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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 18:4

I heard another voice from heaven, saying, "Come out of her, my people, so that you will not participate in her sins and receive of her plagues;

Adam Clarke Commentary

Come out of her, my people - These words appear to be taken from Isaiah 48:20; Jeremiah 1:8; Jeremiah 51:6, Jeremiah 51:45. The poet Mantuanus expresses this thought well: -

Vivere qui sancte cupitis, discelite; Romae

Omnia quum liceant, non licet esse bonum.

"Ye who desire to live a godly life, depart; for, although all things are lawful at Rome, yet to be godly is unlawful.


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Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-18.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And I heard another voice from heaven - He does not say whether this was the voice of an angel, but the idea seems rather to be that it is the voice of God.

Come out of her, my people - The reasons for this, as immediately stated, are two:

(a)that they might not participate in her sins; and,

(b)that they might not be involved in the ruin that would come upon her.

The language seems to be derived from such passages in the Old Testament as the following: “Go ye forth of Babylon, flee ye from the Chaldeans, with a voice of singing,” Isaiah 48:20. “Flee out of the midst of Babylon, and deliver every man his soul; be not cut off in her iniquity,” Jeremiah 51:6. “My people, go ye out of the midst of her, and deliver ye every man his soul from the fierce anger of the Lord,” Jeremiah 51:45. Compare Jeremiah 50:8.

That ye be not partakers of her sins - For the meaning of this expression, see the notes on 1 Timothy 5:22. It is implied here that by remaining in Babylon they would lend their sanction to its sins by their presence, and would, in all probability, become contaminated by the influence around them. This is an universal truth in regard to iniquity, and hence it is the duty of those who would be pure to come out from the world, and to separate themselves from all the associations of evil.

And that ye receive not of her plagues - Of the punishment that was to come upon her - as they must certainly do if they remained in her. The judgment of God that was to come upon the guilty city would make no discrimination among those who were found there; and if they would escape these woes they must make their escape from her. As applicable to papal Rome, in view of her impending ruin, this means:

(a)that there might be found in her some who were the true people of God;

(b)that it was their duty to separate wholly from her - a command that will not only justify the Reformation, but which would have made a longer continuance in communion with the papacy, when her wickedness was fully seen, an act of guilt before God;

(c)that they who remain in such a communion cannot but be regarded as partaking of her sin; and,

(d)that if they remain, they must expect to be involved in the calamities that will come upon her. There never was any duty plainer than that of withdrawing from papal Rome; there never has been any act attended with more happy consequences than that by which the Protestant world separated itself forever from the sins and the plagues of the papacy.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". "Barnes' Notes on the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-18.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And I heard another voice from heaven,.... Either of another, or of the same angel, or rather of God, or Christ himself, since the persons addressed are called his people:

saying, come out of her, my people; meaning either his elect ones, till now uncalled, being such whom God had chosen for his people, and were so by virtue of the covenant of grace, were given to Christ as his people, and were redeemed by him, though, till this call, in an unconverted state; or else such who had been secretly called by the grace of God, but had not made a public profession of the Gospel, nor bore an open testimony against the Romish idolatry; for as the Lord had a righteous Lot in Sodom, and saints where Satan's seat was, Rome Pagan, so he will have a people in Rome Papal, at the time when its destruction draws near; and these wilt be called out, not only in a spiritual sense, to quit the communion of the church, to forsake its idolatries, and not touch the unclean thing, separate themselves from her, and bear a testimony against her doctrines and worship, but in a literal sense, locally; they shall be bid to come out of her, as Lot was ordered to go out of Sodom before its burning, and the people of the Jews out of Babylon before the taking of it, Jeremiah 50:8 to which reference is here had: and as the Christians were called out of Jerusalem before the destruction of it: this shows the particular knowledge the Lord has of his people, be they where they will, and the gracious care he takes of them, that they perish not with others; and that it is his will they should be a separate people from the rest of the world; and this call of his sufficiently justifies the Protestants in their separation from the church of Rome, and every separation from any apostate church;

