Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 19:17

Then I saw an angel standing in the sun, and he cried out with a loud voice, saying to all the birds which fly in midheaven, "Come, assemble for the great supper of God,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Feasts;   Horse;   Lamb of God;   Meteorology and Celestial Phenomena;   Sun;   Vision;   War;   Wicked (People);   Scofield Reference Index - Armageddon;   Day (of Christ);   Day (of Jehovah);   Summary;   The Topic Concordance - War/weapons;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Angel;   Birds;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - War;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Armageddon;   Dead Sea Scrolls;   Funeral;   Nahum, Theology of;   War, Holy War;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Antichrist;   Armageddon;   Fowl;   War;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Armageddon;   Army;   Birds;   Flesh;   Revelation, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Antichrist;   Bird;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Ascension of Isaiah;   God and Magog;   Suffering;   Supper ;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Fowl;   Horse;   Prophets, the;   Supper;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Angel;   Antichrist;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Supper;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Angel;   Birds;   Fowl;   Peter, Simon;   Revelation of John:;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

An angel standing in the sun - Exceedingly luminous; every part of him emitting rays of light. From this representation, Milton has taken his description of Uriel, the angel of the sun. Paradise Lost, b. iii. l. 648 -

"The Archangel Uriel, one of the seven Who, in God's presence, nearest to his throne Stands ready at command and are his eyes That run through all the heavens, or down to the earth Bears his swift errands over moist and dry, Over sea and land."

All the fowls that fly - The carcasses of God's enemies shall be food for all the fowls of heaven. This is according to a Jewish tradition, Synopsis Sohar, p. 114, n. 25: "In the time when God shall execute vengeance for the people of Israel, he shall feed all the beasts of the earth for twelve months with their flesh and all the fowls for seven years." It is well known that both beasts and birds of prey are accustomed to frequent fields of battle, and live upon the slain.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 19:17". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-19.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And I saw an angel standing in the sun - A different angel evidently from the one which had before appeared to him. The number of angels that appeared to John, as referred to in this book, was very great, and each one came on a new errand, or with a new message. Everyone must be struck with the image here. The description is as simple as it can be; and yet as sublime. The fewest words possible are used; and yet the image is distinct and clear. A heavenly being stands in the blaze of the brightest of the orbs that God permits us here to see - yet not consumed, and himself so bright that he can be distinctly seen amidst the dazzling splendors of that luminary. It is difficult to conceive of an image more sublime than this. Why he has his place in the sun is not stated, for there does not appear to be anything more intended by this than to give grandeur and impressiveness to the scene.

And he cried with a loud voice - So that all the fowls of heaven could hear.

Saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven - That is, to all the birds of prey - all that feed on flesh - such as hover over a battlefield. Compare the notes on Isaiah 18:6; Isaiah 56:9. See also Jeremiah 7:33; Jeremiah 12:9; Ezekiel 39:4-20.

Come and gather yourselves together - All this imagery is taken from the idea that there would be a great slaughter, and that the bodies of the dead would be left unburied to the birds of prey.

Unto the supper of the great God - As if the great God were about to give you a feast - to wit, the carcasses of those slain. It is called “his supper” because he gives it; and the image is merely that there would be a great slaughter of his foes, as is specified in the following verse.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 19:17". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-19.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And I saw an angel standing in the sun,.... By whom is meant, not the angel of the fourth vial, who poured it on the sun, taken in another sense than here, and therefore could not stand in it; nor the archangel with the last trumpet, for as yet the dead rise not, nor does the judgment come on; nor one of the ministering spirits; nor Christ himself, for he is the great God, to whose supper this angel invites, but a minister of the Gospel; or rather a set of Gospel ministers, such as in Revelation 14:1 who may be said to stand in the sun, in like manner as the woman, the church, was seen clothed with it, Revelation 12:1 and may denote the conspicuousness of Gospel preachers; for, as the church now will be established upon the top of the mountains, so her teachers shall not be removed into corners any more, but her eyes shall behold her teachers; and also the clear sight they shall have of the doctrines and mysteries of the Gospel, who shall now see eye to eye; and particularly the further breakings forth of the glory of the latter day, and the ensuing victory of Christ over all his enemies; and also shows the great strength of their sight, who, far from being like moles and bats, will be able both to look upon the sun, and to stand in it: and it may likewise signify the glory and majesty of Christ's kingdom; the comfortable influence of him, the sun of righteousness, who will now arise upon his people with healing in his wings; and the steadfastness of Christ's ministers to him, and his pure Gospel, and the glorious truths of it.

