Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 14:18

Then another angel, the one who has power over fire, came out from the altar; and he called with a loud voice to him who had the sharp sickle, saying, "Put in your sharp sickle and gather the clusters from the vine of the earth, because her grapes are ripe."
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Grape;   Sickle;   Vision;   The Topic Concordance - Day of the Lord;   Harvest;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Vine;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Angel;   Order;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Grape;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Wheat;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Authority;   Revelation, the Book of;   Tools;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Altar;   Angels;   Arts;   Colossians, Epistle to the;   Comfort;   Draw-Net ;   Elements ;   Fire;   Fruit;   Nathanael ;   Sickle ;   Tares ;   Vine ;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Harvest;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Cluster;   Rapes;   Vine;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Angel;   Authority in Religion;   Cluster;   Cry, Crying;   Retribution;   Revelation of John:;   Sickle;   Vine;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Power over fire - Probably meaning the same angel which is mentioned, Revelation 8:3; Revelation 9:13, who stood by the altar of burnt-offering, having authority over its fire to offer that incense to God which represents the prayers of the saints.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-14.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And another angel - The sixth in order. He came, like the angel in Revelation 14:15, with a command to him who had the sickle to go forth and execute his commission.

Came out from the altar - This stood in the front of the temple (see the notes on Matthew 21:12; compare the notes on Matthew 5:23-24), and was the place where burnt-sacrifices were made. As the work now to be done was a work of destruction, this was an appropriate place in the representation.

Which had power over fire - As if he kept the fire on the altar. Fire is the usual emblem of destruction; and as the work now to be done was such, it was proper to represent this angel as engaged in it.

And cried with a loud cry, … - See Revelation 14:15. That is, he came forth, as with a command from God, to call on him who was appointed to do the work of destruction, now to engage in performing it. The time had fully come.

Thrust in thy sharp sickle - Revelation 14:15.

And gather the clusters of the vine of the earth - That portion of the earth which might be represented by a vineyard in which the grapes were to be gathered and crushed. The image here employed occurs elsewhere to denote the destruction of the wicked. See the very beautiful description in Isaiah 63:1-6, respecting the destruction of Edom, and the notes on that passage.

For her grapes are fully ripe - That is, the time has come for the ingathering; or, to apply the image, for the winding up of human affairs by the destruction of the wicked. The time here, as in the previous representation, is the end of the world; and the design is, to comfort the church in its trials and persecutions, by the assurance that all its enemies will be cut off.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-14.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And another angel came out from the altar,.... Where are the souls of the martyrs of Jesus, Revelation 6:9 and whom this angel is thought by some to represent, in his address to him that had the sharp sickle, crying for vengeance on the wicked of the earth, who had shed their blood: the allusion seems to be to the altar of burnt offerings, where the sacrifices were slain, and on which they were burnt with fire; and which was an emblem of the strict justice of God, showing, that those persons, for whom these sacrifices were offered, deserved to be treated in like manner; and here the angel coming from thence signifies, that he came on the behalf of the justice of God, treating that he, to whom vengeance belonged, would execute it upon all the ungodly, who were ripe for judgment: and hence it is further said of him,

which had power over fire; whether the angels, as they have presided over particular kingdoms and states, Daniel 10:20 preside over the elements, since this angel had power over fire, and another angel is called the angel of the waters, Revelation 16:5 may be considered. According to the JewsF3Sepher Raziel, fol. 39. 2. Targum in 1 Reg. xix. 11. there are מלאכי אש, "angels of fire", and מלאכי מים, "angels of the waters"; particularly it is saidF4T. Bab. Pesachim, fol. 118. 1. , that Gabriel is שר של אש, "the prince of fire", or "that has power over fire", and Jurkemo is שר הברד, "prince of hail", or has power over it: however, fire is to be taken here, not for the Spirit, and his gifts, which not a created angel, but Christ only, has a power over, to baptize with; nor the Gospel, nor martyrdom, but rather the wrath of God, which in Scripture is often compared to fire, of which this angel was an executioner: and indeed here it may be referred, both literally to the burning of the world, and the wicked in it, in which the angels may be concerned, who will descend with Christ in flames of fire, taking vengeance on the wicked; and figuratively to hell fire, and the destruction of the wicked in it, who will be cast into it by the angels of God.

