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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #520 - ἀπάγω
- to lead away
- esp. of those who are led off to trial, prison, or punishment
ἀπάγω [ᾰγ ],
1. lead away, carry off, ἀπάγουσι βόας καὶ ἴφια μῆλα Od. 18.278; ἀ. τινὰ ἐκτόπιον S. OT 1340 (lyr.), cf. 1521, etc.; προσάγειν.., ἀπάγειν, bring near.., hold far off, Arist. GC 336a18; ἀ. ἀχλὺν ἀπ' ὀφθαλμῶν remove it, Thphr. HP 7.6.2; τὸ ἱμάτιον ἀπὸ τοῦ τραχήλου Plu. Ant. 12; οὐκ ἀπάξετε ταῦτα; stop this fooling! Jul. Or. 7.225a: — Med., take away for or with oneself, παρθένον Hdt. 1.196, cf. 4.80, Ar. Nu. 1105, etc.; or that which is one's own, X. Cyr. 3.1.37, etc.: — Pass., ἐς ὀξὺ ἀπηγμένας brought to a point, tapering off, Hdt. 7.64, cf. 2.28, Arist. PA 658b30.
2. lead away, draw off troops, τῆς στρατιῆς τὸ πολλόν Hdt. 1.164, cf. Th. 1.28, al.; ἄπαγε τὸν ἵππον Ar. Numbers 32:1-42. elliptically, retire, withdraw, Hdt. 5.126, X. HG 1.1.34, al.; 'go off', Apollod. Epit. 3.3.
3. abduct, Aeschin. 1.80, Luc. Tim. 16: — Pass., πρὸς ὕβριν -εσθαι Id. Anach. 13.
II bring back, bring home, Il. 18.326; ἀπήγαγεν οἴκαδε Od. 16.370, cf. S. Ph. 941, X. An. 1.3.14; ἀ. ὀπίσω Hdt. 9.117.
1. return, render what one owes, pay, τὸν φόρον Ar. V. 707, cf. X. Cyr. 2.4.12, Th. 5.53; render service, honour, etc., κώμους πρὸς τάφον E. Tr. 1184; θεωρίαν εἰς Δῆλον Pl. Phd. 58b. arrest and carry off, ἀπάγετε αὐτὸν παρ' ἐμέ Hdt. 2.114, cf 6.81; δεῖν κἀπάγειν ἐφίετο E. Ba. 439: — Pass., ἀπαχθέντας παρ' ἑωυτόν Hdt. 6.119.
2. law-term, bring before a magistrate and accuse (cf. ἀπαγωγή 111), Antipho 5.85; ἀςβείας for impiety, D. 22.27; ἀ. ὡς θεσμοθέτας Id. 23.31; ἀ. τοῖς ἕνδεκα Id. 24.113; τὴν ἐπὶ θανάτῳ -εσθαι Sch. Arist. Rh. 1397a30 ap. D.H. Amm. 1.12.
3. carry off to prison, Pl. Grg. 486a, Ar. Ach. 57; εἰς τὸ δεσμωτήριον And. 4.181, D. 23.80, 35.47 (Pass.): abs., ὡς γόης ἀπαχθῆναι Pl. Men. 80b; ἀπαχθείς Lys. 25.15. lead away, divert from the subject, esp. by sophistry, ἀπὸ τοῦ ὄντος ἐπὶ τοὐναντίον Pl. Phdr. 262b; ἀ. τινὰ ἀπὸ τῆς ὑποθέσεως D. 19.242; ἀ. τὸ ὀργιζόμενον τῆς γνώμης divert.., Th. 2.59; ἀπὸ δεινῶν ἀ. τὴν γνώμην ib. 65. in Logic, reduce, εἰς ἀδύνατον Arist. APr. 29b9: — impers. in Pass., ἀπῆκται ἄρα εἰς.. Papp. 798.11.
1. in later Greek, reduce, drive an opposing disputant, ἐπὶ ψεῦδος S.E. P. 2.233; εἰς ἀντίφασιν, εἰς ἄτοπον, Phlp. in APr. 21.31, 58.14: — Pass., εἰς ἀδύνατον ἀπαχθῆναι Arr. Epict. 1.7.25, cf. Phlp. in APr. 129.2.
2. receive, ἀπ' ὄψεως.. τὰ δοξάζοντα ἀ. Pl. Phlb. 39b.
3. separate, ἀπάγεται καὶ χωρίζεται Id. Phd. 97b. simply, carry, ἐν ἀριστερᾷ τόξον Id. Lg. 795a.
ἀπ -άγω ,
to lead away: Luke 13:15, Acts 23:17; Acts 24:7 (R, mg.), 1 Corinthians 12:2; esp. of leading to trial (so as law term in Attic), prison and death (MM, VGT, s.v.): Matthew 26:57; Matthew 27:2; Matthew 27:31, Mark 14:44; Mark 14:53; Mark 15:16, Luke 21:12; Luke 22:66; Luke 23:26, Acts 12:19; of the direction of a way: Matthew 7:13-14 (cf. συν -απ -άγω ).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The verb is found four times in P Oxy I. 33 (late ii/A.D.), of one being ";led off"; to death, which may perhaps determine the meaning in Acts 12:19 : the guards were not merely ";imprisoned,"; but ";led away to death"; (RV mg). Luke 23:26, with the Vulgate duci and the gloss ἀποκτανθῆναι in D*, are probably decisive for this (the Attic) meaning. On the other hand, it should be noted that ἀ. is the ordinary word for ";arresting"; (cf. Genesis 39:22 τοὺς ἀπηγμένους = ";the prisoners";) as P Petr III. 36 (a) verso.6 ἀδίκως ἀπηγμένον and ib..27 ἀ ]κ ̣ρ ̣ι ̣βείας ἕνεκεν ἀπήχθην : so P Lille 7.13 (iii/B.C.) οὗτος δὲ ἀπήγαγέν με εἰς τὸ αὖθι δεσμωτήριον, P Petr II. 10 (2).12 συνέταξεν ὁ ὑπηρέτης ἀπαγαγεῖν με, ";the apparitor gave directions to arrest me"; (Ed.), and OGIS 90.14 (the Rosetta stone, B.C. 196) τοὺς ἐν ταῖς φυλακαῖς ἀπηγμένους. . . ἀπέλυσε τῶν ἐνκεκλ (η)μένων. Cf. also P Oxy II. 237vi. 18 (A.D. 186), where Chaeremon claims the right of taking away his daughter even against her will from her husband’s house—ἀπάγοντι αὐτὴν ἄκουσαν ἐκ τῆς τοῦ ἀνδρὸς οἰκίας, BGU IV. 1139.15 (B.C. 5) ἐτόλμησε. . . ἀποσ ̣τ ̣ερε ̣ι ̣̑ν ἀπαγαγεῖν τὴν θυγατέρα ἡμῶν. . . καὶ ἔχειν παρ᾽ ἑαυτῶι ἐν εἱρκ ̣τ ̣[ῆ ἐπὶ ] μ ̣ῆ ̣ν ̣ας ε ̄. In the dialect inscription Syll 271.6, .11 (ii/B.C.) it denotes apparently the ";capture"; of youths in a raid.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Third Week after Epiphany