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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3857 - παράδεισος
- among the Persians a grand enclosure or preserve, hunting ground, park, shady and well watered, in which wild animals, were kept for the hunt; it was enclosed by walls and furnished with towers for the hunters
- a garden, pleasure ground
- grove, park
- the part of Hades which was thought by the later Jews to be the abode of the souls of pious until the resurrection: but some understand this to be a heavenly paradise
- the upper regions of the heavens. According to the early church Fathers, the paradise in which our first parents dwelt before the fall still exists, neither on the earth or in the heavens, but above and beyond the world
(also παράδισος SIG 463.8 (Crete, iii B. C.)),
enclosed park or pleasure-ground, Oriental word first used by X., always in reference to the parks of the Persian kings and nobles; π. μέγας ἀγρίων θηρίων πλήρης An. 1.2.7; π. δασὺς παντοίων δένδρων ib. 2.4.14; τὰ ἐν π. θηρία Cyr. 1.3.14; θῆραι.. ἐν περιειργμένοις παραδείσοις HG 4.1.15, cf. Thphr. HP 4.4.1, AJA 16.13 (Sardes, 300 B.C.), LXX Nehemiah 2:8, Plu. Art. 25.
2. generally, garden, orchard, PRLaws 33.11 (iii B. C.), PCair.Zen. 33.3 (iii B. C.), OGI 90.15 (Rosetta, ii B. C.), LXX Ca. 4.13, Ecclesiastes 2:5, CIG 2694b (Mylasa), PFay. 55.7 (ii A. D.), etc.
3. the garden of Eden, LXX Genesis 2:8. Paradise, the abode of the blessed, Luke 23:43; . expl. of μακάρων νῆσοι, Procl. ad Hes. Op. 169.
II stupid fellow, Com.Adesp. 1102. (Persian word, cf. Poll. 9.13, Phot., and Avest. pairidaçza - 'enclosure'.)
παράδεισος , -ου , ὁ
(an Oriental word, first used by Xen. of the parks of Persian kings and nobles),
1. a park, pleasure-ground, garden (LXX), an orchard (in Papyri, v. MM, ii, xviii; Deiss., BS, 148).
2. Paradise, the abode of the blessed dead: Luke 23:43, 2 Corinthians 12:4, Revelation 2:7.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
the general transliteration in the LXX of פֶסַח, is applied in the NT to (a) the paschal lamb (Mark 14:12, 1 Corinthians 5:7), or (b) the paschal supper (Mark 14:1), or (c) the paschal festival as a whole (Luke 22:1). For the form of the word see a note by Nestle in Exp T xxi. p. 521 f.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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