that ye be not partakers of her sins: by conniving at them, or committing the same; and all such are partakers of them, and have fellowship with these unfruitful works of darkness, that are in the communion of that church; and those that dwell at Rome are in great danger of being so, and cannot well avoid it: yea, even those that only go to see it, and stay but for a time in it, and that not only through the strength and influence of example, but through the force of power and authority:

and that ye receive not of her plagues; or punishments; the seven last plagues, which belong to her, the vials of which will be poured out upon one or other of the antichristian states, and the fifth particularly will fall upon Rome, the seat of the beast, and is what is here referred to.


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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-18.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

4 And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, 5 Come out of her, my people, that ye 6 be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues.

(4) The second prediction, which is of the circumstances of the ruin of Babylon: of these there are two types: one going before it, as beforehand the godly are delivered, to the ninth verse (Revelation 18:5-9): the other following on her ruin, namely the lamentation of the wicked, and rejoicing of the godly, to the twentieth verse (Revelation 18:10-20). {(5)} Two circumstance going before the ruin, are commanded in this place: one is that the godly depart out of Babylon: as I mentioned in chapter twelve to have been done in time past, before the destruction of Jerusalem: this charge is given here and in the next verse. The other is, that every one of them occupy themselves in their own place, in executing the judgment of God, as it was commanded of the Levites in (Exodus 32:27) and that they sanctify their hands to the Lord. {(6)} Of this commandment there are two causes: to avoid the contamination of sin and to shun the participation of those punishments that belong to it.

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Bibliography
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/revelation-18.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Come out of her, my people — quoted from Jeremiah 50:8; Jeremiah 51:6, Jeremiah 51:45. Even in the Romish Church God has a people: but they are in great danger; their only safety is in coming out of her at once. So also in every apostate or world-conforming church there are some of God‘s invisible and true Church, who, if they would be safe, must come out. Especially at the eve of God‘s judgment on apostate Christendom: as Lot was warned to come out of Sodom just before its destruction, and Israel to come from about the tents of Dathan and Abiram. So the first Christians came out of Jerusalem when the apostate Jewish Church was judged. “State and Church are precious gifts of God. But the State being desecrated to a different end from what God designed it, namely. to govern for, and as under, God, becomes beast-like; the Church apostatizing becomes the harlot. The true woman is the kernel: beast and harlot are the shell: whenever the kernel is mature, the shell is thrown away” [Auberlen]. “The harlot is not Rome alone (though she is pre-eminently so), but every Church that has not Christ‘s mind and spirit. False Christendom, divided into very many sects, is truly Babylon, that is, confusion. However, in all Christendom the true Jesus-congregation, the woman clothed with the sun, lives and is hidden. Corrupt, lifeless Christendom is the harlot, whose great aim is the pleasure of the flesh, and which is governed by the spirit of nature and the world” [Hahn in Auberlen]. The first justification of the woman is in her being called out of Babylon the harlot, as the culminating stage of the latter‘s sin, when judgment is about to fall: for apostate Christendom, Babylon, is not to be converted, but to be destroyed. Secondly, she has to pass through an ordeal of persecution from the beast, which purifies and prepares her for the transfiguration glory at Christ‘s coming (Revelation 20:4; Luke 21:28).

be not partakersGreek, “have no fellowship with her sins.”

that ye receive not of her plagues — as Lot‘s wife, by lingering too near the polluted and doomed city.


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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-18.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Come forth, my people, out of her (εχελτατε ο λαος μου εχ αυτηςexelthateαho laos mouεχερχομαιex autēs). Second aorist (urgency) active imperative (ο λαος̇a form) of ινα μη συνκοινωνησητε ταις αμαρταις αυτηςexerchomai Like Isaiah 48:20; Isaiah 52:11; Jeremiah 50:8; Jeremiah 51:6, (about Babylon). See also the call of Abram (Genesis 12:1). the rescue of Lot (Genesis 19:12.). In the N.T. see Mark 13:4; 2 Corinthians 6:14; Ephesians 5:11; 1 Timothy 5:11. ινα μηHosea laos is vocative with the form of the nominative.

