Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 14:17

And another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, and he also had a sharp sickle.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Sickle;   Temple;   Vision;   Scofield Reference Index - Holy Spirit;   The Topic Concordance - Day of the Lord;   Harvest;  
Dictionaries:
Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Order;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Heaven;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Revelation, the Book of;   Tools;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Angels;   Fruit;   Harvest ;   Sickle ;   Tares ;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Harvest;   Temple, the;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Altar;   Retribution;   Revelation of John:;   Sickle;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Bat Ḳ;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And another angel - The fifth in order. This angel came for a different purpose - with reference to the cutting off of the enemies of God, represented by the gathering of a vintage. Compare Matthew 13:41; Matthew 24:31.

Came out of the temple which is in heaven - Sent or commissioned by God. See the notes on Revelation 14:15.

He also having a sharp sickle - On the word “sickle,” see the notes on Revelation 14:14.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 14:17". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-14.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

And another angel came out from the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle. And another angel came out from the altar, he that hath power over fire; and he called with a great voice to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Send forth thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe.

Here begins the second view of the one judgment presented in this vision, this one having to do with the destruction of the wicked. Some have taken the view that because angels are featured in both sections that this section too refers to the gathering of the righteous; but, as we have already noted, the pattern of this is exactly that of Matthew 25, the righteous first being mentioned, then the wicked. Caird was impressed that both sections "are inaugurated with the same angelic command";[78] but there is a most important difference. The angel from the sanctuary is now aided by one from the altar, the same altar "in connection with which the prayers of the saints ascend to the throne; and the judgment of God is God's final answer of those prayers.[79] See comment under Revelation 8:3-5.

Gather the clusters of the vine of the earth ... The imagery of the description of this phase of the judgment is that of the winepress, probably because of the bloodiness of it. "The ministry of mercy is the Lord's chosen office; the ministry of wrath his stern necessity."[80] so Ladd and others have commented upon the repeated appearance in the Old Testament of the grape harvest meaning judgment, as in Isaiah 63:2,3 and Joel 3:13.[81]

[78] G. B. Caird, op. cit., p. 191.

[79] William Hendriksen, op. cit., p. 188.

[80] Frank L. Cox, op. cit., p. 92.

[81] George Eldon Ladd, op. cit., p. 201.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Revelation 14:17". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/revelation-14.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven,.... It is a strange conceit of Mr. Brightman's, that this angel is Thomas Lord Cromwell, in the days of King Henry the Eighth, a sincere favourer of pure religion; and that the following angel is Thomas Cranmer, archbishop of Canterbury, a martyr, that had power over fire; and that the vintage, here spoken of, refers to the destroying of religious houses, and disposing of abbey lands to other uses; which was done under the king's authority, by the former of these, at the instigation of the latter, when those who were set over that business made such havoc of the goods of the Papists, that their houses seemed to swim in their spoils, as in a river of pressed grapes. Dr. Goodwin much better interprets it of God's vengeance upon the carnal Protestants and professors of religion; since it is an angel out of the temple that will execute it, and another from the altar, zealous of God's worship, that will provoke to it; and since the winepress will be trodden without the city, the church; and which began in the wars in Germany, in the last age, and will have its full accomplishment when the whole outward court is given to the Gentiles; but how these, who are but a few, when compared with the wicked of the world, should be called the vine of the earth, I see not. Mr. Daubuz thinks this vision of the vintage has had, at least in part, its fulfilment in the late wars in the times of Queen Anne, the Popish countries being then made the seat of war, in which they suffered much; rather they come nearest to the truth of the matter, who take this to be the battle of the great God Almighty, under the sixth vial, Revelation 16:14 fought by the word of God, the King of kings, and Lord of lords, who will tread the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God, Revelation 19:15 when the beast and false prophet will both be destroyed: but inasmuch as Babylon is before declared to be fallen, Revelation 14:8 and since the gathering in of the Lord's wheat at the first resurrection is designed by the harvest, it is best to understand this vintage of the perdition of ungodly men by fire, at the conflagration of the world, which will be at the beginning of the thousand years' reign, and of the gathering of them in at the second resurrection, at the end of it, for the destruction of them in hell, soul and body. And by this "angel" is meant, not the saints of the most High; for though they may be said to come out of the temple, the church, and shall judge the world, yet they will not be employed in gathering together the wicked, and casting them into the lake of fire, or winepress of God's wrath: rather the ministering spirits are intended, who are the reapers at the end of the world, and who will gather the wicked, and bind them like tares in bundles, and cast them into the furnace of fire; though it is best to interpret this of Christ himself, who is often called an Angel in Scripture, as the Angel of God's presence; and the Angel of the covenant; and frequently in this book, as in Revelation 7:2 because, as Mediator, he is God's messenger; and he may be said to do that, which he does by others, as instruments, as to gather the vine of the earth, and cast it into the winepress; and he may be said to "come out of the temple which is in heaven": whether this be understood of heaven itself, which the temple, and especially the most holy place in it, was a figure of; here Christ is, and from hence he is expected to come, and will come at the last day, as Judge of all the earth; or of the church of God, for here Christ dwells, and grants his gracious and spiritual presence until his second and personal coming, with all his saints: and now he will have them all with him, both quick and dead, and will be personally in his temple, the church, in the great congregation of the righteous, and out from among them will he display his power in the destruction of the wicked; and the rather he may be thought to be intended, since none but a divine person ever trod the winepress of God's wrath; see Isaiah 63:1 to which may be added what follows,