And cried with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, as in Revelation 14:15 expressing like vehemence and importunity,

saying, thrust in thy sharp sickle: not commanding or directing, but entreating as before:

and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; not the vine of God's planting, the vineyard of the Lord of hosts, the church of Christ; but the vine of the earth, of wicked and earthly men, whose vine is the vine of Sodom, &c. Deuteronomy 32:32 and which is spread over the whole earth; a wild vine, whose grapes are gall, clusters bitter, and their wine the poison of dragons; and to such a vine the wicked are compared, for their emptiness and unfruitfulness, their uselessness and unprofitableness, and for their being fit fuel for everlasting burnings; see Ezekiel 15:2. And the clusters of it may denote the great multitude of the wicked now to be cut down, gathered in, and destroyed, the reason given,

for her grapes are fully ripe; their wickedness very great, their iniquity full, the measure of their sins filled up, and they fitted for destruction, and ripe for ruin; see Joel 3:13. Some understand this of the degenerate church of Rome, and the destruction of it; see Revelation 19:15.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-14.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

from the altar — upon which were offered the incense-accompanied prayers of all saints, which bring down in answer God‘s fiery judgment on the Church‘s foes, the fire being taken from the altar and cast upon the earth.

fully ripeGreek, “come to their acme”; ripe for punishment.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-14.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Another angel (αλλος αγγελοςallos aggelos). The fifth angel above Swete terms “the Angel of vengeance.” He responds to the call of the sixth angel here as Christ does to the call of the fourth angel in Revelation 14:15.

Out from the altar (εκ του τυσιαστηριουek tou thusiastēriou). From the altar of incense where he is in charge of the fire (εχουσιαν επι του πυροςexousian epi tou puros). If it is the altar of burnt offering (Revelation 6:9; Revelation 11:1), we are reminded of the blood of the martyrs (Swete), but if the altar of incense (Revelation 8:3, Revelation 8:5; Revelation 9:13; Revelation 16:7), then of the prayers of the saints.

The sharp sickle (το δρεπανον το οχυto drepanon to oxu). Useful for vintage as for harvesting. So “send forth” (πεμπσονpempson) as in Revelation 14:15.

Gather (τρυγησονtrugēson). First aorist active imperative of τρυγαωtrugaō old verb (from τρυγηtrugē dryness, ripeness), in N.T. only Revelation 14:18. and Luke 6:44.

The clusters (τους βοτρυαςtous botruas). Old word βοτρυςbotrus here only in N.T. (Genesis 40:10).

Her grapes (αι σταπυλαι αυτηςhai staphulai autēs). Old word again for grapes, bunch of grapes, in N.T. only here, Matthew 7:16; Luke 6:44.

Are fully ripe (ηκμασανēkmasan). Old and common verb (from ακμηakmē Matthew 15:16), to come to maturity, to reach its acme, here only in N.T.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-14.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Altar ( θυσιαστηρίου )

See on Acts 17:23.

Which has power ( ἔξων ἐξουσίαν )

Lit., having power. Some texts add the article ὁ . So Rev., “he that hath power.”

Fire

In the Greek with the article, the fire.

Cry ( κραυγῇ )

See on Luke 1:42.

Thy sharp sickle

Lit., thy sickle, the sharp.

Gather ( τρύγησον )

From τρύγη drynessincluded in the notion of ripeness, and hence the vintage, harvest. The verb means therefore to gather ripe fruit. It occurs only in this chapter and in Luke 6:44.

Grapes ( σταφυλαὶ )

The noun in the singular means also a bunch of grapes.

