Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 18:8

For this reason in one day her plagues will come, pestilence and mourning and famine, and she will be burned up with fire; for the Lord God who judges her is strong.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Confidence;   God Continued...;   Pride;   Thompson Chain Reference - Abundance-Want;   Famine;   Future, the;   God;   Judge;   The Topic Concordance - God;   Judges;   Plague;   Strength;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Commerce;   Plague or Pestilence, the;   Presumption;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Babylon;   Poetry of the Hebrews;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - City;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Patience of God;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Babylon;   Famine;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Debt, Debtor;   Famine;   Mourning;   Numbers;   Plague;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Babylon the Great ;   Famine;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Babel;   Babylon;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Therefore shall her plagues come - Death, by the sword of her adversaries; mourning on account of the slaughter; and famine, the fruits of the field being destroyed by the hostile bands.

Utterly burned with fire - Of what city is this spoken? Rome pagan has never been thus treated; Alaric and Totilas burnt only some parts with fire. Rome papal has not been thus treated; but this is true of Jerusalem, and yet Jerusalem is not generally thought to be intended.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-18.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Therefore - In consequence of her pride, arrogance, and luxury, and of the calamities that she has brought upon others.

Shall her plagues come in one day - They shall come in a time when she is living in ease and security; and they shall come at the same time - so that all these terrible judgments shall seem to be poured upon her at once.

Death - This expression, and those which follow, are designed to denote the same thing under different images. The general meaning is, that there would be utter and final destruction. It would be as if death should come and cut off the inhabitants.

And mourning - As there would be where many were cut off by death.

And famine - As if famine raged within the walls of a besieged city, or spread over a land,

And she shall be utterly burned with fire - As completely destroyed as if she were entirely burned up. The certain and complete destruction of that formidable anti-Christian power is predicted under a great variety of emphatic images. See Revelation 14:10-11; Revelation 16:17-21; Revelation 17:9, Revelation 17:16. Perhaps in this so frequent reference to a final destruction of that formidable anti-Christian power by fire, there may be more intended than merely a figurative representation of its final ruin. There is some degree of probability, at least, that Rome itself will be literally destroyed in this manner, and that it is in this way that God intends to put an end to the papal power, by destroying what has been so long the seat and the center of this authority. The extended prevalence of this belief, and the grounds for it, may be seen from the following remarks:

(1) It was an early opinion among the Jewish rabbies that Rome would be thus destroyed. Vitringa, on the Apocalypse, cites some opinions of this kind; the Jewish expectation being founded, as he says, on the passage in Isaiah 34:9, as Edom was supposed to mean Rome. “This chapter,” says Kimchi, “points out the future destruction of Rome, here called Bozra, for Bozra was a great city of the Edomites.” This is, indeed, worthless as a proof or an interpretation of Scripture, for it is a wholly unfounded interpretation; it is of value only as showing that somehow the Jews entertained this opinion.

(2) the same expectation was entertained among the early Christians. Thus Mr. Gibbon (vol. i. p. 263, ch. xv.), referring to the expectations of the glorious reign of the Messiah on the earth (compare the notes on Revelation 14:8), says, speaking of Rome as the mystic Babylon, and of its anticipated destruction: “A regular series was prepared (in the minds of Christians) of all the moral and physical evils which can afflict a flourishing nation; intestine discord, and the invasion of the fiercest barbarians from the unknown regions of the north; pestilence and famine, comets and eclipses, earthquakes and inundations. All these were only so many preparatory and alarming signs of the great catastrophe of Rome, when the country of the Scipios and Caesars should be consumed by a flame from heaven, and the city of the seven hills, with her palaces, her temples, and her triumphal arches, should be buried in a vast lake of fire and brimstone.” So even Gregory the Great, one of the most illustrious of the Roman pontiffs, himself says, acknowledging his belief in the truth of the tradition: Roma a Gentilibus non exterminabitur; sed tempestatibus, coruscis turbinibus, ac terrae motu, in se marcescet (Dial. Isaiah 2:15).

