Click here to get started today!
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Emblem of purity (Job 23:10), of nobility (Lamentations 4:1). Ζaahaab , "yellow gold," as geld from gel , yellow. Sagur , "treasured gold " (1 Kings 6:20). Ρaz , "native gold" (Job 28:17; Song of Solomon 5:15). Βetser , "gold earth," i.e. raw ore (Job 22:24). Κethem , figuratively (Job 37:22 margin) "golden splendor"; but Maurer literally, "gold is to be found in northern regions, but God cannot, be found out because of His majesty" (compare Job 28). Charuts , "dug out gold" (Proverbs 8:10).
It was not coined in ancient times, but is represented on Egyptian tombs as weighed out in the form of rings of fixed weight (Genesis 43:21). Simon Maccabeus (1 Maccabees 15) was the first who coined Jewish money. Arabia, Sheba, and Ophir, Uphaz, and Parvaim (used for "gold" in Job 22:24), were the gold producing countries. It is no longer found in Arabia. The Asiatics have always possessed more gold in ornaments than in money.
These files are public domain.
Fausset, Andrew R. Entry for 'Gold'. Fausset's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/fbd/g/gold.html. 1949.