he also having a sharp sickle; the same who is described as like to the son of man, on a white cloud, with a golden crown on his head, and such a sickle in his hand, Revelation 14:14 which is expressive of the same judiciary power and authority.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 14:17". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-14.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

14 And another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle.

(14) The other type (as I said in) {See (Revelation 14:14) } is the vintage: the manner of which is the same as that which went before, except for this, that the grape gathering is more exact in seeking out everything, then is the harvest labour. This is therefore a more grievous judgment, both because it succeeds the other, and because it is executed with great diligence.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Revelation 14:17". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/revelation-14.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

in heaven — (Revelation 11:19).

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This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 14:17". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-14.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

He also (και αυτοςkai autos). As well as the Reaper on the cloud. This is the fifth angel who is God‘s messenger from heaven (temple where God dwells). This fifth angel with his sharp sickle is to gather the vintage (Revelation 14:18-20) as Christ did the wheat.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 14:17". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-14.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Temple ( ναοῦ )

Properly, sanctuary. See on Matthew 4:5.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 14:17". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/revelation-14.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Scofield's Reference Notes

angel

(See Scofield "Hebrews 1:4").

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Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Revelation 14:17". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/revelation-14.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

17 And another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle.

Ver. 17. And another angel] The community of faithful Christians that combine against Antichrist, to pull him out of his throne and cut his comb.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 14:17". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-14.html. 1865-1868.

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

In the former verses we meet with the metaphor of an harvest, in these we meet with that of a vintage; there the wicked were compared to rice corn fit for the harvest, here to ripe grapes fit for the winepress; signifying by both, that the wicked, by filling up the measure of their sins, do make themselves ripe and ready for judgment.

Note here, 1. That as the true church is called a vine, so is the wicked antichristian church here called; but with this addition, a vine of the earth, cleaving to, and only favouring of, the earth; a good name will signify little in judgment; to be called Christians, virgins, &c. what will it profit, without burning and shining lamps?

Note, 2. Whereas the grapes of this vine are said to be not only ripe, but fully ripe, how great is the forbearance and long-suffering of God towards to wicked! Maximum miraculum est Dei longanimitas, the patience of God towards sinners is the greatest miracle in the world: but though lasting it will not be everlasting; when long abused, it turns at last into fury; ripening in sin, is a sure prognostication of judgment at hand.

Note, 3. The vine with all its clusters are gathered, small and great, one and another, all shall appear before the bar of Christ, Revelation 20:12 I saw the dead small and great stand before God: and the books were opened, and the dead were judged out of those books.

Note, 4. Whither this degenerated vine, with all its clusters, was cast, namely, into the wine-press of God's wrath, which is called a great wine-press, because it can contain all the wicked; it will hold them all, be they never so many; and is said to be trodden, that is, by Christ, denoting the severity of that vengeance which will be inflicted upon sinners; the grapes which have hung a long time ripening in the sun are severely pressed at last.

Note, 5. That the blood which came out of the wine-press (the blood of the grape) was so much in quantity, that it came up the the horses' bridles, by the space of a thousand and six hundred furlongs; all metaphorical expressions, signifying that wine is the wrath of God, and the cup of his indignation; and the hyperbolical expression of its height, reaching as high as the horses' bridles; and of its length, reaching more than a thousand furlongs, shows that mighty deluge and inundation of God's wrath, which the wicked in general, and all Antichrist's followers in particular, shall not only drink of, but swim in: and as they shed the blood of the saints abundantly, in like manner God will give them blood to drink in great abundance.

Note lastly, That although these two metaphors of the harvest and the vintage signify one thing, only the vision is doubled, like Pharaoh's dream, to show the certainty thereof, yet we may conceive that the similitude of a vintage here holds forth greater judgment than the harvest: Almighty God, in his providential dispensation towards the wicked, proceeds gradually; as they proceed from one degree of wickedness, so does he from one degree of wrath and vengeance, to another; the vintage follows the harvest, the sharp sickle follows the sickle, the harvest is said to be ripe, the vintage to be fully ripe; if the flood of God's anger in this life will not wash sinners clean, the deluge of his wrath in the next will wash them quite away: Blood came out of the wine-press, even to the horses' bridles, by the space of a thousand and six hundred furlongs.