Are fully ripe ( ἤκμασαν )

Only here in the New Testament. From ἀκμή , transcribed in acme, the highest point. Hence the verb means to reach the height of growth, to be ripe.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/revelation-14.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And another angel came out from the altar, which had power over fire; and cried with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe.

And another angel from the altar — Of burnt offering; from whence the martyrs had cried for vengeance.

Who had power over fire — As "the angel of the waters," Revelation 16:5, had over water.

Cried, saying, Lop off the clusters of the vine of the earth — All the wicked are considered as constituting one body.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/revelation-14.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

18 And another angel came out from the altar, which had power over fire; and cried with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe.

Ver. 18. And another angel] A type of true pastors, saith Mr Forbes; by whose plain and powerful preaching the other are informed and stirred up to consecrate their hands to the Lord. Such an angel was Zuinglius, who died in battle; such was Beza in that battle that was fought in campis Druidensibus; such were the Angrognian ministers, and such were sundry of our late army preachers, Mr Marshal, Mr Ash, my dear brother Mr Thomas Jackson, now of Gloucester, &c.

Which had power over fire] Not Christum et Evangelium flammeum praedicans, as a popish varlet {a} slandered Beza at the afore mentioned sight, but as the pacifying the fire of contention among brethren, and setting them all together against the common enemy.

Thrust in thy sharp sickle] Fall on, quit you like men, be valiant for the Lord of hosts; "Cursed is he that doth the Lord’s work negligently. Cursed is he that withholdeth his sword from blood." Thus the faithful ministers strengthened the hands and hearts of the soldiers to battle, and made them stick close to their colours and commanders.

Are fully ripe] Ripe for vengeance, as the Amorites were, when they had filled the land from one end to another with their uncleanness, Ezra 9:11. About the year of grace 1414, Theodoricus Urias, an Augustinian in Germany, complained, that the Church of Rome was then become, ex aurea argenteam, ex argentea ferream, ex ferrea terream, superesse ut in stercus abiret; of gold silver, of silver iron, of iron earth, which would shortly turn to muck. (Jac. Revius.)

{a} A man or lad acting as an attendant or servant; a menial, a groom. Now arch. OED

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-14.html. 1865-1868.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Revelation 14:18. καὶ ἄλλος ἄγγελος ἐκ τοῦ θυσιαστηρίου, (169) ἔχων ἐξουσίσν ἐπὶ τοῦ πυρὸς, ἐφωνήσε, κ. τ. λ.) See the general remark respecting the Latin Translator in App. Crit. Ed. ii, on this passage. ἐπὶ τοῦ πυρὸς is said in the singular number; but it appears to be the singular for the plural, since the word πῦρ, here used, has no plural. Comp. τῶν ὑδάτων, ch. Revelation 16:5.— τοὺς βότρυας αἰ σταφυλαὶ) βότρυς καὶ σταφυλὴ are often synonymous, but they sometimes differ, in the LXX.: Numbers 13:23, אשכול ענבים, LXX., βότρυν σταφυλῆς; Genesis 40:10, πέπειροι οἱ βότρυες σταφυλῆς. Therefore βότρυς, the whole, a cluster: σταφυλαὶ, the parts, a grape.— τῆς ἀ΄πέλου, of the vine) The plural is not wanting, נפנים, LXX., αἱ ἄμπελοι; and yet in this place it is singular: all the wicked are like one vine; they all cohere in one mass.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/revelation-14.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

From the altar; the place of sacrifices and burnt-offerings.

Which had power over fire; which had commission to execute God’s judgments, compared to fire, Psalms 11:6 21:9 1:3.

And cried with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, saying: God’s holy ones cry unto him who hath a power to execute vengeance.

Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; put an end to the rage of antichrist, and gather those clusters which grew upon this vine of Sodom, and were as the clusters of Gomorrah.

