Holman Bible Dictionary
(par' uh disse) Old Persian term which means literally “enclosure” or “wooded park,” used in the Old Testament to speak of King Artaxerxes' forest (Nehemiah 2:8
), and twice of orchards (Ecclesiastes 2:5
; Song of Song of Solomon 4:13
). All three New Testament occurrences (Luke 23:43
; 2 Corinthians 12:4
; Revelation 2:7
) refer to the abode of the righteous dead (heaven). The Greek Old Testament (Septuagint used “paradise” to translate the Hebrew words for the Garden of Eden in Genesis 2-3
. Over the years, the terms because synonymous, and eventually paradise came to refer to heaven. Jewish theology then developed an opposite place for wicked persons, gehenna
, a burning furnace. See Genesis 2-3
; Genesis 2-3
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Paradise'. Holman Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hbd/p/paradise.html. 1991.