Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 14:10

he also will drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is mixed in full strength in the cup of His anger; and he will be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Angel (a Spirit);   Anger;   Brimstone;   Cup;   Fear of God;   Hell;   Punishment;   Torments;   Vision;   Wicked (People);   Scofield Reference Index - Holy Spirit;   Thompson Chain Reference - Cup;   Divine;   Eternal;   Everlasting;   Fire;   Future State of the Wicked;   Future, the;   God;   Indignation;   Punishment;   Wrath;   Wrath-Anger;   The Topic Concordance - Indignation;   Worship;   Wrath;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Hell;   Idolatry;   Punishment of the Wicked, the;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Day of the lord;   Lamb;   Propitiation;   Wrath;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Drink;   Eternal Punishment;   Hell;   Lake of Fire;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Hell;   Order;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Brimstone;   Eternal Death;   Fire;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Wine;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Brimstone;   Cup;   Eschatology;   Revelation, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Anger (Wrath) of God;   Brimstone;   Cup;   Lazarus;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Angels;   Brimstone;   Brotherly Love;   Enoch Book of;   Harvest ;   Image;   Judgment Damnation;   Lazarus;   Presence;   Torment;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Brimstone;   Cup;   Lamb;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Wine;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Anger;   Cup;   Mark;   Retribution;   Revelation of John:;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Brimstone;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

The wine of the wrath of God - As they have drunk the intoxicating wine of idolatry or spiritual fornication, they shall now drink the wine of God's wrath, which is poured out into the cup of his indignation. This is an allusion to the poisoned cup, which certain criminals were obliged to drink, on which ensued speedy death. See on Hebrews 2:9; (note).

Shall be tormented with fire and brimstone - An allusion to the punishment of Sodom and Gomorrha for their unnatural crimes.

Presence of the holy angels, and - of the Lamb - These being the instruments employed in their destruction; the Lamb - the Lord Jesus Christ, acting as judge.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 14:10". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-14.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God - See notes on Revelation 14:8. The “wine of the wrath of God” is the cup in the hand of the Lord, which, when drunk, makes them reel and fall. The image would seem to have been taken from the act of holding out a cup of poison to a condemned man that he might drink and die. See the sentiment here expressed illustrated in the notes on Isaiah 51:17.

Which is poured out without mixture - Without being diluted with water - that is, in its full strength. In other words, there would be no mitigation of the punishment.

Into the cup of his indignation - The cup held in his hand, and given them to drink. This is expressive of his indignation, as it causes them to reel and fall. The sentiment here is substantially the same, though in another form, as what is expressed in 2 Thessalonians 2:12. See the notes on that verse.

And he shall be tormented - Shall be punished in a manner that would be well represented by being burned with fire and brimstone. On the meaning of this word see the notes on Revelation 9:5; Revelation 11:10. Compare also Revelation 18:7, Revelation 18:10, Revelation 18:15; Revelation 20:10; Matthew 8:29; Mark 5:7; Luke 8:28. The word commonly denotes “severe torture.”

With fire and brimstone - As if with burning sulphur. See the notes on Luke 17:28-30. Compare Psalm 11:6; Job 18:15; Isaiah 30:33; Ezekiel 38:22. The imagery is taken from the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, Genesis 19:24. The common representation of the punishment of the wicked is, that it will be in the manner here represented, Matthew 5:22; Matthew 13:42; Matthew 18:9; Matthew 25:41; Mark 9:44-48; 2 Peter 3:7; Jude 1:7; Revelation 20:14. Compare the Matthew 5:22 note; Mark 9:44 note.

In the presence of the holy angels - This may mean either:

(a)that the angels will be present at their condemnation Matthew 25:31, or.

(b)that the punishment will be actually witnessed by the angels, as it is most probable it will be. Compare Isaiah 66:24; Luke 16:23-26.

And in the presence of the Lamb - The Lamb of God - the final Judge. This also may mean either that the condemnation will occur in his presence, or that the punishment will be under his eye. Both of these things will be true in regard to him; and it will be no small aggravation of the punishment of the wicked, that it will occur in the very presence of their slighted and rejected Saviour.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 14:10". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-14.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

he also shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is prepared unmixed in the cup of his anger; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:

This verse is a counter-proclamation to that of the beast in Revelation 13, to the effect that those who would not worship the beast should be killed (Revelation 13:15), and that they would not be permitted to "buy or sell" (Revelation 13:17). Here an angel of God proclaims that those who do worship the beast, etc., "They are to drink of the wrath of God and endure eternal torment in fire and brimstone."[50]

In the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb ... Bruce thought that this element of their punishment being in the presence of angels, etc., could be a mitigation "from the more severe punishment without the heavenly presence,"[51] a mitigation due to their having been Christians before their apostasy; but this would appear to be incorrect. What seems to be indicated is the divine approval and concurrence in their doom. It is not theologically possible to envision the Lamb, in any sense, perpetually beholding the torment of the wicked.