For her grapes are fully ripe; for their iniquities were come to the full, and they were now ripe for judgment. Our learned Dr. More expounds this ripeness, of a readiness for conversion, as well as for destruction, and thinks the first is here rather intended: the last words of the next verse incline me to judge otherwise.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-14.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

иной Ангел, имеющий власть над огнем Этот Ангел ассоциируется с огнем жертвенника, который представляет молитвы святых (6:9-11; 8:3-5). Огонь постоянно горел на медном жертвеннике Иерусалимского храма. Дважды в день священник зажигал фимиам от этого огня и приносил горящий фимиам в святое место как символ людских молитв (см. пояснение к 5:8; 6:9; 8:3). Этот Ангел приходит от небесного жертвенника для уверения, что все молитвы всех святых о суде и пришествии Царства услышаны. Он призывает начать суд.

серп См. пояснение к ст. 14.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/revelation-14.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

The altar; apparently the altar of burnt-offering.

Fire; the symbol of God’s destroying wrath. Both saints and sinners are continued in this world till they are fully ripe, the one for endless bliss, and the other for endless woe.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/revelation-14.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation

A third angel came out from the altar saying to the angel that had the sickle: Thrust in thy sharp sickle and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe--14:18. This angel from the altar undoubtedly signified the answer to the cry of the martyrs under the altar of Chapter 6:9-10: "How long, 0 Lord, how long, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?" The Lord replied that "they should rest (wait) yet for a little season, until their fellow-servants also and their brethren, that should be killed as they were, should be fulfilled." Now, the vision of these angels in chapter 14, sees the role of the martyrs in the visions completed and finished. The angel from the altar was seen answering the souls under the altar (chapter 6:9-10), and he made an announcement to the angel with the sickle that time had come to avenge the martyrs. With these signals the Son of man reaped the earth of its harvest of grain, and his ministering angel gathered the vintage of grapes. Here was a double vision: the harvesting of grain and the gathering of vintage. With the double vision there was the double instrument of reaping and pruning. It signified reward and retribution. The harvest of grain represented the gathering of the faithful saints, and the vintage of grapes the crushing of their wicked oppressors. The symbols are comparable to the Lord's illustration of the wheat and the chaff, to the extent of the imagery of reward and retribution.

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Wallace, Foy E. "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". "Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/foy/revelation-14.html. 1966.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Another angel, the sixth in this chapter, came out from the golden altar of incense in heaven ( Revelation 8:3). This is probably an allusion to his responding to the Tribulation saints" prayers for vengeance from under the altar ( Revelation 6:9-10). His "power over fire" may indicate his authority to execute punishment. It seems clear from Revelation 14:19 that this angel was addressing the angel with the sickle ( Revelation 14:17), not Jesus Christ. John saw a different crop here ready for harvest. The two reapings seem to describe a single judgment at the end of the Great Tribulation ( Revelation 19:15; Revelation 19:17-21).

"Following the pattern of Joel 3:13, the scene furnishes two pictures of the same judgment for the same reason that Joel does, i.e, to emphasize the terror of it." [Note: Ibid, p220. Cf. Isaiah 34:1-3, 6; 63:1-6.]

The vine may represent Israel and the wheat Gentiles.

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-14.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 14:18. The third of the second group of three angels comes not merely from the temple, but out from the altar, the most sacred part of it—that altar over which the angel stands who presents the prayers of the saints to God, and who casts its fire upon the earth (chap. Revelation 8:3-5). It is this fire, not fire in general, that is referred to when the angel is described as he that hath power over the fire. The fire is the judgments of God upon the earth.

The angel next cries to him that had the sharp sickle that he should gather the clusters of the vine of the earth. As in Revelation 14:16 we were told only of the harvest of the good, so here we are told only of the vintage of the wicked. The figure is often used in the Old Testament (comp. Isaiah 63:1-4; Joel 3:13).

