Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 13:8

All who dwell on the earth will worship him, everyone whose name has not been written from the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb who has been slain.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Atonement;   Book;   Jesus, the Christ;   Jesus Continued;   Lamb of God;   Predestination;   Vision;   Scofield Reference Index - Beast (the);   Satan;   Summary;   World;   World-System;   Thompson Chain Reference - Book;   Foreordained Plan;   Lamb of God;   Lamb, Christ the;   Names;   Plan Foreordained;   Saviour, Christ Our;   Sin-Saviour;   Sufferings of Christ;   Titles and Names;   The Topic Concordance - Empires/world Powers;   Name;   Worship;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Atonement, the;   Privileges of Saints;   Titles and Names of Christ;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Book of life;   Mediator;   Worship;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Murder;   Providence of God;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Antichrist;   Order;   Predestination;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Lamb;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Antichrist;   Book;   Cherub (1);   Predestination;   Revelation of John, the;   Sacrifice;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Apocalyptic;   Book of Life;   Expiation, Propitiation;   Life, Book of;   World, the;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Antichrist;   Book of Life;   Ephesians, Epistle to;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Antichrist ;   Ascension of Isaiah;   Atonement (2);   Authority;   Beast;   Book of Life;   Day of Judgment;   Fire;   Foundation of the World;   King of Kings and Lord of Lords;   Life and Death;   Lord;   Revelation, Book of;   Sacrifice;   Sanctify, Sanctification;   Sheep, Shepherd;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Book of Life, the;   Dwellers on Earth;   Lucifer ;   Prophets, the;   Roman Empire;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Christ;   Covenant;   Lamb;   Mercy-seat;   Passover;   Priest;   Shadow;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Abel;   Antichrist;   Lamb;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Sacrifice;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Atonement;   Book of Life;   Justification;   Lamb of God;   Quotations, New Testament;   Redeemer;   Revelation of John:;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Book of Life;   Christianity in Its Relation to Judaism;   Preexistence;  
Devotionals:
Daily Light on the Daily Path - Devotion for August 16;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb - The earth here is the Latin world, as has been observed before in similar cases. The meaning therefore is, that all the corrupt part of mankind who are inhabitants of the Latin world shall submit to the religion of the empire, except, as Bishop Newton expresses it, "those faithful few whose names, as citizens of heaven, were enrolled in the registers of life."

Slain from the foundation of the world - That is, of the Christian world; for this has been shown to be the meaning of all kindreds, and tongues, and nations. The year of the crucifixion is properly the commencement of Christianity, as the apostles then first began to promulgate the religion of Christ with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven. But as Jesus Christ was in the Divine purpose appointed from the foundation of the world to redeem man by his blood, he therefore is, in a very eminent sense, the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world, i.e., from the creation.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-13.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him - That is, as immediately stated, all whose names are not in the book of life. On the word “worship,” see the notes on Revelation 13:4.

Whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb - That is, of the Lord Jesus - the Lamb of God. See the notes on Philippians 4:3. Compare the notes on John 1:29. The representation here is, that the Lord Jesus keeps a book or register, in which are recorded the names of all who shall obtain everlasting life.

Slain from the foundation of the world - See the notes on Revelation 5:6. Compare the notes on Revelation 3:5. The meaning here is, not that he was actually put to death “from the foundation of the world,” but that the intention to give him for a sacrifice was formed then, and that it was so certain that it might be spoken of as actually then occurring. See Romans 4:17. The purpose was so certain, it was so constantly represented by bloody sacrifices from the earliest ages, all typifying the future Saviour, that it might be said that he was “slain from the foundation of the world.” Prof. Stuart, however (Com. in loco), supposes that this phrase should be connected with the former member of the sentence, “whose names are not written, from the foundation of the world, in the life-book of the Lamb, which was slain.” Either construction makes good sense; but it seems to me that what is found in our common version is the most simple and natural.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-13.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

And all that dwell on the earth shall worship him, every one whose name hath not been written from the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb that hath been slain.

Whose name hath not been written ... in the book of life ... New Testament references to the book of life are: Philippians 4:3, and Revelation 3:5; 13:8; 17:8; 20:12,15; 21:27. An Old Testament reference is Deuteronomy 32:32,33. Here the book of life is said to be "of the Lamb that hath been slain," indicating Christ as the owner of the book. The reason this is said is that, "It is through his sacrifice that life is possible (Revelation 5:9,10)."[56]

From the foundation of the world ... The ASV translation which places this phrase as a modifier of "written" is undoubtedly incorrect. The KJV is right in rendering it, "The Lamb slain from the foundation of the world."

It may be safely said that no group of translators would have come to such a decision (as that in the ASV) were it not for the statement in Revelation 17:8. The phrase in question immediately follows the Lamb that was slain, and normally one would not question the application of the phrase to that antecedent.[57]

Thus, this just happens to be a case in which the ASV translators indulged in commentary instead of translation. Caird stressed the fact that the mere fact of John's using this phrase to modify "book of life" in Revelation 17:8 is no proof at all that he could not have used it to modify "the Lamb slain" here. "That is no reason why he should not be allowed to say something complementary here.[58] Lenski also favored the KJV in this verse;[59] and Morris was emphatic: "From the foundation of the world should be taken with slain (1 Peter 1:19f) rather than with written."[60] All of God's great purpose of redemption was formulated "before the foundation of the world" (Ephesians 1:4). Many have vainly tried to get rid of this plain New Testament teaching, but as Bruce said:

Whatever be the interpretation of Genesis 1:2, it is certain that [@katabole] can mean nothing but "laying down" in the sense of "establishing" or "founding"; the phrase used in Ephesians 1:4 and in ten other New Testament passages is unambiguous and denotes the creation of the universe.[61]

[56] Robert H. Mounce, op. cit., p. 256.