This is a doctrine vigorously hated by many; they refuse to accept it, will not believe it, and belittle those who receive it; but, despite this, it is clear enough that, "In the largest sense of God's redemptive purpose for men, his wrath is a necessary correlative of his love and mercy."[52] There is no way to purge evil out of the world, except through the destruction of the men who have set themselves in irreversible hostility against God. Once the primary principles of the freedom of the human will and the total hatred, on God's part, of evil - once these are accepted, all of the New Testament teaching regarding judgment and eternal punishment appear not unreasonable at all, but absolutely necessary. A just universe cannot be postulated without such conceptions.

Fire and brimstone ... There is no more need here, than in other passages of the prophecy, to understand these symbols literally; however, that does not mitigate the awful reality symbolized.

The modern vogue of dispensing with hell has no counterpart in Revelation. John is quite sure that the consequences of sin follow sinners into the life to come. Here they may rejoice over their misdeeds, but there they will suffer for them.[53]

[50] Robert H. Mounce, op. cit., p. 274.

[51] F. F. Bruce, op. cit., p. 654.

[52] George Eldon Ladd, op. cit., p. 195.

[53] Leon Morris, op. cit., p. 181.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Revelation 14:10". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/revelation-14.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God,.... Which is a just punishment for their sin; that as such have drank of the wine of the wrath of Rome's fornication, Revelation 14:8 so they shall now drink of the wine of God's wrath; it is usual in Scripture to express the punishment God inflicts upon wicked men by his wrath, and by the wine cup of his fury; and their suffering such punishment, by their drinking of it; see Jeremiah 25:15 so יין דרוגזא, "the wine of wrath", is a phrase used by the JewsF17Zohar in Gen. fol. 51. 4. :

which is poured out without mixture, into the cup of his indignation; sometimes called a cup of fury and of trembling, Isaiah 51:17 and is sometimes said to be full of mixture, Psalm 75:8 of various ingredients of wrath and fury; and the words may be rendered here, "which is mixed without mixture": and though it seems to carry in it a contradiction, yet is true in different senses; it may be said to be mixed as wine with various sorts, which is the stronger, and sooner inebriates and intoxicates; or in allusion to the cup the Jews gave to malefactors, to stupefy them, when going to execution, which had various things put in it for that purpose; See Gill on Mark 15:23 and so designs the several ingredients in the cup of divine indignation, or the several ways in which God expresses his wrath; and yet it is without mixture; it is judgment without mercy, pure wrath, without the least allay; not so much as a drop of cold water granted, or the least your shown, or any mitigation of fury for a moment:

and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone: in allusion to the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, which are now a burning and a sulphurous lake, called Asphaltites, and is an example, pattern, and similitude of the vengeance of eternal fire, Judges 1:7 and hence the beast and false prophet are said to be cast into such a lake, Revelation 19:20 and here their followers will be punished; which is expressive of the horrible torments of hell, and the dreadful punishment of the antichristian party there; see Psalm 11:6 and what will aggravate their misery is, that it will be

in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb; the latter will be their Judge, and will condemn them to everlasting burnings, and pronounce the sentence on them; and the former will be the executioners of it; they will gather them out, and sever them from the righteous, and cast them into the furnace of fire, and will be spectators of their punishment, and rejoice at it; and the sight of their power and glory will increase the torment of the sufferers.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 14:10". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-14.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

The sameGreek, “he also,” as the just and inevitable retribution.

wine of  …  wrath of God — (Psalm 75:8).

without mixture — whereas wine was so commonly mixed with water that to mix wine is used in Greek for to pour out wine; this wine of God‘s wrath is undiluted; there is no drop of water to cool its heat. Naught of grace or hope is blended with it. This terrible threat may well raise us above the fear of man‘s threats. This unmixed cup is already mingled and prepared for Satan and the beast‘s followers.

