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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1050 - Γάϊος
Gaius = "lord"
- a Macedonian who accompanied Paul in his travels
- a man from Derbe who went with Paul from Corinth in his last journey to Jerusalem
- a man of Corinth who was his host in his second sojourn in that city
- an unknown Christian to whom John's third epistle is addressed
γάϊος [ ᾱ], α, ον,
I Dor. for γήϊος, onland, A. Supp. 826 (lyr.); earthy, γ. κόνις Id. Th. 736; of the land, κόγχοι Epich. 42.9; παῖς γ. child of earth, terrae filius, of a slave, prob. in IG 14.1432 (cf. γάϊος παρὰ Ἰταλιώταις καὶ Ταραντίνοις ὁ μίσθιος Eust. 188.30, cf. EM 223.24); ἄνεμος a land wind, Hsch.; also, = ἐργάτης βοῦς, Id., EM l.c.
II τὸν γάϊον, = καταχθόνιον, prob. in A. Supp. 156 (lyr.).
Γαῖος , -ου , ὁ
(Γάϊος , Rec.),
Gaius, the name of a Christian;
1. of Macedonia: Acts 19:29.
2. Of Derbe: Acts 20:4.
3. Of Corinth: Romans 16:23, 1 Corinthians 1:14.
4. The one to whom III Ep. Jo is addressed: 3 John 1:1.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The name was common in the Greek world, but, in connexion with Paul’s Macedonian friend Gaius (Acts 19:29), we may recall that it occurs in the list of politarchs at Thessalonica (CIG II. 1967). It is also found in a memorial inscription in the same town—Γάϊος Ἰούλιος Σεκοῦνδος Πρίμῳ τῷ ἰδίῳ τέκνωι μνήμης χάριν (Duchesne No. 78)—but here of course we have a Roman, and the name is as distinctive as John in English. See further Milligan Thess. p. 134; and for the occurrence of the name in a Phrygian inscription at Iconium of A.D. 150–250, cf. Ramsay Recent Discovery, p. 72. Since Grimm and many other writers mention a Roman name ";Caius,"; it may be well to refer to the third founder of Gonville’s College at Cambridge as probably the earliest person to bear this title. On the late Anatolian stone, Calder 436, we find Γαυω , which Prof. Calder remarks must be for Γαιῳ , υ being now equivalent to ι : this shows that Γάιος was trisyllabic. We do not find Γεος in Greek, any more than Gaeus in Latin : the ai remained a true diphthong. WH we wrong therefore in accenting Γαῖος .
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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