That ye have no fellowship with her sins (συνκοινωνεωhina mē sunkoinōnēsēte tais hamartais autēs). Purpose clause with συνhina mē and the first aorist active subjunctive of κοινωνοςsunkoinōneō old compound (αμαρτιαιςsun together, και εκ των πληγων αυτης ινα μη λαβητεkoinōnos partner), in N.T. only here, Philemon 4:14; Ephesians 5:11. With associative instrumental case ινα μηhamartiais that ye receive not of her plagues (λαμβανωkai ek tōn plēgōn autēs hina mē labēte). Another purpose clause dependent on the preceding, with εκ των πληγων αυτηςhina mē and the second aorist active subjunctive of ινα μηlambanō and with proleptic emphatic position of ek tōn plēgōn autēs before hina mē f0).


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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)

Bibliography
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-18.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Come out of her

Compare Jeremiah 51:6, Jeremiah 51:45; Isaiah 48:20; Isaiah 52:11; Numbers 16:26.

Have fellowship with ( συγκοινωνήσητε )

This compound verb is not of frequent occurrence in the New Testament. It is found only in Ephesians 5:11, Philemon 4:14, and here. On the kindred noun συγκοινωνὸς companionsee on Revelation 1:9.


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Bibliography
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/revelation-18.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And I heard another voice - Of Christ, whose people, secretly scattered even there, are warned of her approaching destruction. That ye be not partakers of her sins - That is, of the fruits of them. What a remarkable providence it was that the Revelation was printed in the midst of Spain, in the great Polyglot Bible, before the Reformation! Else how much easier had it been for the Papists to reject the whole book, than it is to evade these striking parts of it.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/revelation-18.html. 1765.

Scofield's Reference Notes

sins

Sin. (See Scofield "Romans 3:23").


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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Revelation 18:4". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/revelation-18.html. 1917.

James Nisbet's Church Pulpit Commentary

THE CALL TO SEPARATION

‘Come out of her, My people.’

Revelation 18:4

‘Babylon the great’ (Revelation 18:2) typifies for us in this twentieth century the ungodly world. In this world you and I are living and must live. Are we of it? Do we belong to it? Once we were of the world, worldly. Have we come out of the world? Have we cast out of our hearts the worldly spirit? Remember, ‘the friendship of the world is enmity with God,’ and if we are to serve God we must resolve to come out of the world. The text is the call to separation. ‘Be ye separate’ is the command, and it is a call to the Church as a corporate body as well as to the individual believer.

I. The call to the Church.—From the very earliest days the spirit of the world has invaded the Church, and there have been times in her history when the spirit of worldliness has so dominated her life that it has seemed there was no difference—the Church and the world seemed to be one. How is it to-day? ‘Come out of her, My people,’ and the Church is never so strong spiritually as when the line of demarcation between the Church and the world is most clearly marked.

II. The call to the individual.—But it is to each one of us that the call comes with the greatest force. If we would be Christ’s people we must have no part with the world. And yet the world and all that the world stands for is very attractive to us, and too many of us yield to the desire to enjoy the world’s pleasures—and sometimes, alas! the world’s sin—while at the same time professing to serve Christ. But this will not do. There must be complete separation.


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Bibliography
Nisbet, James. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". Church Pulpit Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cpc/revelation-18.html. 1876.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

4 And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues.

Ver. 4. Another voice] This was Christ’s voice, whether mediate or immediate it appears not. See Jeremiah 51:45.

My people] A people Christ had, and still hath, where Antichrist most prevaileth. There are thought to be no less than 20,000 Protestants in Seville itself, a chief city of Spain. Even in Italy there are full 4000 professed Protestants; but their paucity and obscurity (saith Sir Edw. Sands) shall enclose them in a cipher.