(3) whatever may be thought of these opinions and expectations, there is “some” foundation for the opinion in the nature of the case:

(a) The region is adapted to this. “It is not Aetna, the Lipari volcanic islands, Vesuvius, that alone offer visible indications of the physical adaptedness of Italy for such a catastrophe. The great Apennine mountain-chain is mainly volcanic in its character, and the country of Rome more especially is as strikingly so almost as that of Sodom itself.” Thus the mineralogist Ferber, in his “Tour in Italy,” says: “The road from Rome to Ostia is all volcanic ashes until within two miles of Ostia.” “From Rome to Tivoli I went on fields and hills of volcanic ashes or tufa.” “A volcanic hill in an amphitheatrical form includes a part of the plain over Albano, and a flat country of volcanic ashes and hills to Rome. The ground about Rome is generally of that nature,” pp. 189,191,200,234.

(b) Mr. Gibbon, with his usual accuracy, as if commenting on the Apocalypse, has referred to the physical adaptedness of the soil of Rome for such an overthrow. Speaking of the anticipation of the end of the world among the early Christians, he says: “In the opinion of a general conflagration, the faith of the Christian very happily coincided with the tradition of the East, the philosophy of the Stoics, and the analogy of nature; ‹and even the country, which, from religious motives, had been chosen for the origin and principal scene of the conflagration, was the best adapted for that purpose by natural and physical causes;‘ by its deep caverns, beds of sulphur, and numerous volcanoes, of which those of Aetna, of Vesuvius, and of Lipari, exhibit a very imperfect representation,” vol. i. p. 263, ch. xv. As to the general state of Italy, in reference to volcanoes, the reader may consult, with advantage, Lyell‘s Geology, book ii. ch. 912. See also Murray‘s Encyclopaedia of Geography, book ii. ch. 2. Of the country around Rome it is said in that work, among other things: “The country around Rome, and also the hills on which it is built, is composed of tertiary marls, clays, and sandstones, and intermixed with a preponderating quantity of granular and lithoidal volcanic tufas. The many lakes around Rome are formed by craters of ancient volcanoes.” “On the road to Rome is the Lake of Vico, formerly the Lacus Cimini, which has all the appearance of a crater.”

The following extract from a recent traveler will still further confirm this representation: “I behold everywhere - in Rome, near Rome, and through the whole region from Rome to Naples - most astounding proof, not merely of the possibility, but the probability, that the whole region of central Italy will one day be destroyed by such a catastrophe (by earthquakes or volcanoes). The soil of Rome is tufa, with a volcanic subterranean action going on. At Naples the boiling sulphur is to be seen bubbling near the surface of the earth. When I drew a stick along the ground, the sulphurous smoke followed the indentation; and it would never surprise me to hear of the utter destruction of the southern peninsula of Italy. The entire country and district is volcanic. It is saturated with beds of sulphur and the substrata of destruction. It seems as certainly prepared for the flames, as the wood and coal on the hearth are prepared for the taper which shall kindle the fire to consume them. The divine hand alone seems to me to hold the element of fire in check by a miracle as great as what protected the cities of the plain, until the righteous Lot had made his escape to the mountains” (Townsend‘s Tour in Italy in 1850).

For strong is the Lord God who judgeth her - That is, God has ample power to bring all these calamities upon her.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-18.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Therefore shall her plagues come in one day,.... The seven last plagues, which will be in a very little time executed upon her, very speedily and very quickly, one after another, if not all together; and particularly the fifth vial may be respected, as well as the plagues that follow; see Isaiah 47:9

death; not the second death, which will not be till after the decisive battle at Armageddon, when the beast will be taken, and cast alive into the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death; but either the pestilence, which is called so, Revelation 6:8 or rather death by the sword, war, which will be brought upon her, and in which she and her children will be slain with the sword:

mourning; for the loss of her children, the destruction of the city of Rome itself, the seat of the beast, and for the darkness of his kingdom, the inhabitants of which shall be in such pain, as to gnaw their tongues for it:

famine; which generally attends war, at least sieges; and it looks as if Rome would be besieged awhile before it is destroyed, which will produce a grievous famine in it; this is opposed to her living deliciously, as well as the two former are to her notion of sitting a queen for ever, and knowing no sorrow:

and she shall be utterly burnt with fire; the burning of Rome has been attempted several times, by different persons, and has been burnt in part, but not wholly; see Gill on Revelation 17:16 but now it will be entirely destroyed by fire; either by fire from heaven, as Sodom and Gomorrah were; or by fire breaking out of the earth, it being very manifest that there are volcanos, burning mountains, and subterraneous fires in those parts, which seem to be so many preparations in nature for the burning of that city; or rather by the ten kings, who will set fire to it; and it may be by all these ways. The Jews have a notion, that, at the coming of the Messiah, Rome will be burntF1Zohar in Gen. fol. 74. 3. & in Numb. fol. 86. 1. , as Sodom has been; you will find, say theyF2Yalkut Simeoni, par. 2. fol. 48. 2. , that of Sodom and of that kingdom (Rome, of which they are speaking, and which they afterwards call the fourth kingdom), it is decreed concerning them both, that they "should be burnt with fire"; of Sodom, Genesis 19:24 and of the fourth kingdom (Rome), Isaiah 34:9.

for strong is the Lord God that judgeth her; the Alexandrian copy reads, "that has judged": and so the Syriac and Arabic versions; that is, has purposed and determined her destruction, and therefore it is unavoidable; he that has resolved upon it, and foretold it, and has condemned her to it, is the Lord God Almighty; and he is able to execute the sentence determined and pronounced, and it is impossible she should escape: it may be understood of Christ the mighty God, the Judge of quick and dead; see Jeremiah 50:34.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-18.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

Therefore shall her plagues come in e one day, death, and mourning, and famine; and she shall be utterly burned with fire: for strong [is] the Lord God who judgeth her.

(e) Shortly, and at one instant.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/revelation-18.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

death — on herself, though she thought herself secure even from the death of her husband.

mourning — instead of her feasting.

famine — instead of her luxurious delicacies (Revelation 18:3, Revelation 18:7).

fire — (See on Revelation 17:16). Literal fire may burn the literal city of Rome, which is situated in the midst of volcanic agencies. As the ground was cursed for Adam‘s sin, and the earth under Noah was sunk beneath the flood, and Sodom was burnt with fire, so may Rome be. But as the harlot is mystical (the whole faithless Church), the burning may be mainly mystical, symbolizing utter destruction and removal. Bengel is probably right in thinking Rome will once more rise to power. The carnal, faithless, and worldly elements in all churches, Roman, Greek, and Protestant, tend towards one common center, and prepare the way for the last form of the beast, namely, Antichrist. The Pharisees were in the main sound in creed, yet judgment fell on them as on the unsound Sadducees and half-heathenish Samaritans. So faithless and adulterous, carnal, worldly Protestant churches, will not escape for their soundness of creed.

the Lord — so B, C, Syriac, and Andreas. But A and Vulgate omit. “Strong” is the meaning of God‘s Hebrew name, “{EL}.”

judgeth — But A, B, and C read the past tense (Greek, “{krinas}”), “who hath judged her”: the prophetical past for the future: the charge in Revelation 18:4 to God‘s people to come out of her implies that the judgment was not yet actually executed.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-18.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Therefore (δια τουτοdia touto). Because of her presumption added to her crimes.

In one day (εν μιαι ημεραιen miāi hēmerāi). Symbolical term for suddenness like μιαι ωραιmiāi hōrāi in one hour (Revelation 18:10, Revelation 18:16, Revelation 18:19). John has in mind still Isaiah 47:7-9.

Shall come (ηχουσινhēxousin). Future active of ηκωhēkō Her plagues are named (death, mourning, famine).

She shall be utterly burned (κατακαυτησεταιkatakauthēsetai). Future passive of κατακαιωkatakaiō (perfective use of καταkata).

With fire (εν πυριen puri). “In fire,” as in Revelation 17:16.

Which judged her (ο κρινας αυτηνho krinas autēn). Articular first aorist active participle of κρινωkrinō referring to κυριος ο τεοςkurios ho theos (the Lord God). The doom of Babylon is certain because of the power of God.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-18.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Therefore shall her plagues come, etc.