And he cried with a loud voice; that he might be heard far and near, having something of moment and importance to publish:

saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven; meaning not the barbarous nations, the Goths, and Vandals, and Saracens, which overrun and destroyed the western and eastern empires; these times are too late for them, they rose up under the six first trumpets; nor devils and unclean spirits, which will prey upon and torment antichrist, and his followers, in hell; nor military and avaricious men among Protestants, but Christian princes, and their people, are designed; they are such as are in heaven, the church, and of note there, who will share the spoils of the antichristian people, and possess their kingdoms, substance, and estates: these are invited by the angel, saying,

come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God. The Alexandrian copy, the Vulgate Latin, and Syriac versions, read, "to the great supper of God"; and so the Complutensian edition; not the Lord's supper, where not the flesh of men, but the flesh of Christ is eat, by faith; nor the marriage supper of the Lamb, which will be of another kind than this; nor is any spiritual repast intended, such as living by faith on Christ, and supping with him, being entertained with his promises, presence, and the discoveries of his love; but the slaughter of Christ's enemies, and his victory over them, which is his sacrifice; and these are the guests he bids, see Zephaniah 1:7 and whom he calls to share in the conquest and spoils, and to express their joy on this occasion: "the great God" is no other than Christ, the general of the armies in heaven, called before the Word of God, and King of kings, and Lord of lords; who will gain this victory, and will be known to be the great God by the judgment he will execute. This is a proof of our Lord's divinity; see Titus 2:13.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 19:17". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-19.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

17 And I saw an angel standing in the 18 sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the 19 midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God;

(17) The second part, as I said in {See (Revelation 19:11) }. A reproachful calling forth of his enemies into battle: in which not themselves (for why should they be called forth by the king of the world, or provoked being his subjects? for that is not comely) but in their hearing, the birds of the air are called to eat their carcasses.

(18) That is, openly, and in sight of all, as in (Numbers 25:4) ; (2 Samuel 12:11).

(19) That is, through this inferior heaven, and which is nearer to us: a Hebrew phrase.

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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Revelation 19:17". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/revelation-19.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

anGreek, “one.”

in the sun — so as to be conspicuous in sight of the whole world.

to all the fowls — (Ezekiel 39:17-20).

and gather yourselves — A, B, Vulgate, Syriac, Coptic, and Andreas read, “be gathered,” omitting “and.”

of the great God — A, B, Vulgate, Syriac, Coptic, and Andreas read, “the great supper (that is, banquet) of God.”

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 19:17". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-19.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

An angel (ενα αγγελονhena aggelon). Like ειςheis in Revelation 18:21, just “an,” not “one.”

Standing in the sun (εστωτα εν τωι ηλιωιhestōta en tōi hēliōi). Second perfect active participle of ιστημιhistēmi (intransitive). “Where all the birds of prey would behold him” (Beckwith). For ορνεοιςorneois (birds) see Revelation 18:2 and for εν μεσουρανηματιen mesouranēmati (in mid heaven) see Revelation 18:13; Revelation 14:6.

Come and be gathered together (Δευτε συναχτητεDeute sunachthēte). ΔευτεDeute is the adverb δευρωdeurō (hither), used when two or more are addressed, possibly from δευρο ιτεdeuro ite (come here). Asyndeton also without καιkai (and). First aorist passive imperative of συναγωsunagō The metaphor is drawn from Ezekiel 39:17.