Partakers of her sins] Esto procul Roma qui cupis esse pius. Roma, vale, vidi, satis est vidisse, &c. John Knox refused the bishopric offered him by King Edward VI, as having aliquid commune cum Antichristo, something in common with the Antichrist. Adam Damlip, martyr, had been a great Papist, and chaplain to Fisher, bishop of Rochester; after whose death he travelled to Rome, where he thought to have found all godliness and sincere religion. In the end he found there, as he said, such blaspheming of God, contempt of true religion, looseness of life, and abundance of all abominations, that he abhorred any longer there to abide; although he was greatly requested by Cardinal Pole there to continue, and to read three lectures a week in his house; for the which he offered him great entertainment. (Acts and Mon.) The like is recorded of Mr Rough, martyr, that being before Bonner, he affirmed that he had been twice at Rome, and there had seen plainly with his eyes that the pope was the very Antichrist; for there he saw him carried on men’s shoulders, and the falsely named sacrament borne before him; yet was there more reverence given to him than to that which they counted their God. Mr Ascham (schoolmaster to Queen Elizabeth) was wont to thank God that he was but nine days in Italy, wherein he saw in that one city of Venice more liberty to sin, than in London he ever heard of in nine years. (Mr Fuller’s Holy State, f. 159.)

And that ye receive not of her plagues] Muscult ruinis imminentibus proemigrant, et aranei cum telis primi cadunt, saith Pliny: Mice will haste out of a house that is ready to drop on their heads, and spiders with their webs will fall before the house falleth. Cerinthus the heretic coming into the bath where St John was washing, the apostle εξηλατο του βαλανειου, sprang or leapt out of the bath, saith Eusebius (lib. iv. 14); as fearing, lest being found in his company he should partake of his plagues. It is dangerous conversing with wicked men, 1. For infection of sin; 2. For infliction of punishment. Ambrose, closing up the story of Ahab and Jezebel’s fearful end, fitly saith thus: Fuge ergo, dives, huiusmodi exitum, sed fugies huiusmodi exitum, si fugeris huiusmodi flagitium: Flee therefore, O rich man, such an end as Ahab had, by shunning such evils as Ahab did. (Amb. de Nab. Jezreel, c. xi.)


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Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-18.html. 1865-1868.

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Observe here, An admonition given, and a double reason assigned for that admonition.

1. The admonition itself; Come out of her my people, that is, come out of mystical Babylon, have no communion with that idolatrous church; abstain from all communicating with her in her sins, as ever you would approve yourselves to be my faithful people.

Here note, it is not so much a local departure, as a moral separation, that is here intended; not so much from Babylon's local bounds, as from her abominable errors, superstitions, and idolatries.

Learn hence, 1. That God has, and ever had, a people, even in Babylon.

Learn, 2. That it is a special duty which God requires of his people, to depart from mystical Babylon, especially when her downfall is approaching.

3. That such a departure from Babylon is no schismatical separation; it is not a departure from the true church, but the true church's separation from an idolatrous communion; and that by the express and positive command of God himself, Come out of her my people an allusion to the charge given with respect to Babylon of old, We would have healed Babylon, but she would not be healed; forsake her. Jeremiah 51:6; Jeremiah 51:9.

Observe, 2. A double reason assigned for this admonition.

1. Because we are in danger of being partakers of her sins, namely, by incurring the guilt of her sins, and by contracting the spot and filth of her sins.

2. There is a danger also of being made partakers of her plagues: there is no safety in being near those who are under the curse of God; participation in sin will certainly cause a participation in judgment.

How dreadful is this text to such as continue in, or apostatize unto, Babylon's idolatry and communion!


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Bibliography
Burkitt, William. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/revelation-18.html. 1700-1703.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

And heard another voice from heaven, saying: a command from God.