indignationGreek, “{(orges},” “abiding wrath,” But the Greek for “wrath” above (Greek,) “{thumou}”) is boiling indignation, from (Greek, “{thuo}”) a root meaning “to boil”; this is temporary ebullition of anger; that is lasting [Ammonius], and accompanied with a purpose of vengeance [Origen on Psalm 2:5 ].

tormented  …  in the presence of  …  angels — (Psalm 49:14; Psalm 58:10; Psalm 139:21; Isaiah 66:24). God‘s enemies are regarded by the saints as their enemies, and when the day of probation is past, their mind shall be so entirely one with God‘s, that they shall rejoice in witnessing visibly the judicial vindication of God‘s righteousness in sinners‘ punishment.

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This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 14:10". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-14.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

He also shall drink (και αυτος πιεταιkai autos pietai). Future middle of πινωpinō Certainty for him as for Babylon and her paramours (Revelation 16:17).

Of the wine of the wrath of God (εκ του οινου του τυμου του τεουek tou oinou tou thumou tou theou). Note εκek (partitive) after πιεταιpietai In Revelation 16:19; Revelation 19:15 we have both τυμουthumou and οργηςorgēs (wrath of the anger of God). The white heat of God‘s anger, held back through the ages, will be turned loose.

Prepared unmixed (του κεκερασμενου ακρατουtou kekerasmenou akratou). A bold and powerful oxymoron, “the mixed unmixed.” ΑκρατοςAkratos is an old adjective (alpha privative and κεραννυμιkerannumi to mix) used of wine unmixed with water (usually so mixed), here only in N.T. So it is strong wine mixed (perfect passive participle of κεραννυμιkerannumi) with spices to make it still stronger (cf. Psalm 75:9).

In the cup of his anger (εν τωι ποτηριωι της οργης αυτουen tōi potēriōi tēs orgēs autou). Both τυμοςthumos (vehement fury) and οργηorgē (settled indignation).

He shall be tormented (βασανιστησεταιbasanisthēsetai). Future passive of βασανιζωbasanizō See Revelation 9:5; Revelation 11:10.

With fire and brimstone (εν πυρι και τειωιen puri kai theiōi). See Revelation 9:17 for fire and brimstone and also Revelation 19:20; Revelation 20:10; Revelation 21:8. The imagery is already in Genesis 19:24; Isaiah 30:33; Ezekiel 38:22.

In the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb (ενωπιον αγγελων αγιων και ενωπιον του αρνιουenōpion aggelōn hagiōn kai enōpion tou arniou). This holy environment adds to the punishment.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 14:10". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-14.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Poured out without mixture ( κεκερασμένου ἀκράτου )

Lit., which is mingled unmixed. From the universal custom of mixing wine with water for drinking, the word mingle came to be used in the general sense of prepare by putting into the cup. Hence, to pour out.

Cup of His anger

Compare Psalm 75:8.

Brimstone ( θείῳ )

Commonly taken as the neuter of θεῖος divine; that is, divine incense, since burning brimstone was regarded as having power to purify and to avert contagion. By others it is referred to θύω toburn, and hence to sacrifice.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 14:10". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/revelation-14.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:

He shall drink — With Babylon, Revelation 16:19.

And shall be tormented — With the beast, Revelation 20:10. In all the scripture there is not another so terrible threatening as this. And God by this greater fear arms his servants against the fear of the beast.

The wrath of God, which is poured unmixed — Without any mixture of mercy; without hope.

Into the cup of his indignation — And is no real anger implied in all this? O what will not even wise men assert, to serve an hypothesis!

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Revelation 14:10". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/revelation-14.html. 1765.

Scofield's Reference Notes

angels

(See Scofield "Hebrews 1:4").

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Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Revelation 14:10". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/revelation-14.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

10 The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:

Ver. 10. Of the wine of the wrath of God] Wine for wine. God delights to retaliate and proportion; as he that said, Fumos vendidit, fumo pereat, He sold smoke, and by smoke let him perish. Imposturam faciunt et patientur, as the emperor said of them that sold glass for pearls: They deceived others, themselves shall be deceived much more.

