Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 14:19

So the angel swung his sickle to the earth and gathered the clusters from the vine of the earth, and threw them into the great wine press of the wrath of God.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Grape;   Sickle;   Vision;   Wine Press;   The Topic Concordance - Day of the Lord;   Harvest;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Grapes;   Wrath;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Order;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Wine-Press;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Wheat;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Revelation, the Book of;   Tools;   Winepress;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Sickle;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Angels;   Atonement (2);   Draw-Net ;   Fruit;   Sickle ;   Tares ;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Harvest;   Wine-Press, Wine-Fat;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Lake;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Vine;   Wine Press;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Retribution;   Revelation of John:;   Sickle;   Wine;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

The great winepress of the wrath of God - The place or kingdom where God executes his judgments on the workers of iniquity, whether pagans or persecuting Christians; Rome pagan, or Rome papal.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 14:19". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-14.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And the angel thrust in his sickle into the earth - That is, into that part of the earth which might be represented by a vineyard; or the earth considered as having been the abode of wicked men.

And cast it into the great wine-press of the wrath of God - See Isaiah 63:1-6. That is, the wine-press where the grapes are crushed, and where the juice, resembling blood, flows out, may be used as a symbol to denote the destruction of the wicked in the last day; and as the numbers will be immensely great, it is called the “great wine-press of divine wrath.” The symbol appears to be used here alike with reference to the color of the wine resembling blood, and the pressure necessary to force it out; and thus employed it is one of the most striking emblems conceivable to denote the final destruction of the wicked.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 14:19". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-14.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

And the angel cast his sickle into the earth, and gathered the vintage of the earth, and cast it into the winepress, the great winepress, of the wrath of God.

And the angel cast his sickle ... It is still Christ's sickle, but as an agent and helper of the Lord the angel appears here.

The harvest of the earth is ripe ... See comment on this above, under Revelation 14:15. Wickedness will at last attain its ultimate goal of becoming absolutely intolerable to Almighty God. The heavenly Father has a score to settle with evil; and one day it will be settled, as depicted here. The roaring tornado of sin and wickedness visible everywhere upon earth today is rushing to the judgment. Even many of the theologians have decided that God will never punish anyone. "We are now witnessing a resurgence of universalism in the so-called Christian world";[82] but Scriptures like these, and many others in the New Testament, should more than suffice to repudiate such error.

ENDNOTE:

[82] James D. Strauss, op. cit., p. 190.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Revelation 14:19". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/revelation-14.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And the angel thrust in his sickle into the earth,.... Before "upon the earth", when the harvest was gathered in, the wheat being on the earth, but not belonging to it; but here "into the earth", the vine being the vine of the earth, rooted in it, and natural to it:

and gathered the vine of the earth; the Arabic version reads, "of the whole earth"; in like manner as the tares in the parable are said to be gathered, and bound in bundles, and cast into the fire, which, as here, intends the destruction of the wicked, at the end of the world: this vine may be said to be cut down at the burning of the world, and to be gathered at the second resurrection, as the wheat harvest of the saints will be at the first resurrection:

and cast it into the great winepress the wrath of God; the same with the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, so often mentioned in this book: the torments of the wicked will lie in the wrath of God being poured forth upon them, and into them, which will be that fire that cannot be quenched, and that worm that never dies; and this is signified by the squeezing of grapes in a winepress, as God's judgments in this world sometimes are, Isaiah 63:3 and which will be very heavy and intolerable, since this winepress will be trod by the Lord God Almighty: and it is said to be a great one, as it must needs be, to hold the vine of the whole earth, or all the wicked of the world, who will be like the sand of the sea, innumerable; and this will be big enough for them all, and they will all be cast into it at once. Tophet is deep and large, Isaiah 30:33.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 14:19". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-14.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

“The vine” is what is the subject of judgment because its grapes are not what God looked for considering its careful culture, but “wild grapes” (Isaiah 5:1-30). The apostate world of Christendom, not the world of heathendom who have not heard of Christ, is the object of judgment. Compare the emblem, Revelation 19:15; Isaiah 63:2, Isaiah 63:3; Joel 3:13.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 14:19". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-14.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Cast (εβαλενebalen). As in Revelation 14:16.

Gathered (ετρυγησενetrugēsen). Like ετεριστηetheristhē in Revelation 14:16, in obedience to the instructions in Revelation 14:18 (τρυγησονtrugēson).

The vintage of the earth (την αμπελον της γηςtēn ampelon tēs gēs). “The vine of the earth.” Here αμπελοςampelos is used for the enemies of Christ collectively pictured.

And cast it (εβαλενebalen). Repeating εβαλενebalen and referring to αμπελονampelon (vintage) just before.

