Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 14:11

And the smoke of their torment goes up forever and ever; they have no rest day and night, those who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name."
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Anger;   Animals;   Hell;   Punishment;   Torments;   Vision;   Wicked (People);   Thompson Chain Reference - Eternal;   Everlasting;   Future State of the Wicked;   Future, the;   Irreparableness;   Loss;   Profit and Loss;   Punishment;   Rest-Unrest;   Reward-Punishment;   Sin;   Torment;   Unrest;   The Topic Concordance - Indignation;   Worship;   Wrath;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Idolatry;   Punishment of the Wicked, the;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Day of the lord;   Propitiation;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Eternal Punishment;   Hell;   Lake of Fire;   Second Death;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Hell;   Order;   Universalists;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Eternal Death;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Age;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Eschatology;   Everlasting Punishment;   Revelation, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Image;   Judgment Damnation;   Name ;   Obedience (2);   Smoke ;   Torment;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Rest;   12 Rest Liberty;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Smoke;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Ascend;   Mark;   Punishment, Everlasting;   Retribution;   Revelation of John:;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

The smoke of their torment - Still an allusion to the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrha.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 14:11". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-14.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And the smoke of their torment - The smoke proceeding from their place of torment. This language is probably derived from the account of the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, Genesis 19:28; “And he (Abraham) looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land of the plain, and beheld, and lo, the smoke of the country went up as the smoke of a furnace.” The destruction of these cities is regarded as an emblem of the destruction of the wicked, and the smoke that ascended from them as a representation of what ascends from the place where the wicked suffer forever. See the notes on Jude 1:7.

Ascendeth up - Continually rises from that world of woe.

For ever and ever - See the notes on Jude 1:7. This does not indeed affirm that their individual sufferings would be eternal, since it is only a declaration that “the smoke of their torment ascends,” but it is such language as would be used on the supposition that they would suffer forever, and as can be explained only on that supposition. It implies that their torments continued, and were the cause of that ascending smoke; that is, that they were tormented while it ascended; and, as this is declared to be “forever and ever,” it implies that the sufferings of the wicked will be eternal: and this is such language as would not, and could not have been used in a revelation from God, unless the punishment of the wicked is eternal. Compare the notes on Matthew 25:46.

And they have no rest day nor night - “Day and night” include all time; and hence, the phrase is used to denote perpetuity - “always.” The meaning here is, that they never have any rest - any interval of pain. This is stated as a circumstance strongly expressive of the severity of their torment. Here, rest comes to the sufferer. The prisoner in his cell lies down on his bed, though hard, and sleeps; the overworked slave has also intervals of sleep; the eyes of the mourner are locked in repose, and for moments, if not hours, he forgets his sorrows; no pain that we endure on earth can be so certain and prolonged that nature will not, sooner or later, find the luxury of sleep, or will find rest in the grave. But it will be one of the bitterest ingredients in the cup of woe, in the world of despair, that this luxury will be denied forever, and that they who enter that gloomy prison sleep no more, never know the respite of a moment, never even lose the consciousness of their heavy doom. Oh how different from the condition of sufferers here! And oh how sad and strange that any of our race will persevere in sin, and go down to those unmitigated and unending sorrows!

Who worship the beast and his image - See the notes on Revelation 13:4, Revelation 13:15.

And whosoever receiveth the mark of his name - See the notes on Revelation 13:17. The meaning here is, that such worshippers will receive the punishment which other idolaters and sinners do. No exception will be made in favor of an idolater, though he worships idols under the forms of an abused Christianity; none will be made in favor of a sinner because he practiced iniquity under the garb of religion.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 14:11". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-14.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

and the smoke of their torment goeth up for ever and ever; and they have no rest day and night, they that worship the beast and his image, and whoso receiveth the mark of his name.

The doctrine of the New Testament is so strong and emphatic with regard to the eternal punishment of the wicked, that we are simply not allowed to set it aside as, "sub-Christian, or to interpret it in such a way as to remove the abrasive truth of eternal punishment."[54] Jesus spoke of this at greater length than did any of his apostles. After we have made every allowance for the figurative nature of the apocalyptic language, there still remains, "the terrifying reality of divine wrath,"[55] to be poured out upon those who persist in following the devil. It is no light matter to abandon the holy teachings of the sacred New Testament, and to substitute the easy rules of man-made, man-controlled, and man-centered religion.