Without mixture] viz. Of mercy, with which God usually moderateth the cup of believers’ afflictions. See James 2:13. They only sip off the top of God’s cup, Illud tantum quod suavius est et limpidius: That which is so sweet and so clear. Reprobates drink the dregs. They shall have an evil, an only evil without mixture of mercy, Ezekiel 7:5. Judgment without mercy, darkness without light. Philosophers say that in this world non dantur purae tenebrae, there is no mere darkness; but reprobates, that here preferred darkness before light, shall be cast into utter darkness without the least glimpse of light. Non surget hic afflictio. God will make an utter end; "Affliction shall not rise up the second time," Nahum 1:9. The wicked shall be totally and finally consumed at once.

In the presence of the holy angels] Who shall be not spectators only, but executioners also, as once at Sodom.

In the presence of the Lamb] Notwithstanding their Agnus Dei, Lamb of God and other superstitious trumperies.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 14:10". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-14.html. 1865-1868.

Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 14:10. The καὶ αὐτός(3504) represents the details, as well as likewise the harlot herself, incurring the judgment.(3505)

πίεται (fut.). Winer, p. 84.

The οἶνος τοῦ θυμοῦ τ. θ. is represented in the ποτήριον τῆς ὀργῆς αὐτου; but the dreadful power of this wine of wrath is rendered conspicuous, since it is itself designated: τοῦ κεκερασμένου ἀκράτου. It is meant that in the cup of indignation there is found unmixed wine ( ἀκρατος, Psalms 74:9, LXX.), i.e., not tempered with water, and hence that the wine of wrath, thus set forth, works with its entire force. The contradiction in the words occurring in the connection of κεκερασμ. and ἀκράτ. is without difficulty, because(3506) the custom of adapting the wine for ordinary use, by mixing it with water, has brought with it a usage of words in which the κερᾷν, without giving prominence to its special signification, attains the further sense of ἐγχέειν εἰς κέρας, διδόναι πιεῖν, etc.(3507) So Ewald: “I have drunken wine so prepared (mixed) as to be pure;” De Wette, Ebrard, etc. According to Züll., the ἀκράτου is regarded not as undiluted wine, but as designating the “compounded,” i.e., with additions, as spices, myrrh, opiates, etc., whereby the Orientals make their wine still stronger; and thus it is indicated that the Divine cup of indignation contains no wine but a pure mixture, “pure essence of mixtures.” Hengstenb. interprets artificially, in a still different way.

καὶ βασανισθήσονται. Cf. Revelation 9:5. The punishment of hell here described ( ἐν πυρὶ κ. θείῳ, Revelation 9:17, Revelation 20:10) is not, with Grotius, to be resolved into pangs of conscience.

ἐνώπιον τῶν ἁγίων ἀγγ. κ. ἐν τ. ἀρνίον. Incorrectly, De Wette: According to the judgment. Rather, they suffer this their pain before the eyes of the holy angels, and of the Lamb despised and persecuted by the worshippers of the beast, which appears just on this account to render it the more bitter.(3508)

καὶ καπνὸς τοῦ βασανισμοῦ αὐτῶν, κ. τ. λ., according to Isaiah 34:10. Cf. Isaiah 19:3. It is to be observed, that in this passage βασανισμός is passive, in the sense of βάσανος. Cf., on the other hand, Isaiah 9:5.

ούκ ἔχουσιν ἀνάπαυσιν, κ. τ. λ., viz., in their βασανιαμός.(3509) The expression as Revelation 4:8.

καὶ εἴ τις λαμβ. With grave emphasis this expression, individualizing the general conception, οί προσκυνοῦντες, affirms that every one who in any way resigns himself to the beast(3510) incurs that eternal torment.

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Meyer, Heinrich. "Commentary on Revelation 14:10". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/revelation-14.html. 1832.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Revelation 14:10. ἐκ τοῦ οἴνου τοῦ θυμοῦἐν τῷ ποτηρίῳ τῆς ὀργῆς, of the wine of wrath—in the cup of indignation) As the wine is to the cup, so is wrath to indignation. A designed difference of words: ch. Revelation 16:19, Revelation 19:15. ὀργὴ leads τὸν θυμὸν into action. Comp. Romans 2:8, note. חמה is θυμὸς, חרן ὀργὴ, in the LXX.— τοῦ κεκερασμένου ἀκράτου, which is poured in without mixture) κεράννυμι, I mix, is used generally for I pour in, even of unmixed wine.— ἄκρατον is unmixed, with which nought of grace or hope is blended. Such an unmixed potion is already mingled and prepared for the worshippers of the beast. There is at hand both a salvation, which awaits the saints, and a punishment, which overhangs the wicked. Psalms 75 (74):9, ποτήριον ἐν χειρὶ κυρίου οἴνου ἀκράτου, πλῆρες κεράσματος.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Revelation 14:10". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/revelation-14.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Those that do yield a subjection to him, and profess his faith,

shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God; that is, shall feel the severity of God’s judicial dispensations, which in Scripture are expressed by the wine cup of his fury, Jeremiah 25:15; see also Job 21:20 Psalms 75:8 Isaiah 51:17; either from the intoxicating quality of wine, or the stupifying quality of it, when mixed with myrrh, or other stupifying things. But here it is said without mixture, which signifies their sensible feeling of the effects of Divine wrath.