Come out of her, my people: they are the words of God by his prophet, Jeremiah 50:8 51:6, calling to his people, that the years of their captivity being now expired, and they having a liberty to go back to Jerusalem, they would not linger longer in Babylon, nor partake

of her sins; for God was about to destroy that place; and if they were found in it, they would be in danger of being destroyed with it, especially if they were found partakers of its sins. But they are also a general warning to all to take heed of any fellowship with idolaters; and so the apostle applieth part of these words, 2 Corinthians 6:17. Here they are applied to mystical Babylon, which is Rome antichristian. God calls to all that either love him, or their own souls, to forsake the commmion of it; for while they continue in it, they must partake of its sins, worshipping the beast, by paying, at his command, a Divine homage to saints and angels, to the virgin Mary, to images and statues, nay, to a piece of baker’s bread; and doing so, they will be involved in her

plagues. This text looks terribly upon those who apostatize to that idolatry; and instead of coming out, (in obedience to the command of God), being come out, go in again, and that not by compulsion, but out of choice, and voluntarily.


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Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-18.html. 1685.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Come out of her, my people; separate yourselves from her, and have no fellowship with her errors and crimes. Compare Jeremiah 51:6; Jeremiah 51:45. To avoid communion with those who oppose the truth and persecute the people of God, is the only way to escape the ruin which awaits them.


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Bibliography
Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". "Family Bible New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/revelation-18.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges

4. ἐξέλθατε. Isaiah 48:20; Isaiah 52:11; Jeremiah 50:8; Jeremiah 51:6; Jeremiah 51:9; Jeremiah 51:45; all referring to the flight of Israel from the literal Babylon. This passage is nearest to the last of those cited: but in the second there is also the suggestion, that the Lord’s people must depart to secure their purity, as well as that they will depart to secure their liberty. They are, however, presumably dwellers at Babylon as captives, not as citizens: it can hardly be meant that any of them really belong to Babylon, or are loth to quit her (like Lot in Sodom) till the very eve of her fall.

ἵνα μὴ συνκ.… ἵνα μὴ λάβητε. The second ἵνα is strangely placed, whether we consider what is usual in ordinary Greek or in the style of this writer, who here aims at and attains a symmetrical chiasmus where the two middle clauses correspond to each other, and the last corresponds with the first.


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Bibliography
"Commentary on Revelation 18:4". "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/revelation-18.html. 1896.

Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible

And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come forth, my people, out of her, that ye have no fellowship with her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues:

Another voice from heaven ... See under the preceding verse for the reason behind this.

Come forth, my people, out of her ... Amazing! Does God have people in the harlot church? Yes, nor should this surprise us. There were also saints in Sardis (Revelation 3:14), and much people who belonged to God even in pagan Nineveh (Jonah 4:11). Even of wicked Corinth, God said to Paul in the night by a vision, "I am with thee, and no man shall set on thee to harm thee: for I have much people in this city" (Acts 18:10). We shall leave it to others to edit these words out of the New Testament. The very fact of God's having people in the apostate church itself points to his having people, in one sense or another, in all the harlot daughters as well; and there is no way to harmonize this with any classification of people by denominations or groups as either saved or lost, on the basis of blanket judgments of the evil accepted by any group. Salvation is an individual matter; and Christ has specifically warned his people against "'judging." That was the great sin of the great harlot herself who arrogated to herself alone the right of deciding who is saved or lost, and then enforcing that decision even through the gates of the cemetery. "The Lord knoweth them that are his" (2 Timothy 2:19); and we consider it unchristian to meddle with this question in any manner. We have the commission to teach what the New Testament says, but not the right to bind our deductions from it upon others. That God's people in the apostate church are in mortal danger is clear enough, for they are ordered to "Come out!"