Unto the great supper of God (εις το δειπνον το μεγα του τεουeis to deipnon to mega tou theou). The habits of vultures are described by Christ in Matthew 24:28. This is a bold and powerful picture of the battlefield after the victory of the Messiah, “a sacrificial feast spread on God‘s table for all the vultures of the sky” (Swete). Is this battle the same as that of Har Magedon (Revelation 16:16) and that of Gog and Magog (Revelation 20:8.) mentioned after the thousand years? The language in Revelation 20:8. seems like this derived from Ezekiel 39:17., and “in the Apocalypse priority in the order of sequence does not always imply priority in time” (Swete). There seems no way to decide this point save that the end seems to be at hand.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 19:17". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-19.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

An angel ( ἕνα ἄγγελον )

Lit., “one angel.”

Fowls ( ὀρνέοις )

See on Revelation 18:2. Rev., birds.

Midst of heaven

See on Revelation 8:13.

Gather yourselves together ( συνάγεσθε )

The best texts read συνάχθητε begathered together, as Rev. Compare Ezekiel 39:17sqq.

The supper of the great God ( τὸ δεῖπνον τοῦ μεγάλου Θεοῦ )

Read τὸ μέγα τοῦ for τοῦ μεγάλου , and render the great supper of God.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 19:17". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/revelation-19.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God;

Gather yourselves together to the great supper of God — As to a great feast, which the vengeance of God will soon provide; a strongly figurative expression, (taken from Ezekiel 39:17,) denoting the vastness of the ensuing slaughter.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Revelation 19:17". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/revelation-19.html. 1765.

Scofield's Reference Notes

Come

Armageddon (the ancient hill and valley of Megiddo, west of Jordan in the plain of Jezreel) is the appointed place for the beginning of the great battle in which the Lord, at His coming in glory, will deliver the Jewish remnant besieged by the Gentile world- powers under the Beast and False Prophet Revelation 16:13-16; Zechariah 12:1-9. Apparently the besieging hosts, whose approach to Jerusalem is described in Isaiah 10:28-32 alarmed by the signs which precede the Lord's coming Matthew 24:29; Matthew 24:30 have fallen back to Megiddo, after the events of Zechariah 14:2 where their destruction begins; a destruction consummated in Moab and the plains of Idumea Isaiah 63:1-6. This battle is the first event in "the day of Jehovah" Isaiah 2:12 and is the fulfilment of the smiting-stone prophecy of Daniel 2:35.

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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.
Bibliographical Information
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Revelation 19:17". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/revelation-19.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

17 And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God;

Ver. 17. Standing in the sun] Where he might best be heard, as a herald. And he well types out such, as by clear light of truth shall make known the certain destruction of the enemies, before the battle be fought.

Unto the supper of the great God] They that would not come to the supper of the Lamb shall be made a supper to the fowls of heaven.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 19:17". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-19.html. 1865-1868.

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

After the description of the general and his army, follows next the event and success of the battle, which is a prodigious slaughter of the church's enemies: and as eagles and vultures, and other birds of prey, do attend an army, and flock where the slain lie, in like manner Almighty God here invites the fowls of the air to sup upon the carcasses of his slain enemies. Antichrist would not suffer the dead bodies of the witnesses to be buried, but to be cast out, and lie in the streets; and here God metes to him the same measure; their carcasses also shall be a supper for the birds and fowls of the air. Come to the supper of the great God, to the slaughter of antichrist and his adherents.

Where note, That by calling it a supper, two things may be probably intended.

1. The facility and easiness of the victory: that Christ's and his church's enemies will not put him hard to it to overcome them; as we proverbially say, they will be but a supper to him, or a breakfast for him. The word supper seems to import, that this shall be the last effort, the last great opposition, that antichrist and the church's enemies shall ever make against Christ to the end of the world, as the supper is the last meal of the day.

