pure.—Comp. Psalms 19, where first (Proverbs 30:1-6) the glories of God as revealed in nature are described, and then (Proverbs 30:7 sqq.) the excellence of the revelation of Himself in His word is extolled. Every word of God is “pure,” i.e., tested and proved in the furnace of experience; e.g., His promise to be a “shield” (Genesis 15:1) to those that trust in Him. (Comp. Psalms 18:30.)

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Proverbs 30:5". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/proverbs-30.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Every word of God is pure: he is a shield unto them that put their trust in him.
word
Psalms 12:6; 18:30; 19:8; 119:140; Romans 7:12; James 3:17
pure
Heb. purified.
Genesis 15:1; Psalms 84:11; 91:2; 115:9-11; 144:2
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 22:3 - shield;  2 Samuel 22:31 - the word;  Psalm 33:4 - the word;  Psalm 47:9 - shields;  Psalm 115:11 - GeneralPsalm 119:128 - I esteem;  Psalm 119:160 - Thy word is true from the beginning;  Proverbs 2:7 - a buckler;  Proverbs 29:25 - whoso;  Isaiah 45:19 - speak righteousness;  Matthew 15:9 - teaching;  Matthew 24:35 - my;  Romans 7:14 - but

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 30:5". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-30.html.