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Easton's Bible Dictionary
Heb. karkom, Arab. zafran (i.e., "yellow"), mentioned only in Song of Solomon 4:13,14
; the Crocus sativus. Many species of the crocus are found in Palestine. The pistils and stigmata, from the centre of its flowers, are pressed into "saffron cakes," common in the East. "We found," says Tristram, "saffron a very useful condiment in travelling cookery, a very small pinch of it giving not only a rich yellow colour but an agreable flavour to a dish of rice or to an insipid stew."
These dictionary topics are from M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition, published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain.
Easton, Matthew George. Entry for 'Saffron'. Easton's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ebd/s/saffron.html. 1897.