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Bridgeway Bible Dictionary
When Israel under Joshua crossed the Jordan to conquer Canaan, the first place they came to was Gilgal. There they set up a camp, which became the headquarters for the battles to follow (Joshua 4:19; Joshua 6:11; Joshua 10:6).
Israel’s entrance into Canaan was the beginning of a new way of life, and Joshua set up a memorial at Gilgal to mark the occasion (Joshua 4:20). He also arranged for the circumcision of all those who had been born during the years in the wilderness but had not yet been circumcised. The significance of this mass ceremony was that circumcision was the sign of the covenant under which Israel inherited the land (Joshua 5:2-9).
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Fleming, Don. Entry for 'Gilgal'. Bridgeway Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/bbd/g/gilgal.html. 2004.