Bridgeway Bible Dictionary
In the days of the Roman Empire, Achaia was the southern of two Greek provinces, the other being Macedonia (Acts 19:21; Romans 15:26; 2 Corinthians 9:2; 1 Thessalonians 1:8). Formerly, in the days of the Greek Empire, Macedonia was the centre of Greek power, but under the Romans the political situation had changed and the name Achaia was usually identified with Greece (Acts 18:27; Acts 20:2; see ). The administrative centre of Achaia was Corinth, and the educational centre, Athens (Acts 17:21; Acts 18:1; Acts 18:12; 2 Corinthians 1:1).
A church was founded in Corinth during Paul’s second missionary journey, and another at the port of Cenchreae nearby (Acts 18:1-18; Romans 16:1; 1 Corinthians 16:15; see ). There were also Christians in Athens (Acts 17:34; see ). Paul revisited the area during his third missionary journey (Acts 19:21; Acts 20:1-3), when he collected money that the churches of Achaia, like other churches, had put aside to help the poor Christians in Judea (Romans 15:26; 2 Corinthians 9:1-2). Some years later, Paul planned to spend a winter at Nicopolis, on Achaia’s west coast, but the Bible does not record whether he was able to fulfil his plans (Titus 3:12).
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Fleming, Don. Entry for 'Achaia'. Bridgeway Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/bbd/a/achaia.html. 2004.