See Isaiah 47:8, Isaiah 47:9.

Who judgeth ( ὁ κρίνων )

Read κρίνας judgedi0.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/revelation-18.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Therefore shall her plagues come in one day, death, and mourning, and famine; and she shall be utterly burned with fire: for strong is the Lord God who judgeth her.

Therefore — as both the natural and judicial consequence of this proud security Shall her plagues come - The death of her children, with an incapacity of bearing more.

Sorrow — of every kind.

And famine — In the room of luxurious plenty: the very things from which she imagined herself to be most safe.

For strong is the Lord God who judgeth her — Against whom therefore all her strength, great as it is, will not avail.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/revelation-18.html. 1765.

Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

In one day; suddenly. This and similar expressions, in Revelation 18:10,17,21, indicate, in the opinion of some commentators, that Jerusalem was the city intended; as the destruction of that city was sudden and overwhelming.

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Abbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ain/revelation-18.html. 1878.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

8 Therefore shall her plagues come in one day, death, and mourning, and famine; and she shall be utterly burned with fire: for strong is the Lord God who judgeth her.

Ver. 8. Therefore shall her plagues] Security ushereth in destruction, God shall shoot at such with an arrow suddenly, and fetch them off, as he did the rich fool, Luke 12:16-21

Come in one day] To confute their fond conceit of an eternal empire. See the like, Isaiah 48:9. When the war began in Germany, A. D. 1619, it was reported, that a great brass image of the Apostle Peter (that had Tu es Petrus, &c., Thou art Peter, and upon this rock will I build my Church, engraven about it) standing in St Peter’s church at Rome, there was a great and massive stone fell down upon it, and so shattered it to pieces, that not a letter of that sentence was left legible, save these words, Aedificabo Ecclesiam meam, I will build my Church. This was ominous to that tottering title of Rome, and might have taught the popelings, that God is about to build his Church upon the ruins of their worm eaten title. The Lord thereby seemed to say the same unto them, that once he did to Israel by Ezekiel, "An end is come, the end is come, it watcheth for this, behold it is come," Ezekiel 7:6. Sed surdis fabulam. This hath been long and loud rung in their ears, but they will not be warned.

Death] That is, war, that deadly evil, called an evil, κατ αντονομασιαν, Isaiah 45:7; "I make peace, and create evil," that is, war: a woeful evil that hews its way through a wood of men, in a minute of time, from the mouth of a murderingpiece, and causeth thousands to exhale their breath without so much as "Lord, have mercy upon us." Hence the poet:

" Omega nostrorum mors est, Mars Alpha malorum."

And mourning] πενθος. For the loss of dead friends.

And famine] The usual concomitant of war, in sieges especially. {See Trapp on "Revelation 6:5"}

For strong is the Lord] Full able to effect it, seem it to Babel’s brats never so improbable or impossible.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-18.html. 1865-1868.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Revelation 18:8. ἰσχυρὸς, strong) אל, LXX., ἰσχυρὸς, 2 Samuel 22:32, and everywhere.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/revelation-18.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Therefore shall her plagues come in one day; as was threatened to old Babylon, Isaiah 47:9.

In one day; that is, in a short time.

Death, and mourning, and famine; and she shall be utterly burned with fire; all manner of judgments, till she be fully consumed.

For strong is the Lord God who judgeth her; for she hath to do with a strong Lord: she thinks she hath secured herself from man, by interesting kings and princes in her quarrel; but it is the Lord that judgeth her, and she will find him strong enough to accomplish his word upon her.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-18.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

в один день См. ст. 10, 16, 17. Особый суд над Вавилоном произойдет в течение короткого периода времени. Даниил (см. 5:30) пишет, что древний Вавилон пал в один день.

на нее казни Сюда могло быть включено все, что описано в 16:1 и последующих стихах, но это должно также означать разрушение города, о чем написано «смерть, и плач, и голод».

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/revelation-18.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Burned with fire; expressive of the certainty, dreadfulness, and completeness of her ruin.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/revelation-18.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

Therefore in one day shall her plagues come, death, and mourning, and famine; and she shall be utterly burned with fire; for strong is the Lord God who judged her.