Eternal thanks to Christ the Lamb, who has delivered his from this dreadful wrath to come!

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Burkitt, William. "Commentary on Revelation 14:17". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/revelation-14.html. 1700-1703.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

This angel some will have to be some instrument God would make use of to cut down antichrist: others would have it to be the word of God in the mouth of his ministers, which, Hebrews 4:12, is sharper than a two-edged sword, piercing to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit; and thus they judge this angel to be the same with the rider upon the white horse, Revelation 19:11-21, out of whose mouth went a sharp sword, Revelation 14:15.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 14:17". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-14.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

из храма См. пояснение к 11:19. Это означает место обитания Бога на небесах, а не храм в годину скорби в Иерусалиме (ср. 11:1).

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Revelation 14:17". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/revelation-14.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Another angel came out of the temple; having a commission immediately from God.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Revelation 14:17". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/revelation-14.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

‘And another angel came out from the Temple which is in Heaven, he also having a sharp sickle, and another angel came out from the altar, he who has power over fire, and he called with a great voice to him who had the sharp sickle, saying, “Send forth your sharp sickle and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth, for her grapes are fully ripe”.’

John is at pains to demonstrate that He Who sits on the throne is at one with the Son of Man in the action about to take place, for the angel with the sickle comes forth from His Temple. He is to help with the reaping.

The angel from the altar who has power over fire was described in Revelation 8:5. He represents the prayers of God’s people and here we find that this final hour of judgment is in response to those prayers (Luke 18:7; Revelation 6:10). Creation itself has groaned and waited (Romans 8:19-22). Now its hour too has come. This is intrinsic in the Lord’s prayer. ‘May your name be hallowed, your rule come, your will be done’ (Matthew 6:9-10). They were prayers for the fulfilment of God’s purposes.

The angels are the assistants of the Son of Man in judgment. The Son of Man initiates the reaping, the angels carry it out and gather the remains of the harvest to be burned (Matthew 13:40-42). This is assumed here and illustrated by the treatment of the vintage. John sees the two harvests as taking place at the same time. The emphasis is on the fact that nothing is excluded.

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Revelation 14:17". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/revelation-14.html. 2013.

Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation

Another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sickle in his hand--14:17. There was a distinction between the two angels and the two temples; the first angel came out of the temple which symbolized the sanctuary of the Jews, and was a proclaimer, having no sickle in his hand; the second angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, the abode of God, with a sickle in his hand, symbolizing a minister with power to execute judgment.

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Wallace, Foy E. "Commentary on Revelation 14:17". "Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/foy/revelation-14.html. 1966.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

The fifth angel in this group came out of the heavenly temple ready to execute judgment (cf. Matthew 13:30; Matthew 13:39-42; Matthew 13:49-50).

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 14:17". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-14.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 14:17. In this verse the second of the second group of three angels appears. He also has a sharp sickle like that of the Person mentioned in Revelation 14:14. But he is not on that account to be identified with Him—he only carries out His will. The sickle too is to be used for another purpose, there for reaping, here for gathering the vintage.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Revelation 14:17". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/revelation-14.html. 1879-90.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle.

Out of the temple ... in heaven - (Revelation 11:10.)

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 14:17". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-14.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle.
came
14,15,18; 15:5,6; 16:1
Reciprocal: Joel 3:13 - for the press;  Revelation 16:17 - there;  Revelation 19:15 - and he treadeth

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 14:17". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-14.html.

Walter Scott's Commentary on Revelation

VII. — THE VINE OF THE EARTH AND ITS JUDGMENT

?Revelation 14:17-20. — "And another angel came out of the temple which (is) in the Heaven, he also having a sharp sickle. And another angel came out of the altar,having power over fire, and called with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Send thy sharp sickle, and gather the bunches of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripened. And the angel put his sickle to the earth, and gathered the vine of the earth, and cast (the bunches) into the great winepress of the fury of God; and the winepress was trodden without the city, and blood went out of the winepress to the bits of the horses for a thousand six hundred stadia."

. — "Another angel." In these visions there is mention made of six angels (vv. 6, 8, 9, 15, 17, 18). The ordinal numbers, second and third (vv. 8, 9, R.V.), areevidently meant to form a group of three angels as distinct from those which follow and are not numbered. The numbered angels announce specific events which are closely related. The fourth and the fifth come out of the temple (vv. 15, 17), from whence all the Vials are poured out (Revelation 16:1). The sixth angel comes out of the altar (v. 18).