That ye have no fellowship with her sins ... "Through history, God is always calling his people to cut their connection with sin and to stand with him and for him."[26] "Persecuted and harried as they were, God's people must have been tempted to come to terms with the city; for she could make their lives rich and comfortable."[27] This call to "Come out" was the call of God to Abraham (Genesis 12:1), and to Lot (Genesis 19:12-14), to Moses (Numbers 16:23-26), to Israel (Isaiah 48:20), and to Christians (in this verse, and in 1 Corinthians 6:15,16). "This precept is obeyed by standing aloof from evil in the very heart of the world's traffic."[28]

That ye receive not of her plagues ... This is a warning that God's people, by their very association with apostasy, may also incur its penalties.

[26] William Barclay, The Revelation of John (Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1976), p. 151.

[27] Leon Morris, op. cit., p. 215.

[28] Charles H. Roberson, op. cit., p. 138.


Copyright Statement
James Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.

Bibliography
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/revelation-18.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

b. Celestial rehearsal of the ancient menacing predictions, as having been now fulfilled in Babylon’s downfall, Revelation 18:4-8.

Voice from heaven—We might conceive this voice to come from an impersonation of ancient prophecy. We might suppose it an expression from the body of the old prophets in heaven.

Come out of her—Quoted from Jeremiah 51:45.

My people—Commentators, not realizing the dramatic nature of this interlude, are puzzled to know who utters this my. Stuart says, it is “the Saviour.” Alford says, it is “an angel speaking in the name of God.” But what authority for attributing the voice to “an angel?” Very plainly it is a celestial quotation from the old prophet who spoke the words of Jehovah.

Her plagues—Alluding, of course, as also Revelation 18:8, to the seven last plagues of chap. 16, which have passed. For even those who deny the literal totality of the ruin in Revelation 16:19-21, admit the priority of the plagues to the song of this chapter.


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Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/revelation-18.html. 1874-1909.

Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation

(2) The call to the faithful--18:4-8.

The voice from heaven introducing verse four was a call to the faithful saints to depart from the doomed city before the calamity struck. It is manifestly parallel with the Lord's exhortation in Matthew 24:15-16 for his faithful disciples to flee Jerusalem when the signs of the impending destruction appeared.

The same call was spiritually applied by Paul to the Corinthians (2 Corinthians 6:14-18), beseeching them to cut all the ties that would bind them to heathenism or in any way maintain affiliation with the heathen world and its temple of Belial. Its derived or applied meaning was to abandon all that both Judaism and heathenism represented.


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Bibliography
Wallace, Foy E. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". "Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/foy/revelation-18.html. 1966.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Another voice from heaven instructed God"s people to separate from the system that the city symbolizes so they would avoid getting caught in her judgment. The being speaking is evidently an angel who speaks for God ( Revelation 18:4-5; cf. Revelation 11:3; Revelation 22:7-8). He called God"s people to leave a city (cf. Genesis 12:1; Genesis 19:12; Exodus 8:1; Numbers 16:26; Isaiah 48:20; Isaiah 52:11; Jeremiah 50:8; Jeremiah 51:6-9; Jeremiah 51:45), but beyond that to forsake the enticements of the idolatry, self-sufficiency, love of luxury, and violence that the city symbolizes. The people addressed are faithful believers living in the Tribulation. Unless they separate from her sins, they will be hurt by the judgment coming on her, but if they do separate, they will enjoy protection (cf. Revelation 12:14; Matthew 24:16). They should not have the attitude of Lot"s wife who hankered after another worldly city that God destroyed (cf. Genesis 19:26; Luke 17:32).


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Bibliography
Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-18.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 18:4. A new stage in the drama opens. Another voice out of heaven is heard, saying, Come forth out of her, my people, that ye may have no communion with her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues. The voice is that of an angel although, as coming out of heaven, we are to hear in it the voice of God or of Christ; and hence the use of the word ‘My’ before ‘people.’ It is a summons to God’s people to depart out of Babylon, and there are many parallels both in the Old and in the New Testament, Genesis 19:15-22; Numbers 16:23-26; Isaiah 48:20; Isaiah 52:11; Jeremiah 51:6; Jeremiah 51:45; Matthew 24:16. Two reasons are assigned for this departure; first, that God’s people may have no communion with the sins of Babylon, and secondly, that they may escape participation in her punishment. As to the former, it does not seem necessary to think that they were in danger of being betrayed into sin; were they not all sealed ones? But it was well for them to be delivered even from the very presence of sin, and from the judgments that follow it (comp. 2 Peter 2:7-9).