In one day shall her plagues come ... "The prophet sees not a decline and fall, but a sudden collapse.[40] One day the dam will break, and utter lawlessness shall engulf mankind. The tragic thing is that blind and stupid governments are doing nothing to prevent this. The basest of violent criminals are tolerated, protected, excused, and justified by silly laws enacted in the name of humanism.

Death, and mourning, and famine ... It is no light judgment that will fall.

For she shall be utterly burned with fire ... This points squarely to Revelation 17:16,17 for the agencies by which this judgment will come. The kings of the earth, the "ten kings," the ones finally identified as giving their mind to the eighth beast, whose dominion is only "one hour" before the final judgment (an indefinite, but short period), - these are they who shall execute God's wrath upon the whore, and inadvertently upon all mankind at the same time also.

For strong is the Lord God who judgeth her ... Strauss' comment on this was:

She did not consider the greatest of her enemies, the Holy and Righteous God. She thought no one could call her to give an ac count, but the Almighty is the one who judged her; and she was unprepared for that summons.[41]

[40] James Moffatt, op. cit., p. 457.

[41] James D. Strauss, op. cit., p. 226.

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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/revelation-18.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

‘Therefore in one day will her plagues come, death and mourning and famine, and she will be utterly burned with fire, for strong is the Lord God who judged her.’

This came upon Rome even though by that time it called itself a ‘Christian’ city. But it was still a cesspool of sin and its nature essentially Godless. It was only changed outwardly, not inwardly. Sin, whether in individuals or in great cities, will receive its inevitable consequence, and that consequence often comes suddenly. For however great the propagators of sin, the Lord God is greater.

Isaiah also declared that Babylon’s destruction would come ‘in one day’ (Isaiah 47:9). The description is typical of a besieged city, and the fate typical of ‘great cities’ through the ages - death, mourning, famine, then utterly burned with fire (compare ‘the smoke of her burning’ (v. 9; v. 18)). While we may tend to feel ourselves beyond it, it has even happened to great cities in our own day. Man can ever surprise us with his propensity for evil.

It is important to recognise, as you read this chapter through, that what is rejoiced over is the end of Great Babylon and what it represented. The people are in the background.

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/revelation-18.html. 2013.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

The "one day" may very well be literal (cf. Daniel 5:1; Daniel 5:3-5; Daniel 5:30). "One day" also expresses suddenness, as does the "one hour" in Revelation 18:10; Revelation 18:16; Revelation 18:19 (cf. Isaiah 47:9). Likewise we could interpret the burning literally (cf. Isaiah 47:14). Rebuilt Babylon and the cities that are the centers for this worldwide network of political, commercial activity will evidently burn up in the great earthquake ( Revelation 16:18-19). She will collapse suddenly, like the World Trade Center towers in New York City in2001, not decline gradually. The strength of the Lord God will accomplish this destruction, but He will use means ( Revelation 17:16-17).

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-18.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 18:8. With suddenness and fearfulness her plagues shall come upon her. In one day her glory shall be turned to shame. In the midst of her feasting an unseen hand shall write upon the wall of her banqueting-room that she is weighed in the balances and is found wanting, and ‘that night’ she shall perish (comp. Isaiah 47:9), for mighty is the Lord God who judged her.

At this point three classes of persons are introduced to us, uttering their lamentations over the fall of Babylon—kings (Revelation 18:9-10), merchants (Revelation 18:11-16), sailors (Revelation 18:17-19). At Revelation 18:20 there follows a general call to rejoice over what has happened to her. The whole is moulded upon the lamentation over Tyre in Ezekiel 26, 27, and is of unequalled pathos.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/revelation-18.html. 1879-90.

Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books

In one swift movement, the queen, who boasted of being seated as in a perpetual reign, would be dead. She would be brought to mourning, just like a widow mourns, and famine would cause her real sorrow. She had overlooked her most powerful enemy, the Lord.

