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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
LUD, LUDIM. Usually supposed to stand for the country and people of Lydia (wh. see). In Genesis 10:22 ( 1 Chronicles 1:17 ) Lud is named as one of the ‘sons’ of Shem, along with the well-known Elam, Asshur, and Aram, and the uncertain Arpachshad. In this list the Elamites at least are not Semitic, but are regarded as such by reason of association with the Babylonians. In a similar way the Lydians may be associated here with the Semitic Assyrians, whose rule once extended to the borders of the Lydian empire. No better explanation has been given, and they are at any rate an Asiatic people.
On the other hand, Ludim is given as the name of one of the descendants of Mizraim (Egypt) in Genesis 10:13 ( 1 Chronicles 1:11 ) in a list of peoples all undoubtedly African. Here there can be no question of Asiatic Lydians, and experts are divided as to whether an unknown African people is referred to, or whether we are to read Lubim (wh. see). This reading would suit equally well Jeremiah 46:9 , and even the singular form Lud might with advantage be emended into Lub in Ezekiel 27:10; Ezekiel 30:5 , Isaiah 66:19 .
J. F. M‘Curdy.
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Hastings, James. Entry for 'Lud, Ludim'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdb/l/lud-ludim.html. 1909.