[54] Robert H. Mounce, op. cit., p. 277.

[55] Ibid.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Revelation 14:11". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/revelation-14.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever,.... That is, the smoke of that fire which torments them will for ever arise; or, in other words, there will be no end of their torment; hence their misery is called everlasting fire, everlasting punishment, and everlasting destruction, Matthew 25:41 and smoke being very troublesome and distressing, is mentioned to set forth the very uncomfortable state of the wicked; and so it is used by Jewish writers: hence we read of תנן גהנם, "the smoke of hell"F18Targum in Psal. xxxvii. 20. T. Bab. Bava Bathra, fol. 75. 1. Caphtor, fol. 109. 1. , with which the eyes of the wicked will be filled in the world to come:

and they have no rest, day nor night; the fire of divine wrath which tortures them is never quenched, and the worm of conscience which gnaws them never dies: this is directly contrary to a notion of the Jews, that the wicked in hell have rest sometimes; they talk of angels blowing away the smoke from them, so that they have rest an hour and a half; and which they say they have three times a day, and whenever Israel says Amen, let his great name be blessedF19Zohar in Gen. fol. 47. 4. ; and particularly that hell fire never burns on the sabbath day, nor does the smoke of it ascend then, and that the wicked have always rest on that daysF20Zohar in Exod. fol. 36. 4. & in Lev. fol. 45. 3. & in Deut. fol. 115. 3. T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol. 65. 2. Yalkut Simeoni, par. 2. fol. 149. 1. Nishmat Chayim, fol. 39. 1. ; though sometimes they contradict themselves, and say they never have any restF21Zohar in Exod. fol. 62. 3. T. Bab. Sabbat, fol. 152. 2. , which is the truth:

who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name; that is, whoever are the followers of antichrist, or the professors of the Popish religion; so far is salvation from being in the church of Rome, and only there, that there is none in it; and whoever live and die in the profession of Popery, shall surely be damned as this passage is true.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 14:11". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-14.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

for ever and everGreek, “unto ages of ages.”

no rest day nor night — Contrast the very different sense in which the same is said of the four living creatures in heaven, “They rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy”; yet they do “rest” in another sense; they rest from sin and sorrow, weariness and weakness, trial and temptation (Revelation 14:13); the lost have no rest from sin and Satan, terror, torment, and remorse.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 14:11". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-14.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

The smoke of their torment (ο καπνος του βασανισμου αυτωνho kapnos tou basanismou autōn). See Revelation 9:5 for βασανισμοςbasanismos only there it was a limited penalty, here it is “for ever and ever” (εις αιωνας αιωνωνeis aiōnas aiōnōn unto ages of ages). See also Revelation 18:9; Revelation 19:3; Revelation 20:10.

They have no rest (ουκ εχουσιν αναπαυσινouk echousin anapausin). The very language used in Revelation 4:8 of the four living creatures in praising God. “Those who desert Christ for Caesar will be the victims of a remorse that never dies or sleeps” (Swete). The rest of the verse repeats the solemn challenge of Revelation 14:9.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 14:11". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-14.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Torment ( βασανισμοῦ )

See on Matthew 4:23, Matthew 4:24; see vexed, 2 Peter 2:8.

Goeth up

See Isaiah 34:9, Isaiah 34:10; Genesis 19:28.

Rest ( ἀνάπαυσιν )

See on give rest, Matthew 11:28, and see on resteth, 1 Peter 4:14.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 14:11". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/revelation-14.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.

And the smoke — From the fire and brimstone wherein they are tormented.

Ascendeth for ever and ever — God grant thou and I may never try the strict, literal eternity of this torment!

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Revelation 14:11". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/revelation-14.html. 1765.

Scofield's Reference Notes

no rest

Contra, Revelation 4:8.