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/revelation-14.html. 1879-90.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

out from. App-104.

altar. See Revelation 6:9.

which had = the (one) having.

power. App-172.

fire = the fire. i.e. the altar fire.

cried = he called. Greek. phoneo. Only occurance in Rev.

vine. The vine is the vine of the earth (Deuteronomy 32:32, Deuteronomy 32:33). Compare Isaiah 34:1-8. Joel 3:12-15. Zephaniah 3:8. See Revelation 19:15 and compare Isaiah 63:1-4.

are fully ripe. Greek. akmazo. Only here.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/revelation-14.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And another angel came out from the altar, which had power over fire; and cried with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe.

From the altar - upon which were offered the incense-accompanied prayers of all saints, which bring down in answer God's fiery judgment on the Church's foes, the fire being taken from the altar and cast upon the earth (Revelation 6:9-11; Revelation 8:3-5).

Fully ripe - for punishment [ eekmasan (Greek #187)]: 'come to their acme' (Genesis 15:16).

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-14.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(18) And another angel . . .—Translate, And another angel, . . . he who hath authority over the fire. The two scenes—one in Revelation 6:9-10 (the souls crying beneath the altar), the other in Revelation 8:5 (the angel mingling incense with the prayers of the saints)—must be remembered. The angel who had charge of the altar fire, and flung the ashes betokening judgments towards the earth, calls with a loud cry, Send thy sharp sickle, and gather the bunches of the vine of the earth, because her grapes are ripe.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/revelation-14.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And another angel came out from the altar, which had power over fire; and cried with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe.
came
6:9,10
which
16:8
and cried
15,16
Thrust
Joel 3:13
Reciprocal: Isaiah 5:2 - a winepress;  Jeremiah 6:9 - They shall;  Jeremiah 25:30 - give;  1 Peter 4:6 - but;  Revelation 14:17 - came;  Revelation 16:1 - I heard;  Revelation 16:7 - out

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-14.html.

Walter Scott's Commentary on Revelation

Revelation 14:18. — "Gather the bunches of the vine of the earth;for her grapes are fully ripened." Israel of old was the vine brought out of Egypt (Psalms 80:8) — Jehovah's fruit-bearing system on earth. After centuries of cultivation and care the vine only produced "wild grapes" (Isaiah 5:2-4). The noble vine planted by the Lord God of hostshad in the days of the weeping prophet "turned into a degenerate plant of a strange vine" (Jeremiah 2:21). Israeltherefore was set aside, to be morally replaced by Christ the true Vine, Who alone could and did bear fruit (?John 15:1-27). The mark of a true disciple is not simply to be a branch in the vine (Judas was that), but to be a fruit-bearing branch. The expression "the vine of the earth" contemplates the whole religious system in the coming crisis, not Judaism only. The grapes are ripe for judgment. They are gathered in bunches and cast into the great winepress of the wrath of God. The great religious apostasy of earth is now to be unsparingly dealt with in judgment. "The winepress was trodden without the city." The tares are now cast into the fire (Matthew 13:40-42) — "a furnace of fire." It is, too, the consuming of the fruitless branches (John 15:6). There is no mercy, no separating judgment, but absolute vengeance. The winepress signifies this. It is the day of vengeance of our God. It is the time of Isaiah 63:1-19 : "Wherefore art Thou red in Thine apparel, and Thy garments like Him that treadeth in the winefat?" asks the prophet. The Messiah answers, "I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the peoples there was none with Me; for I will tread them in Mine anger, and trample them in My fury: and their blood shall be sprinkled upon My garments, and I will stain all My raiment. For the day of vengeance is in Mine heart, and the year of my redeemed is come" (vv. 2-4). The vine of the earth is a far-reaching expression, embracing apostate Jews and apostate Gentiles (Psalms 85:5;Isaiah 34:1-17; Jeremiah 25:15-16; Joel 3:1-21).

