Charles Buck Theological Dictionary
So called from Erastus, a German divine of the 16th century. The pastoral office, according to him, was only persuasive, like a professor of science over his students, without any power of the keys annexed. The Lord's supper and other ordinances of the Gospel were to be free and open to all. The minister might dissuade the vicious and unqualified from the communion; but might not refuse it, or inflict any kind of censure; the punishment of all offences, either of a civil or religious nature, being referred to the civil magistrate.
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Buck, Charles. Entry for 'Erastians'. Charles Buck Theological Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/cbd/e/erastians.html. 1802.