17. — "Having a sharp sickle." There is a certain minuteness in the previous description not observable in this one. There "in His hand a sharp sickle" (v. 14); here it is simply "having a sharp sickle." In the one "a loud voice" (v. 15); in the other a "loud cry" (v. 18). These and other minute distinctions are to be noticed if full profit is to be gained. There are, of course, certain things in common, as "harvest" and "vintage" would necessarily suggest.

Then "another angel" is seen coming "out of the altar, having power over fire." This is the brazen altar, the altar of judgment. The loud and urgent cry of the souls of the martyrs under the altar for righteous vengeance (Revelation 6:9-11) was but partially answered. Now the fullmeasure of judgment is to be inflicted on their enemies. The brazen altar speaks of acceptance (Lev. l), and, with the blood upon its horns, of forgiveness (Leviticus 4:34). But it is a holy altar, and hence it demands the judgment of sin;it is also the ground of divine forgiveness. Here the thought is one of pure, unmingled judgment — divine judgment on the vine of the earth (compare with Ezekiel 9:2).The altar angel "called with a loud cry." It was a loud, peremptory, urgent call, and one which could brook no delay.

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Scott, Walter. "Commentary on Revelation 14:17". "Walter Scott's Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sor/revelation-14.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

The other sickle was in the hands of an angel instead of Him who was on the cloud. This also agrees with the language of Christ in Matthew 13:39 where he says "the angels are the reapers." Notice these angels are said to come out of the temple. That is because it is in heaven from where the authority of God is issued.

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Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 14:17". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-14.html. 1952.

Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation

Revelation 14:17

Revelation 14:17 And another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle.

By

the temple in heaven,

we may understand the glorious state and condition of the church of God, prophesied Isaiah 60:1-22

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Knollys, Hanserd. "Commentary on Revelation 14:17". "Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hkc/revelation-14.html.

Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms

Revelation 14:17. And another angel went out of the temple in heaven, who had also a sharp sickle. Bengel: "If the world will always do what it pleases in its own time, and makes one display after another, God, on the other hand, knows still better, what is to be done, when his long-suffering has reached its end." The angel is described as another, primarily with reference to Revelation 14:15. For only the angel there mentioned is expressly called by that name. If any one, however, would go back to Revelation 14:14, no doubt can be raised on this ground, from the expression, another angel," as to Christ being here also meant by it. For the name of angel has respect, not to the person, but to the mission. We can think of none but Christ. For, the two images of the harvest and the vintage are too closely connected with each other, to admit of the latter, along with the treading of the grapes, being given up to another than him to whom the former belonged; the rather as the badge of the sickle is common to both. The work, besides, is too great, to be committed to a single ordinary angel, and the office would tread too closely on the honour of Christ, to whom all judgment has been committed by the Father. The character of the judgment also, as exercised upon the enemies of Christ, would thereby be darkened. Finally, the one who treads the wine-press can, according to Isaiah 63, be no other than Christ, and he also appears as such in the passage, ch. Revelation 19:15, from which the one before us cannot be divorced.

That the angel proceeds out of the temple, shews that Christ appears for the good of his persecuted church, with the sickle.

In regard to the words, "Who had also a sharp sickle," it is clear, that we must not substitute for the sickle another instrument, one commonly used in the gathering of grapes. The small agricultural interest is overbalanced by the higher design of indicating, through the oneness of the instrument, the internal connection that subsists between the harvest and the vintage.

When fear would drive any one to concessions, let him only glance at this angel with the sharp sickle, that comes out of the heavenly temple, and he will feel as if a sword pierced his heart.

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Hengstenberg, Ernst. "Commentary on Revelation 14:17". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/revelation-14.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

17.And—The misty forms of the white cloud, its occupant, and the harvest field, have all instantly disappeared. But a second and more terrible, though equally transient, volume of the sky-picture appears in its place to complete the series of omens. To the harvest of wrath succeeds the vintage of blood. By the phrase temple in heaven Dusterdieck and Alford are somewhat nonplussed. The word heaven means, as often elsewhere, the firmamental heaven, (note Revelation 4:11,) or sky. And the simple meaning is, that a visional temple, with its altar, outlined itself in the sky-vision as part of the omen scenery.

Angel’ sharp sickle—The Lord of the harvest has reaped the grain; but leaves to his servants the treading of the bloody winepress. The blood-red colour of the juice of the grape suggests the thought of carnage; and the pressure by which it is crushed out suggests the wrath that compels the carnage. The image is taken from Isaiah 63:3, where Jehovah’s treading the winepress and pouring forth the blood of the grape, is an image of the crushing of the wicked powers in behalf of his people.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Revelation 14:17". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/revelation-14.html. 1874-1909.