[57] G. R. Beasley-Murray, op. cit., p. 214.

[58] G. B. Caird, op. cit., p. 168.

[59] R. C. H. Lenski, op. cit., p. 400.

[60] Leon Morris, op. cit., p. 169.

[61] F. F. Bruce, The Epistle to the Ephesians (Old Tappan, New Jersey: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1961), p. 28.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/revelation-13.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him,.... The inhabitants of the Roman empire, the idolatrous part of it, the men of the world, earthly minded men; who are as they came into the world, and are of the earth, earthly, and seek only after earthly honours, pleasures, and profits; these are the admirers and adorers of the beast:

whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world; by which book is meant God's predestination of men to eternal life, or his decree of election; why this is called the "book of life"; see Gill on Revelation 3:5; and their "names being written therein from the foundation of the world", Revelation 17:8, for such a construction the words will bear, denotes that election is eternal, and is not an act of time, nor dependent upon anything done in time; and that it is of particular persons, and not of bodies of men, of nations and churches, and still less of propositions, or of persons so and so qualified, or under such conditions and circumstances; and that it is perfectly well known to God, and is sure and certain in its effects, and is unchangeable and irrevocable; for what is written in it, is written, and will always stand, not upon the foot of works, but of the sovereign grace of God; and this is called the Lamb's book; that is, Christ, who is compared to a Lamb for its harmlessness, meekness, and patience, and was typified by the lambs in the legal sacrifices; and this book is called his, because he was present at the making of it, and was concerned in putting down the names in it, John 13:18, and he himself stands first in it as the elect of God, and the head of all the elect, who, as members, were chosen in him: the act of election was made in him, and stands sure in him; and he is the author and giver of that life, which men are chosen unto both here and hereafter: and he may be said to be "slain from the foundation of the world"; in the decree and purpose of God, by which he was set forth, or foreappointed to be the propitiation for sin, and was foreordained, before the foundation of the world, to redeem his people by his blood, and in the promise of God immediately after the fall of man, that the seed of the woman should have his heel bruised, and he himself should bruise the serpent's head, which made it as sure as if it was then done; and in the sacrifices, which were immediately upon this offered up, and were types of the death and sacrifice of Christ; and in the faith of the saints, which brings distant things near, and considers them as if present; and also in his members, in Abel, and others, in whom he suffered, as he still does in his people; to which may be added, that such is the efficacy of the bloodshed and death of Christ, that it reached to all the saints from the beginning of the world, for the justification of their persons, the atonement of their sins, and cleansing from them; for the remission of sins, that are past, and for the redemption of transgressions under the first testament; for Old Testament saints from the beginning are saved by the grace of the Lord Jesus, as New Testament ones are. Something like this the Jews sayF5Zohar in Gen. fol. 128. 2, 3. of the Messiah upon Genesis 49:11,

"he washed מיומא דאתברי עלמא, "from the day that the world was created"; who is he? this is the King Messiah.--It is written Genesis 1:2; "and the Spirit of God", &c. This is the Spirit of the King Messiah; and from the day that the world was created; he washed his garments in wine;'

which the Jewish writersF6Targum Jon. & Jerus. & Aben Ezra in Gen. xlix. 11. understand of blood, which for its redness is like to wine; though they interpret it of the blood of the slain, with which the garments of the Messiah will be stained. Now such whose names are not written in this book of the Lamb, who have no interest in electing grace, nor in redemption by Christ, the slain Lamb of God, nor any right unto eternal life, who are reprobate persons, vessels of wrath fitted for destruction, who are foreordained to condemnation, and are given up to believe a lie, that they might be damned, these are the followers and worshippers of antichrist.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-13.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, 13 whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

(13) That is, such as are not from everlasting elected in Christ Jesus. For this is that Lamb slain; (Revelation 5:6). These words I do with Aretas, distinguish in this manner: whose names are not written from the laying of the foundation of the world, in the book of Life, of the Lamb slain. This distinction is confirmed by a similar verse in (Revelation 17:8).
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/revelation-13.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

all that dwell upon the earth — being of earth earthy; in contrast to “them that dwell in heaven.”

whose names are not written — A, B, C, Syriac, Coptic, and Andreas read singular, “(every one) whose (Greek, ‹{(hou}‘; but B, Greek, ‹{(hon},‘ plural) name is not written.”

Lamb slain from the foundation of the world — The Greek order of words favors this translation. He was slain in the Father‘s eternal counsels: compare 1 Peter 1:19, 1 Peter 1:20, virtually parallel. The other way of connecting the words is, “Written from the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb slain.” So in Revelation 17:8. The elect. The former is) in the Greek more obvious and simple. &ldqu)o;Whatsoever virtue was in the sacrifices, did operate through Messiah‘s death alone. As He was “the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world,” so all atonements ever made were only effectual by His blood” [Bishop Pearson, Exposition of the Creed].

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This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-13.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Shall worship him (προσκυνησουσιν αυτονproskunēsousin auton). Future active of προσκυνεωproskuneō with the accusative here as some MSS. in Revelation 13:4 (το τηριονto thērion), both constructions in this book.

