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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
SAFFRON ( Song of Solomon 4:14 ). The Heb. karkÃ´m is identical with the Arab [Note: Arabic.] , kurkum or za’farÃ¢n ) (whence is derived the Eng. ‘saffron’), the name of a variety of crocus ( Crocus sativus ), of which the yellow styles and stigmas are used for dyeing and for flavouring food. A similar dye, also called saffron, is more commonly derived from the florets of the Carthamus tinctorius ( CompositÅ“ ) cultivated everywhere in Palestine for this purpose.
E. W. G. Masterman.
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Hastings, James. Entry for 'Saffron'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdb/s/saffron.html. 1909.