Into the winepress the great winepress (εις την ληνον τον μεγανeis tēn lēnon ton megan). ΛηνοςLēnos is either feminine as in Revelation 14:20; Revelation 19:15, or masculine sometimes in ancient Greek. Here we have both genders, a solecism frequent in the Apocalypse (Revelation 21:14 το τειχος εχωνto teichos echōn). See Matthew 21:33. For this metaphor of God s wrath see Revelation 14:10; Revelation 15:1, Revelation 15:7; Revelation 16:1, Revelation 16:19; Revelation 19:15.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 14:19". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-14.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

The great wine-press ( τὴν ληὸν τὸν μέγαν )

The Greek student will note the masculine adjective with the feminine noun, possibly because the gender of the noun is doubtful. The Rev., in rendering more literally, is more forcible: the wine-press, the great wine-press. See on Matthew 21:33.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 14:19". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/revelation-14.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Scofield's Reference Notes

angel

(See Scofield "Hebrews 1:4")

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Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Revelation 14:19". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/revelation-14.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

19 And the angel thrust in his sickle into the earth, and gathered the vine of the earth, and cast it into the great winepress of the wrath of God.

Ver. 19. And the angel thrust in] Down go the Antichristians immediately, by the power and prowess of the Christian armies, thus edged and eneagered by their preachers. This we have seen fulfilled in our late wars to our great comfort, at Edgehill and Nazeby fight especially.

In the great winepress] Lacus iste locus coedis. Such a lake, the place of devastation, This winepress is called Armageddon, Revelation 16:16.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 14:19". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-14.html. 1865-1868.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Revelation 14:19. (170) ἔβαλεν, cast) By the instrumentality of this angel, therefore, the grapes will be brought from the most ample vine of the earth into one wine-press.— τὴν ληνὸν τὸν μέγαν) Even with the Hebrews גת, ληνὸς, is feminine; but to τὴν ληνὸν there is added a masculine adjective, after the Hebrew custom (see Buxtorf. Thes. pp. 338, 399, 423): and this certainly here tends to an amplification of the sense: as also among the Greeks.(171) See Budæi Comm. L. Gr. col. 1500, 1501. Formerly some thus interpreted it, without perceiving the Hebraism, He cast the great, that is, the haughty, ancient enemy, into the wine-press of the wrath of God. Thus Primasius has it, and Ansbert.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Revelation 14:19". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/revelation-14.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Dr. More thinks the sense of this is, that men were pressed in conscience upon the sharp conviction of Christ’s powerful ministers, with sorrow for their sins, and so felt the wrath of God in them. But Mr. Mede, with whom (as to the sense of this text) I rather agree, tells us, that the treading of the vintage, in parabolical Scripture, constantly signifies a cruel, bloody, and deadly slaughter; he thinks that it is the same slaughter mentioned Revelation 19:19-21, as to which, Revelation 14:15, much the same metaphor is used, he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath, of Almighty God.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 14:19". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-14.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

точило Яркий образ, указывающий на устрашающее кровопролитие (ср. Ис. 63:2, 3; Плач. 1:15; Иоил. 3:13). Здесь это относится к уничтожению всех врагов Божьих, которые еще живы. Они все встретятся с гибелью при Армагеддоне – последнем сражении против Божьих врагов, имеющем место на равнине Изреельской (Ездрелонской). Кровавый образ основан на ассоциации со свежим виноградным соком, разбрызгивающимся по сторонам и стекающим вниз по желобу от верхнего чана к нижнему в каменном давильном прессе-точиле.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Revelation 14:19". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/revelation-14.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Wine-press of the wrath of God; the treading of grapes is expressive of his vengeance upon his enemies.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Revelation 14:19". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/revelation-14.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

‘And the angel cast his sickle into the earth and gathered the vintage of the earth and cast it into the winepress, the great winepress of the wrath of God. And the winepress was trodden without the city, and there came out blood from the winepress, even to the bridles of the horses as far as a thousand and six hundred furlongs.’

John sees vividly the activity of the winepress in which the grapes are trodden and when the juice overflows the red wine flows, so that the red wine looks like blood flowing from the winepress. This takes him on in thought to the great last battle. The language is anticipatory of Revelation 19:11-21 where the heavenly horsemen go forth to judgment. It is stressing the greatness of the judgment with blood flowing for two hundred miles and deep enough to reach the horses’ bridles. Sixteen hundred is the square of forty emphasising again the greatness of the judgment. The flood was on the earth forty days and forty nights (Genesis 7:12). This is a judgment far vaster than the flood.

‘Outside the city.’ It was right and appropriate that it should take place outside the city for that is where Jesus was crucified (John 19:20; Hebrews 13:12). It is where that which was plagued was taken (Leviticus 14:40-41). This is Har-Magedon (Revelation 16:16 compare Revelation 19:11-21), possibly the mountain overlooking Megiddo (it means ‘the Mount of Megiddo’), where great battles were fought of old, where God discomforted Sisera (Judges 5:19; compare 2 Kings 23:29; 2 Chronicles 35:22), where God will defeat all His enemies (Revelation 19:11-21). It is symbolic of a place of mourning (Zechariah 12:11). The judgment could not take place ‘within the city’ for Mount Zion is now in Heaven (Revelation 14:1), the place of the redeemed.