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Burkitt, William. "Commentary on Revelation 19:17". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/revelation-19.html. 1700-1703.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

The best conjecture I can find at the sense of these words, is, that they signify the preachers’ of the gospel bold and clear foretelling the ruin of antichrist. There are divers kinds of fowls; amongst others, some that feed on flesh. These are those fowls here mentioned, such as feed upon dead carcasses. They are invited to the supper of the great God; called so, because it is made and prepared by the power of him who is the great God, or because it is a sacrifice to the justice of God: see 1 Samuel 17:46 Isaiah 18:6 Jeremiah 12:9 Ezekiel 39:17. God’s justice upon his enemies is called a sacrifice, Isaiah 34:6 Jeremiah 46:10 Ezekiel 39:17. Idolaters were wont upon their sacrificing to have a feast; God hath also a feast upon this his sacrifice, but it is for the fowls and beasts, that feed on dead carcasses.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 19:17". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-19.html. 1685.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

The supper of the great God; which the great God prepares for you; representing the immense destruction of his enemies, on the flesh of whom the fowls of heaven were invited to feed. The imagery is taken from Ezekiel 39:17-20, where God invites all the feathered fowl and wild beasts to come to the table which he has provided for them.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Revelation 19:17". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/revelation-19.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that fly in mid heaven, Come and be gathered together unto the great supper of God;

An angel standing in the sun ... The function of angels as aids in the final judgment is an oft-recurring New Testament phenomenon. See under Revelation 19:14.

Come and be gathered together for the great supper of God ... This is the counterpart of the Lord's Supper, or the marriage supper of the Lamb, as it applies to the wicked. Very well, if people who are bidden to the marriage supper will not come, there is another supper prepared for them; and they shall surely be present for it!

But why no battle? What happened to Armageddon? The answer provided by Eller for this is:

Jesus in his death and resurrection did all that needed to be done, won the only victory that needs to be won, in order to take care of Evil once and for all.[51]

Of course, "There is no cavalry kept in heaven, no literal supper of human flesh eaten by the birds."[52] These things must be understood symbolically. Eller pointed out one thing that may be intended. In the extensive attack upon God and the supernatural by the massive hordes of evil men on earth, "It is not the supernatural powers that get eaten, but people."[53]

[51] Vernard Eller, The Most Revealing Book of the Bible (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1974), p. 178.

[52] G. R. Beasley-Murray, op. cit., p. 278.

[53] Vernard Eller, op. cit., p. 178.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Revelation 19:17". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/revelation-19.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

John saw next an angel standing in the sun, a conspicuous position in which all the birds could see him. He cried loudly for all the birds flying in mid-heaven to assemble (cf. Ezekiel 39:4; Ezekiel 39:17). Jesus referred to the same battle and mentioned vultures (or eagles, Gr. aetoi) being present ( Matthew 24:28; Luke 17:37). After the coming battle, the site will provide a feast for vultures (cf. Ezekiel 39:4; Ezekiel 39:17-20). It is a great supper that God gives them. This is the battle of Armageddon ( Revelation 16:16). This picture of it stresses the greatness of God"s victory over His enemies. [Note: Swete, pp255-56; Hughes, p207.] The "great supper of God" is not the same event as the marriage supper of the Lamb ( Revelation 19:9). The former event will be a scene of great sorrow but the latter one of great joy.

"John took Ezekiel"s prophecies [in Ezekiel 39:4; Ezekiel 39:17-20] broadly enough to foreshadow both Harmagedon and the final attack on Jerusalem ( Revelation 20:8-9).... Harmagedon precedes the thousand years and the other battle follows ..." [Note: Thomas, Revelation 8-22, p394.]