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Scott, Walter. "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". "Walter Scott's Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sor/revelation-14.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

The next attending angel came out from the altar. That article was also at the temple and it was the piece that was used for burning certain victims. The symbol is very appropriate since this sickle is to be used for gathering the grapes; grapes for the wrath of God. This angel gave the signal to the one holding the second sickle to use it for gathering in the clusters. The reason assigned by him for the order was her grapes are fully ripe. God is never premature in his operations. He explained to Abraham in Genesis 15:16 that the reason for waiting until the fourth generation for attacking the land of promise was that "the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full." In 2 Peter 3:15 it says that the longsuffering of God in delaying the destruction of the earth "is salvation." Whenever God in his infinite wisdom sees that the time is fully ripe for the harvest He will send forth the reapers and bring an end to the earth and its contents.

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Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-14.html. 1952.

Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation

Revelation 14:18

Revelation 14:18 And another angel came out from the altar, which had power over fire; and cried with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe.

And another angel came out from the altar,

Revelation 14:18. Thus, Christ being upon his march he proceeds with speed to destroy Babylon the great, the mother of harlots, and abominations of the earth; one angel messenger comes speedily after another, prepared with a sharp sickle, his two-edged sword. { Revelation 19:19-21} The sword of the spirit, { Ephesians 6:17} in the hand of his saints. { Psalm 149:1-8; Isaiah 63:2-4} Behold, the third woe cometh quickly, speedily. { Revelation 11:14} By

the altar,

we may understand the inward court of the Temple, where the blood of the martyrs of Jesus Christ lay crying for vengeance against their persecutors. { Revelation 6:9-11}

Which had power over fire;

as Elias, and the two prophetical witnesses of Christ. See the exposition of Revelation 11:5, See KNOLLYS: Revelation 11:5 read Hebrews 1:7

Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth, for her grapes are fully ripe.

By

her grapes,

we may understand those abominations, { Revelation 17:5} of the Roman church; like the grapes of Sodom and Gomorrah, {Deuteronomy 32:32-35} such are the vine and grapes of the Church of Rome.

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Knollys, Hanserd. "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". "Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hkc/revelation-14.html.

Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms

Revelation 14:18. And another angel went forth from the altar, who has power over fire, and cried with a loud cry to him, who had the sharp sickle, and said, Send thy sharp sickle, and cut the clusters of the vine of the earth, for its clusters have become ripe.

Bengel: "In the harvest he, to whom it is cried with a loud voice, is more gloriously described; but in the vintage a peculiar power is ascribed to him, who calls with a loud cry, and demands the gathering of the grapes." The fact, that here he who has the sharp sickle is less pointedly described, is to be explained from the closely related character of the two images of judgment. The second representation is to be supplemented from the first. The altar, without any additional epithet, is the altar of burnt-offering. That the angel goes forth from it may be explained by a reference to Amos 9:1, "I saw the Lord standing upon the altar; and he said, Smite the lintel of the door, that the posts may shake; and cut them on the head all of them; and the remnant of them I will slay with the sword; he that fleeth of them shall not flee away, and he that escapeth of them shall not be delivered." Ezekiel 9 is also to be taken into account as a farther enlargement of this declaration, and as the oldest commentary on it. There, at the Lord's command, who comes to deliver his people, appear the ministers of his righteousness. They step forth (the scene is in the temple) beside the brazen altar. Hence, with Amos this altar is the place of transgression. There lie the unatoned iniquities of the people in one huge mass, the iniquities of both houses of Israel, instead of the rich treasury of love and faith which should have been found there embodied in sacrifice. In that place of transgression the Lord appears for the purpose of glorifying himself in the destruction of those who would not glorify him in their lives. So now, we might suppose here also that the angel comes from the altar on account of the foul gifts which had been presented on it—on account of the brimstone-fire of the hellish wickedness which had been burning there instead of the holy fire of God's sacrifice. But what decides against this interpretation is the circumstance that the altar belongs only to the church, while the heathen, who are the subjects of the judgment, had nothing to do with it; they had not defiled it with their gifts, and could not call forth the divine vengeance upon the desecration. We must, therefore, seek for an explanation of this passage in ch. Revelation 6:9-10. Under the altar of the heavenly sanctuary lie the souls of those who were slain for the word of God and the testimony which they had, in consequence of their being sacrificed on the altar. From thence the slain cry with a loud voice, and say, "How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thon not judge and avenge our blood on those who dwell on the earth!" The angel comes forth from the altar to avenge the blood of the saints which had been shed upon the altar. Then, we can also understand why the angel should come out of the altar and not from it, as if ascending from its base, because, according to ch. 6, the souls of the martyred saints lay there. (Ewald's attempt to substitute from for out is quite unsuccessful.) Ch. Revelation 16:7 also, where the altar is represented as saying, "Yea, Lord, righteous and true are thy judgments," favours this explanation. The altar is there viewed as the place where the blood of saints and prophets had been shed. Still further, ch. Revelation 9:13 is analogous, where the punishment of the world is sought from the golden altar, as the place of the prayers of God's people. There, as having respect to the thirst for the execution of God's judgment on the world, the ardent supplication of the saints; here. their blood.