Whose (ουαυτουhou- αυτουautou). Redundant use of genitive ουautou (his) with ωνhou (whose) as common in this book, and singular instead of plural παντεςhōn with antecedent ου γεγραπταιpantes (all, plural), thus calling attention to the responsibility of the individual in emperor-worship.

Hath not been written (γραπωou gegraptai). Perfect passive indicative of εν τωι βιβλιωι της ζωης του αρνιουgraphō permanent state, stands written.

In the book of life of the Lamb (του εσπαγμενουen tōi bibliōi tēs zōēs tou arniou). See Revelation 3:5 for this phrase and the O.T. references. It occurs again in Revelation 17:8; Revelation 20:12, Revelation 20:15; Revelation 21:27. “Here and in Revelation 21:27, the Divine Register is represented as belonging to ‹the Lamb that was slain‘” (Swete).

That hath been slain from the foundation of the world (απο καταβολης κοσμουtou esphagmenou (for which see Revelation 5:6) απο καταβολης κοσμουapo katabolēs kosmou). For the phrase κοσμουapo katabolēs kosmou (not in the lxx) there are six other N.T. uses (Matthew 13:35 without προ καταβολης κοσμουkosmou Matthew 25:34; Luke 11:50; Hebrews 4:3; Hebrews 9:26; Revelation 17:8), and for του εσπαγμενουpro katabolēs kosmou three (John 17:24; Ephesians 1:4; 1 Peter 1:20). It is doubtful here whether it is to be taken with γεγραπταιtou esphagmenou (cf. 1 Peter 1:20) or with εσπαγμενουgegraptai as in Revelation 17:8. Either makes sense, and here the most natural use is with esphagmenou At any rate the death of Christ lies in the purpose of God, as in John 3:16.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-13.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

From the foundation of the world

These words may be construed with slain or with written. In favor of the latter is Revelation 18:8; of the former, 1 Peter 1:19, 1 Peter 1:20. Alford, pertinently as I think, urges the position of the words in favor of the connection with slain, and says that had it not been for the apparent difficulty of the sense thus conveyed, no one would have thought of going so far back as to hath been written for a connection. Render, as Rev., the lamb that hath been slain from the foundation of the world. Καταβολή foundationis literally a throwing or laying down, from καταβάλλω tothrow down; hence a laying down of a foundation.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/revelation-13.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Scofield's Reference Notes

world

Kosmos, Summary: In the sense of the present world-system, the ethically bad sense of the word, refers to the "order," "arrangement," under which Satan has organized the world of unbelieving mankind upon his cosmic principle of force, greed, selfishness, ambition, and pleasure. Matthew 4:8; Matthew 4:9; John 12:31; John 14:30; John 18:36; Ephesians 2:2; Ephesians 6:12; 1 John 2:15-17. This world- system is imposing and powerful with armies and fleets; is often outwardly religious, scientific, cultured, and elegant; but, seething with national and commercial rivalries and ambitions, is upheld in any real crisis only by armed force, and is dominated by Satanic principles.

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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.
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Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Revelation 13:8". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/revelation-13.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

8 And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

Ver. 8. Whose names are not written] He then that lives and dies a Papist cannot be saved.

Slain from the foundation] sc. 1. In God’s purpose; 2. In his promise; 3. In the faith of his people; 4. In the sacrifices; 5. In the martyrs; the first that ever died, died for religion. Christ undertook to pay our debt in the fulness of time; and hence we were enlarged. A man may let a prisoner loose, upon a promise to pay the debt a year after.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-13.html. 1865-1868.

Charles Simeon's Horae Homileticae

DISCOURSE: 2514

THE LAMB SLAIN FROM THE FOUNDATION OF THE WORLD

Revelation 13:8. Whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

THE persons here spoken of are the saints, who have withstood, and are still withstanding, the corruptions of Popery, even unto martyrdom itself. There can be no doubt but that the Papal power is that which is here portrayed as exercising the most relentless tyranny over the Christian world, during the space of twelve hundred and sixty years. The multitudes that have been slain by that blaspheming and persecuting power are innumerable. For hundreds of years, that idolatrous Church, aided by the secular arm of its advocates and dependants, compelled all to “worship her;” those only excepted, “whose names had been written in the Lamb’s book of life from the foundation of the world.” Over these she could not prevail, because “they loved not their lives unto the death:” but over all others she exercised the most despotic sway; and reduced them to a state of vassalage, more cruel and debasing than could ever have been contemplated, or even credited, if the voice of inspiration had not declared it, and the history of ages borne witness to it.

It is not however of Popery that I am about to speak, nor of those who are delivered from it; but rather of that electing and redeeming love by which they have been delivered, “their names having been written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.”

Let us consider these remarkable expressions: and let us mark,

I. The designation here given to our blessed Lord—

He is called “a Lamb,” because he was destined to be a sacrifice for sin, like the lambs that were offered under the Mosaic law. And though he did not come into the world till the world had existed four thousand years, yet is he said to have been “slain from the foundation of the world.” And justly may he be spoken of under these terms: because, though not slain, in fact, till about thirty-four years after his incarnation, he was offered in sacrifice to God from the very beginning,

1. In purpose—

[From all eternity was he devoted to God; and set apart for an offering, just as the Paschal Lamb was four days before it was actually slain. In all the prophecies, this was clearly shewn. The very first promise that was given to man declared, that, in his conflicts with the powers of darkness, he himself should suffer, having “his heel bruised, whilst he bruised the serpent’s head;” and “dying himself, whilst he overcame him that had the power of death, that is, the devil.” In the Psalms of David, all the circumstances of his death were predicted with a minuteness that bore the resemblance of historic record, rather than of a prophecy of what was afterwards to be accomplished. The Prophet Isaiah also, eight hundred years before the Saviour’s advent, was equally particular in his predictions respecting him; so that it is not possible to read his prophecies with candour, and retain a doubt of whom he spake, or whose sufferings he foretold. At last the forerunner of our Lord pointed him out, as the very person so characterized and so predicted; saying, “Behold the Lamb of God, that taketh away the sins of the world!”

