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Easton's Bible Dictionary
The grave is represented as "the gates of death" (Job 38:17; Psalm 9:13; 107:18 ). The gloomy silence of the grave is spoken of under the figure of the "shadow of death" (Jeremiah 2:6 ).
Death is the effect of sin (Hebrews 2:14 ), and not a "debt of nature." It is but once (9:27), universal (Genesis 3:19 ), necessary (Luke 2:28-30 ). Jesus has by his own death taken away its sting for all his followers (1 Corinthians 15:55-57 ).
There is a spiritual death in trespasses and sins, i.e., the death of the soul under the power of sin (Romans 8:6; Ephesians 2:1,3; Colossians 2:13 ).
The "second death" (Revelation 2:11 ) is the everlasting perdition of the wicked (Revelation 21:8 ), and "second" in respect to natural or temporal death.
THE DEATH OF CHRIST is the procuring cause incidentally of all the blessings men enjoy on earth. But specially it is the procuring cause of the actual salvation of all his people, together with all the means that lead thereto. It does not make their salvation merely possible, but certain (Matthew 18:11; Romans 5:10; 2 co 5:21; Galatians 1:4; 3:13; Ephesians 1:7; 2:16; Romans 8:32-35 ).
These dictionary topics are from M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition, published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain.
Easton, Matthew George. Entry for 'Death'. Easton's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ebd/d/death.html. 1897.