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Bridgeway Bible Dictionary
Macedonia was the northern part of the land known today as Greece, and the centre of power during the time of the Greek Empire. It later became an important province of the Roman Empire. Ships from the port of Troas in Asia Minor connected with the port of Neapolis in Macedonia, from where the main highway led through the Macedonian town of Philippi, Amphipolis, Apollonia and Thessalonica towards Rome (Acts 16:11-12; Acts 17:1). Another route went south from Thessalonica through Berea to Athens (Acts 17:10-15). The administrative centre of the province was Thessalonica.
Paul passed through Macedonia on his second missionary journey and established churches in a number of towns (Acts 16:9-40; Acts 17:1-14; see ; ; ). He revisited the area during his third missionary journey (Acts 19:21; Acts 20:1-6; 1 Corinthians 16:5; 2 Corinthians 2:13; 2 Corinthians 7:5). At this time Paul was organizing a collection of money for the poor Christians in Jerusalem, and the Macedonian churches cooperated generously (Romans 15:26; 2 Corinthians 8:1-4; 2 Corinthians 9:1-4). After being released from his first imprisonment in Rome, Paul visited Macedonia again (1 Timothy 1:3).
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Fleming, Don. Entry for 'Macedonia'. Bridgeway Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/bbd/m/macedonia.html. 2004.