The types, also, bear the same testimony to Him from the beginning. There can be no doubt but that sacrifices were of divine appointment: for when Abel took of the firstlings of his flock to offer to the Lord, he did it “by faith.” “Now faith must, of necessity, have respect to a divine ordinance. If God had not previously ordained the offering of sacrifices, it would have been an act of presumption, and not of faith, in Abel so to approach the Deity. We are not, indeed, told when God instituted the use of sacrifices; but we conceive it to have been immediately after the fall, when he clothed our first parents with the skins of beasts, which, I think there can be no doubt, had been offered in sacrifice to him, by his own express appointment. In every successive age, the same sacrifices were offered by Noah and the Patriarchs, till the time of Moses, when they were made the constant means of shadowing forth the Saviour, and of making known unto men the only way in which a sinner could find acceptance with God. They all shadowed forth the Lord Jesus Christ, as the Sacrifice that was in due time to be offered for the sins of the whole world.]

2. In effect—

[As God had ordained from all eternity the sacrifice of his dear Son, so he regarded it as if it had been actually offered; and imputed the merit of it to all who approached him in humility and faith. Doubtless our first parents, and Abel, and Enoch, and Noah, and the Patriarchs, and all the saints that were saved during the first four thousand years, were “accepted in the Beloved,”just as we are since his advent and crucifixion. “They all died in the faith” of Him who was to come, as we die in the faith of Him who is already come [Note: Hebrews 11:13.]. There has been but one way of salvation from the beginning. The Lord Jesus Christ ever was, and ever will be, “the way unto the Father; and no man ever did, or ever will, come unto the Father but by Him [Note: John 14:6.].” It is in consequence of the reflex efficacy of his sacrifice, so to speak, that God’s righteousness appears in the remission of sins before his advent, no less than in the forgiveness of them since his advent. “God having from the beginning set forth his Son to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, his righteousness in the remission of sins was, as St. Paul tells us, fully declared from the beginning, precisely as it is at this very hour [Note: Romans 3:25-26.].”]

Whilst we look thus to the death of Christ as the meritorious ground of our acceptance with God, we must trace altogether to the electing love of God,

II. The security of those who believe in him—

There is “a book,” in which the names of all God’s people are registered, and have been registered “from the foundation of the world [Note: The last clause of the text may, with equal propriety, be connected with “The Book Written,” or “The Lamb Slain.”].” This book is called “The Lamb’s book of life [Note: Revelation 21:27.]”—

[“There is, and ever has been, a remnant according to the election of grace [Note: Romans 11:5.].” These were given by the Father to the Lord Jesus Christ [Note: This is again, and again, and again mentioned in Christ’s intercessory prayer: John 17.], that they might be a peculiar people to him, and that in them “he might see of the travail of his soul, and be satisfied.” They were “chosen by the Father,” and “predestinated” unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, that they might be to the praise of the glory of his grace, who has made them accepted in the Beloved [Note: Ephesians 1:4-6.].” In due time “they are called by God with an holy calling; but still, not according to their works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given them in Christ Jesus before the world began [Note: 2 Timothy 1:9.].”]

All who are inscribed in this book shall surely attain eternal life—

[This is clearly intimated in my text, as the source of steadfastness to those who had not worshipped the beast: but in many other places it is directly affirmed; yea, and the veracity of God is pledged for the performance of the promise which such an inscription implies. Remarkable is that expression of St. Paul to Titus, when, speaking of himself, he says, “In hope of eternal life, which God, who cannot lie, promised before the world began [Note: Titus 1:2.].” Here he not only traces up the promise of life altogether to the sovereign grace of God, but represents the veracity of God as pledged for the accomplishment of it. In another place he sets forth the promise of God as “confirmed by an oath, in order to shew to the heirs of promise the immutability of his counsel, and to give the stronger consolation to those who have fled for refuge to the hope set before them [Note: Hebrews 6:17-18.]. In fact, there is a golden chain of Divine purposes, reaching from eternity to eternity: “for whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son: and whom he did predestinate, them he also called; and whom he called, them he also justified; and whom he justified, them he also glorified [Note: Romans 8:29-30.].” In fact, God upholds all his people in his arms, and “suffers none to pluck them out of his hands [Note: John 10:28-29.],” and “keeps them, by his own power, through faith unto salvation [Note: 1 Peter 1:5.].” “The same hand that has laid the foundation of grace in their souls, will also finish the structure [Note: Zechariah 4:9.];” and “He who has been the author of good to them, will also be the finisher [Note: Hebrews 12:2.].”]

Learn then, from hence,

How greatly we are indebted to our God—

[If we are saints indeed, “our names are written in the book of life [Note: Philippians 4:3.],” and have been “written in it from the foundation of the world [Note: Revelation 17:8.].” What ground, then, is there to any one for self-applause? We acknowledge that there is a difference between you and others; and you are not serving the world, and the flesh, and the devil, as millions of your fellow-creatures are. But who made you to differ? What had you done, to deserve the distinction of having your names written in the book of life? The change that has taken place in you was not the source, but the fruit and consequence of that mercy which God, of his own sovereign grace, conferred upon you. Rejoice, then, in that inestimable benefit, and in that God who so freely bestowed it on you. There is nothing under heaven that calls for so much gratitude at your hands [Note: Luke 10:20.]: and therefore I call upon you to bless and magnify your God with your whole hearts.]