The picture of the winepress has in mind Isaiah 63:1-6 where the One Who speaks in righteousness, mighty to save, has trodden the winepress of God’s enemies in His anger, ‘for the day of vengeance was in my heart and the year of my redeemed has come’ (Isaiah 63:4). As here He is avenging the ill-treatment of His people on the those who have maltreated them. The whole picture is emphasising the awfulness of God’s judgment. It is stressing that it is ‘a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God’ (Hebrews 10:31).

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Revelation 14:19". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/revelation-14.html. 2013.

Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation

3. The angel of judgment gathered the clusters of the vine of the earth, and cast it into the great winepress of the wrath of God--14:19. This was the vision of the terrible wrath of God that would be administered to the persecutors of His people.

The winepress of ancient time was an excavation in rock, formed in the ground, and lined with masonry, in which to crush the grapes. Another cavity was made in the proper place and shape to receive the juice. Such excavations are even yet to be found in Palestine and Syria. The treading of the winepress was performed with the feet, the red juice of the grapes flowing like blood. The reference to it was the symbolic description of the war against Jerusalem:

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Wallace, Foy E. "Commentary on Revelation 14:19". "Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/foy/revelation-14.html. 1966.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

The earth had yielded a crop of unbelievers that now, at the end of the Tribulation, would come into judgment. The angel took them from the earth to undergo judgment in God"s great grape press (cf. Isaiah 63:1-6; Lamentations 1:15; Joel 3:13).

"In Biblical days grapes were trampled by foot in a trough which had a duct leading to a lower basin where the juice collected. The treading of grapes was a familiar figure for the execution of divine wrath upon the enemies of God." [Note: Mounce, p282. Cf. Robertson, 6:416; and J. P. M. Sweet, Revelation, p232.]

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 14:19". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-14.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 14:19. The vintage is described. Not merely the grapes but the vine of the earth itself is gathered, the vine being wholly rooted out according to the words of the Lord, ‘Every plant which My Heavenly Father planted not shall be rooted up’ (Matthew 15:13). After this the vine is cast into the great winepress of the wrath of God.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Revelation 14:19". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/revelation-14.html. 1879-90.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

cast. As "thrust", Revelation 14:16.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 14:19". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/revelation-14.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And the angel thrust in his sickle into the earth, and gathered the vine of the earth, and cast it into the great winepress of the wrath of God.

"The vine" is the subject of judgment, because its grades are not what God looked for after careful culture, "The vine" is the subject of judgment, because its grades are not what God looked for after careful culture, but "wild graves" (Isaiah 5:4). Apostate Christendom, not pagandom, which has not heard of Christ, is the object of judgment. Compare the emblem, Isaiah 63:2-3; Joel 3:12-13; Revelation 19:15.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 14:19". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-14.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And the angel thrust in his sickle into the earth, and gathered the vine of the earth, and cast it into the great winepress of the wrath of God.
and cast
19:15-21; Deuteronomy 32:32,33
Reciprocal: Isaiah 63:3 - trodden;  Jeremiah 25:15 - Take;  Jeremiah 25:33 - the slain;  Jeremiah 50:26 - cast her up;  Lamentations 1:15 - as in;  Revelation 14:16 - thrust;  Revelation 15:1 - is filled

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 14:19". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-14.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

As a literal fact a winepress is a large vat in which grapes are placed for extraction of the juice. In Bible times mechanical means had not been invented for pressure, and the result was accomplished by man power. A lattice-like platform was laid on top of the grapes and a number of men walked round and round over it until the juice was forced out, being received below through a trough running from the vat to a receiving vessel. The symbolic feature is in the fact that the desired result was accomplished by a treading under foot. The operation is used to symbolize the act of the Lord in trampling under his feet the wicked people of the earth. The flowing of the wine signifies the flowing of the wrath of God against men':s unrighteousness.

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Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 14:19". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-14.html. 1952.

Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation

Revelation 14:19

Revelation 14:19 And the angel thrust in his sickle into the earth, and gathered the vine of the earth, and cast it into the great winepress of the wrath of God.

By

the vine of the earth

we are to understand the Church of Rome degenerated. { Isaiah 5:1-7} The church in Rome was a true church in the days of the Apostles, unto whom St. Paul writ an epistle. { Romans 1:1-7} But the Church of Rome is degenerated, and is become the great whore, mystical Babylon, etc.

And the angel thrust in his sickle,

see Revelation 19:15. That wine press was (as this is) the great

wine press of the wrath of God.

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Knollys, Hanserd. "Commentary on Revelation 14:19". "Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hkc/revelation-14.html.

Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms

Revelation 14:19. And the angel struck with his sickle at the earth, and cut the vine of the earth, and threw (the cut-off clusters) into the great wine-press of the wrath of God. What the wine-press is for common clusters, that is the wrath of God for these.

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Hengstenberg, Ernst. "Commentary on Revelation 14:19". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/revelation-14.html.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Revelation 14:19. The ungrammatical may be due to the fact that is occasionally masculine (Win. § 8.10; Helbing, 46), or—by a rough constr. ad sensum—to apposition with (understood).

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Revelation 14:19". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/revelation-14.html. 1897-1910.