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Hampton, Gary. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". "Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghc/revelation-18.html. 2014.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Therefore = For this cause. Greek. dia (App-104. Revelation 18:2) touto.

come. i.e. suddenly. Same word in 2 Peter 3:10.

with. App-104.

strong = mighty, as verses: Revelation 18:10, Revelation 18:21. See Revelation 18:2.

LORD. App-98.

judgeth. The texts read "judged". App-122. The suddenness and completeness of Babylon"s judgment and disappearance from the face of the earth is the prominent feature of this prophecy, proving that that judgment has not yet taken place. Isaiah 13:20. Jeremiah 50:13, Jeremiah 50:39, Jeremiah 50:40; Jeremiah 51:29, Jeremiah 51:37, Jeremiah 51:43; &c., await fulfillment.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/revelation-18.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Therefore shall her plagues come in one day, death, and mourning, and famine; and she shall be utterly burned with fire: for strong is the Lord God who judgeth her.

Death - on herself, formerly (Revelation 18:7) secure even from the death of her husband.

Mourning - instead of her feasting Mourning - instead of her feasting.

Famine - instead of her luxurious delicacies (Revelation 18:3; Revelation 18:7).

Fire - (note, Revelation 17:16.) Literal fire may burn literal Rome, which is in the midst of volcanic agencies. As the ground was cursed for Adam's sin, and under Noah was sunk beneath the flood, and Sodom was burned with fire, so may Rome be. But as the harlot is mystical (the whole faithless Church), the burning is mainly mystical: utter destruction and removal. Rome will rise to power just before her fall. The carnal, faithless, worldly elements in all churches-Roman, Greek, and Protestant-tend toward one center, preparing for the last form of the beast, Antichrist. The Pharisees were mostly sound in creed, yet judgment fell on them as on the unsound Sadducees and half-pagan Samaritans. So faithless and adulterous Protestant churches will not escape for soundness of creed.

The Lord. So 'Aleph (') B C, Syriac, Andreas; but A, Vulgate, omit. 'Strong;' as God's name [ 'Eel (Hebrew #410)] means.

Judgeth. But 'Aleph (') A B C read, past [ krinas (Greek #2919)], 'who judged her:' prophetic past for future. The charge in Revelation 18:4, to come out of her, implies the judgment was not yet executed.

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-18.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(8) Therefore shall her plagues come . . .—Read, For this cause in one day shall come her plagues, death and mourning . . . and with fire shall she be burnt, for strong is the Lord God who judged her. God, the mighty God, has passed sentence. She thought herself strong; she forgot the strength of the Almighty. Her plagues are four-fold, as though from every quarter her trouble came: “death for her scorn of the prospect of widowhood; mourning, for her inordinate revelling; famine, for her abundance;” and fire, the punishment of her fornication (Leviticus 20:14; Leviticus 21:9). (Comp. the series of contrasts in Isaiah 3:24-26.)

THE LAMENT OF THE KINGS (Revelation 18:9-10).—(Their words of lament are given in Revelation 18:10.)

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/revelation-18.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Therefore shall her plagues come in one day, death, and mourning, and famine; and she shall be utterly burned with fire: for strong is the Lord God who judgeth her.
shall her
10,17,19; Isaiah 47:9-11; Jeremiah 51:6
and she
9; 17:18; 19:3; Jeremiah 51:58
for
11:17; Job 9:19; Psalms 62:11; Isaiah 27:1; Jeremiah 50:31,34; 1 Corinthians 10:22
Reciprocal: Exodus 9:14 - send all;  Exodus 13:9 - strong hand;  Numbers 31:10 - GeneralJoshua 6:24 - burnt;  Judges 20:41 - were amazed;  1 Samuel 26:10 - the Lord liveth;  Proverbs 14:13 - GeneralEcclesiastes 2:1 - I will;  Isaiah 1:24 - the mighty;  Isaiah 9:14 - in one day;  Isaiah 13:4 - the Lord;  Isaiah 13:9 - cruel;  Isaiah 14:6 - is persecuted;  Isaiah 14:13 - thou;  Isaiah 23:8 - Who hath;  Isaiah 28:2 - as a tempest;  Isaiah 32:13 - GeneralJeremiah 50:24 - and thou wast;  Jeremiah 50:25 - this;  Jeremiah 50:32 - none;  Jeremiah 50:40 - GeneralJeremiah 51:8 - suddenly;  Ezekiel 23:25 - thy residue;  Ezekiel 28:18 - therefore;  Daniel 7:11 - even;  Joel 2:11 - he is;  Obadiah 1:3 - saith;  Zechariah 1:15 - GeneralMark 8:36 - what;  Luke 1:51 - showed;  Luke 9:25 - what;  Luke 12:45 - to eat;  1 Thessalonians 5:3 - then;  2 Thessalonians 2:8 - whom;  James 4:9 - let;  Revelation 17:16 - and burn