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Bibliography
Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/revelation-18.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Revelation 18:4. ἐξέλθατε (cf. Apoc. Baruch 2:1), which in the source referred to the Jewish community at Rome, is an artistic detail, retained like several in ch. 21, although the historical meaning and application was lost in the new situation. Cf. the opening of Newman’s essay on The Benedictine Centuries.


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Bibliography
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/revelation-18.html. 1897-1910.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Go out from her, my people. The people of God, the Christians, are all here told to leave the falling city, lest they be partakers of her sins, and receive of her plagues. At the time of Alaric's sacking Rome, many fled away to St. Jerome, who was then in Judea; others fled into other parts, as many holy fathers testify. St. Jerome says, (Ep. vii) that St. Paula and several illustrious Christian families had left Rome as if by particular inspiration, and retired into Judea. The holy pope Innocent was drawn by a particular providence out of the city, as Lot out of Sodom, that he might not see the ruin of a guilty people, says Orosius, lib. 7. chap. xxxix. We read likewise that Melania, as if she foresaw the approaching catastrophe, had prevailed upon many Christians to retire with her from a city doomed to destruction. (Histor. Laus. chap. cxviii.) In fine, we all know that when the storm broke out, the Christians took refuge and were saved in the Churches of St. Peter and St. Paul, which Alaric had allowed to be places of safety. (Haydock)


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Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/revelation-18.html. 1859.

Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books

-5 Christians, or God"s people, are told by a great voice to come out from such worldly pursuits lest they participate not only in the pleasures of sin but also its terrible rewards. (2 Corinthians 6:17-18; 2 Corinthians 7:1; Ephesians 5:11) Like pieces of paper glued together to form a roll, the sins of Babylon are so numerous that they stretch to heaven. Thus, they have reached an intolerable state, and God will reward them.


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Bibliography
Hampton, Gary. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". "Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghc/revelation-18.html. 2014.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

another. App-124.

Come = Come forth.

My People. See Jeremiah 50:4-9, and compare Isaiah 10:20, Isaiah 10:24.

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

sins. App-128.

plagues. Greek. plege. See Revelation 13:3 (wound) and App-197.


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Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/revelation-18.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues.

Come out of her, my people. From Jeremiah 50:8; Jeremiah 51:6; Jeremiah 51:45. Even in Rome, God has a people; but they are in great danger: their safety is in coming out of her at once. So in every world-conforming church there are some of God's true Church, who must come out. Especially at the eve of God's judgment on apostate Christendom: as Lot was warned to come out of Sodom before its destruction, and Israel, to come from about Dathan's tents, So the first Christians came out of Jerusalem, when apostate Judah was judged. 'State and Church are precious gifts of God. But the State being desecrated to a different end from what God designed-namely, to govern for, and under, God-becomes beastlike; the Church apostatizing becomes the harlot. The woman is the kernel; beast and harlot are the shell: whenever the kernel is mature, the shell is thrown away' (Auberlen). 'The harlot is every church that has not Christ's mind. Christendom, divided into many sects, is Babylon - i:e., confusion. In all Christendom the true Jesus-congregation, the woman clothed with the sun, lives and is hidden. Corrupt, lifeless Christendom, is the harlot, whose aim is the pleasure of the flesh, governed by the spirit of nature and the world' (Hahn in Auberlen). The first justification of the woman is in her being called out of Babylon, the harlot, at the culmination of Babylon's sin, when judgment is to fall: for apostate Christendom is not to be converted, but destroyed. Secondly, she has to pass through an ordeal of persecution from the beast, which purifies her for the transfiguration-glory at Christ's coming (Luke 21:28; Luke 22:28-29; Revelation 20:4).