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 19:17". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-19.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 19:17. And I saw one angel standing in the sun, and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that fly in mid-heaven, Come, be gathered together unto the great supper of God. For the angel’s standing ‘in’ the sun comp. what was said on the thrones of the twenty-four elders at chap. Revelation 4:4. The Lamb is come. But another supper has to be eaten: it is ready, and the invitation to it is issued. All ‘the birds that fly in mid-heaven’ are invited; and it is apparently for this reason that the angel stands ‘in the sun’ (which is to be conceived of as in the zenith of its daily path), so that he can the more easily summon the birds that fly in the uppermost regions of the air. At the same time it seems not unlikely that the sun of chap. Revelation 1:16 is also in the writer’s eye. The Son of man is come to judgment: the angel who summons to it is the expression of the sun as he ‘shineth in his power.’ Much difficulty has been felt in the effort to determine what is represented by these ‘birds.’ Yet attention to the natural strain of the passage as well as to Revelation 19:21 ought to leave us in little doubt upon the point. They cannot possibly be the enemies of the Lord, the armies of antichrist, for Revelation 19:18 shows us that these constitute the materials of the banquet, the food that is eaten. They must, therefore, be simply the birds of prey, the vultures, whose province it is to fly in the loftiest regions of the sky, and which are here introduced in order to convey to us a clear image of the destruction awaiting the ungodly. The picture is obviously taken from Ezekiel 39:17-22, and it forms a striking contrast to the supper of the Lamb spoken of in Revelation 19:7-9. To this latter the people of the Lord come in peace and joy, and are feasted with the food which has been prepared for them by the Bridegroom of the Church. To the former the enemies of the Lord are summoned, not to feast but to afford a feast to all fierce and hateful birds.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Revelation 19:17". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/revelation-19.html. 1879-90.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

An Angel....in the sun,...with a loud voice invites all the birds of the air to a most plentiful entertainment which is preparing for them, where they may fill themselves with human flesh of all kinds; from that of kings to that of bondmen; (ver. 18) and with the flesh of horses and that of them that sin on them: and expressive picture of the immense slaughter that is going to be made. It would seem that this bloody scene will terminate in the evening of the day, as the invitation is given to a supper. (Pastorini)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Revelation 19:17". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/revelation-19.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

saw. App-133.

an = one.

the midst of heaven = mid-heaven, as Revelation 14:6.

gather . . . together. The texts read "be gathered together".

the supper . . . God. The texts read "the great supper of God".

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 19:17". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/revelation-19.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God;

An - `one.'

In the sun - conspicuous in sight of the whole world.

To all the fowls - (Ezekiel 39:17-20.)

And gather yourselves. 'Aleph (') A B, Vulgate, Syriac, Coptic, Andreas, read, 'be gathered,' omitting "and."

Of the great God. 'Aleph (') A B, Vulgate, Syriac, Coptic, Andreas, 'the great supper (banquet) of God.'

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 19:17". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-19.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God;
an angel
8:13; 14:6; Isaiah 34:1-8
saying
21; Isaiah 56:9; Jeremiah 12:9; Ezekiel 39:17-20
Reciprocal: Joshua 8:29 - the king;  1 Samuel 17:46 - carcases;  1 Kings 14:11 - that dieth;  2 Chronicles 32:21 - the leaders;  Psalm 45:4 - right;  Psalm 63:10 - a portion;  Psalm 68:12 - Kings;  Psalm 68:23 - the tongue;  Psalm 76:12 - terrible;  Isaiah 13:9 - cruel;  Isaiah 18:6 - GeneralIsaiah 29:2 - and it shall;  Isaiah 34:6 - the Lord hath;  Isaiah 43:17 - they shall;  Isaiah 66:24 - and look;  Jeremiah 7:33 - GeneralJeremiah 15:3 - I will;  Jeremiah 16:4 - meat;  Jeremiah 25:33 - the slain;  Jeremiah 34:20 - and their;  Jeremiah 46:10 - the sword;  Jeremiah 50:27 - bullocks;  Ezekiel 29:5 - I have;  Ezekiel 31:13 - GeneralEzekiel 32:4 - GeneralEzekiel 39:4 - I will;  Ezekiel 39:18 - eat;  Daniel 2:45 - the great;  Micah 4:3 - and rebuke;  Zephaniah 1:7 - for the Lord;  Zephaniah 3:8 - to gather;  Zephaniah 3:19 - I will undo;  Zechariah 10:5 - and the riders on horses shall be confounded;  Zechariah 14:12 - the plague wherewith;  Luke 17:37 - wheresoever;  James 5:5 - as in;  Revelation 11:9 - and shall not;  Revelation 16:16 - he