2. What reason we all have for humiliation and contrition—

[I will not speak of any gross sin as committed by us: I will notice only our ingratitude to God for his electing and redeeming love. Think of the Saviour setting himself apart from all eternity to be slain for you. Think of God the Father setting his love upon you from all eternity, and writing your unworthy name in the book of life. And then think what provocation you have given him “to blot it out again [Note: Revelation 3:5.]:” and yet he has borne with you to the present moment, in order that you might not come short of the glory reserved for you. Say, whether, in the review of these things, you ought not to stand amazed; yea, and to blush and be confounded in the presence of your God? Verily, it is not possible for us ever to lie too low before our God: and to all eternity must we fall on our faces before the throne, whilst, with all the glorified saints and angels, we unite in singing praises to God and to the Lamb.]

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Simeon, Charles. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". Charles Simeon's Horae Homileticae. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/shh/revelation-13.html. 1832.

Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 13:8. καὶ προσκυνήσουσιν αὐτὸν, κ. τ. λ. Notwithstanding א ( αὐτῷ), undoubtedly the correct reading, αὐτόν, cannot be explained by the reference to the king, of the masc. in which the beast itself, Revelation 17:11, appears personified;(3319) for that entirely special idea must be definitely indicated within ch. 13 if without any thing further it is thus to be diverted. The αὐτόν pertains, however, to the chief subject δράκων. The worship of the dragon is here mentioned immediately after the description of the beast, for the same reason as Revelation 13:4 in connection with Revelation 13:3; the more mightily the instrument of the dragon is presented to the inhabitants of the earth, the more naturally they come to the adoration of that which itself only serves the beast. Corresponding with this is also the future form προσκυνήσουσιν.(3320) As the activity of the beast, according to its decisive part, still impends,(3321) so also the adoration of the dragon occasioned thereby.

οὖ οὐ γέγραπται τ. ὄν. αὐτοῦ. The sing. of the relative,(3322) to which, according to the Hebraic way, the demonstr. is added,(3323) is explained(3324) by the presentation of the details which are comprised in the entire κατοικ. ἐπὶ τ. γ.

ἐν τῶ βιβλίῳ, κ. τ. λ. Without doubt,(3325) the concluding clause ἀπὸ καταβολῆς κόσ΄ου belongs to γέγραπται,(3326) not to the ἐσφαγ΄ένου, as neither the explanation of the eternal predestination of the death of Christ,(3327) nor that of the sufferings of Christ in his people from Abel on,(3328) agrees with the expression and the connection of this passage. The characteristic of the inhabitants of the earth, in contrast with the saints refusing to worship the dragon, contains already, in the most pregnant manner, all the points upon which the patience of the saints expressly emphasized immediately afterwards, Revelation 13:10, depends. Those who worship the Lamb slain, of course, must suffer persecution; but just to the Lamb slain belongs the book of life,(3329) in which from eternity the names of believers are written: they, therefore, like the Lamb, conquer by their victory,(3330) and through all θλῖψις pass to the glory of eternal life,(3331) while the enemy, in spite of his temporary victory,(3332) incurs sure judgment. [See Note LXXII., p. 387.]

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Meyer, Heinrich. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/revelation-13.html. 1832.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Revelation 13:8. προσκυνήσουσιν, shall worship) The verb in ordinary use, when the ceremonies about the Pope are treated of, is adoration (worship); and connected with this by derivation is a kiss, that is, of his feet, just as προσκυνεῖν, κυνεῖν, κύειν, is to kiss; whence נשק, LXX. 1 Kings 19:18, and Symmachus, Psalms 2:12, προσκυνεῖν.— ἀπὸ) ἀπὸ is here equivalent to before, as Matthew 25:34, note, and is plainly construed with οὐ γέγραπται [not as Engl. With ἐσφαγμένου], and that so easily, that it is not even to be called an instance of Hyperbaton (See Append.). All doubt is removed by a passage strictly parallel, ch. Revelation 17:8. The Apocalypse often makes mention of the Lamb slain: it never adds, from the foundation of the world; nor indeed was He slain from the foundation of the world: Hebrews 9:26. They who allege that He was thus slain in the Divine decree, in a like sense will say that He was born, raised from the dead, and ascended into heaven, from the foundation of the world.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/revelation-13.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

God here showed his prophet the general subjection that would be of all people to the papacy, except some few, whom he had chosen to eternal life and salvation, whom Christ had redeemed with his blood, and would preserve from this pollution.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-13.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

в книге жизни См. пояснение к 3:5.

у Агнца, закланного Господь Иисус, Который умер, чтобы даровать спасение тем, кого избрал Бог, выполнял Божий предвечный план.