The angel has power over fire. Fire is commonly used in the Revelation as the symbol of divine wrath and judgment (comp. on ch. Revelation 4:5, Revelation 8:5); and that it is to be taken in this sense here also, is plain from the message that follows, which treats of the execution of judgment without making any mention of fire, which consequently must be fire, not in a literal, but a figurative sense. In Revelation 14:19 the wrath of God corresponds to this fire. That his wrath should appear under the image of fire has its foundation in the reference to the fire of the altar. The fire of God's wrath utterly consumes those who are accused before God by the fire of the sacrifice of his saints; comp. ch. Revelation 8:5, where, in like manner, the wrath-fire is used in reference to the fire of the altar, only with this difference, that the fire there is the fire of prayer, here the fire of sacrifice. The power is of such a kind as may belong to an angel; he who has power is at the same time under power (Matthew 8:9). The power is that only of a subaltern. In the full sense God alone has power over fire (comp. Revelation 16:9). A limitation is also supplied by what follows; as from this it appears that the power over fire consists in the circumstance, that he has to carry to him, to whom the Father has committed all judgment, the message that the time for it had now come. On the words, "the clusters of the vine of the earth," Bengel remarks, "The blood-stream (rather, the sea of blood) thereof is so deep, and runs (extends) so far, that no other field but that of the whole world is great enough to bear such vast clusters."

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Hengstenberg, Ernst. "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/revelation-14.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

18.Another angel—The two angels of Revelation 14:17-18, are the angels of the bloody vintage. The former has the sickle, and is the executioner; the latter reports the ripeness and readiness for the bloodshed.

Came out from the altar—As the previous came from the visional temple in the sky; where the divine wrath against Babylon is brewing. The altar is the basis on which the victim is placed with bloodshed; thence it is revealed that the moment is ripe for the sacrifice.

Power over fire—And was, therefore, the proper angel to guard the fires of the altar. The imagery presupposes the guardianship of the different elements by appointed angels. So in Revelation 7:1-2, we have the angels of the four winds, and in Revelation 16:5, the angel of the waters.

Are fully ripe—As the juice of the grape has fully matured for the press, so the sins of Babylon are full for divine punishment.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/revelation-14.html. 1874-1909.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Revelation 14:18. . The figure of this angel (= Jehuel in rabbinic tradition. Gfrörer, i. 369) has an Iranian tinge. The justice of the punishment is attested by its origin in the purpose of one who corresponded to the Persian Amshas-pand (cf. on Revelation 1:4), Ashem Vahishtan, who presided over fire and at the same time symbolised the closely allied conceptions of goodness, truth, and right in Zoroastrian mythology (cf.H. J., 1904, 350). A similar representation of an angel speaking from the fire in connexion with providence occurs in Chag. 14 b.

 

 

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Bibliographical Information
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Revelation 14:18". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/revelation-14.html. 1897-1910.