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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
CAPPADOCIA . A large district in the mid-eastern part of Asia Minor, formed into a Roman province in a.d. 17. It was administered by a procurator sent out by the reigning emperor, being regarded as an unimportant district. In a.d. 70 Vespasian united it with Armenia Minor, and made the two together a large and important frontier province, to be governed by an ex-consul, under the title of legatus Augusti pro prÅ“tore , on the emperor’s behalf. The territory to the N. and W. of Cilicia, the kingdom of the client-king Antiochus, was incorporated in it at the time, and it afterwards received various accessions of territory. Jews from Cappadocia are mentioned in Acts 2:9 , and their presence there ( c [Note: circa, about.] . b.c. 139) is implied in 1Ma 15:22 where a letter in their favour is addressed by the Roman Senate to king Arathes. Cappadocia was not visited by St. Paul, probably as insufficiently Romanized, but it was one of the provinces to which 1Peter (? about a.d. 70 80) was sent.
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Hastings, James. Entry for 'Cappadocia'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdb/c/cappadocia.html. 1909.