от создания мира Согласно замыслу предвечного Бога, имевшемуся у Него еще до начала созидания, смерть Христа навечно утвердила спасение избранных (Деян. 2:23; 4:27, 28). Антихрист никогда не завладеет именами спасенных. Запись избранных в книге жизни вечна, не может быть изменена, и никогда спасенные не будут прославлять антихриста в его день.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/revelation-13.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

All; the wicked, who inhabit the countries subject to his power, and who have no true religion. There is no security against embracing the most dangerous errors, and joining in the most abominable practices, except in that distinguishing grace of God which leads men to trust in the Redeemer, and in well-doing to commit the keeping of their souls to him.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/revelation-13.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation

5. And all that dwell upon the face of the earth shall worship him--13:8. In all the places of the nations (the symbolic meaning of the earth) within the empire the worship of the emperor prevailed under imperial edict--except, the faithful saints. It is declared that all "whose names are not written in the book of life" worshipped the emperor. But the saints who were "faithful unto death" (Revelation 2:10) did have their "names written in the book of life of the Lamb"; and they resisted the imperial decree, but suffered tribulation rather than worship the beast.

The reference made to the names not written in the book of the Lamb "slain from the foundation of the world," has been misused to support the doctrine of election and reprobation-- the elect and non-elect. But the contextual meaning is twofold: first, that God's plan from the beginning included the slain Lamb, as all of the altars and types of the old dispensation symbolized; second, that from the beginning God has cataloged in heaven a registry of the faithful names from the first patriarchal servant of the old dispensations to the last suffering saint in the church of the Lamb.

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Wallace, Foy E. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". "Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/foy/revelation-13.html. 1966.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Unbelievers around the world will not only serve Antichrist but also worship him. The "book of life of the Lamb" contains the names of God"s elect (cf. Daniel 12:1-2; Ephesians 1:4). Most if not all true believers will refrain from worshipping Antichrist (cf. Matthew 24:24). The long and unusual description of unbelievers in this verse has the effect of assuring believers during this time that they are indeed secure.

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-13.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 13:8. And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him. These dwellers upon the earth are in contrast with those who ‘tabernacle in heaven.’ They are the ungodly as distinguished from the godly; and again they are not confined to the Roman Empire, but include all who anywhere worship the beast.

Every one whose name hath not been written from the foundation of the world in the book of life of the lamb that hath been slain. The plural of the first clause of the verse, ‘all,’ passes into the singular of the second clause, those referred to being now looked at individually (comp. John 17:2; Joh_6:37).—The connection of the last clause is doubtful. It may be joined, as in the Authorised Version, with the ‘Lamb that hath been slain;’ but chap. Revelation 17:8 seems to determine in favour of connecting it with the word ‘written.’ Besides which, the clause is less appropriate to the slaying of the Lamb, an act which took place in time, than to those counsels of the Almighty which are from eternity.

Revelation 13:9 contains a solemn call to listen, and is best connected with what follows.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/revelation-13.html. 1879-90.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Slain from the beginning. In the foreknowledge of God; and in as much as all mercy and grace, from the beginning, were given in view of his death and passion. (Challoner)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/revelation-13.html. 1859.

Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books

Everyone, but Christians, worships the beast. God planned form the very beginning to send Jesus to die and redeem lost mankind. (Ephesians 1:4-11; 1 Peter 1:20; Acts 2:23; Acts 4:24) Those not written in his book would be those not redeemed.

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Hampton, Gary. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". "Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghc/revelation-13.html. 2014.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

earth. Same as "world", Revelation 13:3.

him. The ellipsis follows, (every one).

names. All the texts read "name".

are not = hath not (App-105) been.

life = the life. App-170.

foundation, &c. See App-146.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/revelation-13.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

All that dwell upon the earth - of earth earthy: in contrast to 'them that dwell in heaven.'

Whose names are not written. So 'Aleph ('); but A B C, Syriac, Coptic, Andreas, read singular, '(everyone) whose [ hou (Greek #3757): but 'Aleph (') B, hon (Greek #3739), plural] name is not written.'

Lamb slain from the foundation of the world. The Greek order favours this. He was slain in the Father's eternal counsels: cf. 1 Peter 1:19-20. Otherwise, 'written from the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb slain.' So Revelation 17:8. 'As He was "the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world," so all (previous sacrificial) atonements were only effectual by His blood' (Dr. Pearson).