And he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb; that is, in short, he shall go to hell at last; the exquisiteness of which torments, as to the pain of sense, is set out by fire and brimstone; brimstone being a material in which fire holds longest to torment any flesh put into it.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 14:10". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-14.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

в чаше гнева Его Все, кто предан антихристу и его царству, попадут под Божий суд, который будет вершиться со всей силой Божьего гнева и неминуемого возмездия (ср. Пс. 74:9; Ис. 51:17; Иер. 25:15, 16). Божий суд – это не импульсивная вспышка гнева, своенравно направленная на людей, которых Бог не любит. Это планомерное, размеренное, суровое, немилосердное и окончательное наказание греха праведным Богом.

в огне и сере Это два образа, которые в Писании часто ассоциируются с мучениями Божьего наказания (Быт. 19:24, 25; Ис. 34:8-10). Здесь имеется в виду ад, озеро огненное (ср. 19:20; 20:10; 21:8). Сера – это воспламененный сернистый ангидрид (см. пояснение к 9:17).

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Revelation 14:10". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/revelation-14.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

The wine of the wrath of God; the effect of God’s wrath is here, as often elsewhere, compared to a wine-cup, which produces in those who drink of it reeling and madness.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Revelation 14:10". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/revelation-14.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation

5. The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone-- 14:10.

The strong fermentation of wine used for liquors was often made more savory and agreeable to the taste by additives of certain spices or ingredients. But the wine of the wrath of God upon the idolaters of the imperial image worship would be poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation--the wrath of God unmingled with clemency and without mitigation would be their condemnation. The worshipers of the imperial beast would share the same judgment pronounced upon him.

The elements of the torment meted out to the idolatrous worshipers of the beast was figuratively described as fire and brimstone. The inflammable mineral known in that day as brimstone was sulphuric in content, and when burning emitted a suffocating smell. It was used to describe the torment of the wicked--symbolic of the ultimate degree of remorse and anguish. It was no less fearful when put in the words of Paul in Romans 2:8-9 : "Indignation and wrath, tribulation and anguish, upon every soul of man that doeth evil." It means that the punishment of the wicked will consist of vexation of spirit, distress of mind, remorse of conscience, and anguish of soul.

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Wallace, Foy E. "Commentary on Revelation 14:10". "Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/foy/revelation-14.html. 1966.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

The beast will kill people who do not follow him, but those who follow the beast will receive worse judgment from God. Contrast the blessing of the faithful in Revelation 14:1-5. The combination of "wrath" (Gr. orges, settled indignation) and "anger" (Gr. thymou, vehement fury) stresses the reality and severity of God"s hostility (cf. Numbers 12:9; Numbers 22:22). Normally people added water to wine to dilute it, but God will not weaken His punishment of beast-worshippers. Their torment will be excruciating (cf. Genesis 19:24; Isaiah 34:8-10), but this is not a reference to their eternal torment. Their final torment will be in the lake of fire removed from the presence of the holy angels and the Lamb ( Revelation 19:20; Revelation 20:10; Revelation 21:8; Revelation 21:27; Revelation 22:14-15; cf. Matthew 25:41; Mark 9:43; 2 Thessalonians 1:8-9).

"The opposite case is that of the overcomer who will receive open recognition in the presence of the Father and His angels ( Revelation 3:5)." [Note: Thomas, Revelation 8-22, p211.]

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 14:10". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-14.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 14:10. He also shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, the poured out unmingled wine in the cup of his anger. The punishment of such is now described in four particulars, the number four being perhaps taken because it is the ungodly world with which we are dealing, and because it is a lex talionis that is illustrated. The first of the four particulars corresponds to Revelation 14:8, and shows that we have before us essentially the same spirit as that there referred to. The wine is said (literally) to be ‘mingled unmingled;’ but there is no play upon the words, for, owing to the practice of the ancients to mingle water with wine, the verb to mingle had come to be used in the simple sense of pouring out. Enough that the wine of the wrath of God is now ‘unmingled;’ the day of grace is past.

