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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
GEDALIAH. 1 . Son of Ahikam, who had protected Jeremiah from the anti-ChaldÃ¦an party ( Jeremiah 26:24 ), and probably grandson of Shaphan, the pious scribe ( 2 Kings 22:1-20 ). Gedaliah naturally shared the views of Jeremiah. This commended him to Nebuchadnezzar, who made him governor over ‘the poor of the people that were left in the land.’ His two months’ rule and treacherous murder are detailed in Jeremiah 40:1-16; Jeremiah 41:1-18 ( 2 Kings 25:22-25 ). The anniversary of Gedaliah’s murder the third day of the seventh month, Tishri ( Zechariah 7:5; Zechariah 8:19 ) has ever since been observed as one of the four Jewish fasts. 2. Eldest ‘son’ of Jeduthun ( 1 Chronicles 25:3; 1 Chronicles 25:9 ). 3. A priest ‘of the sons of Jeshua,’ who had married a ‘strange’ woman ( Ezra 10:18 ); called in Esther 9:19 Esther 9:19 Joadanus . 4. Son of Pashhur, a prince in the reign of Zedekiah ( Jeremiah 38:1 ). 5. Grandfather of the prophet Zephaniah ( Zephaniah 1:1 ).
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Hastings, James. Entry for 'Gedaliah'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdb/g/gedaliah.html. 1909.