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-13.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(8) And all that dwell . . .—Better, And all they that dwell on the earth shall worship him (every one) whose name has not been written in the book of life of the Lamb that has been slain from the foundation of the world. This is the climax of his triumph: he, or it, is worshipped; but the saints, though conquered, conquer; they do not worship after the fashion of the deluded or self-seeking. A stronger tie binds them to a better allegiance; their names are in the Lamb’s Book of Life. There is some doubt about the connection of the words “from the foundation of the world.” Some connect them with the word “written”: this would express that the names were written “from the foundation of the world” in the book. Others connect them with the word “slain”: this expresses that the Lamb was slain from the foundation of the world. For the former view, the similar passage in Revelation 17:8 is cited; but, on the other hand, the phrase “from the foundation of the world” is connected in other parts of the Bible with certain aspects of the work of Christ (1 Peter 1:19-20, and John 17:24), and it seems more natural to take the words in their simple order. Whatever view we take, the verse proclaims that the security of God’s saints is based on the eternal love of God. “An eternal deliverer is the only refuge from this great world-tyranny; “the strength of the tempted is in Him who is the same in love and righteousness through all the ages.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/revelation-13.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.
all
3,4,14,15
whose
3:5,20; 12:15; 21:27; Exodus 32:32; Isaiah 4:3; Daniel 12:1; Luke 10:20; Philippians 4:3
Lamb
5:6-9,12; John 1:29
from
17:8; Ephesians 1:4; Titus 1:2; 1 Peter 1:19,20
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:4 - the firstlings;  Genesis 22:8 - GeneralExodus 12:3 - take to;  Exodus 32:33 - my book;  Numbers 28:3 - two lambs;  Psalm 69:28 - be written;  Psalm 87:6 - when;  Psalm 97:10 - delivereth;  Jeremiah 27:15 - that I;  Ezekiel 13:9 - neither shall they be;  Ezekiel 13:23 - for I;  Ezekiel 46:13 - Thou shalt daily;  Daniel 3:7 - all the people;  Daniel 7:21 - GeneralZechariah 13:7 - smite;  Matthew 7:13 - for;  Matthew 12:44 - he findeth;  Matthew 13:9 - GeneralMatthew 13:35 - from;  Matthew 24:5 - in;  Matthew 24:24 - insomuch;  Matthew 25:34 - from;  Mark 13:22 - if it;  John 14:6 - no;  John 17:5 - before;  John 17:9 - pray for;  John 17:25 - the world;  Acts 2:23 - being;  Acts 3:23 - that every;  Acts 10:26 - Stand;  Acts 15:18 - GeneralActs 19:27 - whom;  Romans 3:25 - set forth;  Romans 8:9 - he is;  Romans 8:29 - whom;  Romans 12:2 - be not;  Romans 12:16 - Mind;  1 Corinthians 2:7 - even;  1 Corinthians 10:14 - flee;  1 Corinthians 15:33 - Be;  2 Corinthians 2:11 - GeneralGalatians 3:13 - redeemed;  Ephesians 2:2 - the prince;  Ephesians 3:9 - beginning;  Colossians 2:4 - lest;  Colossians 2:18 - no;  2 Timothy 1:9 - before;  Hebrews 9:26 - the foundation;  Hebrews 12:23 - which;  2 Peter 2:2 - many;  1 John 5:19 - in wickedness;  Revelation 5:9 - for;  Revelation 11:10 - dwell;  Revelation 17:15 - are;  Revelation 20:12 - and another;  Revelation 22:19 - God

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-13.html.

Walter Scott's Commentary on Revelation

WORSHIPPERS OF THE BEAST.

Revelation 13:8. — "And all that dwell on the earth shall worship him (every one) whose name had not been written from (the) foundation of (the) world in the book of life of the slain Lamb." We have more than once remarked upon the moral significance of the expression "dwell on the earth"{*See remarks on Revelation 2:13; and on Revelation 11:8-10.} as signifying a class of persons who had deliberately rejected the heavenly calling, who, in fact, were apostates from Christianity. They are distinct from nations, peoples, tongues, and tribes (Revelation 11:10). Here, however! "the dwellers on the earth" can have no special moral significance, as all save the elect are referred to. All then dwelling on the prophetic earth are contrasted with those whose names are in the Lamb's book of life, hence the spiritual meaning of the phrase earth-dwellers cannot apply in this case. In the passage before us all worship the Beast save the elect. The slain Lamb who had redeemed them by His Blood takes special account of these sufferers. The book of life in which their names are recorded belongs to Him. In its pages their names were written from the foundation of the world, hence there can be no erasure, as undoubtedly there shall be from the book or register of profession (Revelation 3:5). Names, true and false, are found in this latter book, as God takes account of all Christian profession. But the Lamb's book of life can only contain the names of the redeemed, as these were written from the foundation of the world, i.e., from time's commencement. It is the same book and the same class that are referred to in Revelation 17:8, only there the Name of the Lamb is omitted. The Beast conquers and kills, but eternal life is the portion of those martyrs. The Lamb by His death redeemed them, and thus made good in time, and revealed at the fitting moment the strengthening and consoling fact of their names having been written in His book of life. Our blessing as Christians dates further back than that of the elect here and those of Matthew 25:34. We are foreknown, chosen, and predestinated from before the foundation of the world, before time began, hence in eternity (Ephesians 1:4-5; Romans 8:29). We may remark that the elect of Matthew 24:22 constitute a company of God-fearing Jews, whereas those of our chapter and the sheep of Matthew 25:34 are chosen out of the world at large.

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Scott, Walter. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". "Walter Scott's Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sor/revelation-13.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

All . . . shall worship him except those whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb. In this passage the effect is named before the cause. These names were written in the book because they refused to worship the beast. It is another way of saying that the faithful servants of God refused to worship the Beast. Slain from the foundation of the world. The last word is from a Greek term that means the inhabitants of the earth, especially when they became a fixed order of intelligent beings composing a social world. Before that state of affairs came into existence, God saw the necessity for a plan of human redemption. Accordingly He devised one that was to be made effective through the sacrifice of his Son.

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Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-13.html. 1952.

Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms

Revelation 13:8. And all that dwell upon the earth[Note: The κατοικοῦντες ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς is a standing formula in the Apoc.—see ch. 3:10, 8:13, 11:10, 13:14, 17:8. An argument might be drawn from this peculiarity of expression in support of the view, that John is not the author of the book. But this very peculiarity teaches us to be cautious in drawing such conclusions. For the expression is manifestly but a particular result of the dependence exercised in the Apoc. on the Old Testament—comp. Jeremiah 10:18; Psalms 33:8; Isaiah 18:13. That it is an Old Testament form of expression, is rendered plainer by ch. 14:6, where for κατοικοῦντες ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς we have καθημένοι ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς. ישב has the meaning both of dwelling and sitting.] shall worship him, whose name is not written in the book of life of the Lamb that was slain, from the foundation of the world. Shall worship him (not it)—the king, according to ch. Revelation 17:10, by whom the beast was then represented, the Roman emperor. The shall worship shews that the matter was viewed as still in the act of becoming, and that the prophet saw the end only in the beginning.[Note: To the future here, προσκυνήσουσι, corresponds in ch. 17 the future θαυμά σονται, for which we have ἐ θαύ μασεν in Revelation 13:3 of this chapter.] "The worship," Bengel remarks, "is not to be regarded as a purely external homage, but consists principally in an inward veneration, holding the power of the beast to be divine, by which the light of faith in Jesus Christ comes to be greatly obscured, or altogether extinguished." He observes also upon the clause "whose name is not written," &c., as follows: "The trial shall be so general and so severe, that both here and in ch. Revelation 17:8, their election is set over against it as a security (comp. Matthew 24:24.) The elect alone shall be preserved. The human race will then be divided into two very unequal masses. The smaller will remain on the side of the Lamb; the far larger will worship the adversary."With respect to the book of life, see on ch. Revelation 3:5. Here this book is more exactly defined, as belonging to the Lamb that was slain. (In ch. Revelation 21:27, simply "the Lamb's book of life" is named.) The ground of our salvation is not our good deeds, but Christ, or more precisely the sacrifice of Christ, the atonement made by his blood (comp. ch. Revelation 12:11, Revelation 5:9); whence it is, that Christ appears here under the designation of the Lamb that was slain. Whatever name is not written by him in the book of life, that name shall never be found there. Since the book of life is unreservedly ascribed to the Lamb that was slain, all salvation, not excepting that of the saints of the Old Testament, is thus represented as depending on the one sacrifice of Christ. Those who have been reconciled through the blood of this Lamb, and have their names written in his book of life, have power to overcome Satan and the beast (comp. ch. Revelation 12:11). But if salvation has been won for believers by blood and death, they are thereby made to understand, that through blood and death also they must gain the victory—see Romans 8:17, Romans 8:36, and Revelation 2:10; Revelation 12:11.

That the expression, "from the foundation of the world," must not be referred to the slaying of the Lamb—as was often done before the time of Bengel—but to the writing of the name in the Lamb's book of life, appears from the parallel passage, ch. Revelation 17:8.[Note: Bengel besides presses the following considerations: "The Apocalypse often speaks of the Lamb slain; it never adds from the foundation of the world; nor, In truth, was he slain from the foundation of the world, Hebrews 9:26; they who hold him to have been slain in the divine decree from the foundation of the world, may with equal justice speak of him as having been also born, raised from the dead, ascended to heaven."] Instead of, "from the foundation of the world," it might have stood, "from before the foundation of the world," as in John 17:24; Ephesians 1:4; comp. Ephesians 3:11. But we should not on this account, either here or in Matthew 25:34, have naturally expected before, in place of from. The Seer here desires to carry the matter no higher than the foundation of the world; he wishes merely to express the thought, that election precedes existence, which must necessarily be subsequent to the foundation of the world. The words declare the fixed and immoveable nature of the divine counsel, which was formed even before a single individual of the persons embraced in it had come into being. A reference to such a counsel so fixed and determinate is full of consolation for those, who are oppressed by the mighty and apparently irresistible power of this world, for the purpose of constraining them to worship the beast. Here there is a rock, on which its waves must break. Wherever temptation reaches its greatest height, there nothing preserves but the eternal election, which rests as to its foundation on the atonement of Christ. The world constantly does homage to what, in point of fact, holds possession of the power. We have been taught this by our recent experience. But this eternal election secures us of a safe protection. It is impossible, as our Lord testified (Matthew 24:24), to deceive the elect to their ruin. We have a parallel to the words before us in ch. Revelation 11:1, where, notwithstanding the pressure of the power of the world, the temple and those who worship in it are described as being preserved. The true members of the church are simply those, who by virtue of Christ's blood, which they have appropriated by a living faith, have come to be among the elect. Such may, indeed, be outwardly overcome and even killed by the beast, but they can never be drawn by him into apostacy.

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Hengstenberg, Ernst. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/revelation-13.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

8.All’ shall worship him—Millions on the earth are now paying that homage.

Names’ not written—Who are not justified by faith in Christ.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/revelation-13.html. 1874-1909.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Revelation 13:8. Standing on the verge of this crisis (note the change to the future tense), the prophet anticipates the almost universal success of the Cæsar-cult (cf.Revelation 3:10). Only the elect will be able to resist its appeal (cf.Matthew 24:25). As in the O.T., the consciousness of predestination is made a moral lever (cf.Revelation 17:8). The rest of mankind who succumb to the cult are plainly not on the celestial burgessroll or register. cf. the instructive second-century gloss on Acts 5:39. As a rule the faithless in life are deceived (2 Thessalonians 2:2-10; Asc. Isa. iv. 7, 8), but here the Imperial cultus occupies the place of the false prophet in Mark 13:12, etc,— . , which transfers to Christ the possession of the divine register of citizens in the heavenly state, is usually taken as a scribe s gloss (after Revelation 21:27 where the position of is less difficult). Elsewhere the book of life appears by itself. In any case, . . goes with , not .

 

 

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Bibliographical Information
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/revelation-13.html. 1897-1910.

The Bible Study New Testament

8. Before the world was created. “God stands at the close of history and looks back on the future as though it had already happened!” He can know every choice which we will make, without interfering with our free will. Compare John 6:44-45; 2 Thessalonians 2:13-14.

 

 

 

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Revelation 13:8". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/revelation-13.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.