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 19:17". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-19.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

When a man makes a great "killing" he often invites his friends to come and share the feast with him. The effects of the Reformation are symbolized in this and the following verse. It is especially appropriate to base the imagery on the fowls of the heaven, for they are generally thought to prefer feeding on the flesh of animals that have been slain and left on the field. (See Matthew 24:28.). The present case is one where the beasts were not killed and dressed as would be done ordinarily. They were to be killed to get them out of the way, and the birds might as well get the benefit of it since that is the kind of food they prefer. Standing in the sun was the appropriate place for the angel to stand where he could make his invitation to the creatures that live above the earth.

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Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 19:17". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-19.html. 1952.

Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation

Revelation 19:17

Revelation 19:17-18 And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God; 18 That ye may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of captains, and the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses, and of them that sit on them, and the flesh of all men, both free and bond, both small and great.

This angel is Christ's herald, sent forth to summon the fowls of the air to come to

the supper of the great God, to eat the flesh of kings, captains, and mighty men, and all men, both small and great.

Whereby is signified, first, the certainty of Christ's victory over all his enemies. Secondly, the great slaughter which Christ will make in this great Armageddon battle amongst his enemies. { Ezekiel 39:1-21} Therefore thou Son of Prayer of Manasseh, prophesise against Gog, the chief Prince of Meshech and Tubal. And I will send a fire on Magog, and among them that dwell carelessly in the isles, and they shall know that I am the Lord-Behold, it is come, and it is done, saith the Lord God; this Isaiah, the day whereof I have spoken-And thou son of Prayer of Manasseh, thus saith the Lord God, speak unto every feathered fowl, and to every beast of the field, assemble yourselves and come together yourselves on every side to my sacrifice that I do sacrifice for you, even a great sacrifice upon the mountains of Israel, that ye may eat flesh, and drink blood. Ye shall eat the flesh of the mighty, and drink the blood of the princes of the earth, of rams, of lambs, and of goats, of bullocks, all of them fatlings of Bashan. And ye shall eat fat till be full, and drink blood till ye be drunken, and my sacrifice which I have sacrificed for you. Thus ye shall be filled at my table with horses, and chariots, with mighty men, and with all men of war, saith the Lord of God. And I will set my glory among the heathen, and all the heathen shall see my judgement that I have executed, and my hand that I have laid upon them.

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Bibliographical Information
Knollys, Hanserd. "Commentary on Revelation 19:17". "Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hkc/revelation-19.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

17.And—A sublime taunt now upon the dark and puny enemies of advancing truth and righteousness. There will be, not a battle, but a feast for the birds of the air. The onward wheels of progress towards the millennium will crush all opponents on the track.

Angel standing in the sun—A most splendid image. The sun is a large, luminous orb, in which the angel-form stands like a picture in a radiant circular frame. The sun is a favourite and goodly emblem. Its angel is on the side of the Prince of Light.

Cried’ to all the fowls—As lord of the firmament the birds of the air are his subjects, and obey his call; especially a call so welcome as this.

Midst of heaven—The mid-heaven, space between heaven and earth, for all the fowls that fly.

The supper—The principal meal of the day; banquet.

 

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Revelation 19:17". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/revelation-19.html. 1874-1909.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Revelation 19:17. , a commanding and conspicuous position.

 

 

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Revelation 19:17". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/revelation-19.html. 1897-1910.