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American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
1. A celebrated place between the Jordan and Jericho, where the Israelites first encamped, after the passage of that river; where also they were circumcised, and kept their first Passover in Canaan, Joshua 4:19 5:9,10 . It continued to be the headquarters of the Israelites for several years, while Joshua was occupied in subduing the land, Joshua 9:6 10:6,15,43 . A considerable city was afterwards built there, Joshua 15:7 , which became famous for many events. Here the tabernacle rested, until its removal to Shiloh; here also, according to the prevalent opinion, Samuel offered sacrifices, and held his court as a judge of Israel; and here Saul was crowned, 1 Samuel 7:16 10:8 11:15 1 Samuel 13:7-9 15:33 . A school of the prophets was established, 2 Kings 4:38; and yet it afterwards appears to have become a seat of idolatry, Hosea 4:15 9:15 12:11 Amos 4:4 5:5 . At this day, no traces of it are found. According to Josephus, it lay within two miles of Jericho.
2. Another Gilgol lay near Antipatris, Joshua 12:23 Nehemiah 12:29 . And perhaps a third in the mountains of Ephraim, north of Bethel, Deuteronomy 11:30 2 Kings 2:1-6 . There are not wanting those who would make the Gilgal near Antipatris the seat of Samuel's judgeship, and of one of the schools of the prophets.
These files are public domain and are a derivative of the topics are from American Tract Society Bible Dictionary published in 1859.
Rand, W. W. Entry for 'Gilgal'. American Tract Society Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ats/g/gilgal.html. 1859.