And he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone before the angels and before the Lamb. The second of the four particulars presents us with the final punishment of hell (comp. chaps. Revelation 19:20, Revelation 20:10, Revelation 21:8; Genesis 19:24).

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Revelation 14:10". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/revelation-14.html. 1879-90.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

The same, &c. = He also (emph.) shall drink.

the . . . God = God"s (App-98.) fury.

without mixture = undiluted.

into. Greek. en. App-104.

tormented. See Revelation 9:5.

brimstone. Gr, theion. See Revelation 9:17.

holy. Greek. hagios. See Acts 9:13.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 14:10". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/revelation-14.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:

The same - `he also,' as the just, inevitable retribution (Psalms 75:8).

Without mixture. Wine was so commonly mixed with water, that to mix wine is used for to pour out wine. This wine of God's wrath is undiluted: no drop of water to cool its heat. Nought of grace or hope blended with it. God's threat may well raise us above fear of man's threats. This unmixed cup is already mingled for Satan and the beast's followers.

Indignation - wrath [ orgees (Greek #3709)], 'abiding.' But "wrath" above [ thumou (Greek #2372)] is boiling indignation, from [ thuoo (Greek #2380)] a root to boil: temporary ebullition of anger [Ammonius: orgee (Greek #3709)], accompanied with a purpose of vengeance (Origen, 'On Psalms 2:5').

Tormented ... in the presence of the holy angels - (Psalms 49:14; Psalms 58:10; Psalms 139:21; Isaiah 66:24.) God's enemies are regarded by saints as their enemies; and when the day of probation is past, their mind shall be so entirely one with God's, that they shall rejoice in witnessing God's righteousness judicially vindicated in sinners' punishment.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 14:10". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-14.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:
drink
16:19; 18:3; Job 21:20; Psalms 11:6; 60:3; 75:8; Isaiah 29:9; 51:17,21,22; Jeremiah 25:15-17,27; 51:57
into
18:6; Psalms 73:10; Isaiah 51:17; Jeremiah 49:12; Lamentations 4:21; Habakkuk 2:16; Matthew 20:22; Matthew 26:39
be
9:17,18; 19:20; 20:10; 21:8; Genesis 19:24; Deuteronomy 29:23; Job 18:15; Psalms 11:6; Isaiah 30:33; 34:9; Matthew 25:41; Jude 1:7
in the
Psalms 37:34; 52:6; 91:8; Ezekiel 20:48; Matthew 13:41,42,49,50; 2 Thessalonians 1:8,9
Reciprocal: Genesis 19:28 - General2 Chronicles 12:7 - and my wrath;  2 Chronicles 34:25 - my wrath;  Isaiah 1:31 - and they;  Isaiah 33:14 - everlasting;  Isaiah 34:10 - the smoke;  Isaiah 51:20 - full;  Isaiah 58:1 - spare;  Isaiah 63:6 - make;  Isaiah 66:24 - their worm;  Jeremiah 7:20 - Behold;  Jeremiah 25:16 - GeneralJeremiah 42:18 - As mine;  Ezekiel 7:8 - pour;  Ezekiel 36:18 - I poured;  Daniel 4:13 - an holy;  Zechariah 12:2 - a cup;  Matthew 18:8 - everlasting;  Matthew 18:34 - and delivered;  Matthew 25:46 - everlasting;  Mark 9:44 - the fire;  Luke 16:23 - being;  Luke 16:24 - for;  John 1:29 - Behold;  Romans 2:8 - indignation;  1 Timothy 5:21 - the elect;  Revelation 11:18 - and thy;  Revelation 15:1 - is filled;  Revelation 16:7 - true;  Revelation 22:18 - God

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 14:10". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-14.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

The false worshippers are told that if they persist in drinking of this wine'of the wrath of Rome, they will be punished by having to drink of another supply of wine; that will be the wi-ne of the wrath of God. Wine has been used figuratively for centuries to symbolize wrath and anger and other intense conditions of the intellect. (See Psalm 60:3; Proverbs 4:17; Jeremiah 25:15; Jeremiah 51:7.) Without mixture means it will not be diluted nor weakened, but they shall get the full effect of the wrath of God upon those who have been devoted to Rome. Shall be tormented with fire and brimstone refers to the lake of fire into which the wicked will be cast at the day of judgment. In the presence . . .of the Lamb. This denotes that the sentence of this punishment will be pronounced in the presence of Christ and his angels. (See Matthew 25:31-46; 2 Thessalonians 1:7-9.) The sentence will be pronounced then but it will be served according to the next verse.

