Attention!
Tired of seeing ads while studying? Now you can enjoy an "Ads Free" version of the site for as little as 10¢ a day.

Bible Dictionaries

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible

Hypocrite

HYPOCRITE . This word occurs in the NT only in the Synoptic Gospels; but ‘hypocrisy’ is used in the Epistles ( Galatians 2:13 , 1 Timothy 4:2 , 1 Peter 2:1 ), and the verb ‘to play the hypocrite’ in Luke 20:20 (tr. [Note: translate or translation.] ‘feigned’). The hypocrisy of the Gospels is the ‘appearing before men what one ought to be, but is not, before God.’ At times it is a deliberately played part ( e.g. Matthew 6:2; Matthew 6:5; Matthew 6:16; Matthew 22:18 etc.), at others it is a deception of which the actor himself is unconscious ( e.g. Mark 7:6 , Luke 6:42; Luke 12:56 etc.). Thus, according to Christ, all who play the part of religion, whether consciously or unconsciously, without being religious, are hypocrites; and so fall under His sternest denunciation ( Matthew 23:1-39 ). This meaning of the word has led some to give it the wider interpretation of ‘godlessness’ in some passages ( e.g. Matthew 24:51; cf. Luke 12:46 ); but as there may always be seen in the word the idea of a religious cloak over the godlessness, the ordinary sense should stand.

In the AV [Note: Authorized Version.] of OT ( e.g. Job 8:13 , Isaiah 9:17 ) ‘hypocrite’ is a mistranslation of the Heb. word chânçph . It passed into the AV [Note: Authorized Version.] from the Latin, which followed the Greek Versions. In RV [Note: Revised Version.] it is rendered ‘godless,’ ‘profane.’

Charles T. P. Grierson.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Hastings, James. Entry for 'Hypocrite'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdb/h/hypocrite.html. 1909.

Search for…
Enter query in the box below:
Choose a letter to browse:
Prev Entry
Hymn
Next Entry
Hyroanus