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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
ACHAIA . This name was originally applied to a strip of land on the N. coast of the Peloponnese. On annexing Greece and Macedonia as a province in b.c. 146, the Romans applied the name Achaia to the whole of that country. In b.c. 27 two provinces were formed, Macedonia and Achaia; and the latter included Thessaly, Ã†tolia, Acarnania, and some part of Epirus, with EubÅ“a and most of the Cyclades. It was governed in St. Paul’s time by a proconsul of the second grade, with headquarters at Corinth ( Acts 18:12 ). ‘Hellas’ ( Acts 20:2 ) is the native Greek name corresponding to the Roman ‘Achaia.’ There were Jewish settlements in this province, at Corinth, Athens, etc. ( Acts 17:17; Acts 18:4; Acts 18:7 ), and the work of St. Paul began amongst them and was carried on by Apollos (1 and 2 Cor. passim , Acts 17:16 ff., Acts 17:18; Acts 19:1 ).
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Hastings, James. Entry for 'Achaia'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdb/a/achaia.html. 1909.