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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.
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Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Revelation 14:11". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/revelation-14.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

11 And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.

Ver. 11. And the smoke of their torment] Utinam de gehenna ubique dissereretur, saith Chrysostom. Would to God men would everywhere think and talk more of hell, and of that eternity of extremity that they shall never else be able to avoid or to abide. Surely one good means to escape hell is to take a turn or two in hell by our daily meditations.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 14:11". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-14.html. 1865-1868.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Revelation 14:11. εἰς αἰῶνα αἰώνων(161)) Thus also ch. Revelation 19:3, Revelation 20:10. We have noticed in the Apparatus traces of this reading, which requires most studious investigation. In other places it is written, εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας τῶν αἰώνων. Each expression is as it were, squared: as a myriad of myriads, the heaven of heavens. The article is emphatic, especially where the discourse is on the subject of the Eternity of God. In these expressions, either the use or the omission of the Greek article is very opportune.— ἀναβαίνει, ascendeth) The present, after a future, has the force of a future, but with emphasis.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Revelation 14:11". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/revelation-14.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever; that is, their torments shall be everlasting, as well as most exquisite, and causing the most acute pain.

And they have no rest day nor night; this is but the same thing in other words; their torments shall be such as shall give them no rest at any time.

Who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name: the sense of these two verses is no more than this: That all idolaters shall fall under the vengeance of God in this life, and at last shall be thrown to hell; not only such as worship the beast, committing paganish idolatry, worshipping stocks and stones, and devils, as the term of their worship, but such as worship the image of that beast set up by antichrist, worshipping of angels and saints, or their images. From hence an easy answer may be given to that question, Whether a man can be saved in that which at this day is called the Roman Catholic religion? If they either worship the beast, or the image of the beast, they cannot: whether they do or no, let the reader judge from what hath been before said.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 14:11". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-14.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

(дым) мучения их будет восходить во веки веков Имеется в виду вечность ада (ср. Мф. 3:12; 13:41, 42; 25:41; Мк. 9:48). Страдание – непрекращающееся ощущение невыносимой боли (ср. Лк. 16:23, 24), которому подвергаются все, кто предан поставленному сатаной правителю.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Revelation 14:11". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/revelation-14.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Union with opposers of God and his cause, for the sake of avoiding present evil, or obtaining fancied good, is aggravated sin, and will be followed with awful punishment.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Revelation 14:11". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/revelation-14.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation

6. The smoke of their torment ascendeth up forever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name--14:11.

The duration of the condemnation on the idolatrous worship of the Roman beast was expressed in these terms of equal fear in the fateful words of this text.

The phrase forever and ever always meant endless. The single term forever may refer to a period of time--and though it must include all of the period to which it refers, it is limited to the duration of that period. On the other side of time, in eternity, there will be no time limitations; therefore, the words forever and everlasting and eternal (all from the same Greek term aionious) when used in reference to reward or punishment beyond this life must denote that which is without end. But when ever and ever are joined together in forever and ever, there is never a modification --it always means endless. So doctrinally, respecting the duration of the future punishment of the wicked, these verses carry no intimation of any limitation. Not only so-- there is no cessation: and they have no rest day nor night --that is, no recess from torment, no release from punishment. The torment of the beast was to be interminable and without intermission.

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Wallace, Foy E. "Commentary on Revelation 14:11". "Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/foy/revelation-14.html. 1966.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

An endless trail of ascending smoke is the constant reminder of the permanent misery of beast-worshippers (cf. Revelation 19:3; Genesis 19:28; Isaiah 34:9-10). The temporary judgments of beast-worshippers under the coming bowl judgments now give way to judgment that is eternal (cf. Matthew 25:46; Romans 2:3-9; 2 Thessalonians 1:6-9). If the ceaseless praise of the Lamb by the living creatures is eternal ( Revelation 4:5), so must be the punishment of these unbelievers since the same phrase, "forever and ever," describes both.

"The modern vogue of dispensing with hell has no counterpart in Revelation." [Note: Morris, p181. See also C. S. Lewis, The Problem of Pain, ch8: Hell; Mounce, pp276-77; and Robert A. Peterson, "Does the Bible Teach Annihilationism?" Bibliotheca Sacra156:621 (January-March1999):13-27.]

"This is the most horrible picture of eternal punishment in the entirety of Revelation ..." [Note: Thomas, Revelation 8-22, p212.]

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 14:11". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-14.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 14:11. And the smoke of their torment goeth up for ever and ever. The third of the four particulars of their miserable doom, which is unto ages of ages, that is, ‘for ever.’