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-18.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

One day cannot be restricted to a period of24hours, but the things predicted of her will come on the same day or by the same cause. That will be the effects of opening the eyes of the nations that have been oppressed by her. The mourni-ng will be literal and it will be over the loss of her former power. Utterly burned with fire denotes that the fire of God"s jealousy will bring utter (complete) destruction to the combination of church and state—-not to each separately, but the combination will be dissolved for ever.

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Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-18.html. 1952.

Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms

Revelation 18:8 Therefore shall her plagues come in one day, death, and mourning, and hunger, and with fire shall she be burned; for strong is God the Lord, who judges her. The four plagues are mentioned with respect to her glory upon the earth, being one, as it were, from every corner of the earth. Death—which carries off a great part of her people (the pestilence would here be out of place, since from what precedes it is death by the hand of enemies that is more especially referred to)—mourning, and hunger, which overtakes the survivors, and by which, therefore, she is smitten as the mother of all. In regard to the burning, comp. on ch. Revelation 17:16. God the Lord (comp. on ch. Revelation 1:8) is here very suitably mentioned as the author of the judgment. This name confronts the imagined goddess of the earth, whose name also was derived from strength, with the eternal possessor of Godhead as the rock on which her little bark must dash to pieces. Bengel: "Rome means strong, but her strength is nothing. Strong is the Lord God, who judges her."[Note: The Old Testament character of the designation "Lord the God" is opposed to those who leave out the ὁ κύ ριος, as also to those who omit the ὁ θεό ς. It is perfectly in keeping with the Apocalypse, and has in its favour the mark of originality; the copyists however, could not understand it.]

It has been improperly supposed, that Revelation 18:9, ss. do not suit the voice from heaven. Yet the whole book is "the Revelation of Jesus Christ!" The difference between what is said here and in the preceding verses is only that, in place of a direct address, we have here a simple description; a difference of a merely formal kind, as under the address also a description was concealed. Besides, in the middle of Revelation 18:14 an address is once more suddenly introduced, and in it the whole discourse of the voice from heaven runs out in Revelation 18:20.

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Hengstenberg, Ernst. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/revelation-18.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

8.Plagues—Note on Revelation 18:4.

One day—Modification of Isaiah 47:9. Referring here, not so much to their suddenness as to their simultaneity in the end. Most commentators understand that her plagues came gradually, and even in chronological order.

Death’ mourning’ famine—The united consequence of her plagues.

Burned with fireJeremiah 51:58.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/revelation-18.html. 1874-1909.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Revelation 18:8. This drastic, ample punishment, though executed by subordinates in Revelation 17:16-17, is here (as in 5, 20) regarded on its divine side. God is strong, as well as guilty, glorious Rome (Revelation 18:10, cf. on Revelation 6:15); and his strength is manifested in the huge shocks of history, as well as in creation (Revelation 4:11, Revelation 5:13). Rome’s proud disregard of all that was mutable in human conditions is visited with condign retribution. The prophet sees not a decline and fall but a sudden collapse (Revelation 18:10; Revelation 18:16; Revelation 18:19).

 

 

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Bibliographical Information
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/revelation-18.html. 1897-1910.

The Bible Study New Testament

8. Because of this. Because she is proud and boastful, her plagues will all strike her in one day (symbolic of sudden, complete destruction). The Lord God, whom she has opposed, is very strong!

 

 

 

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Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Revelation 18:8". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/revelation-18.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.