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Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 14:10". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-14.html. 1952.

Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation

Revelation 14:10

Revelation 14:10 The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:

The same (that is the worshippers of the beast; the idolatrous and superstitious papists;) shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God,

as Revelation 16:19

which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation

The seven vials of the seven last plagues, { Revelation 15:1} For in them is filled up the wrath of God. By

fire and brimstone

Revelation 14:10 we are to understand the eternal torments of impenitent persons, as { Revelation 19:20} with the devil that deceived them, { Revelation 20:10-14} which is the second death. And as it followeth, { Revelation 14:10-11} before Christ, and his holy angels.

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Knollys, Hanserd. "Commentary on Revelation 14:10". "Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hkc/revelation-14.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

10.Wine of the wrath of God—The double effect of wine—first to exhilarate, and then, when drunk in full quantity, to asphyxiate—is here alluded to. The former images the exciting power of sin, the latter its destructive effect. To sip the wine is a delight; to drink the cup to its dregs is destruction.

Poured out without mixture—The Greek has a play upon words: Which is mixed without mixture. The wine was so customarily mingled with water that the Greek word mixed came to signify prepared. Hence the phrase prepared without mixture could, as here, be verbally, mixed without mixture.

Cup of his indignation—As if divine justice had a regular retributive cup.

Fire and brimstone—Imagery borrowed from Genesis 19:24. “Jehovah rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire.” The imagery of fire and brimstone for the wicked is used in Psalms 11:6, and brimstone in Job 18:15. This imagery is not used in the New Testament excepting in the Apocalypse, namely, here and Revelation 19:20; Revelation 21:8. “The addition of brimstone to the imagery,” says Stuart, “renders it exceedingly intense: for this not only makes the fire to rage with the greatest vehemence, but it is noisome to the smell and suffocating to the breath.” Of those who maintain that final punishment is in literal fire it may be asked, Is the brimstone literal?

Presence of angels’ Lamb—Their sentence and execution take place by the judgment and solemn approbation of the holiest and most merciful of Kings. Holiness and love ratify the penalties of divine justice.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Revelation 14:10". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/revelation-14.html. 1874-1909.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Revelation 14:10. here as in Revelation 18:6 by oxymoron = “poured out,” the original meaning of “mixed” (with water) being dropped. The torture (depicted from Isaiah 34:9-10) is inflicted before the holy angels (who evidently sit as assessors at the judgment, En. Isaiah 48:9), being either an epitheton ornans or an allusion to Revelation 12:8-9. Normally the prophet refrains from introducing such spectators of doom (Revelation 19:20, Revelation 20:10-14). “Fire is the divine cruelty of the Semitic religions” (Doughty), but the torment which Judaism designed for fallen angels and apostates is assigned here to the worshippers of the Cæsars. The Apocalypse is silent upon agents of torture; they are not the angels, much less the devil (who is himself punished, Revelation 20:10). But, like 4 Ezra 7 [ver. 36] (“the furnace of Gehenna shall be disclosed and over against it the paradise of delight”), John locates the place of torment over against the place of rest. For such grim popular fancies Enoch (xxvii. 2, 3, xlviii. 9, xc. 26, 27) is mainly responsible; there (as in Clem. Hom, xvii.) the tortures proceed under the eyes of the righteous, though (especially in the later fragments, as in John’s Apoc.) the moralisation of the idea has advanced, until Gehenna vanishes from the scene of bliss. “It is impossible for us to understand how such a sight could be compatible with heavenly happiness” (Stanton, Jewish and Christian Messiah, p. 344; cf. Lecky’s European Morals, ii. 225 f.), but the psychological basis of the ghastly expectation can be verified in the cruder types of primitive and modern religion. Most critics delete as another gloss (cf. on Revelation 14:4); the position of Jesus after the angels is not unexampled (cf.Revelation 1:4-5), even if before the holy angels were not taken (Bs., Baljon) as a periphrasis for the divine presence (Luke 12:8-9; Luke 15:10).

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Revelation 14:10". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/revelation-14.html. 1897-1910.