And they have no rest day nor night who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name. This is the fourth and last particular in the delineation of their misery, which is not only everlasting, but uninterrupted while it lasts. Can we fail to mark the contrast to the ‘no rest day nor night’ of the four living creatures in chap. Revelation 4:8? In their ‘receiving’ the mark it is implied that there is voluntary action on the part of the followers of the beast. The first three angels have now fulfilled their message and, before we come to the Judge Himself, there is a pause. Two sayings are introduced.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Revelation 14:11". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/revelation-14.html. 1879-90.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

smoke . . . torment. Compare Isaiah 34:10.

torment. See Revelation 9:5.

for . . . ever = unto ages of ages. Greek. eis (App-104.) aionas aionon. No art, only occurs in this form. Compare App-151. a and App-129.

whosoever = if (App-118. a) any one (App-123.) Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Genus). App-6.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 14:11". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/revelation-14.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.

Forever and ever - `unto ages of ages.'

No rest day nor night. Contrast the same said of the four living creatures in heaven. "They rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy," etc.: yet they do "rest" in another sense: they rest from sin, sorrow, weariness, weakness, trial, and temptation (Revelation 14:13): the lost have no rest from sin, Satan, terror, torment, and remorse. The mediaeval idea of devils tormenting men, and men blaspheming God forever, is unscriptural. Every word of rebellion shall be eternally silent, every act of evil repressed (cf. Matthew 22:12).

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 14:11". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-14.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(11) For ever and ever.—Or, unto ages of ages. The imagery of the smoke going up reminds us of the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah (Genesis 19:28; comp. Isaiah 34:10). They have not rest by day and by night, who worship the wild beast, &c. Sin, which is first embraced as a delight, becomes soon an inexorable tyrant, by an awful retribution compelling men along the routine of the evil habits which they loathe while they long for, and long for even while they loathe them: there is a destiny of unrest in all sin. “The wicked are like the troubled sea, which cannot rest.” It is well that solemn words like these should be read by the light of the most certain of all truths—the power sin has of stamping its indelible features upon the human character, and giving to habit the force of a destiny.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Revelation 14:11". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/revelation-14.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.
smoke
18:18; 19:3; Genesis 19:28; Isaiah 33:14; 34:10; Joel 2:30; Luke 16:23
for
4:9,10; 5:13,14; 7:12; 11:15; 20:10; 22:5; Exodus 15:18; Psalms 10:16; 145:1; Matthew 25:41,46; Hebrews 1:8
no
Deuteronomy 28:65; Isaiah 57:20; Matthew 11:28; Mark 9:43-49; Luke 16:24
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:15 - set a mark;  Leviticus 19:28 - print;  2 Chronicles 34:25 - my wrath;  Isaiah 1:31 - and they;  Isaiah 9:18 - mount;  Isaiah 30:33 - the breath;  Isaiah 66:24 - their worm;  Daniel 3:6 - a burning;  Zechariah 13:6 - What;  Matthew 13:50 - wailing;  Matthew 18:34 - and delivered;  Mark 7:7 - the commandments;  Mark 9:44 - the fire;  2 Thessalonians 1:9 - be;  1 John 5:21 - keep;  Revelation 9:2 - there;  Revelation 13:14 - they;  Revelation 13:17 - name;  Revelation 14:9 - If;  Revelation 18:9 - the smoke;  Revelation 20:4 - and which;  Revelation 22:18 - God

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 14:11". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-14.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

Smoke of their torment refers to that which will arise from the fire in the lake into which the wicked will have been cast. Ascendeth up for ever and ever. If the smoke is to ascend for ever it follows that the torment will continue for ever. It will come from the lake of fire which has been created for the purpose of tormenting the unsaved. The particular unsaved persons named in this place are those who have guilty relations with the beast, the image or the mark ( Revelation 13:14-15). But all the unsaved will be in this place for Matthew 25:41 says they will be told: "Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fi Revelation, prepared for the devil and his angels." No rest day nor night is another way of saying that the punishment of the unsaved will be endless. Terrible thoughtl!

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Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 14:11". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-14.html. 1952.

Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation

Revelation 14:11

Revelation 14:11 And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.

And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever, etc.

which noteth the extremity, and the eternity of their torments in Hell fire. It hath been at all times, a dangerous condition, that the souls of the papists have been in, by

worshipping the beast, and his image,

Revelation 13:8 But now those papists that

worship the beast and his image and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name

are in a damnable state, and shall be tormented for ever and ever, except they repent.

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Knollys, Hanserd. "Commentary on Revelation 14:11". "Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hkc/revelation-14.html.