Be not partakers - `have no fellowship with her sins.'

That ye receive not of her plagues - as Lot's wife, by lingering too near the polluted city.


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Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-18.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(4) Voice from heaven . . .—Read, Voice out of heaven, saying, Come forth out of her, my people, that ye partake not in her sins, and that of her plagues ye receive not. The voice is not said to be that of another angel. It is not necessary to say whose voice it is; that it is a voice of divine love giving warning is enough. The coming forth is not to be understood of a bodily exodus from Rome. It is rather the warning which is so needful in every corrupt state of society, to have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness; to practise that separation from the spirit of the world which is essential lest we should be entangled in the meshes of its sinful habits. This duty of separation may sometimes lead to a literal exodus, and even under the pressure of overwhelming necessity to secession from a world-corrupted church; but the jeopardy lies in attachment to the world-spirit (1 John 2:15). The parallel warnings in Jeremiah 51:6; Jeremiah 51:45, and Zechariah 2:6-7, should be read; but the story of Lot in Sodom best illustrates the spirit of the passage (Genesis 19), for it is participation in sin which is to be primarily guarded against.


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Bibliography
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/revelation-18.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues.
Come
Genesis 19:12,13; Numbers 16:26,27; Isaiah 48:20; 52:11; Jeremiah 50:8; 51:6,45,50; Matthew 24:15,16; 2 Corinthians 6:17
partakers
Psalms 50:18; Matthew 23:30; 1 Timothy 5:22; 2 John 1:11

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Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-18.html.

The Bible Study New Testament

4. Come out, my people. Notice that God has people living in Babylon. God's people in all ages are commanded to come out of Babylon. (Compare Isaiah 48:20; Isaiah 52:11; Jeremiah 50:8; Jeremiah 51:54; Zechariah 2:7; 2 Corinthians 2:16-17.) Since Babylon is the World, as a center of seduction, God's people in all ages live right in the middle of it. To "come out" is to be pure from her sins. [Some have misunderstood this call to "come out," and dropped out of society and hidden themselves away. But the Apostles and early Christians did not do this. They continued to be an active part of society, working to turn people to Jesus Christ - which then "changes the world" for that person. "When anyone is joined to Christ he is a new being; the old is gone, the new has come" (2 Corinthians 5:17).


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Bibliography
Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". "The Bible Study New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/revelation-18.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

Come out of her my people. Even after the work of the reformers was well under way, and the institution of Babylon as a body had fallen, there were still some individuals connected with the church part of the former institution who were honest and at heart were desirous of serving God. They are the ones who are called my people because the Lord considered them true to the testimony of Christ as far as they had been permitted to learn it. Now if they will heed the call to come out and line up with the workers of the Reformation they will be received by Him. If they refuse to heed this call they will have to receive of her plagues. will come out and then use their influence to expose the harlot (which many people did as shown in various histories of the Reformation), they will bring about a chastisement of her that is figuratively described as making her drink a double measure of her own wine.


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Bibliography
Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-18.html. 1952.

Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation

Revelation 18:4

Revelation 18:4 And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues.

This other

voice from heaven

is the voice of God, (as Jeremiah 50:8 and Jeremiah 51:6-9).

Come out of her my people.

They are God's people either by election or vocation, whom God commands to come out of mystical Babylon, as 2 Corinthians 6:17-18.

That ye be not partakers of her sins;

viz. of her whoredoms, thefts, sorceries and murders. { Revelation 9:21}

And that ye receive not of her plagues,

viz. the vials of the last plagues. { Revelation 15:1; Revelation 14:9-11}


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Bibliography
Knollys, Hanserd. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". "Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hkc/revelation-18.html.


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Thursday, January 18th, 2018
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